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Puzhal is located in Chennai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Puzhal is located in Tamil Nadu
Puzhal (Tamil Nadu)
Puzhal is located in India
Puzhal (India)
Coordinates: 13°10′11″N 80°12′26″E / 13.16972°N 80.20722°E / 13.16972; 80.20722Coordinates: 13°10′11″N 80°12′26″E / 13.16972°N 80.20722°E / 13.16972; 80.20722
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictChennai district
 • Total20,297
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTN-18

Puzhal is a Northwestern developing residential town in Chennai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is well known for Puzhal central prison. Puzhal is located on the banks of Puzhal Lake.

The area is one of the 163 notified areas (megalithic sites) in the state of Tamil Nadu.[1]


In ancient times, the region was ruled by a chief of the Kurumbars variously titled as Kamunda Kurumba Prabhu and Puzhal Raja who is also credited with building a royal fort at this site.[2] The fort and the land was later overran by the Chola sovereign from Thanjavur.[3]


As of 2001 India census,[4] Puzhal had a population of 20,297. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Puzhal has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 68%. In Puzhal, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Puzhal is now in Chennai District. Major to supply water to Chennai people. The landscaped frontage of the huge complex resembles that of a luxury hotel; this is the Puzhal Prison Complex, a bold attempt by the Tamil Nadu Government to redefine the very concept of jail, which is ready to host the `guests'.

Bold, because every idea conceived for an ideal prison, but remained on paper, has been translated into reality in the ₹ 75-crore project.

Puzhal Lake[edit]

Puzhal aeri, or Puzhal lake, also known as the Red Hills Lake, is located in Ponneri Taluk of Thiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the two rain-fed reservoirs from where water is drawn for supply to Chennai City, the other one being the Chembarambakkam Lake / Porur Lake.

Puzhal Camp or Srilankan Refugee camp[edit]

Puzhal camp is one of the Sri Lankan refugee camps out of 115 camps were found in Tamil Nadu. According to Indian census Thiruvallur districts has second highest Sri Lankan refugee population. It has 1,646 households with a total of 5,387 refugees. Particularly Puzhal camp has second highest refugee population in Thiruvallur district. It accounts for 408 households with a refugee population of 1,283. That is why Puzhal Town is also expressed as Camp.

Puzhal Jail[edit]

Puzhal Central Prison is located in the neighbourhood. The prison began operation in 2006, replacing the erstwhile Chennai Central Prison.

The plan for the construction of Puzhal Central Prison was conceived during the early 2000s. Sites in Puzhal and in Maraimalai Nagar were initially considered and the final decision to construct in Puzhal was made due to the availability of large piece of Government owned land. It was constructed by Tamil Nadu Police Housing Corporation (TNPHC) for a cost of 1,770 million in less than 3 years. It was inaugurated by then chief minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi, on 26 November 2006.[5]


  • Jain Vidyaashram
  • Velammal Global School
  • Narayana E-tech
  • Dr. Sivanthi Aditanar Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Greenfield International School


  • Urban community health center,puzhal
  • St. Anthony's hosptal
  • ESI hospital,puzhal


  • MMM towers, Puzhal


  1. ^ Madhavan, D. (20 December 2012). "National Institute of Siddha modifies expansion plan". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  2. ^ Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. The Madras Journal of Literature and Science, Volume 7. p. 311.
  3. ^ International Congress of Prehistoric Archæology: Transactions of the Third Session. Longmans, Green, and Company, 1869. 1869. p. 254.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ [1] The Hindu - Puzhal Prison Complex a bold bid to redefine concept of jail

External links[edit]