2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election

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Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2019

← 2014 27 October 2019 2024 →

423 of 450 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
226 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
  2014-09-12 - Vitali Klitschko - 9019.jpg Arseniy Yatsenyuk.jpg Борис Колесніков.jpg
Leader Vitali Klitschko Arseniy Yatsenyuk Boris Kolesnikov
Party Petro Poroshenko Bloc People's Front Opposition Bloc
Leader since 28 August 2015 31 March 2014 20 November 2018
Last election 132 seats, 21.82% 82 seats, 22.12% 29 seats, 9.43%
Seats before 138 81 43

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  AndriiSadovyi.JPG Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG Yulia Tymoshenko, 2010.JPG
Leader Andriy Sadovyi Oleh Lyashko Yulia Tymoshenko
Party Self Reliance Radical Party Fatherland
Leader since 2013 August 8, 2011 9 February 2001
Last election 33 seats, 10.97% 22 seats, 7.44% 19 seats, 5.68%
Seats before 26 20 20

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Oleh Tyahnybok September 2014.jpg
Vadim Rabinovich2.jpeg
Anatoliy Hrytsenko 2012.jpg
Leader Oleh Tyahnybok Vadim Rabinovich Anatoliy Hrytsenko
Party Svoboda For life Civil Position
Leader since 14 February 2004 2014 January 2010
Last election 6 seats, 4.71% New 0 seats, 3.1%
Seats before 7 3 0

Prime Minister before election

Volodymyr Groysman
Petro Poroshenko Bloc

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

The next Ukrainian parliamentary elections must be held no later than 2019. Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), only 423 of 450 seats in Verkhovna Rada can currently be elected under current election laws and roughly 12 percent of Ukrainian voters cannot participate in the elections because they live in a constituency in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (which were annexed by Russia in 2014) or in separatist controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (regions).[1]

Background[edit]

Following the 2014 parliamentary elections, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) party became the largest party, after securing 132 seats. On 21 November 2014, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland and the Radical Party all signed a coalition agreement.[2] Arseniy Yatsenyuk became Prime Minister on 2 December 2014.

The Radical Party left the coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by pro-Russian separatists.[3] February 2016 saw the start of the fall of the Yatsenyuk cabinet after the economy minister Aivaras Abromavičius announced his resignation claiming the government did not have real commitment to fight corruption.[4] On 17 and 18 February 2016 the Fatherland and Self Reliance parties left the coalition; meaning that the coalition became 5 deputies short of the 226 needed.[5] On 14 April 2016 Volodymyr Groysman became the new Prime Minister and the Groysman government began with a new cabinet of ministers.[6]

Electoral system[edit]

The Verkhovna Rada has 450 members, under current election laws they are elected to a five-year term in parallel voting, with 225 members elected in single-member constituencies using FPTP system and 225 members elected by proportional representation (closed list) in a single nationwide constituency using the largest remainder method with 5% threshold.[7] In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election voting was organized only in 198 single-member constituencies. Voters living in constituencies in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (which were annexed by Russia in 2014) or in separatist controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (regions) are unlikely able to take part in the election.[1] This means roughly 12 percent of Ukrainian voters cannot participate in the elections.[1]

Parties[edit]

The table below lists parties represented in the Verkhovna Rada after the 2014 parliamentary election.

Name Ideologies Leader 2014 result
Votes (%) Seats
Petro Poroshenko Bloc Christian democracy Vitali Klitschko 21.8%
138 / 450
People's Front National conservatism Arseniy Yatsenyuk 22.1%
81 / 450
Opposition Bloc Social liberalism Yuriy Boyko 9.40%
43 / 450
Revival Developmentalism Viktor Bondar
26 / 450
Self Reliance Liberal conservatism, Christian democracy Andriy Sadovyi 11.0%
26 / 450
Radical Party Right-wing populism Oleh Lyashko 7.44%
20 / 450
Fatherland Liberal democracy Yulia Tymoshenko 5.68%
20 / 450
People's Will Centrism Yaroslav Moskalenko
18 / 450
For life Social democracy Vadim Rabinovich With Opposition Bloc
3 / 450

Party issues[edit]

In 2018
Issue ВО «Батьківщина».png Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" logo.png Self Reliance (political party logo).png Opposition Bloc.png ForLife.png Radical Party Ukraine.png Svoboda logo-2.svg Civil Position (Ukraine).png
War in Donbass [8] Anti-Minsk Pro-Minsk Anti-Minsk Pro-Minsk Pro-Minsk Anti-Minsk Anti-Minsk Anti-Minsk
Ideology National conservatism Christian democracy Liberal conservatism Russian minority interests Social democracy Right-wing populism Ukrainian nationalism Conservatism
Form of government Parliamentary republic Semi-presidential system Parliamentary republic Parliamentary republic Federal republic Semi-presidential system Presidential Republic[9] Presidential Republic
Status of Russian and other minority languages No status No status No status Regional status Regional status No status No status No status
NATO Pro-NATO Pro-NATO Pro-NATO Anti-NATO Anti-NATO Weighted Position Pro-NATO[10] Weighted Position

Electoral system[edit]

Under current election laws 50% or 226 members of the Verkhovna Rada are elected by open party-list proportional representation with 5% electoral election threshold and the other 50% of the seats elected in 225 constituencies with a first-past-the-post electoral system in one round (candidate with the highest vote total wins).[11][12][13][14] Since 2014 in Ukraine negotiations on the introduction of 100% Party-list proportional representation elections with open lists.[11] Main lobbyists: Volodymyr Groysman, Self Reliance. Main opponents: Yulia Tymoshenko.[15]

Opinion polls[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gerrymandering Ukraine? Electoral Consequences of Occupation by Paul D'Anieri, Sage Journals (9 August 2016)
  2. ^ Five political forces sign coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
    Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
  3. ^ Ukraine Radical Party Quits Ruling Coalition After Deadly Clash, Bloomberg News (1 September 2015)
  4. ^ Ukraine Economy Minister decides to resign, UNIAN (3 February 2016)
  5. ^ Samopomich pulls out from ruling coalition in parliamen, Interfax-Ukraine (18 February 2016)
    (in Ukrainian) "Self" comes from the coalition, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 February 2016)
    Batkivschyna faction pulls out of coalition, UNIAN (17 February 2016)
    Batkivshchyna faction leaves ruling coalition, Kyiv Post (17 February 2016)
  6. ^ "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM". BBC News. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  7. ^ IFES
  8. ^ http://gordonua.com/ukr/news/war/-minski-domovlenosti-vvazhajut-bezalternativnimi-dvi-partiji-jaki-pretendujut-na-potrapljannja-do-verhovnoji-radi-opituvannja-zn-ua-266633.html
  9. ^ Article 1.13. Ukrainian State is a presidential republic ("...Українська держава є президентською республікою..."). Svoboda (party program).
  10. ^ Program of Svoboda party
  11. ^ a b Electoral dead-end for Rada, UNIAN (29 September 2016)
  12. ^ "Parliament passes law on parliamentary elections". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Ukraine: The Law on Election of the People's Deputies (Unofficial translation by IFES), 2011" (PDF). 17 November 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  14. ^ The Distorted Will of the People, The Ukrainian Week (5 November 2012)
  15. ^ https://focus.ua/country/302623/

External links[edit]