Indian Gorkhas (Nepali: भारतीय गोर्खा, Bharatiya Gorkha) also known as Nepali Indian (Nepali: नेपाली भारतीय , Nepali Bharatiya) are Nepali language-speaking Indian peoples. The term "Indian Gorkha" is used to differentiate between Gurkhas who are Indian natives of the region under the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, and those who are Nepali citizens allowed to stay in India as per the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950).
Indian Gorkhas are citizens of India as per the Gazette notification of the Government of India on the issue of citizenship of the Gorkhas of India. However, the Indian Gorkhas are faced with a unique identity crisis with regard to their Indian citizenship because of the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950) that permits "on a reciprocal basis, the nationals of one country in the territories of the other the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of a similar nature". Thus, there are also many Nepalese citizens of Nepal living in India. Therefore, the Nepali speaking Indian Citizens are mistakenly identified as Nepali people.
Different ethnic and caste clans
The Indian Gorkhas are a mixture of castes and tribal-ethnic clans. The caste groups include the Khas-Parbatiyas including Bahun (Brahmins), Chhetri, Kami, Damai, Sarki, etc. There is a considerable presence of Newar community who mostly identify themselves through the singular caste-surname title of Pradhan. Newars, Bahuns and Chhetris fall under General category in India's affirmative action, where as Kami, Damai, Sarki (Khas lower castes) and Dhobi and Kasai (Newar lower castes) are Scheduled Castes (SCs). Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Thami, Bhujel (Khawas), Rai (Khambu), Limbu (Subba), Sunuwar (Mukhia), Yakkha (Dewan), Sherpa, Yolmo, ethnic groups also inhabit here.  Although each of them has their own language (belonging to the Tibeto-Burman or Indo-Aryan languages), the lingua franca among the Gorkhas is the Nepali language with its script in Devnagari. The Nepali language, which is one of the official languages of India, is the common binding thread of all Gorkha castes and clans.
- Indra Bahadur Rai – Nepali writer and literary critic from Darjeeling, India.
- Ram Singh Thakurii – Nepali Indian Freedom Fighter and music composer of Kadam Kadam Badaye Ja and Subh Sukh Chain
- Major Durga Malla – Indian Freedom Fighter
- Lieutenant-Colonel Dhan Singh Thapa – Param Vir Chakra recipient
- Sher Jung Thapa Brigadier( Hero Of Skardu) Mahavir Chakra.Who Saved Leh-Ladakh in Indo-Pak War 1947-48.]]
- Nar Bahadur Bhandari – Former Chief Minister of Sikkim
- Pawan Kumar Chamling – Chief Minister of Sikkim
- Damber Singh Gurung – Indian Gorkha representative in the Constituent Assembly of India
- Mahendra P. Lama – Founding vice chancellor of Sikkim University
- Bharat Chettri – Hockey player (former captain of Indian hockey team)
- Nirmal Chettri – Indian footballer
- Sunil Chhetri – Indian footballer (Arjuna Award recipient 2011)
- Binod Pradhan – Nepalese & Bollywood cinematographer
- Geetanjali Thapa – Bollywood actress (National Film Award for Best Actress recipient 2013)
- Louis Banks – Jazz musician
- Ranjit Gazmer – Indian film musician
- Prajwal Parajuly – English language writer and novelist
- Trilochan Pokhrel – Indian freedom fighter
- Sanju Pradhan – Indian Footballer, East Bengal F.C.
- Tarundeep Rai – Archer, Asian Games 2011 silver medalist, Arjuna Award recipient 2005)
- Soumya Rai – Dancer
- Mala Sinha – Indian Bollywood actress in Nepali and Bengali cinemas
- Pratibha Sinha – Bollywood Indian actress (daughter of actress Mala Sinha and Nepali actor C.P. Lohani)
- Shiva Thapa – Boxer (youngest Indian boxer to qualify for the Olympic Games)
- Hira Devi Waiba – Nepali language folk singer
- Prashant Tamang – Singer/actor of Nepali Film, winner of Indian Idol Season 3
- Bipul Chettri – Nepali singer/composer
- Rangu Souriya – Social worker
- Amber Gurung – Indian music composer, noted for composing Nepal's anthem Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka
- India and Nepal. Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Signed at Kathmandu, on 31 July 1950. untreaty.un.org
- http://gorkhalandstate.blogspot.in/p/gazette-notification-on-issue-of.html. Gorkhaland State website. Retrieved on 2012-12-23.
- http://www.darjeelingtimes.com/opinions/political/5163-flawed-media-reporting-hurts-gorkha-community-.html ‘Flawed’ media reporting hurts Gorkha community
- Barun Roy (2012). Gorkhas and Gorkhaland. Darjeeling, India: Parbati Roy Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-10.