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خبز ملوح.jpg
Mulawah next to Fahsa and Sahawaq
Alternative namesMulawah, Malawax and Khobz Mulawah
Place of originYemen
Main ingredientsPuff pastry, Nigella sativa, Ghee or oil

Malawach, Malawah (Arabic: ملوح‎, Hebrew: מלאווח or מלווח‎), is a Yemeni flatbread that is traditional in Yemeni cuisine. Maluj and Khamir breads are more popular in the Yemen. It has been brought to Israel by Yemenite Jews.

Malawach resembles a thick pancake, but it consists of thin layers of puff pastry brushed with oil or fat and cooked flat in a frying pan.[1][2] It is traditionally served with hard-boiled eggs, Sahawiq, and a crushed or grated tomato dip. Or for a sweet taste, it is often served with honey.[3]

It is a staple of the Yemenite Jews. Through immigration of Yemenite Jews to Israel, it has become a favorite comfort food for Israelis of all backgrounds and national origins. Frozen malawah can be used as a substitute for dough in different recipes.[4]

Malawach is often eaten for breakfast with ghee and honey on weekends. It is also similar to the South Indian parotta (also known as Kerala paratha) and North Indian Lachha paratha, which are both layered flat breads popular in Indian cuisine.[5] It also resembles the North African msemmen, a typical bread eaten with honey and butter (sweet), or stuffed with a red pepper and tomato mixture (savory) used in Moroccan and Algerian (Berber) cuisine.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rachel Yedid & Danny Bar-Maoz (ed.), Ascending the Palm Tree – An Anthology of the Yemenite Jewish Heritage, E'ele BeTamar: Rehovot 2018, p. 132 ISBN 978-965-7121-33-7
  2. ^ Old memories, new dishes: Malawach reinvented
  3. ^ Roden, Claudia (1997). The Book of Jewish Food: An Odyssey from Samarkand to New York. Knopf. p. 549. ISBN 0-394-53258-9.
  4. ^ Old memories, new dishes: Malawach reinvented
  5. ^