Yubla

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Yubla
Arabic يبلى
Also spelled Hubeleth
Subdistrict Baysan
Palestine grid 194/220
Population 210[1][2] (1945)
Area 5,165[1] dunams
Date of depopulation 16 May 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Moledet

Yubla (Arabic: يبلى‎‎, known to the Crusaders as Hubeleth) was a Palestinian village, located 9 kilometers north of Bisan in present-day Israel. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[4]

Location[edit]

The village was located 9 km north-northwest of Baysan, on the southern side of a natural, shallow valley through which the Wadi al-Tayyiba flowed.[5]

History[edit]

The village was known to the Crusaders as Hubeleth, and Khirbat Umm al-Su´ud, about 1,5 km southeast of the village contained rough stone enclosures and traces of walls.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

During the period of the British Mandate of Palestine the village was classified as a "hamlet" by the Palestine Index Gazetteer. Its houses were built along the roads, especially the one to the spring Ain Yubla, north of the village.[6]

In the 1922 census of Palestine Yubla had a population of 73 Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 88, still all Muslims, in 23 houses.[8]

The villagers were working mostly in agriculture. In 1945 the village had 210 Muslim inhabitants and the total land area was 5,165 dunams.[1][2] In 1944/45 a total of 25 dunums were used for citrus and bananas, 1,971 dunums were used for cereals, 37 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards,[6][9] while 12 were built-up (urban) land.[10]

1948, and after[edit]

By the time Israel's 'Barak' troops arrived in the village on 7 June 1948, a house-to house search found the village to be completely empty.[11][12]

In September 1948, local kibbutzniks argued for destroying the village.[13]

Kibbutz Bet ha-Shittah and the Gush Nuris settlements were given thousands of dunams of refugee land from Yubla and the neighbouring villages of al-Murassas, Kafra, Qumiya, and Zir'in by the Histadrut's Agicrultural Center in July and October 1948.[14]

Today, the Israeli locality of Moledet is located on part of Yubla's former lands.[4] Walid Khalidi notes of the former village that, "The site and part of the lands are fenced in by barbed wire and are used by Israelis as a cow pasture."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 44
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 7
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii village #113. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b Welcome to Yubla, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-06 
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, pp. 65-66
  6. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.66
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 81
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, pp. 261 -262; note #808
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, pp. 308 #808
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 357
  14. ^ Fischbach, 2012, p. 13

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°34′33″N 35°28′10″E / 32.57583°N 35.46944°E / 32.57583; 35.46944