|Municipality of Naval|
Map of Biliran with Naval highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Founded||September 26, 1869|
|Barangays||26 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Gerard Roger M. Espina|
|• Vice Mayor||Vicente V. Curso|
|• Congressman||Gerardo J. Espina Jr.|
|• Municipal Council|
|• Electorate||34,028 voters (2019)|
|• Total||108.24 km2 (41.79 sq mi)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Income class||2nd municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||27.69% (2015)|
|• Revenue||₱125,738,007.86 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)53|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
Naval, officially the Municipality of Naval (Waray: Bungto san Naval; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Naval; Tagalog: Bayan ng Naval), is a 2nd class municipality and capital of the province of Biliran, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,692 people. 
The town of Naval was once named Bagazumbol, which was perceived by natives as being too warlike a description. The aboriginal name was later modified in 1859 to a more peaceful[neutrality is disputed] name—the presently known Naval.
On May 26, 1860, Naval was separated from Biliran, but it became an independent parish only in September later that year. The following year, on July 31, 1861, Romualdo Ximeno, Bishop of Cebu, officially declared Naval an independent parish. In August 1861, Father Santos de Santa Juana took up formal residence as the first parish priest of Naval and served the town for twenty-one years until 1882.
On September 26, 1869, Naval was officially established and recognized as an independent pueblo (town).
In 1957, the barrio of Higatangan was abolished, and its sitios of Libertad and Mabini were converted into barrios.
As of today, Naval pushes itself on its way to cityhood.
Hinatangan Island () is under jurisdiction of Naval Municipality.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 108.24 square kilometres (41.79 sq mi)  constituting 20.19% of the 536.01-square-kilometre- (206.95 sq mi) total area of Biliran, making it the largest municipality in the province.
|2015 ||2010 |
|087808009||Padre Inocentes Garcia (Poblacion)||9.9%||5,397||4,744||2.49%|
|087808017||Santissimo Rosario Poblacion (Santo Rosa)||4.3%||2,379||2,420||−0.32%|
|087808026||Padre Sergio Eamiguel||2.8%||1,528||1,270||3.58%|
|Climate data for Naval, Biliran|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||22
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||73
|Average rainy days||15.2||12.5||16.2||17.3||23.9||27.3||28.4||26.9||26.9||27.1||23.8||19.3||264.8|
|Source: Meteoblue |
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2015 census, Naval had a population of 54,692.  The population density was 510 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).
The mayors of Naval were Brigido Caneja, Sr., who served from 1956 to 1971; Arturo Velasquez from 1972 to 1979; Niceto Limpiado from 1980 to 1986; Fortunato Casas from 1986 to 1987; Gorgonio Contredas and Francisca Bangcuyo in 1987; and Simeon Pitao from 1988 to 1997. Gerardo J. Espina, Jr. from 1998 to 2004, and Gerardo S. Espina, Sr. from 2004 to 2006. Presently, the town is headed by Gerard Roger Espina.
- By land: Buses and vans travel to Tacloban and Ormoc (both in Leyte); jeepneys go to other towns in Biliran; tricycles or motorbikes are used for transportation within Naval town.
- By air: The town is served by Biliran Airport (ICAO: RPVQ). Biliran Airport has a runway length of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). There is only one airline flying this route from Cebu to Naval 5x weekly via Air Juan.
- By sea: Several shipping companies provide connections to Naval, including Roble Shipping M/V Blessed Stars (Naval-Cebu and vice versa), Cokaliong Shipping M/V Filipinas Dumaguete (Naval-Cebu and vice versa), and M/V super Shuttle Ferry (Naval-Cebu and vice versa). Pump boats can be taken or chartered for going to Leyte, Higatangan Island, Naval and Mariripi.
The main campus of Biliran Province State University (BiPSU) is located in Naval.
- Public secondary schools
- Biliran Province State University-Laboratory High School (BiPSU-LHS)
- Naval School of Fisheries (NSF)
- Naval National High School (NNHS)
- Lucsoon National High School (LNHS)
- Higatangan National High School (HNHS)
- Private secondary schools
- Cathedral School of La Naval (CSN)
- Limpiado Memorial Foundation, Inc. (Lightbringer Learning Center)
- Public elementary schools
- Naval Central School (Naval North District)
- Naval SpEd (Special Education) Center
- Caraycaray Central School (Naval South District)
- Agpangi Elementary School
- Anislagan Elementary School
- Atipolo Elementary School
- Borac Elementary School
- Cabungaan Elementary School
- Calumpang Elementary School
- Capinahan Elementary School
- Catmon Elementary School
- Haguikhikan Elementary School
- Higatangan Elementary School
- Imelda Elementary School
- Larazabal Elementary School
- Libtong Elementary School
- Lico Elementary School
- Lucsoon Elementary School
- P.S. Eamiguel Elementary School
- San Pablo Elementary School
- Sabang Elementary School
- Talustusan Elementary School
- Villa Caneja Elementary School
- Villa Consuelo Elementary School
- Private elementary schools
- Cathedral School of La Naval
- Limpiado Memorial Foundation, Inc. (Lightbringer Learning Center)
Naval has the following health facilities:
- Naval Municipal Health Center
- Biliran Provincial Hospital
- Naval Doctors' Healthcare Services
- FCE Polyclinic and Diagnostic
- Mother and Child Clinic
- Municipality of Naval | Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
- "Province: Biliran". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "History". "www.biliranisland.com". Retrieved 2019-07-31.
- "MUNICIPALITY OF BILIRAN". "www.biliranisland.com". Retrieved 2019-07-31.
- "R.A. No. 2034, An Act Abolishing the Barrio of Higatangan, Higatangan Island, Municipality of Naval, Province of Leyte, and Creating Instead the Barrios of Libertad and Mabini in the Same Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Naval moves for Cityhood". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
- "Municipal: Naval, Biliran". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Naval: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Biliran". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.