Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

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Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

杭州萧山国际机场

Hángzhōu Xiāoshān Guójì Jīchǎng
250px
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesHangzhou, Zhejiang, China
LocationXiaoshan District
Elevation AMSL7 m / 23 ft
Websitewww.hzairport.com
Map
HGH is located in China
HGH
HGH
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,600 11,811 Concrete
06/24 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Passengers17,068,585
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
Simplified Chinese杭州萧山国际机场

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (IATA: HGH, ICAO: ZSHC) is the principal airport serving Hangzhou, a major city in the Yangtze River Delta region and the capital of Zhejiang Province, China.[1] The airport is located on the southern shore of Qiantang River in Xiaoshan District and is 27 km east of downtown Hangzhou. Architecture firm Aedas designed Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

Hangzhou is a focus city for Air China, China Southern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines. In 2010, Hangzhou airport handled 17,068,585 passengers and became the 9th busiest airport in China. In addition, the airport was the country's 8th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic and the 10th busiest airport by traffic movements.

History

The airport was planned to be constructed in three phases. The first phase of construction started in July 1997, and was completed and opened for traffic on December 30, 2000. It replaced the old Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport, which was a dual-use civil and military airfield. In March 2004, the airport officially became an international airport after immigration and customs facilities were built and put into service.[1] A second runway of 3,600 meters is also under construction. Terminal extensions are also under construction as of 2012.

The airport was a hub of CNAC Zhejiang. After the airlines' merger with Air China, the latter inherited the Hangzhou hub.

On the evening of 9 July 2010, the airport was shut down for an hour when an unidentified flying object was detected.[3][4][5] Air traffic control could not locate it on radar and prudently waved off landing flights. Eighteen flights were affected. Though normal operations resumed four hours later, the incident captured the attention of the Chinese media and sparked a firestorm of speculation on the UFO's identity.

Facilities

Phase One of the airport occupies 7,260 acres (29.4 km2) of land. It has a capacity of eight million passengers and 110,000 tons of cargo a year, and can handle aircraft as large as the Boeing 747-400. It has one runway which is 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) long and 45 metres (148 ft) wide. The passenger terminal can handle 3,600 passengers an hour and is 100,000 square metres in size (including an underground parking of 22,000 square metres). The departure level has 36 ticket counters, including 12 in the international side of the terminal. There are 2,900 seats in the departure lounge. The immigration and customs area occupies 9,500 sq. metre of terminal space.

The apron occupies 340,000 square metres of land, and there are 12 jetways and 18 departure gates.

Maintenance facilities are certified to perform B-Check on all types of aircraft and C-Check on Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 aircraft.

Phase Two of the airport expansion project began construction on November 8, 2007. It included an International Terminal, a second Domestic Terminal, and a new runway.[6] The International Terminal was completed on June 3, 2010. The terminal has 8 air bridge gates, with one gate capable of handling the Airbus A380. All international flights, including flights to Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan depart from this terminal. The original terminal handles exclusively domestic flights. All other constructions were completed and operations began on December 30, 2012.

The new runway is 3,400 metres (11,200 ft) long and 60 metres (200 ft) wide, which is capable of handling the Airbus A380.[7] The new domestic terminal (T3) has 90 Check-in desks and 21 Self Check-in counters. It also adds 26 security lanes and 31 aerobridge gates.[8] All public spaces of the terminal has free WIFI services.[9] With the addition of the new passenger terminal, the airport now has a total terminal floor area of 37 million square metres and will enable the airport to handle 8,520 passengers at peak hour and 32.5 million passengers annually.[7]

Ground transportation

Airport Bus

There are airport bus services linking the airport to points throughout Zhejiang and cities in Jiangsu.

Bus services to/from downtown Hangzhou originate/terminate at the Ticketing Office on Tiyuchang Road with intermediate stops in between.

Taxi

Taxi between the airport and downtown Hangzhou costs between ¥100 to ¥160.

Highway

The Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway has an exit at the airport.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanning, Sanya, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Weihai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou
Air China Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita [begins 27 October 2013]
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Sanya [begins 27 October 2013], Xiamen
Air Macau Macau
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu[10]
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Nippon
Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Dunhuang, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Kunming, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Mianyang, Sanya, Tongliao, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xishuangban
Chengdu Airlines Changsha, Chengdu, Sanya
China Eastern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Jieyang, Kunming, Linyi, Liuzhou, Ordos, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yanji, Zhengzhou
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Phuket
Seasonal: Jeju, Siem Reap
China Express Airlines Luoyang
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Nanning, Nanyang, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Wuhan
Dragonair Hong Kong
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Delhi
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Jinzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an
Hebei Airlines Sanya, Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Joy Air Hefei
Juneyao Airlines Guiyang, Qingdao, Taiyuan, Yichang
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Cheongju
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lucky Air Kunming, Tengchong
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung, Taichung
Mega Maldives Malé
Okay Airways Nanning, Quanzhou, Sanya, Tianjin
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Shijiazhuang
Shenzhen Airlines Guiyang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Sichuan Airlines Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Harbin, Jiuzhaigou, Lhasa, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xining, Zhengzhou
Spring Airlines Dalian, Guilin, Sanya, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Zhangjiajie
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang
Tianjin Airlines Fuyang, Ganzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Jieyang, Nanchang, Nanning, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Zhengzhou
Tibet Airlines Chengdu
TransAsia Airways Hualien, Taipei-Songshan
Uni Air Kaohsiung, Taichung
Xiamen Airlines Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Xiamen Airlines Macau, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Dubai
China Southern Cargo Los Angeles[11]
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
S.F. Airlines Shenzhen[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.hzairport.com/en/jcjj.aspx
  2. ^ "Project Page: Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport". Aedas.com.
  3. ^ "China Airport UFO - Mystery or Military?". National Ledger. July 10, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  4. ^ Yijun, Yang (July 9, 2010). "Flights diverted, delayed as UFO detected hovering". China Daily. Beijing. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
  5. ^ ABCNews: "UFO in China's Skies Prompts Investigation"
  6. ^ http://www.hzairport.com/jcjj.aspx
  7. ^ a b http://www.hzairport.com/jcss.aspx
  8. ^ http://zj.sina.com.cn/city/travelguide/251/2012/1220/3367_3.html
  9. ^ http://zj.sina.com.cn/city/travelguide/251/2012/1220/3367_4.html
  10. ^ http://www.themalaymailonline.com/travel/article/airasia-launches-kota-kinabalu-to-hangzhou-service
  11. ^ http://www.aircargoworld.com/Air-Cargo-News/2013/09/new-cargo-service-brings-pharma-garments-from-china/3015426
  12. ^ S.F schedule

External links