List of structural failures and collapses

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This is a list of structural failures and collapses, including some aircraft, bridges, dams, and radio masts/towers.

Buildings and other fixed human-made structures[edit]

Antiquity to the Middle Ages[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
226 BC Colossus of Rhodes City of Rhodes, Island of Rhodes (now Greece) Statue
27 Fidenae amphitheatre collapse Fidenae, Italia, Roman Empire Amphitheatre 20,000+ dead
ca. 27–30 Tower of Siloam Jerusalem, Judea, Roman Empire (now Israel) Tower 18 dead
140 Upper tier collapse of the Circus Maximus Rome, Italia, Roman Empire Amphitheatre ~13,000 dead
312 Milvian Bridge Rome, Italy Bridge
558 Dome of Hagia Sophia Constantinople, Byzantine Empire (now Turkey) Church
1091 London Bridge London, England Bridge
1275 St. Servatius Bridge Maastricht, Netherlands Bridge ~400 dead
1284 Choir of Beauvais Cathedral Beauvais, France Church
1303 Lighthouse of Alexandria Alexandria, Mamluk Sultanate (now Egypt) Tower
1322 Ely Cathedral Tower collapse Ely, Cambridgeshire, England Church
1342 Judith Bridge Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia Bridge
1382 Bell tower of St. Mary's Church Stralsund, Duchy of Pomerania, Hanseatic League (now Germany) Church
1444 Rialto Bridge Venice, Republic of Venice (now Italy) Bridge
1500 Malmesbury Abbey Malmesbury, Wiltshire, England Church
1529 St Elizabeth's Church Breslau, Silesia, Hapsburg lands, Holy Roman Empire (now Poland) Church
1549 Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Church
1573 Tower of Beauvais Cathedral Beauvais, France Church
1577 Martinikerk Groningen, free city (now the Netherlands) Church

17th–19th centuries[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
1625 Tower of St. Olaf's Church Tallinn, Sweden (now Estonia) Church
1647 Tower of St. Mary's Church Stralsund, Duchy of Pomerania (now Germany) Church
1661 Tower of St. Reinold's Church Dortmund, Hanseatic League (now Germany) Church
1666 St. Peter's Church Riga, Sweden (now Latvia) Church 8 buried in rubble
17th century Abbaye-aux-Hommes Caen, France Church
1674 Nave of the Dom Church Utrecht, Netherlands Church
1697 Tower of St. Michael's Church Klausenburg, Habsburg Monarchy (now Romania) Church
ca. 1715 Marsalforn Tower Xagħra, Gozo, Malta Tower
1721 St. Peter's Church Riga, Sweden/Russia (now Latvia) Church
1754 Church tower Willstätt, Baden (now Germany) Church
1763 Tower of St. Michael's Church Klausenburg, Habsburg Monarchy (now Romania) Church
1777 Collegiate church of St. Mary Magdalene Posen, Prussia Church
1807 Eitai Bridge Tokyo, Japan Bridge 500-2000 dead
1809 Ponte das Barcas Porto, Portugal Bridge 4000 dead
1821 Saalebrücke bei Mönchen-Nienburg Nienburg, Germany Bridge 55 dead
1831 Broughton Suspension Bridge Broughton, Greater Manchester, England, UK Bridge 0 dead, 20 injured
1845 Yarmouth suspension bridge Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, UK Bridge 79 dead
1847 Dee bridge disaster Chester, England, UK Bridge 5 dead, 9 injured
1849 Ness Bridge Inverness, Scotland Bridge
1850 Angers Bridge Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France Bridge 226 dead
1854 Wheeling Suspension Bridge Wheeling, West Virginia, United States Bridge 0 Dead
1860 Pemberton Mill Lawrence, Massachusetts, US ~145 dead, ~166 injured
1860 Wootton bridge collapse Wootton, Isle of Wight, England, UK Bridge 2 dead
1860 Bull bridge accident Ambergate, Derbyshire, England, UK Bridge
1861 Chichester Cathedral spire collapse Chichester, West Sussex, UK Church
1863 Chunky Creek Bridge between Meridian and Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States Bridge
1864 Dale Dike Reservoir South Yorkshire, England, UK Dam 240+ dead[1]
1868 Saint Peter's Church spire collapse Fritzlar, Hesse, Prussia, North German Confederation Church 21 dead, 31 injured
1873 Dixon Bridge Disaster Dixon, Illinois, United States Bridge 46 dead, 56 injured
1875 Portage Bridge[2] Portage, New York, US Bridge
1876 Ashtabula River railroad disaster Ashtabula, Ohio, US 92 dead, 64 injured
1879 Tay Bridge disaster Dundee, Scotland, UK Bridge ~75 dead, With 60 known
1884 Camberwell Bridge London, England Bridge 0 dead, 1 injured
1887 Bussey bridge disaster Boston, Massachusetts, US Bridge 38 dead, 40 injured
1888 Big Four Bridge Kentucky, United States Bridge 37 dead
1889 South Fork Dam Johnstown, Pennsylvania, US Dam 2,209 dead
1890 Walnut Grove Dam[3] Wickenburg, Arizona Territory, US Dam 100–150 dead
1891 Münchenstein rail disaster Münchenstein, Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland Bridge 73 dead, 171 injured
1896 Point Ellice Bridge disaster Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Bridge 55 dead
1897 Maddur Railway Bridge Maddur, India Bridge 150 dead

1900–1950[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
1901 Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company masts Poldhu, Cornwall, England, UK Guyed masts
1901 Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company masts South Wellfleet, Massachusetts, US Guyed masts
1902 St. Mark's Campanile Venice, Italy
1902 Ibrox disaster Glasgow, Scotland, UK Stadium 25 dead, 500+ injured
1904 Eden railroad bridge collapse Eden, Colorado, US Bridge 111 dead
1905 Egyptian Bridge Saint Petersburg, Russia Bridge
1905 Portage Canal Swing Bridge Houghton, Michigan, United States Bridge
1905 Grover Shoe Factory Brockton, Massachusetts, US Factory 58 dead, 150 injured
1906 National Electric Signaling Company mast Machrihanish, Scotland Guyed mast
1907 Quebec Bridge Quebec City, Quebec, Canada Bridge 75 dead, 11 injured
1908 Görlitz City Hall Görlitz, Germany Hall
1911 Romanov Bridge Zelendosk, Russian Empire Bridge 13 dead
1912 Mast of Nauen Transmitter Station Nauen, Germany Radio tower
1915 Division Street Bridge Spokane, Washington, US Bridge 5 dead, 12 injured
1916 Desse Dam Dessendorf, Austria-Hungary Dam
1916 Quebec Bridge Quebec City, Canada Bridge 13 dead
1919 Molasses Tank Boston, Massachusetts, US Tank 21 dead, 150 injured
1922 Knickerbocker Theatre Washington, D.C., US Cinema building 98 dead, 133 injured
1925 Three masts of Norddeich Transmitting Station Norddeich, Germany Radio tower
1925 Llyn Eigiau dam, Coedty reservoir dam Dolgarrog, North Wales, UK Dam
1927 Western mast of Deutschlandsender Zeesen Zeesen, Germany Guyed mast
1928 Kärevere Bridge Kärevere, Estonia Bridge
1928 St. Francis Dam Santa Clarita, California, US Dam ~600 dead[4]
1930 Towers of Sender Stadelheim Munich, Germany Radio tower
1933 Original 760AM WJR tower Riverview, Michigan, U.S. Radio tower
1934 Seta river railroad bridge Ōtsu, Shiga, Japan Bridge
1935 Wooden tower of Rundfunksender Langenberg Langenberg (Rheinland), Germany Radio tower
1937 Kasai River bridge Kasai, Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) Bridge
1937 New London School New London, Texas, US School ~300 dead
1938 Kugaiza Cinema collapse [ja] Tokamachi, Niigata, Japan Cinema building 69 dead, 92 injured
1938 Upper Steel Arch Bridge Niagara Falls, New York, US Bridge
1938 Liechtenstein-Haberfeld transmitter Haberfeld, Liechtenstein Radio tower
1939 Sandö Bridge Kramfors, Ångermanland, Sweden Bridge 18 dead
1939 Collapse of Utbremen Radio Tower Bremen, Germany Radio tower
1940 First Tacoma Narrows Bridge Tacoma, Washington, US Bridge
1940 Theodor Heuss Bridge Ludwigshafen, Germany Bridge
1940 Collapse of Tower West of Fécamp Radio Normandie Transmitter Fécamp, France Radio tower
1942 Chesapeake City Bridge Chesapeake City, Maryland, US Bridge
1945 Hindenburg Bridge Cologne, Germany Bridge Unknown
1945 Ludendorff Bridge Remagen, Germany Bridge ~18–33 dead, ~63–93 injured
1949 Two masts of the Langenberg transmission tower Langenberg (Rheinland), Germany Radio tower
1949 Schwerin Möwenburgstraße transmitter Schwerin, Germany Radio tower
1949 Inotani wire bridge Toyama, Toyama, Japan Bridge 29 dead
1949 Mast of the Transmitter Hamburg-Billstedt Hamburg, West Germany Radio tower

1950–1980[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
1951 Duplessis bridge collapse Quebec, Canada Bridge 4 dead
1953 Tangiwai Bridge Tangiwai, New Zealand Bridge 151 dead
1953 Augusta Radio Mast Augusta, Michigan, US Guyed mast
1957 Rail bridge near St Johns railway station Lewisham, London, UK Bridge 90 dead, 173 injured
1958 Second Narrows Bridge Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Bridge 19 dead
1958 LORAN-C transmitter Carolina Beach Carolina Beach, North Carolina, US Radio tower
1958 Collapse of the Ochsenkopf Transmitter Ochsenkopf, Germany Guyed mast
1959 Vega de Tera Ribadelago, Spain Dam 144 dead
1959 Malpasset Côte d'Azur, France Dam 423 dead
1960 KOBR-TV Tower Caprock, New Mexico, US Guyed mast
1962 LORAN-C transmitter Ejde Ejde, Faroe Islands, Denmark Radio tower
1962 King Street Bridge Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Bridge
1962 KGW Tower Portland, Oregon, US Radio tower
1963 Beaver Dam Bridge Murdochville, Quebec, Canada Bridge 6 dead
1963 Vajont Dam Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy Dam ~1,900–2,500 dead
1963 Baldwin Hills Reservoir Los Angeles, California, US Dam 5 dead
1964 Tower of Pfarrkirche St. Johann Baptist Ichenhausen, Germany Church
1964 General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge Maracaibo, Venezuela Bridge
1965 SES8 Tower Mount Burr, South Australia Radio tower
1965 Mast of Iwo Jima LORAN-C transmitter Iwo Jima, Ogasawara Subprefecture, Japan Radio tower 6 dead
1966 Heron Road Bridge Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Bridge 9 dead, 60+ injured
1966 Heiligenstedten Bascule Bridge Heiligenstedten, Schleswig-Holstein, West Germany Bridge
1966 WLBT TV Tower Raymond, Mississippi, US TV mast / tower
1967 Queen Juliana Bridge Willemstad, Curaçao Bridge 15 dead
1967 Waltham transmitting station Waltham, UK Guyed mast
1967 Silver Bridge Point Pleasant, West Virginia, US Bridge 46 dead
1968 Ronan Point collapse London, UK High rise 4 dead, 17 injured
1968 KELO TV Tower Rowena, South Dakota, US Guyed mast
1968 WAEO Tower Starks, Wisconsin, US Guyed mast
1969 FM-/TV-Mast of Marnach transmitter Marnach, Luxembourg Guyed mast
1969 Emley Moor TV mast collapse Emley, West Yorkshire, UK Guyed mast
1970 Orlunda radio transmitter central mast collapse Orlunda, Sweden Guyed mast
1970 West Gate Bridge Melbourne, Australia Bridge 35 dead, 18 injured
1970 Britannia Bridge Menai Strait, Wales, UK Bridge
1970 Cleddau Bridge Pembroke Dock and Neyland, Wales, UK Bridge 4 dead, 5 injured
1970 Wau Apartment collapse [ko] Seoul, South Korea Residential building 34 dead, 40 injured
1971 2000 Commonwealth Avenue collapse Boston, Massachusetts, US Condominium building under construction 4 dead, 30 injured
1971 KOIN-TV Transmitter Towers Portland, Oregon, US Guyed mast
1971 South Bridge [de] Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, West Germany Bridge under construction 13 dead, 13 injured
1971 1971 Certej dam failure Certeju de Sus, Hunedoara County, Romania Dam 89 dead, 76 injured
1972 Buffalo Creek Flood West Virginia, US Dam 125 dead, 1,121 injured
1972 Königs Wusterhausen Central Tower Königs Wusterhausen, Germany Lattice tower
1973 Skyline Towers collapse Bailey's Crossroads, Virginia, US Building under construction 14 dead, 35 injured
1973 Bithlo TV mast collapse Bithlo, Florida, US Guyed mast
1973 Broadway Central Hotel, Mercer Arts Center New York, NY, US Hotel and theaters 4 dead, at Least 12 injured
1974 Makahali River bridge Baitadi, Nepal Bridge 140 dead
1974 Miami DEA building collapse Miami, US 4-story office building 7 dead[5]
1975 KELO TV Tower Rowena, South Dakota, US Guyed mast
1975 Banqiao and Shimantan Dams Zhumadian, Henan, China Dam ~85,600 to 240,000 dead
1976 Teton Dam Idaho, US Mud dam 11 dead
1976 Sendeanlage Burg SL-3 Burg bei Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, West Germany Guyed mast
1976 Reichsbrücke Vienna, Austria Bridge 1 dead
1976 Pic de Nore transmitter Pic de Nore, France Guyed mast
1977 KSLA-TV Tower Mooringsport, Louisiana, US Guyed mast
1977 Kelly Barnes Dam Georgia, US Dam 39 dead
1977 Granville rail disaster Granville, NSW, Australia Bridge 83 dead, 213 injured
1978 Nebraska Education Tower Angora Angora, Nebraska, US Guyed mast
1978 WJJY TV Mast Bluffs, Illinois, US Guyed mast
1978 WAND-TV Tower Decatur, Illinois, US Guyed mast
1978 CKVR Television Tower Barrie, Ontario, Canada Guyed mast
1978 Hartford Civic Center Hartford, Connecticut, US Arena
1978 Sender Zehlendorf Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg, Germany Guyed mast
1978 Willow Island Cooling Tower Willow Island, West Virginia, US Cooling tower under construction 51 dead
1978 Connor Hotel Joplin, Missouri, US Hotel slated for demolition 2 dead, 1 injured
1979 Eunos Flyover Eunos, Singapore Bridge under construction
1979 Kemper Arena Kansas City, Missouri, US Stadium
1979 Sender Krasch Bernklau, Czechoslovakia (now part of Czech Republic) Guyed mast
1979 Cooling Tower of Bouchain Power Station Bouchain, France Cooling tower
1979 Blåbärskullen transmitter Sunne, Sweden Pinnacle of guyed mast

1980–2000[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
1980 Almö Bridge Stenungsund, Sweden Bridge 8 dead
1980 Corralejas stadium collapse Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia Stadium 200+ dead
1980 Hayakawa wire bridge Saito, Kyūshū, Japan Bridge (suspension) 7 dead
1980 LORAN-C transmitter Jan Mayen Jan Mayen, Norway Guyed mast
1980 Sunshine Skyway Bridge Tampa Bay, Florida, US Bridge 35 dead
1981 Harbor Cay Condominium collapse Cocoa Beach, Florida, US Building 11 dead, 23 injured
1981 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse Kansas City, Missouri, US Walkway 114 dead, 216 injured
1981 Chimney of Matla Power Station Mpumalanga, South Africa Chimney 4 dead
1982 Aviamotornaya escalator collapse Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Escalator At least 8 dead, at least 30 injured
1982 Lawn Lake Dam Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, US Dam 3 dead
1982 Tous Dam Valencia, Spain Dam 30+ dead or injured
1982 Senior Road Tower collapse Missouri City, Texas, US Guyed mast 5 dead
1982 Sophia Gardens Pavilion Cardiff, Wales, UK Concert hall
1982 WCIQ Tower Mount Cheaha, Alabama, US Guyed mast
1983 Mianus River Bridge Greenwich, Connecticut, US Bridge 3 dead, 3 injured
1983 CKX-TV Craig Television Tower Souris, Manitoba, Canada Guyed mast
1983 Wavre TV Mast Wavre, Belgium Guyed mast
1983 KWWL-TV Mast Rowley, Iowa, US Guyed mast
1985 Istra Dome Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Dome [6]
1985 Val di Stava Dam collapse Italy Dam 268 dead
1985 Sender Bielstein Bielstein, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany Guyed mast
1986 Hotel New World Disaster Little India near Serangoon Road, Singapore Hotel 33 dead, 17 injured
1987 L'Ambiance Plaza collapse Bridgeport, Connecticut, US Residential tower 28 dead
1987 Turów Power Plant Bogatynia, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland Cooling tower
1987 Schoharie Creek Bridge collapse Fort Hunter, New York, US Bridge 10 dead
1988 Dzhrashen School (earthquake) Spitak, Armenia Elementary school 400 dead[7]
1988 Multrå transmitter Sollefteå, Sweden Pinnacle of guyed mast
1988 Mainbrücke Stockstadt (Aschaffenburg Main River Freeway Bridge) Aschaffenburg, Bavaria, West Germany Bridge under construction 1 dead
1988 Station Square collapse (Save-On-Foods collapse) Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada Rooftop parking structure 21 injured
1988 Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia Bridge
1988 Green Bank Telescope Green Bank, West Virginia, US Parabolic dish (diameter: 90.44 metres)
1989 Tennessee Hatchie River Bridge Tennessee, US Bridge 8 dead
1989 Civic Tower Italy Tower 4 dead, 15 injured
1989 WRAL-TV & WPTF-TV towers Auburn, North Carolina, US Guyed mast
1989 Cypress Street Viaduct Oakland, California, US Bridge 42 dead
1991 Astram Line steel bridge Hiroshima, Japan Bridge 15 dead
1991 Warsaw Radio Mast collapse Gąbin, Poland Guyed mast (646 m)
1992 Armand Césari Stadium disaster Bastia, Haute-Corse, France Stadium 18 dead, 2,300+ injured
1992 WCIX TV Tower Homestead (Miami), Florida, US Guyed mast
1993 LORAN-C transmitter Kargaburan Kargaburan, Turkey Guyed mast
1993 Tower of St. Maria Magdalena Church Goch, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Church
1993 Cape Race LORAN-C transmitter mast collapse Cape Race, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Mast
1993 Highland Towers collapse (Block 1) Selangor, Malaysia Residential tower At least 48 dead, Unknown injured
1994 Casino supermarket collapse Nice, France Roof of the commercial building 2 dead, 94 injured
1994 Marja store collapse Tallinn, Estonia Commercial building 5 dead
1994 Seongsu Bridge Seoul, South Korea Bridge 32 dead, 17 injured
1995 Cave Creek disaster Paparoa National Park, New Zealand Viewing platform 14 dead, 4 injured
1995 Sampoong Department Store collapse Seoul, South Korea Commercial building 502 dead, 1,445 injured
1995 Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Oklahoma City, US Government building 168 dead, 680 injured
1996 WCOV-TV Tower Montgomery, Alabama, US TV mast / tower
1996 Baikong Railway bridge Ruyuan County, Guangdong, China Bridge 29 dead
1996 Koror-Babeldaob Bridge Koror and Babeldaob, Palau Bridge 2 dead
1996 Walnut Street Bridge collapse Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, US Bridge
1997 Opuha Dam New Zealand Dam
1997 2 masts of Grigoriopol transmitter Grigoriopol, Transnistria, Moldova Guyed mast
1997 Maccabiah bridge collapse Tel Aviv, Israel Bridge 4 dead, 62 injured
1997 KNOE-TV Tower Louisiana, US Guyed mast
1997 KXJB-TV mast collapse Traill County, North Dakota, US Guyed mast
1997 WLBT Tower collapse Raymond, Mississippi, US Tower
1997 Knick-Ei Halstenbek, Germany Sports hall
1998 Palace II collapse Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Residential tower 8 dead
1998 Knick-Ei Halstenbek, Germany Sports hall
1999 Gdynia Shipyard crane crash Gdynia, Poland Crane
1999 Russian apartment buildings Moscow, Volgodonsk and Buynaksk, Russia Residential buildings 307 dead, 1000+ injured
1999 Via Giotto in Foggia building collapse Foggia, Italy Residential building 67 dead, 3 injured
1999 Aggie Bonfire collapse College Station, Texas, US Bonfire 12 dead, 27 injured

2000–2009[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
2000 2000 Baia Mare cyanide spill Baia Mare, Romania Embankment dam
2000 Pier Number 34 (Club Heat) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US Pier 3 dead, dozens injured
2000 Boulevard du Souvenir overpass collapse over Highway 15 Laval, Quebec, Canada Overpass 1 dead, 2 injured
2000 1601 Park Avenue apartment building collapse Los Angeles, California Residential apartment building 1 dead, 36 injured
2000 WRMD-Tower St. Petersburg, Florida, US Mast
2000 KXEO/KWWR-Tower Mexico, Missouri, US Mast
2000 Hoan Bridge Milwaukee, Wisconsin, US Bridge
2001 Schouwburg Het Park Hoorn, Netherlands Theater
2001 Hintze Ribeiro Bridge Entre-os-Rios, Castelo de Paiva, Portugal Bridge 59 dead
2001 Versailles wedding hall collapse Jerusalem Wedding hall 23 dead, 380 injured
2001 World Trade Center New York City, New York, US Skyscraper 2,763 dead
2001 Queen Isabella Causeway Port Isabel and South Padre Island, Texas, US Bridge 8 dead
2001 Angara transmitter, Northern Mast Angara, Russia Guyed mast
2001 Kadalundi River rail bridge India Bridge 57 dead
2002 Římov flood Soběnov, Czechia
2002 Ellenstedt wind-turbine collapse Ellenstedt, Germany Wind turbine
2002 Buran hangar collapse Baikonur, Kazakhstan/Russia Hangar 8 dead
2002 I-40 bridge disaster Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, US Bridge 14 dead, 11 injured
2002 Rafiganj rail bridge India Bridge
2003 WVAH Tower West Virginia, US Guyed mast
2003 WPAY (AM)-Tower Portsmouth, Ohio, US Guyed mast
2003 WTNV-FM Tower Jackson, Tennessee, US Free-standing tower
2003 WMBD Tower Peoria, Illinois, US Free-standing tower
2003 WIFR TV Tower Rockford, Illinois, US Guyed mast
2003 KETV TV Tower Omaha, Nebraska, US Guyed mast
2003 WAAY TV Tower Huntsville, Alabama, US Guyed mast
2003 Utrecht radio mast collapse Utrecht, Netherlands Guyed mast
2003 Silver Lake Dam failure Marquette County, Michigan, US Embankment dam
2003 Kinzua Bridge Kinzua Bridge State Park, Pennsylvania, US Bridge
2003 Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge Latchford, Ontario, Canada Bridge
2003 2003 Chicago balcony collapse Chicago, Illinois, US Balcony 13 dead, 57 injured
2003 Schneebergerhof Vestas V80 Wind Turbine collapse Gerbach, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Wind turbine
2004 Big Bay Dam Mississippi, US Dam [8]
2004 Camará Dam Brazil Dam At least 3 dead
2004 Collapse of the Terminal 2E roof, Charles de Gaulle Airport Roissy-en-France, Val-d'Oise, France Airport terminal 4 dead, 3 injured
2004 Loncomilla Bridge San Javier, Chile Bridge
2004 Transvaal Park Moscow, Russia Water park 28 dead, 193 injured
2004 Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge crane collapse Connecticut, US Bridge-deconstruction crane 1 dead
2004 Big Nickel Road Bridge Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Bridge
2004 Mungo Bridge Cameroon Bridge
2004 Peterborough radio mast Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England, UK Guyed mast
2004 KFI Mast Los Angeles, California, US Guyed mast
2004 Nicoll Highway collapse Kallang, Singapore Tunnel under construction 4 dead, 3 injured
2005 Shakidor Dam Pakistan Dam ~70 dead
2005 Margalla Towers Islamabad, Pakistan Residential building 78 dead, 100+ injured
2005 Taum Sauk Reservoir Lesterville, Missouri, US Dam 5 injured
2005 Almuñécar Motorway bridge Almuñécar, Province of Granada, Spain Bridge
2005 Caracas-La Guaira highway, Viaduct #1 Tacagua, Venezuela Bridge
2005 School No. 4 Zverevo, Rostov Oblast, Russia School 3 dead, 1 injured[9]
2005 Gerrards Cross Tunnel Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England, UK Tunnel
2005 Veligonda Railway Bridge India Bridge
2005 WLGA Transmitter Tower (formerly WSWS-TV Transmitter Tower) Cusseta, Georgia, US Guyed mast
2005 Nebraska Education Tower Atlanta Atlanta, Nebraska, US Building
2005 Sadaf Manzil Nagpada, Mumbai, India Residential building 11 dead, 24 injured
2006 Bad Reichenhall Ice Rink roof collapse Bad Reichenhall, Germany Stadium roof 15 dead, 32 injured
2006 Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse Katowice, Poland Market roof 65 dead, 170 injured
2006 Basmanny market roof collapse Moscow, Russia Market roof 66 dead, unknown injured
2006 2006 Lagos building collapses Lagos, Nigeria Three buildings – one residential, commercial and under construction, respectively At least 28 dead, at least 86 injured
2006 Interstate 88 bridge collapse Unadilla, New York, US Bridge 2 dead[10]
2006 Big Dig ceiling collapse South Boston, Massachusetts, US Ceiling tile 1 dead, 1 injured
2006 De la Concorde overpass collapse Laval, Quebec, Canada Overpass 5 dead, 6 injured
2006 Run Pathani Bridge collapse Pakistan Bridge
2006 Torre VIP de Rádio & TV São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil Guyed mast
2006 Yekaterinburg bridge collapse Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia Bridge
2006 Nimule bridge collapse Nimule, Kenya Bridge
2006 Bhagalpur Pedestrian Bridge collapse Bhagalpur, Bihar, India Bridge
2006 Eziama Bridge collapse Eziama, Imo State, Nigeria Bridge
2006 KSPS-TV tower Spokane, Washington, US TV mast/tower
2007 Crab House – Floor collapsed into the water Wildwood Crest, New Jersey, US Building 9 injured
2007 Sherman County wind-turbine collapse[11] Sherman County, Oregon, US Wind turbine
2007 WACS-TV tower Americus, Georgia, US Guyed mast
2007 WSKY-DT Tower Camden County, North Carolina, US Guyed mast
2007 Browns Summit Crown Castle Broadcasting Tower Browns Summit, Texas, US
2007 Punjagutta flyover bridge collapse Punjagutta, Telangana, India Bridge
2007 Tuo River bridge Fenguan, Sichuan, China Bridge
2007 Harp Road bridge Oakville, Washington, US Bridge
2007 MacArthur Maze Oakland, California, US Roadway
2007 Shershah Bridge – Section of the Northern Bypass, Karachi Karachi, Pakistan Bridge
2007 Neurath Power Station Scaffold collapse Grevenbroich-Neurath, Germany Power station under construction 3 dead, 6 injured
2007 Guinea bridge collapse Guinea Bridge
2007 Chhinchu suspension bridge Nepalgunj, Birendranagar, Nepal Bridge
2007 WNEP-TV Tower Penobscot Knob, Mountaintop, Pennsylvania, US Guyed mast
2007 I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse Minneapolis, Minnesota, US Bridge 13 dead, 145 injured
2007 Collapse of bridge over the Jiantuo River during construction Hunan, China Bridge 50+ dead, ~90+ injured
2007 Collapse of Cần Thơ Bridge Cần Thơ, Vietnam Bridge 52–59+ dead, 140–189+ injured
2007 Stobart Mill wind-turbine collapse[12] Stobart Mill, UK Wind turbine
2007 Estádio Fonte Nova Salvador, Brazil Stadium 7 dead, 40 injured
2007 Charleston Sofa Super Store Charleston, South Carolina, U.S. Furniture store 9 firefighters killed, 18 injured
2008 Hornslet wind-turbine collapse Hornslet, Denmark Wind turbine
2008 303 East 51st Street crane collapse Manhattan, New York City, US Crane 7 dead, 24 injured
2008 Cedar Rapids Railway bridge collapse Cedar Rapids, Iowa, US Bridge
2008 Belyayevka School Belyayevka, Orenburg Oblast, Russia School 5 dead, 4 injured[13]
2008 KATV Tower Redfield, Arkansas, US Guyed mast
2008 Searsburg wind-turbine collapse[14] Searsburg, New Hampshire, US Wind turbine
2008 Christian rock concert stage collapse Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada Stage 40+ injured
2009 Emmis Television Wichita Tower Wichita, Kansas, US Guyed mast
2009 Altona wind-turbine collapse[15] Altona, New York, US Wind turbine
2009 Fenner wind-turbine collapse[16] Fenner, New York, US Wind turbine
2009 Historical Archive of the City of Cologne collapse Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Building 2 dead
2009 Situ Gintung Dam Tangerang, Indonesia Dam
2009 Collapse of Lotus Riverside Block 7 Shanghai, China Residential building 1 dead
2009 Broadmeadow viaduct Malahide, Ireland Bridge
2009 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Stadium Terengganu, Malaysia Stadium
2009 Rawicz Radio Tower[17] Rawicz, Poland Lattice tower
2009 2009 Korba chimney collapse Korba, Chhattisgarh, India At least 45 dead, 7+ injured
2009 Big Valley Jamboree stage collapse Camrose, Alberta, Canada Stage 1 dead, ~75 injured
2009 Palma de Mallorca house collapse Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain Building
2009 Jaya Supermarket Petaling Jaya, Malaysia Supermarket 7 dead, unknown injured
2009 Kota Chambal Bridge collapse Kota, India Bridge 48 dead, unknown injured

2010–2019[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
2010 Collapse of 45J Ma Tau Wai Road Hong Kong, China Building 4 dead
2010 Bab Berdieyinne Mosque minaret collapse Meknes, Fès-Meknès, Morocco Religious building
2010 Myllysilta (Mill Bridge) Turku, Southwest Finland, Finland Bridge
2010 Lalita Park building collapse New Delhi, India Building
2010 Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome roof collapse Minneapolis, Minnesota, US Stadium roof
2010 Ikeja City Mall Lagos, Nigeria Mall 5 injured
2010 Blacksburg High School Gymnasium Blacksburg, Virginia, US Gymnasium[18]
2010 Stadium Southland Invercargill, South Island, New Zealand Stadium roof
2011 Lift bridge Waddinxveen Waddinxveen, Netherlands Bridge
2011 WEAU-TV, WAXX-FM Tower Fairchild, Wisconsin, US Guyed mast
2011 Kirtorf wind-turbine collapse[19] Kirtorf, Hesse, Germany Wind turbine
2011 De Grolsch Veste stadium roof collapse Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands Stadium roof 2 dead, 14 injured
2011 Antenna mast of tower of Zendstation Smilde Hoogersmilde, Drenthe, Netherlands Partially guyed tower
2011 Ottawa Bluesfest stage collapse Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Stage 3 injured
2011 Indiana State Fair stage collapse Indianapolis, Indiana, US Stage 7 dead, 58 injured
2011 Pukkelpop stage collapse Hasselt, Flemish Community, Belgium Stage
2011 QAL scaffold collapse Gladstone, Queensland, Australia Scaffold
2011 PGC office building collapse[20] Christchurch, South Island New Zealand Commercial building 18 dead
2011 Canterbury Television Building collapse Christchurch, South Island New Zealand Commercial building 115 dead (collapsed during earthquake)
2011 17th Street Bridge walkway[21] Atlanta, Georgia, US Walkway structure
2012 Vieira Fazenda office block collapse Praça Floriano, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Office buildings 17 dead
2012 Radiohead stage collapse Toronto, Ontario, Canada Stage 1 dead, 3 injured
2012 Algo Centre Mall Elliot Lake, Ontario, Canada Shopping mall 2 dead, 22 injured
2012 Miami Dade College parking garage Miami, Florida, US Parking garage 4 dead, 7 injured[22]
2012 Longwave transmitter Europe 1, Mast 2 Felsberg-Berus, Saarland, Germany Guyed radio mast
2012 Sasago Tunnel Border of Kōshū and Ōtsuki, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan Ceiling tile 9 dead, 2 injured
2013 Partial collapse of modular building under construction Ephrata, Pennsylvania, US Government building under construction 3 injured
2013 Dar es Salaam building collapse Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Residential building 36 dead, 17/18 injured
2013 Thane building collapse Thane, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Building under construction[23][24] 74 dead, 60–62 injured
2013 Rana Plaza collapse Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh Commercial building[25] 1,134 dead, 2,500+ injured
2013 22nd and Market building collapse Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. Building 6 dead, 13 injured[26]
2013 Penang Second Bridge Penang Island, Malaysia Bridge 1 dead, 3 injured
2013 Row houses collapse 400 block of Daly Street Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US Row houses 8 injured[27]
2013 I-5 Skagit River Bridge collapse Skagit County, Washington, U.S. Bridge 3 injured[28]
2013 Building under construction Sao Paulo, Brazil Building At least 6 dead, at least 20 injured[29]
2013 Residential building Mumbai, India Building At least 61 dead, at least 32 injured[30]
2013 Space building collapse [es] Medellín, Colombia Residential building 12 dead[31]
2013 Maxima superstore Riga, Latvia Commercial building 54 dead[32]
2013 Apollo Theatre London, UK Theatre 76 injured[33]
2014 Gyeongju Mauna Resort Gymnasium collapse [ko] Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea Gymnasium 10 dead, 124 injured[34]
2014 Death of Keane Wallis-Bennett Edinburgh, Scotland Freestanding wall 1
2014 Croce del Papa collapse Cevo, Italy Guyed mast (inclined) 1 dead
2014 P'yŏngch'ŏn apartment block collapse Pyongyang, North Korea Building 100+ dead (unconfirmed)[35]
2014 Vilémov Bridge collapse Vilémov, Czechia Bridge 4 dead (cs)
2014 Synagogue Church building collapse Lagos, Nigeria Building 115 dead[36]
2015 Rekowo Radio Mast Rekowo, Poland Guyed mast [37]
2015 Apartment building New York, US Building 12 injured[citation needed]
2015 Ivanovo Power Plant, Cooling Tower 4 Ivanovo, Russia Cooling tower [38]
2015 Thumper Pond Resort Ottertail, Minnesota, US Indoor waterpark [39]
2015 Military training center barracks Omsk, Russia Building 23 dead[40]
2015 I-10 bridge collapse Desert Center, California, US Bridge 1 injured[41]
2015 Mecca crane collapse Mecca, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia Crane 118 dead, 394 injured
2015 Queen Juliana bridge crane collapse Alphen aan den Rijn, South Holland Netherlands 2 cranes on pontoons No injured[42]
2015 Dharahara (earthquake, 25 May) Kathmandu, Nepal 19th-century tower 200 dead
2015 Vestas V112 wind turbine Lemnhult, Sweden Wind turbine
2016 Altenbeken-Buke E66 Wind turbine machine house fall Altenbeken, Germany Wind turbine
2016 Weiguan Jinlong (earthquake, Feb 6) Tainan, Taiwan Residential building 114 dead
2016 2016 Lagos building collapse Lagos, Nigeria Building under construction
2016 Vivekananda Flyover Bridge Kolkata, West Bengal, India Flyover bridge [43]
2016 Hu Fa Kuang Sports Centre, City University of Hong Kong Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China Roof collapse 3 injured[44]
2016 Fengcheng power station collapse Fengcheng, Jiangxi, China Cooling tower under construction 74 dead, 2 injured[45]
2016 Uyo Church collapse Uyo, Nigeria Church 60 dead[46]
2017 Česká Třebová Sport Hall collapse Česká Třebová, Czechia Hall
2017 Juice Tank Lebedyan, Russia Tank resulted in a flooding of Lebedyan with 28 million liters juice
2017 Plasco Building Tehran, Iran Shopping mall 21 dead, 70 injured, 1 missing
2017 Troja Pedestrian Bridge collapse Prague, Czechia Bridge
2017 Eindhoven Airport parking garage collapse[47] Eindhoven, Netherlands Building under construction
2017 Highway overpass collapse during maintenance works[48] Camerano, Italy Highway overpass 2 dead, 3 injured[49]
2018 Merriweather Post Pavilion collapse Columbia, Maryland, US Pavilion [50]
2018 Indonesia Stock Exchange floor collapse Jakarta, Indonesia Suspended walkway 72 injured[51]
2018 Chirajara bridge collapse Chirajara, Colombia Partially constructed motorway bridge 9 dead, 5 injured[52]
2018 Yun Tsui residential building collapse Hualien City, Taiwan Residential building 14 dead[53]
2018 Florida International University pedestrian bridge collapse Miami, Florida, US Walkway At least 6 dead, 9 injured[54]
2018 Edifício Wilton Paes de Almeida collapse São Paulo, Brazil Building At least 7 dead[55]
2018 Kundal Shahi bridge collapse Kundal Shahi, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan Walkway At least 12 dead, 11 injured, unknown missing[56]
2018 Zhejiang bridge collapse Zhejiang, China Bridge 8 dead, 3 injured[57]
2018 Ponte Morandi collapse Genoa, Italy Highway bridge 43 dead, 16 injured
2018 San Giuseppe dei Falegnami collapse Rome, Italy Church 0
2018 2018 Magnitogorsk building collapse Magnitogorsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia Apartment building 39 dead, 17 injured
2019 2019 Lagos school collapse Lagos, Nigeria Residential building 20 dead, over 60 injured
2019 Notre-Dame de Paris fire Paris, France Cathedral roof and spire collapse 3 injured
2019 Sihanoukville building collapse[58] Sihanoukville, Cambodia Partially constructed building collapse 28 dead, 26 injured
2019 Montana State University gym roofs collapse Bozeman, Montana, US 2 gymnasiums 0
2019 Building collapse in Mumbai Mumbai, India Residential building 2
2019 AFAS Stadion roof collapse[59] Alkmaar, Netherlands Stadium roof 0
2019 Hard Rock Hotel collapse New Orleans, US Partially constructed hotel collapse 3 dead, 18 injured
2019 Mirepoix-sur-Tarn bridge collapse Mirepoix-sur-Tarn, Occitanie, France Bridge 2 dead

2020–present[edit]

Year Structure Location Type Casualties
2020 Kep building collapse Kep, Cambodia Tourist guesthouse under construction 36 dead, 26 injured[60]
2020 Collapse of Xinjia Express Hotel Quanzhou, Fujian, China Hotel 29 dead
2020 Caprigliola bridge collapse Caprigliola, Tuscany, Italy Bridge 2 injured
2020 Lecheng Bridge Sanxi, Jingde County, Anhui, China Bridge 0 dead or injured
2020 Zhenhai Bridge Huangshan City, Anhui, China Bridge 0 dead or injured
2020 Collapse of Juxian Restaurant[61] Linfen City, Shanxi, China Building 29 dead, 28 injured
2020 Arecibo Telescope[62] Arecibo, Puerto Rico Telescope 0 dead or injured
2020 324 North Oak Street Buffalo, New York, US Abandoned factory 0 casualties, 1 pickup truck damaged, building demolished
2021 Brindisi warehouse collapse San Michele Salentino, Apulia, Italy Warehouse 1 dead, 4 injured[63]
2021 Cairo apartment collapse Gesr El-Suez, Cairo, Egypt Apartment building 25 dead, 25 injured[64]
2021 2021 Bangkok residence collapse Kritsadanakhon 31 Village, Bangkok, Thailand Residence building At least 4 dead, 5 injured[65]
2021 Mexico City Metro overpass collapse Tláhuac, Mexico City, Mexico Overpass 26 dead, 79 injured
2021 Gwangju building collapse Gwangju, South Korea Collapsed onto a bus during demolition 9 dead, 8 injured[66]
2021 Antwerp building collapse Jos Smolderenstraat, Antwerp, Belgium Primary school under construction 5 dead, 20 injured[67]
2021 Destruction of al-Jalaa Building Gaza City Building 0 casualties, building destroyed
2021 Rucheng residential building collapse Rucheng County, Hunan, China Residential building 5 dead, 7 injured[68]
2021 Surfside condominium building collapse Surfside, Florida, US Condominium tower 98 dead, 11 injured[69]
2021 Sangam Bridge Arunachal Pradesh, India Bridge 3 missing
2021 Suzhou hotel collapse Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China Hotel annex 17 dead, 5 injured[70]
2021 Kelowna crane collapse Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada Construction crane 5 dead[71]
2021 Font Nova residential development apartment collapse Peñíscola, Valencian Community, Spain Residential building 2 dead[72]

Transportation[edit]

Year Structure Location & Cause Casualties
1865 Steamboat Sultana boiler explosion Memphis, Tennessee, US 1192 dead (estimated)
1882 Inverythan rail accident Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK 8 dead
1891 Norwood Junction rail accident London, UK 0
1954 BOAC Flight 781, de Havilland Comet Mediterranean Sea off Elba 35 dead (all)
1954 South African Airways Flight 201, de Havilland Comet Mediterranean between Naples/Stromboli 21 dead (all)
1966 BOAC Flight 911, Boeing 707 Near Mount Fuji, Japan. Severe turbulence caused the plane to break up in mid-air. 124 dead (all)
1972 American Airlines Flight 96, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Incompletely secured cargo door at the rear of the plane broke off, caused rapid decompression, and severed some wires beneath the floor that controlled the plane's elevators and rudder. A safe landing was made at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport. 11 injured
1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Originated at Istanbul Yesilköy Airport & departed Orly International Airport, Paris, France. Incompletely secured cargo door at the rear of the plane broke off, caused rapid decompression, and severed wires beneath the floor that controlled the plane's elevators and rudder. Plane crashed in the Ermenonville Forest. 346 dead (all)
1979 American Airlines Flight 191, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois, US. Lost left engine on take-off due to improper maintenance. 273 dead (all on board, 2 on the ground)
1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123, Boeing 747 Mount Takamagahara in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Crashed due to rapid decompression that ripped off a large portion of tail and caused the loss of hydraulic controls to entire plane. It is the deadliest aviation accident in history to involve a single aircraft. 520 dead, 4 injured
1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster Cape Canaveral, Florida, US 7 dead (all)
1988 Aloha Airlines Flight 243, Boeing 737 Pacific Ocean near Kahului, Hawaii, US. Metal fatigue caused the plane's fuselage to blow off. 1 dead, 65 injured
1989 United Airlines Flight 811, Boeing 747 Pacific Ocean off Honolulu, Hawaii, US. Cargo door failure caused an explosive decompression. 9 dead, 38 injured
1991 Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61 Crashed after catching fire on taking off from King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Fire was due to under-inflated tires & fire caused failure of hydraulic system. 261 dead, including 14 Canadian aircrew.
1996 TWA Flight 800, Boeing 747 Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York, US. Crashed due to a fuel tank explosion, causing the plane to break apart. 230 dead (all)
2001 American Airlines Flight 587, Airbus A300B4-605R Crashed into the Belle Harbor neighborhood of Queens, NYC. Plane's vertical stabilizer snapped off. 260 on plane dead (all) & 5 on ground dead
2002 China Airlines Flight 611, Boeing 747 Over the Penghu islands, Taiwan. The plane had suffered a tailstrike in 1980 and was improperly repaired. 225 dead (all)
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster over Texas, US 7 dead (all)
2011 Sinking of the Russian ship Bulgaria Kuybyshev Reservoir, Russia 122 dead
2014 Sinking of MV Sewol near Jindo County, South Korea 306 dead
2021 Stresa–Mottarone cable car crash People in charge of maintenance had deactivated the automatic emergency brake because it kept malfunctioning and repeatedly halted the cabins. This crash happened near Lake Maggiore, Italy. 14 dead, 1 child was seriously injured

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]