Naval, Biliran

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Naval
Municipality
Municipality of Naval
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Naval
Seal
Map of Biliran with Naval highlighted
Map of Biliran with Naval highlighted
Naval is located in Philippines
Naval
Naval
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°35′N 124°27′E / 11.58°N 124.45°E / 11.58; 124.45Coordinates: 11°35′N 124°27′E / 11.58°N 124.45°E / 11.58; 124.45
Country  Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Biliran
District Lone district
Founded September 26, 1869
Barangays 26 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Gerard Roger Espina
 • Electorate 30,381 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 108.24 km2 (41.79 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 54,692
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 6543
PSGC 087808000
IDD:area code +63 (0)53
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 125,738,007.86 (2016)
Native languages Cebuano
Tagalog
Website www.biliranisland.com

Naval, officially the Municipality of Naval, (Waray: Bungto san Naval; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Naval; Filipino: Bayan ng Naval), is a 2nd class municipality and capital of the province of Biliran, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,692 people.[3]

History[edit]

The town of Naval was once named Bagasumbol, which was perceived by natives as being too warlike a description.[citation needed] The aboriginal name was later modified in 1859 to a more peaceful[neutrality is disputed] name—the presently known Naval.

On May 26, 1860, Naval was separated from Biliran, but it became an independent parish only in September later that year. The following year, on July 31, 1861, Romualdo Ximeno, Bishop of Cebu, officially declared Naval an independent parish. In August 1861, Father Santos de Santa Juana took up formal residence as the first parish priest of Naval and served the town for twenty-one years until 1882.

On September 26, 1869, Naval was officially established and recognized as an independent pueblo (town).

In 1957, the barrio of Higatangan was abolished, and its sitios of Libertad and Mabini were converted into barrios.[4]

Geography[edit]

Naval is located at 11°35′N 124°27′E / 11.58°N 124.45°E / 11.58; 124.45.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 108.24 square kilometres (41.79 sq mi)[2] constituting 20.19% of the 536.01-square-kilometre- (206.95 sq mi) total area of Biliran, making it the largest municipality in the province.

Barangays[edit]

Naval is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.[5]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[6]
087808001 Agpangi 4.6% 2,536 2,371 1.29%
087808002 Anislagan 1.2% 681 602 2.38%
087808003 Atipolo 6.8% 3,709 3,325 2.10%
087808004 Calumpang 11.7% 6,398 5,121 4.33%
087808005 Capiñahan 4.4% 2,411 2,272 1.14%
087808006 Caraycaray 7.6% 4,177 3,701 2.33%
087808007 Catmon 3.0% 1,625 1,486 1.72%
087808008 Haguikhikan 3.3% 1,788 1,621 1.88%
087808009 Padre Inocentes Garcia (Poblacion) 9.9% 5,397 4,744 2.49%
087808010 Libertad 1.6% 864 917 −1.13%
087808012 Lico 1.9% 1,038 910 2.54%
087808013 Lucsoon 3.4% 1,845 1,568 3.15%
087808014 Mabini 1.7% 932 984 −1.03%
087808015 San Pablo 3.3% 1,787 1,678 1.21%
087808016 Santo Niño 5.4% 2,960 2,627 2.30%
087808017 Santissimo Rosario Poblacion (Santo Rosa) 4.3% 2,379 2,420 −0.32%
087808018 Talustusan 3.5% 1,932 1,878 0.54%
087808019 Villa Caneja 1.8% 961 854 2.27%
087808020 Villa Consuelo 3.3% 1,819 1,764 0.59%
087808021 Borac 1.4% 787 728 1.49%
087808022 Cabungaan 0.7% 398 383 0.73%
087808023 Imelda 2.0% 1,099 958 2.65%
087808024 Larrazabal 7.3% 4,009 3,200 4.38%
087808025 Libtong 2.2% 1,209 989 3.90%
087808026 Padre Sergio Eamiguel 2.8% 1,528 1,270 3.58%
087808027 Sabang 0.8% 423 428 −0.22%
Total 54,692 48,799 2.19%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Naval
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,617—    
1918 7,047+2.86%
1939 11,696+2.44%
1948 12,506+0.75%
1960 15,124+1.60%
1970 20,286+2.98%
1975 22,269+1.89%
1980 26,499+3.54%
1990 29,811+1.18%
1995 32,954+1.90%
2000 37,974+3.09%
2007 44,288+2.14%
2010 48,799+3.59%
2015 54,692+2.19%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, Naval had a population of 54,692.[3] The population density was 510 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).


Government[edit]

The mayors of Naval were Brigido Caneja, Sr., who served from 1956 to 1971; Arturo Velasquez from 1972 to 1979; Niceto Limpiado from 1980 to 1986; Fortunato Casas from 1986 to 1987; Gorgonio Contredas and Francisca Bangcuyo in 1987; and Simeon Pitao from 1988 to 1997. Gerardo J. Espina, Jr. from 1998 to 2004, and Gerardo S. Espina, Sr. from 2004 to 2006. Presently, the town is headed by Gerard Roger Espina.

Transportation[edit]

  • By land: Buses and vans travel to Tacloban and Ormoc (both in Leyte); jeepneys go to other towns in Biliran; tricycles or motorbikes are used for transportation within Naval town.
  • By sea: Several shipping companies provide connections to Naval, including Roble Shipping M/V Blessed Stars (Naval-Cebu and vice versa), Cokaliong Shipping M/V Filipinas Dumaguete (Naval-Cebu and vice versa), and M/V super Shuttle Ferry (Naval-Cebu and vice versa). Pump boats can be taken or chartered for going to Leyte, Higatangan Island, Naval and Mariripi.

Education[edit]

Naval has one public tertiary institution (Naval State University or NSU).

  • Public secondary schools
    • Naval State University-Laboratory High School (NSU-LHS)
    • Naval School of Fisheries (NSF)
    • Naval National High School (NNHS)
    • Lucsoon National High School (LNHS)
    • Higatangan National High School (HNHS)
  • Private secondary schools
    • Cathedral School of La Naval (CSN)
    • Limpiado Memorial Foundation, Inc. (Lightbringer Learning Center)
  • Public elementary schools
  • Naval Central School (Naval North District)
  • Naval SpEd (Special Education) Center
  • Caraycaray Central School (Naval South District)
  • Agpangi Elementary School
  • Anislagan Elementary School
  • Atipolo Elementary School
  • Borac Elementary School
  • Cabungaan Elementary School
  • Calumpang Elementary School
  • Capinahan Elementary School
  • Catmon Elementary School
  • Haguikhikan Elementary School
  • Higatangan Elementary School
  • Imelda Elementary School
  • Larazabal Elementary School
  • Libtong Elementary School
  • Lico Elementary School
  • Lucsoon Elementary School
  • P.S. Eamiguel Elementary School
  • San Pablo Elementary School
  • Sabang Elementary School
  • Talustusan Elementary School
  • Villa Caneja Elementary School
  • Villa Consuelo Elementary School
  • Private elementary schools
    • Cathedral School of La Naval
    • Limpiado Memorial Foundation, Inc. (Lightbringer Learning Center)

Health[edit]

Naval has the following health facilities:

  • Naval Municipal Health Center
  • Biliran Provincial Hospital
  • Naval Doctors' Healthcare Services
  • FCE Polyclinic and Diagnostic
  • Mother and Child Clinic

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Biliran". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "R.A. No. 2034, An Act Abolishing the Barrio of Higatangan, Higatangan Island, Municipality of Naval, Province of Leyte, and Creating Instead the Barrios of Libertad and Mabini in the Same Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  5. ^ "Municipal: Naval, Biliran". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Biliran". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]