2020 coronavirus pandemic in Mexico
Map of the outbreak in Mexico (as of 29 March)
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
(via Italy and the United States)
|Index case||Mexico City and Los Mochis|
|Arrival date||28 February 2020|
(1 month and 3 days)
|‡Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.|
On 22 January 2020, the Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico. 441 cases have been confirmed in China, Thailand, South Korea, and the United States, and a travel advisory was issued on 9 January.
On January 30, 2020 before the declaration of a pandemic by the World Health Organization the Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations, being the first Latam country that deployed a mathematical modelling of infectious disease.
The cruise ship Grand Princess docked in Puerto Vallarta (15 February), Manzanillo (16 February), Mazatlan (17 February) and Cabo San Lucas (18 February), spending 9 to 12 hours in each port. The first COVID-19 death in California was a man who had been on this ship on an earlier cruise. This ship was later quarantined off San Francisco and docked in Oakland 11 March with 21 onboard who tested positive for the coronavirus.
The cruise ship MSC Meraviglia, which was not allowed to dock in the Cayman Islands or Jamaica, docked in Cozumel, Quintana Roo, on 27 February. Three passengers were diagnosed with influenza A virus, but no cases of coronavirus were found.
On 28 February, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. A 35-year-old man and a 59-year-old man in Mexico City and a 41-year-old man in the northern state of Sinaloa tested positive and were held in isolation at a hospital and a hotel, respectively. They had travelled to Bergamo and stayed in Italy for a week in mid-February.
March 1 to 15
On 1 March, a fifth case was announced in Chiapas in a student who had just returned from Italy. On 6 March, a sixth case was confirmed in the State of Mexico in a 71-year-old man who had returned from Italy on 21 February.
COVID-19 was the topic of conversation at the meeting of the National Governors' Conference (Conago) held on 5 March 2020. In addition to governors from different states (or state health representatives), the directors of Instituto de Salud para el Bienestar (INSABI), IMSS, and ISSSTE participated.
On March 6 during the first session of National Council of Health, Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, one of the main strategists and spokespersons of Mexican Government on pandemics, led the first daily press conference on Covid-19.
On 10 March, an eighth case was reported in Puebla, a 47-year-old German man who had returned from a business trip to Italy. On the same date, 40 members of a dance company in Puebla, returning from a tour in Italy, were quarantined. The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on 10 March due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar.
On 11 March, a ninth case was confirmed in the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León. A 57-year-old man, who had recently come back from a trip all across Europe, was placed under quarantine. The man, who has remained anonymous, came back from his trip a week before and had contact with eight other people who have also been placed under quarantine in their houses. The man has been confirmed to reside in the city of San Pedro Garza García.
On 12 March, Mexico announced it had a total of 15 confirmed cases, with new cases in Puebla and Durango. A day later, senator Samuel García Sepúlveda accused the federal government of hiding the true number of confirmed cases. After that, the government of Nuevo León declared Phase 2. Mexico on 13 March had confirmed a total of 16 cases.
On 13 March, it was confirmed that the Mexican Stock Exchange Chairman, Jaime Ruiz Sacristan, tested positive as an asymptomatic case. Later, the Secretariat of Health announced in press conference that the number of confirmed cases had risen to 26. Several universities, including the UNAM and Tec de Monterrey, switched to virtual classes. Authorities announced to be considering the cancellation of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara. In Mérida, the Tianguis Turístico was postponed to September. Several major sporting events were also canceled.
On 14 March, Fernando Petersen, the secretary of health of the state of Jalisco, confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Hospital Civil de Guadalajara. Two new cases were confirmed in Nuevo León, and the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled. The same day, the Secretariat of Education announced that Easter break, originally planned from 6 to 17 April, would be extended from 20 March to 20 April as a preventive measure. The Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SCHP) announced it was taking measures to prevent a 0.5% fall in gross domestic product (GDP). Drugstores in Cuernavaca report shortages of masks, antibacterial gel, and other items. On the same day the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, (UANL) (the country's third largest university in terms of student population) suspended classes for its more than 206,000 students starting on March 17 and ending on April 20.
Businessman José Kuri was reported in critical condition on 14 March after a trip to Vail, Colorado, United States, although early reports of his death were false. As of 14 March, there have been 41 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Mexico.
The 14 and 15 March Festival Vive Latino (rock and Latin music) in Mexico City opened according to schedule, in spite of fears of contagion. Temperatures of the 70,000 people who attend each day were taken at the door and anti-bacterial gel was widely distributed. Organizers said that the Passion Play of Iztapalapa would continue as scheduled in Holy Week. Tito Domínguez, vice president of the organizing committee, noted that a miracle had saved Iztapalapa during the cholera outbreak in 1833.
On 15 March, Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum stated that Mexico City expects to spend an extra MXN $100 million (US$4.4 million) to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The first confirmed case of coronavirus in Acapulco, Guerrero, was reported. Querétaro reported two new cases, bringing the total to six. Nuevo Leon reported its fifth case. The Norteño group Los Tres Tristes Tigres released a song on 15 March titled "El corrido del coronavirus".
March 16 to 23
As of 16 March, President López Obrador continued to downplay the impact of coronavirus. "Pandemics ... won't do anything to us," and accused the press and the opposition for its reportage. On 16 March, lawyer Marco Antonio del Toro petitioned the federal courts to cease all but essential activities for a period of 30 to 40 days because of the coronavirus outbreak. The total of confirmed cases reached 82. The Autonomous University of the State of Morelos, (UAEM) suspended classes for its 22,000 students. A diplomatic incident arose between the governments of Mexico and El Salvador, concerning 12 Salvadorean citizens wearing face masks on a plane departing from Mexico City to San Salvador. Nayib Bukele, president of El Salvador denounced as "irresponsible" that they were allowed to board the plane along with other passengers and offered to send a plane to transport them without contact with other people. The claim was supported by Avianca airline while the Mexican government said that there were no reasons to assume that they were positive for COVID-19. Eventually, the flight was cancelled. Marcelo Ebrard, head of Foreign Affairs announced after negative results of COVID tests of that Salvadorean passengers.
On 17 March, 11 new cases were confirmed, raising the national total to 93, with Campeche being the only state with no confirmed cases. Mexico's limited response, including allowing a large concert and the women's soccer championship, as well as a lack of testing, have been criticized. Critics note that president López Obrador does not practice social distancing but continues to greet large crowds, and the borders have not been closed. Of particular concern is the health of thousands of migrants in temporary camps along the border with the United States. The former national commissioner for influenza in Mexico during the 2009 flu pandemic, Alejandro Macías, said the problem is compounded by the fact that Mexico lacks sufficient intensive care unit beds, medical care workers and ventilators.
On 18 March, 25 more cases were confirmed raising the total to 118 cases and 314 suspected cases. Authorities in Jalisco are concerned about a group of 400 people who recently returned from Vail, Colorado; 40 people have symptoms of COVID-19. The same day, the Mexican government announced that they will allocate 3.5 billion pesos (approx. 146 million US dollars) to buy medical and laboratory equipment, washing and disinfection material, and ventilators. During the night the first COVID-19 related death in the country was confirmed, a 41-year-old man without a travel history outside the country who was hospitalized at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER). Colima Governor José Ignacio Peralta declared a state of emergency after the state's first case, a man who had recently returned from Germany, was reported on 17 March. Ford, Honda, and Audi closed their manufacturing plants in Mexico. Hundreds of hotel employees in Cancún were fired.
Authorities announced on 18 March that they were looking for hundreds of citizens who may be carriers of the coronavirus, especially in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Aguascalientes, and Guerrero. A four-member family in Puebla who had traveled to the United States kept their symptoms secret as they visited neighbors in La Vista and visited a gym. Authorities were still trying to track down the 400 people in Jalisco and Nayarit who recently traveled to Vail, Colorado. In Aguascalientes they were looking to track down passengers of Fight 2638 who traveled with a sick man from New York. The Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) in Chilpancingo closed after a female student tested positive for the virus. The Technical Institute of Guerrero and the state Supreme Court also closed.
Morelos had its first two confirmed cases on 19 March—a 54-year-old woman from Cuautla and a 37-year-old man from Cuernavaca. Sinaloa announced its third case, a 20-year-old woman from Culiacán.
U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced on 20 March there would be restrictions on travel across the Mexico–United States border. Said restrictions would not apply to cargo. The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) announced that the archaeological zones Teotihuacán, Xochicalco, and El Tepozteco will be closed on 21–22 March. Chichén Itzá will close indefinitely starting 21 March. Guachimontones will close 21, 22, and 23 March. Palenque, Tula and Tingambato will close 21 March. Alsea, which operates restaurants such as Starbucks, VIPS, and Domino's Pizza offered its employees unpaid leave. Mayor Juanita Romero (PAN) of Nacozari de García Municipality, Sonora, declares a curfew, in effect until 20 April. Only the President of Mexico has the legal authority to declare such a declaration. During the night, 38 more cases and one more death were confirmed raising the total to 203 cases, 2 deaths, and 606 suspected cases.
On 22 March, bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City. Governor Enrique Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, 26 March, Jalisco and seven other states in the Bajío and western Mexico will block flights from areas such as California that have a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they will purchase 25,000 testing kits.
Mexico entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic on 23 March 2020, according to the World Health Organization, with 367 confirmed cases. Phase 2 includes cases where the sick individuals did not have direct contact with someone who had recently been in another country. On the same day it was confirmed that two more people died from COVID-19, raising the total to 4 reported deaths. That day was announced on President López Obrador's daily press conference the realization of the National Campaign of Healthy Distancing (Jornada Nacional de Sana Distancia) a national program of non-pharmaceutical measures based on social distancing among the behavioral changes suggested by WHO as hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. On that same day in the daily press conference was announced also a media campaign led by "Susana Distancia" (wordplay of a healthy distance) a fictional female superhero aiming to promote social distancing into the people.
Meanwhile, a Mitofsky poll showed that 63% of Mexicans feared contracting Covid-19 and 25.5% feared dying from it. 28% said they were not willing to stay in their homes. 38.6% believed President López Obrador was handling the situation well, and 37% disapproved. Access to supermarkets in Coahuila was limited to one person per family, and the temperature of that person was taken before entering. The same rule applies to drugstores and convenience stores in the state, which has 12 confirmed cases of Covid-19.
March 24 to 31
At his morning news conference on 24 March, President López Obrador announced that Mexico entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic, in effect until April 30. Gatherings of more than 100 people are prohibited, and both the army and the navy will participate. The armed forces have 1,738 doctors, 1,727 nurses, 100 intensive therapy ambulances, and 400 ambulances for transportation. The military also has 5 high specialty hospitals, 36 second-level hospitals, and 272 first-level hospitals with 262 health brigades across the country. 4 deaths, 367 confirmed cases, and 826 suspected cases of COVID-19 have been reported. A Mexican citizen died in Peru from COVID-19. This was announced by the Foreign Ministry, which also notified that the body will be repatriated as a humanitarian operation. The first Mexican woman died from COVID-19 on March 24, raising the total to 5 reported deaths in the country. On the same day 405 total cases of COVID-19 were confirmed. A 31-year-old male Mexican national in custody by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in Hackensack, New Jersey is being held in isolation after being tested positive for Covid-19. He is the first migrant to test positive, and ICE is suspending the intake of new migrants.
On 25 March, Dr. Abelardo Ávila, researcher at the Salvador Zubirán National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition warned that Mexico was particularly vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic because of underlying chronic illnesses such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Also on 25 March President López Obrador ordered the Mexican Air Force to rescue Mexicans trapped in Argentina. In Baja California, PROFECO closed two businesses in Tijuana for price-gouging. In Mexico City, Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum announced financial support for families and micro industries affected by the pandemic. She also announced that automobile verification would be suspended through April 19. Movie theaters, bars, nightclubs, gyms, and other entertainment centers will remain closed. The same day it was reported that one man died from COVID-19 in San Luis Potosí, raising the total to 6 reported deaths in Mexico and 475 confirmed cases. Governor Miguel Barbosa Huerta (Morena) claimed that only the wealthy were at risk, since the poor are immune to COVID-19.
On 26 March, President López Obrador revealed he asked the G20 to ensure that wealthy countries cannot take control of the world's medical supplies. He also called for assurances that borders would not be closed to commerce and that tariffs would not be unilaterally increased. Lastly, he called for an end to racism and discrimination. The Mexican government announced it would suspend most sectors' activities starting 26 March until 19 April, with the exception of health and energy sectors, the oil industry; and public services such as water supply, waste management and public safety. The Secretary of Health estimated that Phase 3 of the pandemic, when the number of cases reaches its peak, will be about 19 April. Protesters in Sonora insisted that the government limit border crossings with the United States. Chihuahua announced that “in the next few days” it will start to quarantine migrants who are returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing. About 65 migrants are deported from El Paso, Texas daily, about 5,200 this year. Two more deaths were reported on this day; 585 cases were confirmed, and there were 2,156 suspected cases. Human Rights Watch accused AMLO of endangering lives by not providing accurate information about the pandemic. The government of San Luis Potosi reported the death of a 57-year-old man on March 26, bringing the total number of deaths in the country to nine. He had hypertension and diabetes. Citizens of Nogales, Sonora block border crossing from Nogales, Arizona in order to prevent the entrance of individuals with the virus infection and to prevent shortages of food, bottled water, toilet paper and cleaning supplies in local stores.
According to the Secretary of Health, a plurality of the 585 people infected in Mexico, 70, are between 30 and 34 years old. People over 65 are second, followed by those 25 to 29 and 45 to 49. The states with the most incidents are Mexico City (83), Jalisco (64) and Nuevo Leon (57).
On March 27 the federal government bought 5,000 ventilators from China as the government prepares for Phase 3 of the pandemic. The total confirmed cases rose to 717; twelve deaths were reported, and there were 2,475 suspected cases. PROFECO (Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer) said it will fine merchants who unfairly raise the prices on household goods. The governors of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila asked the federal government to close the border with the United States.
On March 28, Governor Omar Fayad of Hidalgo announced in a tweet that he tested positive for the virus and said that he was in self-quarantine. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico said services should be held indoors with no more than twenty people present. They may cancel all Holy Week celebrations if things do not improve. In the evening the Secretariat of Health reported 131 new confirmed cases and four more deaths, raising the total to 848 confirmed cases and 16 deaths. Governor Cuauhtémoc Blanco of Morelos announced the seventh case and first death due to Covid-19 in the state, a 37-year-old man who had recently traveled to the United States. San Luis Potosi suspended wakes and funerals; the dead should be taken directly from the hospital to the crematorium.
Tabasco Governor Adán Augusto López Hernández tested positive for COVID-19 on 29 March. Two tunnels with disinfectant spray were installed in the subways system of Escobedo, Nuevo León. The government of Yucatán threatens fines of $86,000 pesos and up to three years in prison for individuals who have tested positive for cornavirus and do not self-quarantine. The state of Querétaro registered its first death from Covid-19, a 56-year old man. The same day 993 cases of COVID-19 and 20 deaths from the disease were confirmed. Between 27 and 29 March, 566 Mexicans were brought home from other countries: 62 from Colombia, 53 from Eucador, 299 from Peru, 28 from Guatemala (via land), and 134 from Cuba. In turn, the Mexican government helped 86 people return to Ecuador, 99 to Peru, and 49 to Cuba.
On March 30, the total confirmed cases of COVID-19 surpassed one thousand with 1094 confirmed cases and 28 reported deaths in the country. In the evening of the same day a National health emergency was declared in Mexico by Secretary Marcelo Ebrard, with this emergency, all sectors in the country are urged to stop most of their activities.
|State of Mexico||136||1||1|
|San Luis Potosí||25||2||0|
|Baja California Sur||13||0||0|
Cases per 100,000 inhabitants
|State||Cases||Population[a]||Cases per 100,000 inhabitants[b]|
|Baja California Sur||13||712,029||1.8|
|San Luis Potosí||25||2,717,820||0.9|
|State of Mexico||136||16,187,608||0.8|
According to the Secretariat of Health, there are three phases before the disease (COVID-19) can be considered as an epidemic in the country:
|1°||Viral Import||February 28, 2020||March 23, 2020||
|2°||Community Transmission||March 24, 2020||TBA||
The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on 10 March due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar. World markets are seeing falls similar to those of 1987.
On 24 March, Grupo Modelo, makers of Corona beer, promised to donate 300,000 bottles of antibacterial gel to the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). Moody's Investors Service predicted that the economy will contract 5.2% during the first trimester of the year and 3.7% by the end of the year.
The Consejo Nacional Empresarial Turístico (National Tourism Business Council, CNET) sent two letters in March to Alfonso Romo, Chief of Staff to the President, outlining the importance of tourism to the economy and asking for government support for the sector. Tourism provides 4 million jobs in Mexico, and 93% of the companies have ten or fewer employees. Covid-19 has forced the closure of 4,000 hotels (52,400 rooms) and 2,000 restaurants, while the airline industry has lost MXN $30 billion (US $1.3 billion). Tourism accounts for 10% of Gross domestic product (GDP) in the world.
The association of car dealers, ADMA, predicts a decrease in sales in Mexico between 16% and 25% this year. The Employers Confederation of the Mexican Republic (COPARMEX) criticized the government on 29 March for not suspending the payment of taxes, saying the government does not care about unemployment. Fernando Treviño Núñez, president of the organization, explained that businesses cannot afford to pay salaries for more than three months without receiving income.
Panic buying in mid-March is causing shortages in Mexico of Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, which U.S. President Donald Trump, with no backing from the scientific or medical communities, says is helpful in preventing Covid-19. The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) has put controls on the sale of both products. Hidroxicloroquina is used in the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Plaquenil tablets are produced in Mexico by the French company Sanofi; the raw material comes from Hungary. Shortages of the medicine for these diseases can be expected soon.
Gasoline and diesel fuel importers have not noted a decrease in demand since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, and they fear that health precautions could cause fuel delays at ports of entry. Watco Companies said that cargo on the Houston Ship Channel for delivery to San Luis Potosí increased 25% in March compared to January. Mexico imports 65% of its gasoline.
Some financial analysts say there has been too little, too late. Carlos Serrano of BBVA México predicts a 4.5% economic contraction in 2020, while analysts at Capital Economics in London argue that the government has to do more to support the economy. They forecast a 6% contraction this year. HR Ratings, Latin America’s first credit rating agency, said that the performance of the economy this year will depend on the government’s response to the Covid-19 crisis.
Authorities are concerned about supermarket robberies. A gang of 70 people robbed a grocery store in Tecámac, State of Mexico, on March 23, and a gang of 30 looted a supermarket in Oaxaca City on March 24. Calls for supermarket looting, warning of food shortages, are making the rounds of social media. Four such social media groups in Tijuana were broken up in Baja California on 29 March.
- 9 January 9, 2020 – A travel advisory for people traveling to or from China was issued.
- 22 January – The Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico.
- 30 January – The Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations.
- 5 March – The National Governors' Conference (Conago) met to discuss the coronavirus outbreak. The directors of INSABI, IMSS and ISSSTE also participated.
- 6 March – Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez led the first daily press conference on COVID-19.
- 10 March – As the stock market and the price of oil fell, ‘‘Banxico’’ stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which had fallen 14%.
- 13 March – The National Autonomous University of Mexico suspended in-person classes. Authorities canceled or postponed major tourist events in Guadalajara and Merida.
- 14 March
- The SEP announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled and that Easter break, originally planned from 6 to 17 April, would be extended from 20 March to 20 April.
- The SCHP announced it was taking measures to prevent a 0.5% fall in GDP.
- The ‘‘Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León’’ (UANL) suspended classes for its more than 206,000 students starting on March 17.
- 15 March – Mexico City mayor Claudia Sheinbaum declared that Mexico City expected to spend an extra MXN $100 million to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
- 18 March – Authorities announced that they were looking for hundreds of citizens who might be carriers of the coronavirus, especially in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Aguascalientes and Guerrero. The Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) in Chilpancingo closed after a female student tested positive for the virus.
- 22 March
- Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters and museums were closed in Mexico City.
- Governor Alfaro Ramírez announces that Jalisco and seven other states would block flights from areas such as that had a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they would purchase 25,000 testing kits.
- Governor Jaime Rodríguez Calderón of Nuevo León said he will not rule out the use of force to get people to stay at home.
- 23 March
- The WHO announced that Mexico had entered into the community contact phase of infection.
- The National Campaign of Healthy Distancing, a national program of non-pharmaceutical measures based on social distancing, began. A media campaign led by "Susana Distancia", who is a fictional female superhero aiming to promote social distancing, was launched. "Susana Distancia" is in fact a wordplay roughly meaning "(maintaining) a healthy distance".
- Access to supermarkets, drugstores and convenience stores in Coahuila was limited to one person per family, and the temperature of that person was taken before entering.
- 24 March – President López Obrador announced that Mexico had entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic, in effect until April 30. Gatherings of more than 100 people were prohibited, and both the Mexican Army and the Mexican Navy would participate.
- 25 March
- President López Obrador ordered the Mexican Air Force to rescue Mexicans trapped in Argentina.
- Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer (Profeco) closed two businesses in Tijuana, Baja California, for price-gouging.
- In Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum announced financial support for families and micro industries affected by the pandemic, and she suspended automobile verification through April 19. She closed movie theaters, bars, nightclubs, gyms and other entertainment centers.
- The government announced that it would continue receiving cruise ships “for humanitarian reasons,” but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries. The protocol will apply to the MS Europa, currently docked in Puerta Vallarta.
- 26 March
- President López Obrador addressed the Group of Twenty regarding medical supplies and trade and tariffs. The federal government announced it would suspend most sectors' activities from 26 March to 19 April.
- The Secretary of Health estimated that Phase 3 of the pandemic, when the number of cases reaches its peak, will be about 19 April.
- Authorities in Chihuahua announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who were returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing.
- The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) put controls on the sale of hidroxicloroquina and azithromycin, used in the treatment of malaria, lupus]] and rheumatoid arthritis, but not shown to be effective against COVID-19. Nonetheless, panic buying of these medicines is likely to soon lead to a shortage.
- 27 March
- President López Obrador practiced social distancing during his tour in Nayarit. The president had been widely criticized for shaking hands, kissing and hugging as he met with people.
- The federal government bought 5,000 ventilators from China.
- Profeco (Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer) announced it would fine merchants who unfairly raised the prices on household goods.
- Víctor Villalobos Arámbula, Secretary of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) met with food producers to discuss guaranteeing the food supply in spite of the pandemic.
- March 28
- Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, Deputy Secretary of Health, said that with 16 deaths and 848 cases of infection, this is the last opportunity to prevent accelerated growth of COVID-19. He called on the population to act responsibly to prevent its spread. Milenio reported that López-Gatell said there is a legal basis for the use of force to enforce stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Health officials, accompanied by a representative of the military and Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard made a video urging the populace to stay home. AMLO did not appear in that video, but he made a separate one with the same message.
- 30 March – A national health emergency was declared in Mexico and stricter measures aimed at containing the spread of the virus were introduced.
Cancellations, suspensions, and closings
- Archaeological sites
Teotihuacán, Xochicalco, El Tepozteco closed 21–22 March. Chichén Itzá closed indefinitely starting 21 March.
- Educational institutions
- Basic educationThe SEP announced on 14 March that all sporting and civic events in schools would be cancelled and that Easter break would be from 20 March to 20 April.
- Higher education: The UNAM and Tec de Monterrey, switched to virtual classes on 13 March. Autonomous University of the State of Morelos, (UAEM) suspended classes on 16 March. Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, (UANL) suspended classes from 17 March to 20 April. Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) and Technical Institute of Guerrero (Chilpancingo) closed 18 March.
- Fairs: Authorities announced on 14 March they were considering the cancellation of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara. In Mérida, the Tianguis Turístico was postponed to September.
- Musical: Chicago suspended until 17 April
- Concerts: The Magic Numbers, Los Tigres del Norte, Red Orange County [sic], Mercury Rev, María León, Sasha Sloan and Ricky Martin
- Conference: Michelle Obama
- Other: Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City on 22 March.
President López Obrador suspended non-essential activities from 26 March to 19 April. The health and energy sectors, the oil industry, and public services such as water supply, waste management and public safety continued to function.
Ford Motor Company, Honda and Audi closed their manufacturing plants in Mexico on 18 March. Hundreds of hotel employees in Cancún were fired. Alsea (Starbucks, VIPS, Domino's Pizza, Burger King, Italianni's, Chili's, California Pizza Kitchen, P. F. Chang's China Bistro and The Cheesecake Factory) offered its employees unpaid leave. PROFECO closed two businesses in Tijuana Baja California, for price-gouging on 25 March. Cinépolis announced that they will temporaily close all of their theaters starting March 25.
- Ports of entry
- Air: Governor Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, 26 March, eight states in the Bajío and western Mexico woud block flights from areas that had a high rate of coronavirus. The restrictions would apply at the Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport and the Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport in Puerto Vallarta.
- Land: The United States Department of State announced on 20 March there would be restrictions on travel across the Mexico–United States border. The restrictions would not apply to cargo. On 26 March, protesters in Sonora insisted that the government limit border crossings with the United States. Chihuahua (state) announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who are returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing. Citizens of Nogales, Sonora, blocked border crossing from Nogales, Arizona, in order to prevent the entrance of individuals with the virus infection and to prevent shortages of food, bottled water, toilet paper and cleaning supplies in local stores.
- Sea: The government announced on 25 March it would continue receiving cruise ships but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries.
- Religious events
San Luis Potosi suspended wakes and funerals on March 29.
- Curfew established
Notable Mexicans with COVID-19
- Alejandra Agüayo, newscaster (Foro TV)
- Jorge Alcibíades Garcia, federal deputy
- Esteban Arce, newscaster (Expreso de la mañana)
- Mariana Arceo, Mexican pantathelete (2020 Olympic Team)
- Juan Domingo Beckmann, businessperson (Jose Cuervo tequila)
- Patricio Borghetti, television presenter (Venga la Alegría; TV Azteca)
- Horacio Franco, flautist and director (Capella Varroca México)
- Placido Domingo, 79, Spanish tenor who lives in Mexico
- Omar Fayad, governor of Hidalgo
- Danna García, Colombian actress who resides in Mexico (El Señor de los Cielos)
- María Libier González Anaya, federal deputy
- Jolette, singer, television presenter, and reality star (La Academia 2005)
- José Kuri Harfush, businessperson (Inbursa)
- Hilde Lara, singer with Yndio
- Adán Augusto López Hernández, Governor of Tabasco
- Alberto Marrero, businessperson (CEO Atlético San Luis)
- Audomaro Pérez, 72, bass player (Yndio)
- María de Jesús Rosete Sánchez, federal deputy
- Jaime Ruiz Sacristán, businessperson (CEO Mexican Stock Exchange)
- Odalys Ramírez, television presenter and model (¡Cuéntamelo ya! and Al aire; Televisa)
- Camila Sodi, 33, singer and actress
- In 2015.
- Calculated by dividing the number of cases by the total population of the state and multiplying the result by 100,000.
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- Confirman primer caso de Covid-19 en Guerrero (in Spanish) by José Francisco Zorroza, El Sol de Acapulco, 15 Mar 2020
- Queretaro increases the number of coronavirus cases to six (in Spanish) by Francisco Floes Hernndez, El Universal, 15 Mar 2020
- Coronavirus: 5 positive cases in Nuevo Leon (in Spanish) by David Carrizales, 15 Mar 2020
- Los Tres Tristes Tigres compose "El corrido del coronavirus" (in Spanish) by Miguel Ceballos, El Sol de Puebla, 15 Mar 2020
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- Suspension of judicial activities for coronavirus requested (in Spanish) Manrique Gandaria, El Sol de México, 16 Mar 2020
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- UAEM suspends classes due to coronavirus (in Spanish) by David Monroy, Milenio, 16 Mar 2020
- Centroamérica, Avianca (16 March 2020). "Agradecemos al Presidente del El Salvador @nayibbukele por darnos la información y alertarnos sobre los pacientes con COVID-19 intentando abordar el vuelo de Avianca #431 proveniente de la Ciudad de México hacia El Salvador el día 16 de Marzo de 2020". @AviancaCAM (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
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- Mexico's government under pressure over coronavirus response by Jihan Abdalla, Al Jazeera, 17 March 2020 Mexico under international criticism for coronavirus response BY RAFAEL BERNAL, The Hill, 18 Mar 2020
- "Coronavirus en México: Hay 118 casos confirmados de COVID-19". El Heraldo de México (in Spanish). 18 March 2020.
- "Confirman 118 casos de coronavirus en México; hay 314 sospechosos". Milenio (in Spanish). 18 March 2020.
- Coronavirus en México, noticias de última hora Milenio, 18 Mar 2020
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- on March 18
- "AUMENTAN A 118 LOS CASOS CONFIRMADOS DE CORONAVIRUS EN MÉXICO". El Universal (in Spanish). 18 March 2020.
- "Fallece primera víctima de Covid-19 en el INER". La Jornada (in Spanish). 18 March 2020.
- Colima declara emergencia por COVID-19 El Informador, 18 Mar 2020
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- Coronavirus Cancún: Comenzaron los despidos en los hoteles (in Spanish) by Angel Balán, La Verdad, 18 Mar 2020
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- URGENTE: CONFIRMADOS YA 2 CASOS DE CORONAVIRUS COVID19 EN MORELOS (in Spanish) Diario de Morelos, 19 Mar 2020
- Confirman el tercer caso de coronavirus en Sinaloa (in Spanish) by FRANCISCO CASTRO, Debate, 19 Mar 2020
- Ted Johnson (20 March 2020). "President Donald Trump Goes Off On NBC News Reporter, Comcast During Coronavirus Press Briefing". Deadline.
- Cerrarán las zonas arqueológicas de Xochicalco y Tepoztlán (in Spanish) La Union de Morelos, 20 Mar 2020
- Starbucks y VIPs ofrecen a empleados dejar de trabajar un mes sin goce de sueldo, por COVID-19 (in Spanish) El Diario de Morelos, 20 Mar 2020
- Alcaldesa de Nacozari ordena toque de queda, facultad exclusiva del presidente (in Spanish) by Milton Martinez, Proceso, 20 Mar 2020
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- Por Covid-19, colocan túneles para desinfectar hasta 30 personas por minuto (in Spanish) by Aracely Garza, Excelsior, 29 Mar 2020
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