List of palaces

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Main article: Palace

Contents

Afghanistan[edit]

Albania[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Belarus[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Benin[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Brunei[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Burundi[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Residences of provincial Lieutenant-Governors:

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

The English word "palace" is used to translated the Chinese word 宮 (pronounced "gōng" in Mandarin). This character represents two rooms connected (呂), under a roof (宀). Originally the character applied to any residence or mansion, but starting with the Qin Dynasty (3rd century BC) it was used only for the residence of the emperor and members of the imperial family. Chinese palaces are different from post-Renaissance European palaces in the sense that they are not made up of one building only (however big and convoluted the building may be), but are in fact huge spaces surrounded by a wall and containing large separated halls (殿 diàn) for ceremonies and official business, as well as smaller buildings, galleries, courtyards, gardens, and outbuildings, more like the Roman or Carolingian palatium.

List of Chinese imperial palaces, in chronological order[edit]

  • Xianyang Palace (咸陽宮), in (Qin) Xianyang (咸陽), now 15 km/9 miles east of modern Xianyang, Shaanxi province: this was the royal palace of the state of Qin before the Chinese unification, and then the palace of the First Emperor when China was unified.
  • Epang Palace (阿房宮 - probable meaning: "The Palace on the Hill"), 20 km/12 miles south of (Qin) Xianyang (咸陽), now 15 km/9 miles west of Xi'an (西安), Shaanxi province: the fabulous imperial palace built by the First Emperor in replacement of Xianyang Palace.
  • Weiyang Palace (未央宮 - "The Endless Palace"), in (Han) Chang'an (長安), now 7 km/4 miles northeast of downtown Xi'an (西安), Shaanxi province: imperial palace of the prestigious Western Han Dynasty for two centuries. This is the largest palace ever built on Earth, covering 4.8 km² (1,200 acres), which is 6.7 times the size of the current Forbidden City, or 11 times the size of the Vatican City.
  • Southern Palace (南宮) and Northern Palace (北宮), in Luoyang (洛陽), Henan province: imperial palaces of the Eastern Han Dynasty for two centuries, the Southern Palace being used for court hearings and audiences, the Northern Palace being the private residence of the emperor and his concubines.
  • Taiji Palace (太極宮 - "The Palace of the Supreme Ultimate"), also known as the Western Apartments (西内), in (Tang) Chang'an (長安), now downtown Xi'an (西安), Shaanxi province: imperial palace during the Sui Dynasty (who called it Daxing Palace - 大興宮) and in the beginning of the Tang Dynasty (until A.D. 663). Area: 4.2 km² (1,040 acres), imperial section proper: 1.92 km² (474 acres).
  • Daming Palace (大明宮 - "The Palace of the Great Brightness"), also known as the Eastern Apartments (東内), in (Tang) Chang'an (長安), now downtown Xi'an (西安), Shaanxi province: imperial palace of the Tang Dynasty after A.D. 663 (it was briefly named Penglai Palace (蓬萊宮) between 663 and 705), but the prestigious Taiji Palace remained used for major state ceremonies such as coronations. Area: 3.11 km² (768 acres).
  • Kaifeng Imperial Palace (東京大内皇宮), in Dongjing (東京), now called Kaifeng (開封), Henan province: imperial palace of the Northern Song Dynasty.
  • Hangzhou Imperial Palace (臨安大内禁宮), in Lin'an (臨安), now called Hangzhou (杭州), Zhejiang province: imperial palace of the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Ming Imperial Palace (明故宮), in Nanjing (南京), Jiangsu province: imperial palace of the Ming Dynasty until 1421.
Hall of Supreme Harmony, Forbidden City, Beijing
  • Forbidden City (紫禁城), now known in China as Beijing's Old Palace (北京故宫), in Jingshi (京師), now called Beijing (北京): imperial palace of the Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty from 1421 until 1924. Area: 720,000 m² (178 acres).

Apart from the main imperial palace, Chinese dynasties also had several other imperial palaces in the capital city where the empress, crown prince, or other members of the imperial family dwelled. There also existed palaces outside of the capital city called "away palaces" (離宮) where the emperors resided when traveling. The habit also developed of building garden estates in the countryside surrounding the capital city, where the emperors retired at times to get away from the rigid etiquette of the imperial palace, or simply to escape from the summer heat inside their capital. This practice reached a zenith with the Qing Dynasty, whose emperors built the fabulous Imperial Gardens (御園), now known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Brightness (圓明園), and better known in English as the Old Summer Palace. The emperors of the Qing Dynasty resided and worked in the Imperial Gardens, 8 km/5 miles outside of the walls of Beijing, the Forbidden City inside Beijing being used only for formal ceremonies.

These gardens were made up of three gardens: the Garden of Perfect Brightness proper, the Garden of Eternal Spring (長春園), and the Elegant Spring Garden (綺春園); they covered a huge area of 3.5 km² (865 acres), almost 5 times the size of the Forbidden City, and 8 times the size of the Vatican City. comprising hundreds of halls, pavilions, temples, galleries, gardens, lakes, etc. Several famous landscapes of southern China had been reproduced in the Imperial Gardens, hundreds of invaluable Chinese art masterpieces and antiquities were stored in the halls, making the Imperial Gardens one of the largest museum in the world. Some unique copies of literary work and compilations were also stored inside the Imperial Gardens. In 1860, during the Second Opium War, the British and French expeditionary forces looted the Old Summer Palace. Then on October 18, 1860, in order to "punish" the imperial court, which had refused to allow Western embassies inside Beijing, the British general Lord Elgin- with protestations from the French - purposely ordered to set fire to the huge complex which burned to the ground. It took 3500 British troops to set the entire place ablaze and took three whole days to burn. The burning of the Gardens of Perfect Brightness is still a very sensitive issue in China today.

Following this cultural catastrophe, the imperial court was forced to relocate to the old and austere Forbidden City where it stayed until 1924, when the Last Emperor was expelled by a republican army. Empress dowager Cixi (慈禧太后) built the Summer Palace (頤和園 - "The Garden of Nurtured Harmony") near the Old Summer Palace, but on a much smaller scale than the Old Summer Palace. There are currently some projects in China to rebuild the Imperial Gardens, but this appears as a colossal undertaking, and no rebuilding has started yet.

More Palaces[edit]

Some other palaces include:

Colombia[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Pharaonic[edit]

Ptolemaic[edit]

Roman[edit]

Arabic[edit]

Modern Egypt[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Ethiopia[edit]

  • Jubilee Palace (National Palace) - Seat of the President, former imperial palace

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Paris[edit]

Versailles[edit]

Île-de-France[edit]

Elsewhere[edit]

Germany[edit]

German has two contrasting words, parallel to French usage: Schloss which connotes a seat that is enclosed by walls, a fastness or keep, and Palast, a more conscious borrowing, with the usual connotations of splendour. In practice, the Schloss is more likely to be a royal or ducal palace or a noble manor house. Where the Schloss was built on the site of a former castle (Burg) it may still be translated as "castle". The former Holy Roman Empire, a congeries of independent territories, is filled with residences that were seats of government and had every right to be called "palaces". Even the Socialist government of the former East Germany met in the Palast der Republik (built in 1976).

Baden-Württemberg[edit]

Bavaria[edit]

Berlin[edit]

Brandenburg[edit]

Hesse[edit]

Wiesbaden City Palace

Lower Saxony[edit]

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern[edit]

North Rhine-Westphalia[edit]

Rhineland-Palatinate[edit]

Kurfürstliches Palais, Trier

Saxony[edit]

Thuringia[edit]

Ghana[edit]

  • The Manhyia Palace (Asantehene's Palace) - Seat of the Asantehene of Ashanti, Kumasi
  • The Flagstaff House (Presidential Palace)- Seat of Government until the late 1970s, Accra
  • The Christianborg (Osu Castle) - former Seat of the Government till December 2008, Accra
  • The Golden Jubilee Palace (Presidential Palace) formerly known as the "Flagstaff House" - Seat of Government since December 2008, Accra

Greece[edit]

Haiti[edit]

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

Khas Mahal, Agra Fort, Agra
Hazarduari Palace was the residence of the Nawabs of Bengal and is now a museum.

Indonesia[edit]

Istana Bogor, the Presidential Palace in Bogor.
Istano Basa Pagaruyuang or Pagaruyung Palace, Seat of Pagaruyung Kingdom.
Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat in Yogyakarta.
Maimun Palace of Deli Sultanate in Medan.
Puri Agung Semarapura or Klungkung Palace in Semarapura, Bali.

Presidential palaces[edit]

Royal palaces[edit]

Iran[edit]

Palaces and pavilions[edit]

The ruins of Apadana palace in Persepolis (built 2500 years ago during the reign of the Achaemenid Empire)
The ruins of Tachara palace in Persepolis (exclusive palace of Darius the Great, one of the interior palaces in Persepolis)

Castles and citadels[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Italy[edit]

View of the gardens of Caserta
Ca' Rezzonico, Venice

Rome[edit]

Florence[edit]

Venice[edit]

Elsewhere[edit]

Japan[edit]

View on Seimon Ishibashi and moat of Imperial Palace, Tokyo

Jordan[edit]

Raghadan Palace, Amman. Royal Residence of the Hussein Family

Korea[edit]

Gyeongbok Palace, Seoul
Deoksu Palace, Seoul

Kuwait[edit]

Laos[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Istana Besar (Grand Palace) in Johor Bahru
Istana Kenangan (Remembrance Palace) in Kuala Kangsar, Perak

Malta[edit]

Demolished palaces:

Mexico[edit]

National Palace of Mexico
Mexico City's Palace of Fine Arts

Monaco[edit]

The Princely Palace of Monaco

Mongolia[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

Nepal[edit]

The Netherlands[edit]

Soestdijk Palace

New Zealand[edit]

Mahinarangi meeting house

Apart from the large complex at Turangawaewae Marae located in the town of Ngaruawahia, the previous Māori Monarch Te Atairangikaahu had a home at Waahi Marae in Huntly where she lived for most of her 40 year reign with her consort Whatumoana Paki. The Māori King or Queen are required to attend 33 Poukai annually conducted at Marae loyal to the Kingitangi movement. Many of these Marae maintain residences for the Māori King or Queen for them to use during such visits.

Nigeria[edit]

Norway[edit]

Oman[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Lopez Presidential Palace in Asunción, Paraguay

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

  • Coconut Palace
  • Malacañan Palace - the official residence of the President of the Philippines, Manila
  • Malacañan sa Sugbo - the Presidential residence in Cebu City
  • The Mansion, Baguio - the Presidential residence in Baguio
  • Palacio del Gobernador - historical official residence, now used as a government building
  • Archbishop's Palace - historical residence of the Arzobispo de Manila in Intramuros
  • Archbishop's Palace - current residence of the Arzobispo de Manila in Villa San Miguel, Mandaluyong City.
  • Archbishop's Palace - temporary residence of the Archbishop of Manila in the past, located in San Fernando, Pampanga
  • The Astana Putih or The Sultan's Palace - Original residence of the Sultan of Sulu located in Maimbung, Sulu.

Poland[edit]

Royal Palace, Warsaw
Krasinski Palace, Warsaw

Warsaw[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Alentejo[edit]

Beira and Entre & Minho[edit]

Estremadura[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Qatar[edit]

  • Al Rayyan Palace
  • Al Wukair Palace
  • Markhiya Palace
  • Barzaan Palace
  • Doha Palace
  • Diwan Emiri Palace
  • al Bidda Palace
  • Umm Salal Palace
  • Al Wajba Palace
  • Al Gharafa Palace
  • Al Jassasiya Palace
  • Al Mirgab Palace
  • Al Waab Palace

Romania[edit]

Patriarchal Palace, Bucharest

Russia[edit]

Peterhof Palace
Catherine Palace
Gatchina Palace
Massandra Palace

Gatchina[edit]

Moscow[edit]

Oranienbaum[edit]

Pavlovsk[edit]

Pella[edit]

Peterhof[edit]

Pushkin[edit]

Saint Petersburg[edit]

Taganrog[edit]

Tver[edit]

Yalta[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

Royal Palace of the Obrenović dynasty of Serbia, presently housing the City Assembly of Belgrade

Serbia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Scania[edit]

The province of Scania in southernmost Sweden is well known for its many castles.

Spain[edit]

Palacio Real, Madrid
Palcio Real de Aranjuez
Olite palace
Palacio de San Telmo
La Granja Palace

Slovakia[edit]

Syria[edit]

Facade of the Azm Palace of Damascus

Taiwan[edit]

Presidential Office Building, Taipei
Sanamchan Palace, Nakhon Pathom
Bang Pa-In Royal Palace, Ayutthaya Province

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Beylerbeyi Palace, İstanbul

In Turkish, a palace is a Saray.

Turkmenistan[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Scotland[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Florida[edit]

Government House, 2011

Hawai'i[edit]

ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu

New Jersey[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

  • Pennsbury Manor- Home of William Penn as Proprietor of Pennsylvania from 1683-1701.

Puerto Rico[edit]

Texas[edit]

Bishop's Palace circa 1970
Inside of Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, Texas

Virginia[edit]

Washington, D.C.[edit]

Vatican City[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

List of non-residential palaces[edit]

Some large impressive buildings which were not meant to be residences, but are nonetheless called palaces, include:

Note, too, the French use of the word palais in such constructions as palais des congrès (convention centre) and palais de justice (courthouse).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ reuters.com
  2. ^ Galbraith, William; Canadian Parliamentary Review: Fiftieth Anniversary of the 1939 Royal Visit; Vol. 12, No. 3, 1989
  3. ^ Naqada palace
  4. ^ Photo of preserved parts of the palace
  5. ^ a b Photo of the palace remains
  6. ^ touregypt.net - Ramesses Nebweben
  7. ^ Palace of Apries, background information
  8. ^ Pharaoh Apries Wahibre
  9. ^ a b c Cleopatra palace
  10. ^ The Bahariya Oasis history
  11. ^ Old Cairo history
  12. ^ Palaces of Pasha
  13. ^ Fatimid palaces
  14. ^ Plan of the two Fatimid palaces
  15. ^ Part of the palace art
  16. ^ History of Cairo
  17. ^ The Mamluk Sultans
  18. ^ Plan of the Sultan al-Salih palace
  19. ^ a b Palaces of Pashas
  20. ^ Amir Alin Aq Palace
  21. ^ Reviving Cairo
  22. ^ Ruins of Palace
  23. ^ Photo of passage
  24. ^ The Madrasa-Mosque of Amir Khayerbak (1520-21)
  25. ^ Palace of Mangak as-Silahdar
  26. ^ Amir Qawsun Palace
  27. ^ a b c Bestak Palace museum
  28. ^ The Mameluke Amir Taz Palace history
  29. ^ Amir Taz Palace
  30. ^ Prince Tashtamur palace
  31. ^ Al Ghouri palace
  32. ^ Insert Al-Ghouri Palace
  33. ^ Bait al-Qady
  34. ^ Palace of al-Ashraf Qaytbay
  35. ^ Jamal al Din al Dhahabi House archnet.org - Gamal al-Din al-Dhahabi
  36. ^ El-Aini Palace
  37. ^ Harawi residence
  38. ^ Historic houses in Cairo
  39. ^ Musafirkhana Palace
  40. ^ Musafirkhana Palace or Qasr el-Shook
  41. ^ Description of the Palace
  42. ^ Destruction of Musafirkhana Palace
  43. ^ Historic houses & palaces
  44. ^ Al-Sinnari House
  45. ^ Historic houses in Cairo
  46. ^ Egypttoday.com - Cultural Cairo
  47. ^ hsje.org
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i Palaces on the nile
  49. ^ arabicnews.com - The History of Zaafarama palace
  50. ^ GARDEN CITY : A Retrospective PART II, August 20, 1998
  51. ^ Egyptology news
  52. ^ touregypt.net
  53. ^ Harem palace at Citadel
  54. ^ [1] & [2]
  55. ^ archnet.org - Gezirah palace
  56. ^ egy.com - Sakakaini palace
  57. ^ Habib Sakakini Palace
  58. ^ Al-Ahram Weekly | A constructive streak
  59. ^ Egypt State Information Service
  60. ^ et - Full Story
  61. ^ egy.com - Koubbeh palace
  62. ^ egy.com - Tahra palace
  63. ^ Cultural Cairo
  64. ^ egy.com - The Belgians of Egypt
  65. ^ egy.com - Heliopolis Palace Hotel
  66. ^ Egypt State Information Service - Mohammed Mahmoud Khalil Museum
  67. ^ egyptsites.co.uk
  68. ^ Desert research center
  69. ^ patrimonionacional.es
  70. ^ Spanish Governor's Palace at the City of San Antonio Parks and Recreation