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Urda (cheese)

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(Redirected from Urdă)
Other namesUrdha, Urdă, Vurda, Orda, Izvara, Zsendice
Country of originAlbania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine
Source of milkCow, Sheep, Goat
PasteurizedTraditionally, no

Urda[1] Albanian: urdha, indefinite form: urdhë;[2] Bulgarian: урда, извара, romanizedurda, izvara; Macedonian: урда, изварка, romanizedurda, izvarka; Romanian: Urdă; Serbian: вурда / vurda; Ukrainian: вурда, romanizedvurda; Hungarian: orda, zsendice) is a sort of whey cheese commonly produced in Southeast Europe,[3][4][5][6] and Hungary.[7][8]


The name derives from Albanian urdhë/urdha, from Proto-Albanian *wurdā, from an earlier form *urdā or *uordā, ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *uer- "to boil, to burn". It is cognate to Old Armenian վառիմ (vaṙim, "to burn"), Lithuanian vìrti ("to cook, to boil"). It is semantically relevant that this cheese is produced by boiling whey. The Albanian term urdhë/urdha has been borrowed to other Balkan and Carpathian languages, notably Romanian urdă,[2] but also Bulgarian, Hungarian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Rusyn, Polish, Czech, and Russian languages.


Urda is made from whey of sheep, goat or cow milk. Urda is produced by heating the whey resulting from the draining of any type of cheese. It is often made into molds to the shape of a half sphere. The paste is finely grained, silky and palatable. It contains 18 grams of protein per 100 grams.

Urda is similar to ricotta in the way it is produced.

Common uses[edit]

Plăcintă is commonly eaten with Urda.

In Romania, urda is traditionally used in the preparation of several desserts, such as clătită and plăcintă. Urda is very popular in Northeast part of Serbia - Banat.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Definition of urdă" (in Romanian). DEX on line.
  2. ^ a b Orel, Vladimir (1998). "Urdă". Albanian Etymological Dictionary. Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill. pp. 487–488. ISBN 9789004110243.
  3. ^ Alan Davidson (21 August 2014). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 684. ISBN 9780191040726.
  4. ^ Tehnologija hrane (Serbian)
  5. ^ About the Macedonian gastronomy (Macedonian)
  6. ^ Urda - super food for the health and beauty (Macedonian)
  7. ^ Zsendice vagy orda (Hungarian)
  8. ^ "Itthon alig ismert magyar termékek, melyekeért külföldön megőrülnek: te hallottál már róluk?". Pénzcentrum (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2024-04-27.