Urdă

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Urdă
Orda-sajt.jpg
Other names Orda, Zsendice
Country of origin Romania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine
Source of milk Cow Sheep Goat
Pasteurized Traditionally, no
Texture Fresh

Urdă[1] (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈurdə], Macedonian: урда, urda, Bulgarian: урда, извара, Serbian: вурда, vurda, Ukrainian: вурда, Hungarian: orda, zsendice) is a sort of whey cheese common in the Balkans, variously claimed to be Romanian,[2] Serbian,[3][not in citation given] Macedonian[2][4][not in citation given][5][not in citation given] and Hungarian.[6][not in citation given]

The Romanian term 'urdă' has been borrowed[7] into Bulgarian, Hungarian, Serbian, Slovak, Rusyn, Polish, Czech, and Russian.

Urda is made from whey of sheep, goat or cow milk. Urdă is produced by heating the whey resulting from the draining of any type of cheese. It is often made into molds to the shape of a half sphere. The paste is finely grained, silky and palatable. It contains 18 grams of protein per 100 grams.

In Romania, urdă is traditionally used in the preparation of several desserts, such as as clătită and plăcintă. Urda is also traditionally prepared in Serbia, notably in the southern region of Pirot.

Urdă is similar to Ricotta in the way it is produced.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of urdă" (in Romanian). DEX on line.  [source needs translation]
  2. ^ a b Alan Davidson. The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 684. 
  3. ^ Tehnologija hrane (Serbian) [source needs translation]
  4. ^ About the Macedonian gastronomy (Macedonian)
  5. ^ Urda - super food for the health and beauty (Macedonian) [source needs translation]
  6. ^ Zsendice vagy orda (Hungarian) [source needs translation]
  7. ^ Dicționarul Etimologic Român, 1958-1966, sub voce