Autonomous administrative divisions of India
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politics and government of
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India allows for the formation of autonomous councils to administer areas which have been given autonomy within their respective states. Most of these autonomous district councils are located in North East India but two are in the Ladakh region of Northern India. Presently, 10 Autonomous Councils in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura are formed by virtue of the Sixth Schedule  with other councils being formed as a result primary legislation.
List of autonomous councils
Autonomous district councils operating under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India are shown in bold.
|State/Union Territory||Autonomous Council||Headquarters||Districts / Subdivisions|
|Assam||Bodoland||Kokrajhar||Baksa , Chirang, Kokrajhar, Udalguri|
|Dima Hasao (North Cachar Hills)||Haflong||Dima Hasao|
|Karbi Anglong||Diphu||Karbi Anglong, West Karbi Anglong|
|Rabha Hasong||Dudhnoi||Kamrup, Goalpara|
|Sadar Hills||Kangpokpi||Saikul subdivision, Saitu subdivision, Sadar Hills West subdivision|
|Meghalaya||Garo Hills||Tura||East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, South Garo Hills, North Garo Hills and South West Garo Hills|
|Jaintia Hills||Jowai||East Jaintia Hills, West Jaintia Hills|
|Khasi Hills||Shillong||West Khasi Hills, East Khasi Hills and Ri Bhoi|
|Lai||Lawngtlai||Lawngtlai subdivision, Sangau subdivision|
|Mara||Siaha||Siaha subdivision, Tipa subdivision|
|Tripura||Tripura Tribal Areas||Khumulwng|
|West Bengal||Gorkhaland||Darjeeling||Darjeeling, Kurseong and Mirik subdivisions of Darjeeling district, Kalimpong district|
De facto autonomous areas
North Sentinel Island
North Sentinel Island is situated in the island chain of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which is a union territory of India. It is home to the Sentinelese people, who are some of the world's last uncontacted peoples. They reject any contact with other people and are among the last people to remain virtually untouched by modern civilization. There has never been any treaty with the people of the island nor any record of a physical occupation.
The local government (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) has stated  that they have no intention to interfere with the Sentinelese's lifestyle or habitat. Although the island is likely to have suffered seriously from the effects of the December 2004 tsunami, the survival of the Sentinelese was confirmed when, some days after the event, an Indian government helicopter observed several of them, who shot arrows at the hovering aircraft to repel it.
Although this has not been done with any formal treaty, the official policy of minimal interference has ensured that they have de facto autonomy and sovereignty over their island under the framework of the Indian and local governments.
- The Sentineli Archived March 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Administration in India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands has finally decided upon a policy of minimal interference". Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2008-08-21.