Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant

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Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant
IPA number 183
Entity (decimal) ʑ
Unicode (hex) U+0291
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that represents this sound is ʑ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is z\.

Although the voiced alveolo-palatal non-sibilant fricative (which has the features of ʑ except sibilance) has not been reported to occur in any language, it can be represented in the IPA as either ʝ͇ or ʝ̟.


alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ажьа [aˈʑa] 'hare' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe жьау [ʑaːw] 'shadow'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[1] ajut [əˈʑut] 'help' (n.) See Catalan phonology
Chinese Jiangshan dialect of Wu [ʑyœʔ] 'ten'
Southern Min 今仔日/kin-á-ji̍t [kɪn˧a˥ʑɪt˥] 'today'
Japanese 火事/kaji [kaʑi] 'fire' Found in free variation with [dʲʑ] between vowels. See Japanese phonology
Kabardian жьэ [ʑa] 'mouth'
Lower Sorbian[2] źasety [ʑäs̪ɛt̪ɨ][stress?] 'tenth'
Pashto Wazirwola dialect ميږ [miʑ] 'we'
Polish[3] źrebię About this sound [ˈʑrɛbjɛw̃]  'foal' Also denoted by the digraph zi. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[4] Brazilian magia [mɐˈʑi.ɐ] 'magic', 'sorcery' Allophonic variation of /ʒ/. Contrasts with other sibilants only in onset. Argued both to be laminal [ʒ],[5] and generally produced "in the middle of the hard palate",[4] same of fellow alveolo-palatal [l̠ʲ] and [n̠ʲ],[6] and further palatalized than Italian post-alveolars.[7] Found in coda mainly before fricative, coronal and palatalized consonants in Brazil.[8][9] See Portuguese phonology
European (?) rasgos dóem [ˈʀaʑguʑ ˈdɔẽj] '[these] rips hurt'
Many Brazilian dialects eles, desde sempre [ˈeɫiʑ ˈdeʑdʑi̥ ˈsẽpɾi̥] 'they, since ever'
Some speakers [ˈelɪz ˈdeɪ̯ʑːɪ ˈsẽpɾɪ]
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[10] gea [ʑanə][stress?] 'eyelash' Realized as [] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian езжу [ˈjeʑːʊ] 'I drive' Most speakers. Usually written жж or зж. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[11] пуж ħе / puž će [pûːʑ t͡ɕe̞] 'the snail will' Allophone of /ʒ/ before /t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ/.[11] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Uzbek[12] [example needed]
Yi /yi [ʑi˧] 'tobacco'

See also[edit]