Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant

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Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant
ʑ
IPA number 183
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʑ
Unicode (hex) U+0291
X-SAMPA z\
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
Sound

The voiced alveolo-palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʑ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is z\. The closest representation in English is a voiced postalveolar fricative as in the word Asia.

Features[edit]

alveolo-palatal fricative [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ажьа [aˈʑa] 'hare' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe жьау [ʑaːw] 'shadow'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[1] ajut [əˈʑut] 'help' (n.) See Catalan phonology
Chinese Southern Min 今仔日 [kɪn˧a˥ʑɪt˥] 'today'
Japanese 火事 kaji [kaʑi] 'fire' Found in free variation with [dʲʑ] between vowels. See Japanese phonology
Kabardian жьэ [ʑa] 'mouth'
Lower Sorbian źasety [ʑasɛtɨ][stress?] 'tenth'
Pashto Wazirwola dialect ميږ [miʑ] 'we'
Polish[2] źrebię About this sound [ˈʑrɛbʲɛ̃]  'foal' Also denoted by the digraph zi. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[3] Brazilian magia [mɐˈʑi.ɐ] 'magic', 'sorcery' Allophonic variation of /ʒ/. Contrasts with other sibilants only in onset. Argued both to be laminal [ʒ],[4] and generally produced "in the middle of the hard palate",[3] same of fellow alveolo-palatal [l̠ʲ] and [n̠ʲ],[5] and further palatalized than Italian post-alveolars.[6] Found in coda mainly before fricative, coronal and palatalized consonants in Brazil.[7][8] See Portuguese phonology
European (?) rasgos dóem [ˈʀaʑguʑ ˈdɔẽj] '[these] rips hurt'
Carioca
Many Brazilian dialects eles, desde sempre [ˈeɫiʑ ˈdeʑdʑi̥ ˈsẽpɾi̥] 'they, since ever'
Some speakers [ˈelɪz ˈdeɪ̯ʑːɪ ˈsẽpɾɪ]
Russian езжу [ˈjeʑːʊ] 'I drive' Most speakers. Usually written жж or зж. See Russian phonology
Uzbek[9] [example needed]
Yi yi [ʑi˧] 'tobacco'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]