Events in the year 1926 in India.
- April – Hindu-Muslim strife in Calcutta.
- 15 July – BEST buses make its début in Bombay.
- 24 November – Sri Aurobindo retires, leaving the Mother to run the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry.
January to June
- 8 January – Kelucharan Mohapatra, Odissi dancer and guru (died 2004).
- 13 January – Bhau Kalchuri, author and poet (died 2013).
- 16 January – O. P. Nayyar, film music director and composer (died 2007).
- 20 January – Jamiluddin Aali, poet, critic, playwright, essayist, columnist, and scholar.
- 20 January – Qurratulain Hyder, novelist and short story writer, academic and journalist (died 2007).
- 26 May – Sukumar Azhikode, teacher, critic and orator. (died 2012)
July to December
Full date unknown
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- ^ Everyman's Dictionary of Dates; 6th ed. J. M. Dent, 1971; p. 262