Indian Gorkha

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Indian Gorkhas (Nepali: भारतीय गोर्खा, Bharatiya Gorkha) also known as Nepali Indian (Nepali: नेपाली भारतीय , Nepali Bharatiya) are Nepali language-speaking Indian peoples. The term "Indian Gorkha" is used to differentiate between Gurkhas who are Indian natives of the region under the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, and those who are Nepali citizens allowed to stay in India as per the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950).[1]

Indian Gorkhas are citizens of India as per the Gazette notification of the Government of India on the issue of citizenship of the Gorkhas of India.[2] However, the Indian Gorkhas are faced with a unique identity crisis with regard to their Indian citizenship because of the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950) that permits "on a reciprocal basis, the nationals of one country in the territories of the other the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of a similar nature". Thus, there are also many Nepalese citizens of Nepal living in India. Therefore, the Nepali speaking Indian Citizens are mistakenly identified as Nepali people.[3]

Different ethnic and caste clans[edit]

The Indian Gorkhas are a mixture of castes and tribal-ethnic clans. The caste groups include the Khas-Parbatiyas including Bahun (Brahmins), Chhetri, Kami, Damai, Sarki, etc. There is a considerable presence of Newar community who mostly identify themselves through the singular caste-surname title of Pradhan. Newars, Bahuns and Chhetris fall under General category in India's affirmative action, where as Kami, Damai, Sarki (Khas lower castes) and Dhobi and Kasai (Newar lower castes) are Scheduled Castes (SCs). Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Thami, Bhujel (Khawas), Rai (Khambu), Limbu (Subba), Sunuwar (Mukhia), Yakkha (Dewan), Sherpa, Yolmo, ethnic groups also inhabit here. [4] Although each of them has their own language (belonging to the Tibeto-Burman or Indo-Aryan languages), the lingua franca among the Gorkhas is the Nepali language with its script in Devnagari. The Nepali language, which is one of the official languages of India, is the common binding thread of all Gorkha castes and clans.

Notable persons[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ India and Nepal. Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Signed at Kathmandu, on 31 July 1950.
  2. ^ Gorkhaland State website. Retrieved on 2012-12-23.
  3. ^ ‘Flawed’ media reporting hurts Gorkha community
  4. ^ Barun Roy (2012). Gorkhas and Gorkhaland. Darjeeling, India: Parbati Roy Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-10.