Perambur

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Perambur

பெரம்பூர்
Perambur is located in Chennai
Perambur
Perambur
Perambur is located in Tamil Nadu
Perambur
Perambur
Perambur is located in India
Perambur
Perambur
Coordinates: 13°07′15.6″N 80°13′57.4″E / 13.121000°N 80.232611°E / 13.121000; 80.232611Coordinates: 13°07′15.6″N 80°13′57.4″E / 13.121000°N 80.232611°E / 13.121000; 80.232611
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictChennai district
MetroChennai
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
600011
Vehicle registrationTN-05
Municipal bodyChennai Corporation
Ward Nos.51, 52, 53
LS constituencyChennai North
VS constituencyPerambur
MPDr. Kalanidhi Veeraswamy, DMK
MLAR. D. Sekar, DMK
Website[1]

Perambur is a neighbourhood located in the northern region of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Etymology[edit]

In Tamil, pirambu (பிரம்பு) means bamboo and ur (ஊர்) means city or place. Before British rule, this place was widely regarded as a place which was a bamboo forest, around the Huzur Gardens area, which currently houses the Simpsons Pvt. Ltd. This area was annexed to Chennai in 1742 CE.[1]

Location[edit]

Perambur is located at an altitude of 10 m above mean sea level.

Streets[edit]

Some of the major connecting roads and streets include: Paper Mills road, Perambur High road, Madhavaram High road, Paddy Field road, Patel road, School road, Bharathi road, Siruvallur High Road, Raghava street, B.B. Road and Bunder Garden streets. Apart from these, Perambur also has a Road named after Robert Baden-Powell,[2] the founder of Scout Movement. The road is well known as BP road.

Transportation[edit]

Road transport[edit]

This neighborhood is well connected to all places of Chennai by bus services operated by the Metropolitan Transport Corporation. Its proximity to the Chennai Central railway station makes it an important transport hub.

Railway transport[edit]

Perambur has a notable railway town in the Indian Railways landscape as it is home to the Vande Bharat Express, produced at the Integral Coach Factory located here and also the presence of Chennai Rail Museum, in addition to the railway station serving to decongest the Chennai Central station by serving as a major alighting point for long distance trains passing through or terminating in the city from the North-Western end. The Perambur railway station is considered as the oldest railway station in the city after Royapuram.[3]

Perambur is one of the earliest British settlements in Chennai, mainly because of the railway establishments during the 1850s. Perambur is noted for the largest presence of Anglo-Indians in Chennai (and arguably in South India) because of the erstwhile British settlements in and around Perambur, during the construction and running of the Integral Coach Factory (ICF[4]). The ICF is located only in Perambur with an ancillary unit in Kolkata in India. ICF, Chennai is also home to Vande Bharat Express also known as Train 18, the indigenously produced trainset of the Indian Railways. Perambur also houses the Chennai Rail Museum which has a large collection of vintage coaches, engines and a railway coach themed restaurant. Perambur has two (Carriage Works and Loco Works) of the three railway workshops serving Indian Railways' Southern Railway zone.

Perambur is served by three railway stations: Perambur railway station, Perambur Carriage Works railway station and Perambur Loco Works railway station. Perambur railway station is one of the major railway hubs in Chennai because of ICF and due to express/super-fast trains stops. It is the fifth largest station in Chennai in passenger volume after Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore railway station, Tambaram and Mambalam.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Smt Chandabai Pagariya Jain Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Kaligi Ranganathan Montford Matriculation Higher Secondary School, St. Mary's Matriculation Girls higher secondary school, St. Mary's Matriculation Boys higher secondary school, Chennai Corporation Higher Secondary School, Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's (DRBCCC) Higher Secondary School, Veera Savarkar Netaji Matriculation School, Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Don Bosco Nursery and Primary School which with Savio Primary School is on the premises of the Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, Gnanodhaya Vidhyalayam, Lourdes Girls Higher Secondary School, Railway Mixed Higher Secondary School, Begum Latheefunnisa Islamic Nursery and Primary School, Sacred Heart's Nursery and Primary School, St. Joseph's Anglo-Indian Higher Secondary School, St. Thomas Primary School, SKNS PMC Vivekananda Vidyalaya, V.O.C. Vidiyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Periyar matriculation higher secondary school, Sri Bala Vidyalaya (CBSE), KRM Public School (CBSE).

Healthcare[edit]

Medical facilities such as Sen Hospital, Cure Advanced Dental Care, Southern Railway Headquarters Hospital, Jupiter Surgical Specialty Centre, Abhijay Hospital, A. C. Aruldoss Hospital, Srinivas Priya Hospital, Aishwarya Hospital (child care), Iyappa Diabetes Hospital, Vigneshwara Eye Hospital, Apple Hospital are available here.

Entertainment[edit]

Perambur has a wide range of entertainment venues such as cinemas and parks. Perambur has the first shopping mall of the north Chennai: Spectrum Mall.

It has a five-screen multiplex named S2 Cinemas which is controlled by theater franchise SPI Cinemas. Sri Brinda Theatre is popular among cinema lovers. Perambur has many other cinema theatres such as Ganga Cinemas in Kolathur which is just 5 km away.

Parks[edit]

Perambur Flyover Park, Mahatma Gandhi Park and Venus Park are few important parks. Perambur has Chennai's first disco waterpark — Murasoli Maran Park — which is crowded on weekends and special occasions.

Stadium[edit]

Perambur Railway Stadium is frequented for athletic events, annual sports meets and training sessions.

Facility[edit]

Murasoli Maran Flyover[edit]

The rail over bridge connecting Perambur railway station with that Perambur Carriage Works had been a source of transportation discomfort because of its narrow pass and low road which used to flood during rain. In 1999 the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) government decided to build a flyover along with nine others.

The work reached a halt when one of the columns started sinking. This led to the cost of the proposed flyover shoot from Rs.21 crore (210 million) to Rs 34 crore (340 million). Furthermore, DMK lost in the consecutive 2001 elections (although its ally Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M) retained Perambur constituency) which led to a further stalemate for the project.[5] The flyovers became the centre of political debacle for the next five years. After DMK came back to power in 2006, it started working on the project once again, but this time with an even more shooting up of the proposed cost.

The flyover serves the people living in Perambur, Kolathur, T.V.K. Nagar, Periyar Nagar, Kumaran Nagar, Ayanavaram, Vinayagapuram, Madhavaram, Mathur and Kodungaiyur.

The flyover was constructed with different plan and was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister Mr. Karunanidhi and the then Deputy Chief Minister Mr. Stalin on 28 March 2010. The flyover serves to reduce the traffic congestion in and around North Chennai. It is 1.3 km in length and 13 meters high from the ground, and is one of the tallest bridges in Chennai after Kathipara, Guindy. The bridge consist of three levels, road below, rail in the middle and road again at the top.

Places of worship[edit]

Temples[edit]

Ayyappan Temple, Selva Vinayagar Temple, Thulukanathu Amman Thirukoil, Vinayagar Koil, Lakshmi Amman Koil, Pazhani Aandavar Koil, Kalasathaman koil, Muthu Mari Amman Koil, Ellaiamman Koil, Semmathamman koil, Shiva Vishnu Koil, Venkatesa Perumal Temple, Venugopalan koil, Saibaba koil, Shri Venugopalaswamy temple, Veeramakaliamman Temple and Vaitheeswaran temple are few important temples.

Buddhist temple[edit]

South India Buddha Vihar.

Churches[edit]

Our Lady of Lourdes Shrine (Roman Catholic) (120 years old), Saint Theresa's Church (Roman Catholic), Saint Joseph's Church (Syro-Malabar Catholic), Saint Gregory's Church (Orthodox), Saint George's Church (Orthodox), CSI Holy Cross Church (Church of South India|CSI, Protestant) (more than 150 years old), CSI Wesely Church (CSI, Protestant) (over 150 years old), Apostolic Christian Assemblies, TELC Bethel Church (Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church).

Mosques[edit]

Rahmania Masjid, Ansarul Islam Mosque, Fidayane Masjid, Masjid-e-Hussaini and Madarasa, Tahniyat Mosque, Masjid-e-Khalique, Masjid Al-Huda, Masjib-e-Rahmath, Hazrat Syed Husain Shah Khadiri Mosque.

Gallery[edit]

Neighbouring areas[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • National Informatics Centre (10 November 2020). "History, Chennai District, India". Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  • Kamath, Rina (2000). Chennai (Second ed.). Chennai: Orient Longman Limited. p. 250. ISBN 81-250-1378-4. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  • The Universal Directory of Railway Officials (1919). The Universal Directory of Railway Officials. 25. p. 239. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  • India: Railway Board (1924). Classified List of Gazetted Establishment of Indian Railways. Manager of Publication. p. 198. Retrieved 14 November 2020.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History, Chennai District, India". National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Lord Baden Powell biography -". Biography Online. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. ^ Madhavan, D. (3 April 2013). "Perambur railway station to get more entrances, shelters, lights". Chennai. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Integral Coach Factory". icf.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Stalin's appointment fuels hope on Perambur flyover". Chennai, India.

External links[edit]