The temple gets its name from Trichuram family which ruled over the region.
Sri Thirusoolanathar, Thiruchuram was constructed by the Medieval Chola king Kulothunga Chola I and later renovated by Sundara Cholar. The temple has inscriptions dating from the 11-12th century AD. The Moolavar is facing east and his consort Thirupurasundari is facing south. Inside the main sanctum is another deity of Thirupurasundari, which was damaged by intruders during Muslim invasion kept next to Thirusoolanathar.
- Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras Rediscovered. East West Books (Madras) Pvt Ltd. p. 129. ISBN 81-88661-24-4.
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