Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia
|titular Maharaja of Gwalior|
|Preceded by||Madhavrao Scindia|
|Minister of Power (Independent charge)|
28 October 2012 – 25 May 2014
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Preceded by||Veerappa Moily|
|Succeeded by||Piyush Goyal|
|Member of the Indian Parliament
|Preceded by||Madhavrao Scindia|
1 January 1971 |
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Spouse(s)||Priyadarshini Raje Scindia|
|Relatives||see Scindia family|
|Residence||Jai Vilas Palace, Gwalior
New Delhi, India
|Alma mater||Harvard University
Stanford Business School
Maharaja Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia (born 1 January 1971 in Mumbai, Maharashtra) is an Indian politician. He is a titular Maharaja of Gwalior and was a Member of Parliament, representing the Guna constituency in the state of Madhya Pradesh and a member of the Indian National Congress party. He was the 'Minister of State with independent charge' (i.e. a junior Minister in the Central Government of India who has independent charge of his ministry) of Power in the cabinet of prime minister Manmohan Singh from October 2012 until May 2014.
Scindia was born in Mumbai to Madhavrao Scindia and Madhavi Raje Scindia. He studied at Campion School in the city and at The Doon School, Dehradun. He studied Economics at Harvard University and graduated in 1993. In 2001, he received an M.B.A. from the Stanford Graduate School of Business.
Scindia is a grandson of Jivajirao Scindia, the last Maharaja of the 21 Gun Salute Maratha Princely state of Gwalior, who then joined the Dominion of India in 1947, but, like other princes, was allowed to hold on to the titles and privileges of princely India, including an annual remuneration, called the privy purse. Upon his death in 1961, his son, Madhavrao Scindia (Jyotiraditya's father) became the titular Maharajah of Gwalior. However, he was to be the last, as, in the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and privy purses.
Scindia was elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Indian Parliament) in February 2002 from Guna District - formerly represented by his father. He was re-elected in May 2004, and was introduced to the Union Council of Ministers in 2007 as Minister of State for Communications and Information Technology. He was then re-elected in 2009 for a third consecutive term and became Minister of State for Commerce and Industry. Later, he became Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power.
Scindia was appointed Minister of State for Power in November 2012 in a cabinet reshuffle which drafted a number of younger politicians into the Indian cabinet, including two other scions of princely families, R. P. N. Singh and Jitendra Singh.
Scindia was among the richest ministers in the UPA government with assets nearly Rs. 25 crore ($5 million). It included investments in Indian and foreign securities worth over Rs 16 crore ($3 million) and jewellery worth over Rs 5.7 crore ($1.1 million). He has also filed a legal claim to be the sole inheritor of the property belonging to his late father worth Rs 20,000 crores. However, this has been challenged in court by his aunts.
Scindia was tasked by the Indian Planning Commission with preventing a repetition of the July 2012 India blackout, the largest power outage in history, which affected over 620 million people, about 9% of the world population, In May 2013, Scindia claimed that checks and balances had been put in place to prevent any recurrence of grid collapse and that India would have the world's largest integrated grid by January 2014.
Scindia is President of the Board of Governors of Scindia School, Gwalior, which was founded by his great-grandfather, Madho Rao Scindia, in 1897 for schooling the sons of Indian princes and nobles. In 1947, the school opened its doors to the public. He is also a hereditary patron of Daly College, Indore, which was established in 1882 to educate the children of the royalty, nobility and aristocracy of Central Indian princely states.
He is chairman of the regional Madhya Pradesh Cricket Association (MPCA) in India. After the spot fixing scandal in Indian Premier League exploded in the Indian media and subsequently Sanjay Jagdale, a member of the MPCA resigned from his job as secretary from the Board of Control for Cricket in India, Scindia spoke out against corruption in Indian cricket.
- Jai Vilas Mahal, the current residence of the Scindia family
- List of Maratha dynasties and states
- Maratha Confederacy
-  Archived 31 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
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- 1. Ramusack, Barbara N. (2004). The Indian princes and their states. Cambridge University Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-0-521-26727-4. Retrieved 6 November 2011., "Through a constitutional amendment passed in 1971, Indira Gandhi stripped the princes of the titles, privy purses and regal privileges which her father's government had granted." (p 278). 2. Naipaul, V. S. (8 April 2003), India: A Wounded Civilization, Random House Digital, Inc., pp. 37–, ISBN 978-1-4000-3075-0, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "The princes of India – their number and variety reflecting to a large extent the chaos that had come to the country with the break up of the Mughal empire – had lost real power in the British time. Through generations of idle servitude they had grown to specialize only in style. A bogus, extinguishable glamour: in 1947, with Independence, they had lost their state, and Mrs. Gandhi in 1971 had, without much public outcry, abolished their privy purses and titles." (pp 37–38). 3. Schmidt, Karl J. (1995), An atlas and survey of South Asian history, M.E. Sharpe, p. 78, ISBN 978-1-56324-334-9, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "Although the Indian states were alternately requested or forced into union with either India or Pakistan, the real death of princely India came when the Twenty-sixth Amendment Act (1971) abolished the princes' titles, privileges, and privy purses." (page 78). 4. Breckenridge, Carol Appadurai (1995), Consuming modernity: public culture in a South Asian world, U of Minnesota Press, pp. 84–, ISBN 978-0-8166-2306-8, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "The third stage in the political evolution of the princes from rulers to citizens occurred in 1971, when the constitution ceased to recognize them as princes and their privy purses, titles, and special privileges were abolished." (page 84). 5. Guha, Ramachandra (5 August 2008), India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy, HarperCollins, pp. 441–, ISBN 978-0-06-095858-9, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "Her success at the polls emboldened Mrs. Gandhi to act decisively against the princes. Through 1971, the two sides tried and failed to find a settlement. The princes were willing to forgo their privy purses, but hoped at least to save their titles. But with her overwhelming majority in Parliament, the prime minister had no need to compromise. On 2 December she introduced a bill to amend the constitution and abolish all princely privileges. It was passed in the Lok Sabha by 381 votes to six, and in the Rajya Sabha by 167 votes to seven. In her own speech, the prime minister invited 'the princes to join the elite of the modern age, the elite which earns respect by its talent, energy and contribution to human progress, all of which can only be done when we work together as equals without regarding anybody as of special status.' " (page 441). 6. Cheesman, David (1997). Landlord power and rural indebtedness in colonial Sind, 1865-1901. London: Routledge. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-7007-0470-5. Retrieved 6 November 2011. Quote: "The Indian princes survived the British Raj by only a few years. The Indian republic stripped them of their powers and then their titles." (page 10). 7. Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997), Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, Merriam-Webster, pp. 520–, ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "Indian States: "Various (formerly) semi-independent areas in India ruled by native princes .... Under British rule ... administered by residents assisted by political agents. Titles and remaining privileges of princes abolished by Indian government 1971." (page 520). 8. Ward, Philip (September 1989), Northern India, Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi: a travel guide, Pelican Publishing, pp. 91–, ISBN 978-0-88289-753-0, retrieved 6 November 2011 Quote: "A monarchy is only as good as the reigning monarch: thus it is with the princely states. Once they seemed immutable, invincible. In 1971 they were "derecognized," their privileges, privy purses and titles all abolished at a stroke" (page 91)
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- "The Scindia School: Fees and Funding". 2013.
- "MPCA, Madhya Pradesh Cricket Association, Indore | Cricket in Madhya Pradesh | Cricket | Indore | MPCA | CK Naidu | Holkar Cricket | Holkar Stadium". Mpcaonline.com. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
- "Scindia calls for time-frame to complete spot-fixing enquiry". Z-News, India. 24 June 2013.
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