Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant
|Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant|
The voiced alveolo-palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʑ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is z\. The closest representation in English is a voiced postalveolar fricative as in the word Asia.
Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative:
- Its manner of articulation is sibilant fricative, which means it is generally produced by channeling air flow along a groove in the back of the tongue up to the place of articulation, at which point it is focused against the sharp edge of the nearly clenched teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence.
- Its place of articulation is alveolo-palatal. This means that:
- Its place of articulation is postalveolar, meaning that the tongue contacts the roof of the mouth in the area behind the alveolar ridge (the gum line).
- Its tongue shape is laminal, meaning that it is the tongue blade that contacts the roof of the mouth.
- It is palatalized, meaning that the middle of the tongue bowed, raised towards the hard palate.
- Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Abkhaz||ажьа||[aˈʑa]||'hare'||See Abkhaz phonology|
|Catalan||Eastern and Majorcan||ajut||[əˈʑut]||'help' (n.)||See Catalan phonology|
|Japanese||火事 kaji||[kaʑi]||'fire'||Found in free variation with [dʲʑ] between vowels. See Japanese phonology|
|Polish||źrebię||[ˈʑrɛbʲɛ̃] (help·info)||'foal'||Also denoted by the digraph <zi>. See Polish phonology|
|Russian||езжу||[ˈjeʑːʊ]||'I drive'||Most speakers. Usually written <жж> or <зж>. See Russian phonology|
See also 
- Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191
- Recasens, Daniel; Espinosa, Aina (2007), "An electropalatographic and acoustic study of affricates and fricatives in two Catalan dialects", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 37 (2): 143–172, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002829