List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Cornell University

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Forty-one Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Cornell University. The building pictured is Goldwin Smith Hall.

The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Karolinska Institute, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.[1] They were established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, which dictates that the awards should be administered by the Nobel Foundation. Another prize, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, was established in 1968 by the Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, for contributors to the field of economics.[2] Each prize is awarded by a separate committee; the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, and Economics, the Karolinska Institute awards the Prize in Physiology or Medicine, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Prize in Peace.[3] Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma and a cash prize that has varied throughout the years.[2] In 1901, the winners of the first Nobel Prizes were given 150,782 SEK, which is equal to 7,731,004 SEK in December 2007. In 2008, the winners were awarded a prize amount of 10,000,000 SEK.[4] The awards are presented in Stockholm in an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.[5]

As of 2016, there have been 54 Nobel laureates affiliated with Cornell University, including 20 Cornell alumni (laureates who attended the university as undergraduate, graduate student or researcher) and 34 members of the faculty or visiting faculty[6] The Nobel Prize categories of Physics and Physiology or Medicine each account for twelve awards to Cornell-affiliated laureates. People affiliated with Cornell also have received eight Nobel Prize awards for Chemistry, four for Literature, three for Economics, and two Nobel Peace Prizes.[6]

Laureates[edit]

Year Image Laureate Relation Category Rationale
1936 Debye100.jpg Debye, PeterPeter Debye 1940-1952, Professor of Chemistry,Professor of Chemistry, 1940-1952 Chemistry "for his contributions to the study of molecular structure," primarily referring to his work on dipole moments and X-ray diffraction
1937 George Paget Thomson.jpg Thomson, George PagetGeorge Paget Thomson 1929-1930, Non–Resident Lecturer,Non–Resident Lecturer, 1929-1930 Physics "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
1938 Pearl Buck.jpg Buck, Pearl S.Pearl S. Buck 1925, M.A.,M.A., 1925 Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[7]
1944 Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg Gasser, Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer Gasser 1931–1934, Cornell Medical College facultyCornell Medical College faculty 1931–1934 Physiology or Medicine
1944 Otto Hahn 1970.jpg Hahn, OttoOtto Hahn 1933[8], George Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in ChemistryGeorge Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry 1933[8] Chemistry "for his discovery of the fission of heavy atomic nuclei."
1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi.jpg Rabi, Isidor IsaacIsidor Isaac Rabi 1919, B.Chem.B.Chem. 1919

Graduate study 1921-23 (transferred)

Physics "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"[9]
1946 John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg Mott, JohnJohn Mott

Co-recipient with Emily Greene Balch

1888 - Philosophy, B.S.B.S. 1888 - Philosophy Peace "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[10]
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller.jpg Muller, Hermann JosephHermann Joseph Muller Cornell graduate student 1911–1912 Physiology or Medicine
1946 James Batcheller Sumner.jpg Sumner, James B.James B. Sumner Professor of Biochemistry/Nutrition 1929–1955; took emeritus status in 1955 Chemistry
1953 Portrait of Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899-1986), Biochemist (2551001689).jpg Lipmann, Fritz AlbertFritz Albert Lipmann 1939–1941, Research Associate, Cornell Medical CollegeResearch Associate, Cornell Medical College 1939–1941 Physiology or Medicine
1954 L Pauling.jpg Pauling, LinusLinus Pauling[11][12] 1937–1938, George Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in ChemistryGeorge Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry 1937–1938
1959, Messenger LecturerMessenger Lecturer 1959
Chemistry "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances"
1955 Vincent du Vigneaud.jpg Vigneaud, Vincent duVincent du Vigneaud 1938–1967, Professor, Cornell Medical CollegeProfessor, Cornell Medical College 1938–1967
1967–1974, Professor Emeritus, Ithaca campusProfessor Emeritus, Ithaca campus 1967–1974
Chemistry
1958 George Wells Beadle.jpg Beadle, George WellsGeorge Wells Beadle

Co-recipient with Edward Tatum and Joshua Lederberg

1931, Ph.D.,Ph.D., 1931 Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"[13]
1960 Peter Brian Medawar.jpg Medawar, PeterPeter Medawar , Andrew D. White Professor-at-LargeAndrew D. White Professor-at-Large Physiology or Medicine
1962 L Pauling.jpg Pauling, LinusLinus Pauling[11][12] 1937–1938, George Fischer Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in ChemistryGeorge Fischer Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry 1937–1938
1959, Messenger LecturerMessenger Lecturer 1959
Peace
1965 Richard Feynman ID badge.png Feynman, RichardRichard Feynman 1945-1950, Professor of Physics,Professor of Physics, 1945-1950 Physics "their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"
1967 Hans Bethe.jpg Bethe, HansHans Bethe 1935-2005, Professor of Physics,Professor of Physics, 1935-2005 Physics
1967 Eigen,Manfred 1996 Göttingen.jpg Eigen, ManfredManfred Eigen , A.D. White Professor-at-LargeA.D. White Professor-at-Large Chemistry
1967 HKHartline.png Hartline, Haldan KefferHaldan Keffer Hartline 1940–1941, Associate Professor of Physiology, Cornell Medical CollegeAssociate Professor of Physiology, Cornell Medical College 1940–1941 Physiology or Medicine
1968 Robert Holley-crop.jpg Holley, Robert W.Robert W. Holley

Co-recipient with H. Gobind Khorana and Marshall W. Nirenberg

1946, Ph.D.,Ph.D., 1946
Professor of Organic Chemistry, 1948-1966
Physiology or Medicine "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis"[14]
1968 Har Gobind Khorana nobel.jpg Khorana, Har GobindHar Gobind Khorana 1974–1980, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1974–1980 Physiology or Medicine
1970 YoungAlfven.jpg Alfvén, HannesHannes Alfvén , Distinguished Professor in EngineeringDistinguished Professor in Engineering Physics
1970 Norman Borlaug.jpg Borlaug, NormanNorman Borlaug 1982–1988, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1982–1988 Peace
1971 Herzberg,Gerhard 1952 London.jpg Herzberg, GerhardGerhard Herzberg[15][16][17] 1968, George Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in ChemistryGeorge Fisher Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry 1968 Chemistry "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals"
1972 John Robert Schrieffer.jpg Schrieffer, John RobertJohn Robert Schrieffer 1969–1975, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1969–1975 Physics
1973 Brian Josephson, March 2004.jpg Josephson, Brian DavidBrian David Josephson

Co-recipient with Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever

1971–1972, NSF Fellow,NSF Fellow, 1971–1972[18] Physics "for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively" and the other half to Brian David Josephson "for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects"[19]
1974 Paul J. Flory.jpg Flory, PaulPaul Flory 1948–1957, Chemistry faculty,Chemistry faculty, 1948–1957 Chemistry
1979 Sheldon Glashow at Harvard.jpg Glashow, SheldonSheldon Glashow

Co-recipient with Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg

1954, B.A.,B.A., 1954 Physics "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"[20]
1979 Steven-weinberg.jpg Weinberg, StevenSteven Weinberg

Co-recipient with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow

1954, B.A.B.A. 1954 Physics "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"[20]
1981 Roald Hoffmann.jpg Hoffmann, RoaldRoald Hoffmann

Co-recipient with Kenichi Fukui

1965–Present, Professor of Chemistry,Professor of Chemistry, 1965–Present Chemistry "for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"[21]
1982 Wilson, Kenneth G.Kenneth G. Wilson 1963-1988, Professor of Physics,Professor of Physics, 1963-1988 Physics "for his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions"[22]
1983 Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) shown in her laboratory in 1947.jpg McClintock, BarbaraBarbara McClintock 1923, B.S.,B.S., 1923
M.A., 1925
Ph.D., 1927
Instructor in botany, 1927-1931
Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large, 1965-1974
Physiology or Medicine "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"[23]
1983 HD.3F.005 (11086397086) (cropped).jpg Taube, HenryHenry Taube 1944–1946, Assistant Professor of Chemistry, Assistant Professor of Chemistry, 1944–1946 Chemistry for "his work in the mechanisms of electron-transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes."[24]
1986 Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg Soyinka, WoleWole Soyinka 1985, Senior Fellow, Society for the Humanities,Senior Fellow, Society for the Humanities, 1985 Literature
1989 HEVarmus.jpg Varmus, HaroldHarold Varmus 2015-Present, Professor of Medicine, Professor of Medicine, 2015-Present Medicine & Physiology
1990 Paz0.jpg Paz, OctavioOctavio Paz 1972-1974, A.D. White Professor-at-Large, A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1972-1974 Literature
1991 Pierre-Gilles Rice University.jpg Gennes, Pierre-Gilles dePierre-Gilles de Gennes Served on the Cornell faculty as 1977–1983, A.D. White Professor-at-LargeA.D. White Professor-at-Large 1977–1983 and Bethe Lecturer in Physics 1989–1990 Physics
1991 Richard R Ernst.jpg Ernst, Richard R.Richard R. Ernst 1998, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1998 Chemistry
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Morrison, ToniToni Morrison 1955 - English, M.A.M.A. 1955 - English

A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1997-2003

Literature "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[25]
1993 Russell Alan Hulse.jpg Hulse, Russell AlanRussell Alan Hulse

Co-recipient with Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr.

1974, Scholar at Arecibo Observatory of Cornell University in Puerto RicoScholar at Arecibo Observatory of Cornell University in Puerto Rico 1974[26] Physics "for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"[27]
1993 Robert William Fogel.jpg Fogel, RobertRobert Fogel 1948, B.A.,B.A., 1948 Economics "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"[28]
1996 Nobel Laureate David Morris Lee in 2007.jpg Lee, David MorrisDavid Morris Lee

Co-recipient with Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson

1959–2009, Professor of Physics,Professor of Physics, 1959–2009 Physics "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"[29]
1996 Douglas Osheroff.jpg Osheroff, Douglas D.Douglas D. Osheroff

Co-recipient with David M. Lee and Robert C. Richardson

1971 - Physics, M.S.M.S. 1971 - Physics

Ph.D. 1973 - Physics

Physics "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"[29]
1996 Robert Coleman Richardson.jpg Richardson, Robert ColemanRobert Coleman Richardson

Co-recipient with Douglas D. Osheroff and David M. Lee

1966–1967, Research Associate,Research Associate, 1966–1967

Professor of Physics, 1968–2013

Physics "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"[29]
1998 Drfurchgott.jpg Furchgott, Robert F.Robert F. Furchgott 1941–1949, Research Associate (Medicine)/Instructor (Physiology and Biophysics/Assistant Professor Medicine),Research Associate (Medicine)/Instructor (Physiology and Biophysics/Assistant Professor Medicine), 1941–1949 Physiology or Medicine
1998 Amartya Sen 20071128 cologne.jpg Sen, AmartyaAmartya Sen 1978–1984, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1978–1984 Economics
2000 Paul Greengard.jpg Greengard, PaulPaul Greengard 1981–1987, A.D. White Professor-at-Large,A.D. White Professor-at-Large, 1981–1987 Physiology or Medicine
2002 Nobel Laureate Sir Anthony James Leggett in 2007.jpg Leggett, Anthony JamesAnthony James Leggett , Visiting Professor, 04/1973, 07/1974
Bethe Lecturer, 04/1980
Visiting Scientist, 01/1983–08/1983[30]
Visiting Professor, 04/1973, 07/1974
Bethe Lecturer, 04/1980
Visiting Scientist, 01/1983–08/1983[30]
Physics "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
2003 Robert F. Engle.jpg Engle, Robert F.Robert F. Engle 1966, M.S.,M.S., 1966,

Ph.D., 1969

Economics "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)"[31]
2009 JSzostak.jpg Szostak, Jack W.Jack W. Szostak

Co-recipient with Elizabeth H. Blackburn and Carol W. Greider

1977 - Biochemistry, Ph.D.Ph.D. 1977 - Biochemistry Physiology or Medicine "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"[32]
2013 Francois Englert.jpg Englert, FrançoisFrançois Englert

Co-recipient with Peter Higgs

1959-1961, Research associate and assistant professorResearch associate and assistant professor 1959-1961 Physics "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle"[33]
2014 Eric Betzig (cropped).jpg Betzig, EricEric Betzig , M.S. 1985, Ph.D. 1988 - Applied and Engineering Physics M.S. 1985, Ph.D. 1988 - Applied and Engineering Physics Chemistry "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"[34]
2014 WE Moerner.jpg Moerner, William E.William E. Moerner 1978, Ph.D. 1982 - Physics , M.S. M.S. 1978, Ph.D. 1982 - Physics Chemistry "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"[35]
2016 Thouless, David J.David J. Thouless

Co-recipient with Duncan Haldane and John M. Kosterlitz

, Ph.D. 1958Ph.D. 1958 Physics "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"[36]
2016 Jkosterl.jpg Kosterlitz, John M.John M. Kosterlitz

Co-recipient with Duncan Haldane and David J. Thouless

1973-1974, PostdocPostdoc 1973-1974 Physics "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"[37]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Alfred Nobel – The Man Behind the Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  2. ^ a b "The Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  3. ^ "The Nobel Prize Awarders". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  4. ^ "The Nobel Prize Amounts". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2008-07-31. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  5. ^ "The Nobel Prize Award Ceremonies". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  6. ^ a b "Nobel Laureates Affiliated with Cornell University". Cornell University. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  7. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1938". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  8. ^ http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/hahn-bio.html
  9. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1944". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  10. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Peace 1946". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  11. ^ a b "Pauling's Lecturer Tenure at Cornell". 
  12. ^ a b "Preface of the Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals". 
  13. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1958". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  14. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  15. ^ "Gerhard Herzberg Biography on Nobel Prize Official Website". 
  16. ^ "Gerhard Herzberg Biography on Optical Society Of America Official Website". 
  17. ^ "Gerhard Herzberg Biography on Example problems". 
  18. ^ "Biography of Brian D. Josephson from Nobel Official site". 
  19. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1973". 
  20. ^ a b "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1979". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  21. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1981". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  22. ^ Nobelprize Physics 1982
  23. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1983". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  24. ^ "Press Release: The 1983 Nobel Prize in Chemistry". NobelPrize.org The Official Website of the Nobel Prize. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  25. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  26. ^ "Biography of Russell A. Hulse from Notable Names Database". 
  27. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1993". 
  28. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Economics 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  29. ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1996". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  30. ^ https://www.bnl.gov/energy/ces/cv/leggett.asp
  31. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Economics 2003". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  32. ^ "Medicine 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  33. ^ "Physics 2013" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  34. ^ "Chemistry 2014". Nobel Foundation. 
  35. ^ "Chemistry 2014". Nobel Foundation. 
  36. ^ "Physics 2016". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  37. ^ "Physics 2016". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 

External links[edit]