Chittur-Thathamangalam

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Chittur
Town
Chittur Municipal Office
Chittur Municipal Office
Coordinates: 10°42′N 76°45′E / 10.70°N 76.75°E / 10.70; 76.75Coordinates: 10°42′N 76°45′E / 10.70°N 76.75°E / 10.70; 76.75
Country  India
State Kerala
District Palakkad
Government
 • Type Panchayati raj (India)
 • Body Gram Panchayat
Area
 • Total 1,155.10 km2 (445.99 sq mi)
Elevation 131 m (430 ft)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KL-70
Pudunagaram
Andayil temple

Chittur is a town in Palakkad district of Kerala, South India. It is the headquarters of Chittur taluk, situated 13 km away from Palakkad towards the south-east, on the banks of Sokanasini river alias Kannadipuzha, a major headstream of Bharathapuzha, the second longest river in Kerala. It was once part of the erstwhile Cochin state.

Temples[edit]

Chittur Thathamangalam town consists of the famous Chittur Bhagavathi temple, which is under the Cochin Devaswom board. The other major temples are the Pazhayannur Bhagavathi temple, Durga temple, and Sivakshethram (in Lankeswaram agraharam). The municipality consists of Chittur, Thathamangalam, Pallimokku, Kannanthara, Puzhampalam, Kacherimedu, Anicode, Thekkegramam and Kadambidi. Chittur's M.L.A is K. Krishnan Kutty of Janata Dal(Secular).

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. The town is home to some of the major Menon Tharavads of Kerala. There are also many agraharams (settlement of Iyers) and Moothan tharas.

History[edit]

The Sokanashini river flows through Chittur, and it is on the banks of this river that Thunjathu Ramanujan Ezuthachan, the father of Malayalam language, spent his last days. His final resting place is famous for Vidyarambham celebrations, where young children are initiated into the world of words and knowledge.

Chittur was formerly a military cantonment.[1]

Festivals[edit]

Music is a part of the lifestyle of the people here, with the Government College training students towards higher degrees in music. 'Kongan pada' is the main celebration of Chittur and it is celebrated in the month of March. Sooranporu, Niramala and Ayyappan vilakku are also celebrated here. Others include Onam, Pongal, Vishu, Deepavali and Navarathri. At the time of Vishu, Vishu vela is also celebrated. There are music concerts in Chittur Kavu at the time of Navarathri and Konganpada.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Chittur-Tattamangalam had a population of 31,884. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Chittur-Tattamangalam has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 84% and female literacy of 74%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Chittur is sometimes called as Kerala's "nellara" along with Alappuzha, meaning the rice bowl.

[3]

Transportation[edit]

Chittur-Thathamangalam town connects to other parts of India through Palakkad city. National Highway No.544 connects to Coimbatore and Bangalore. Other parts of Kerala are accessed through National Highway No.66 going through Thrissur. The nearest major railway station is Palakkad. The nearest airport is Coimbatore.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chittur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 252. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Pin Code of Thathamangalam". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-12.