Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi

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Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi
Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi
Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi
Arabic الجمْاسين الشرقي
Name meaning The eastern buffalo breeders[1]
Subdistrict Jaffa
Coordinates 32°05′54″N 34°49′44″E / 32.09833°N 34.82889°E / 32.09833; 34.82889Coordinates: 32°05′54″N 34°49′44″E / 32.09833°N 34.82889°E / 32.09833; 34.82889
Palestine grid 134/166
Population 730[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation March 17, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting

Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jaffa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine War on March 17, 1948. It was located 9 km northeast of Jaffa.

History[edit]

Al-Jammasin's inhabitants were known to be descendants of nomads from the Jordan Valley.[1] In 1596, a Jammasin (Masra'at Hasana) tribe appear in the Ottoman census, located in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus, paying taxes on goats, beehives and water buffalos. Khalidi writes that judging from the absence of taxes on any crops, this Masra'at (farm) probably specialised in short-distance herding and semi-nomadic tasks.[5] The tribe was known to have settled in the area by the 18th century.[1]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the tribal area of Jammasin had a population of 200 Muslims,[6] while in the 1931 census Jammasin esh-Sharqiya had 395 Muslim inhabitants.[7]

In the 1945 census the population of Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi consisted of 730 Muslims[2] and the land area was 358 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this land, Arabs used 53 dunams for citrus and bananas, 193 for plantations and irrigable land, 40 for cereals,[8] while a total of 18 dunams were non-cultivable areas.[9]

The children attended school on Al-Shaykh Muwannis.[1]

1948, aftermath[edit]

In December, 1947, Jewish agents reported that Arabs were leaving the Al-Jammasin villages.[10] In December 1947 and January 1948 the leaders of al-Shaykh Muwannis, Al-Mas'udiyya, Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi/Al-Jammasin al-Gharbi, and the mukhtars of Ijlil al-Qibliyya, Ijlil al-Shamaliyya and Abu Kishk met with Haganah representatives in Petah Tikva. These villages wanted peace, and promised not to harbor any Arab Liberation Armies or local Arab Militia. They further promised that, in the case they were not able to keep them out alone, they were to call on Haganah for help.[11] The Jammasin villages, together with Abu Kishk, also jointly approached a Jewish police officer at Ramat Gan.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 245
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 27
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 52
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #204. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 141. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 245
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
  7. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 17
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 95
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 145
  10. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 67
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 91
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 92, note #143, p. 145

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]