Yubla

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Yubla
Yubla is located in Mandatory Palestine
Yubla
Yubla
Arabic يبلى
Name meaning Kh. Yebla, the ruin of Yebla, p.n.[1]
Also spelled Hubeleth
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°34′33″N 35°28′10″E / 32.57583°N 35.46944°E / 32.57583; 35.46944Coordinates: 32°34′33″N 35°28′10″E / 32.57583°N 35.46944°E / 32.57583; 35.46944
Palestine grid 194/220
Population 210[2][3] (1945)
Area 5,165[3] dunams
Date of depopulation 16 May 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall

Yubla (Arabic: يبلى‎‎, known to the Crusaders as Hubeleth), was a Palestinian village, located 9 kilometers north of Bisan in present-day Israel. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[5]

Location[edit]

The village was located 9 km north-northwest of Baysan, on the southern side of a natural, shallow valley through which the Wadi al-Tayyiba flowed.[6]

History[edit]

The village was known to the Crusaders as Hubeleth, and Khirbat Umm al-Su´ud, about 1,5 km southeast of the village contained rough stone enclosures and traces of walls.[7]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Kh. Yebla: "Heaps of stones. No indications of date."[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

During the period of the British Mandate of Palestine the village was classified as a "hamlet" by the Palestine Index Gazetteer. Its houses were built along the roads, especially the one to the spring Ain Yubla, north of the village.[7]

In the 1922 census of Palestine Yubla had a population of 73 Muslims,[9] increasing in the 1931 census to 88, still all Muslims, in 23 houses.[10]

The villagers were working mostly in agriculture. In 1945 the village had 210 Muslim[2] inhabitants and the total land area was 5,165 dunams.[3] In 1944/45 a total of 25 dunums were used for citrus and bananas, 1,971 dunums were used for cereals, 37 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards,[7][11] while 12 were built-up (urban) land.[12]

1948, and after[edit]

By the time Israel's 'Barak' troops arrived in the village on 7 June 1948, a house-to house search found the village to be completely empty.[13][14] In September 1948, local kibbutzniks argued for destroying the village.[15]

Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. Kibbutz Beit HaShita and the Gush Nuris villages were given thousands of dunams of land from Yubla and the neighbouring villages of al-Murassas, Kafra, Qumiya, and Zir'in by the Histadrut's Agicrultural Center in July and October 1948.[16]

Moledet was established 2 km north of the village site, on land which traditionally had belonged to Taibe. Walid Khalidi notes of the former village that, "The site and part of the lands are fenced in by barbed wire and are used by Israeli as a cow pasture."[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 163
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 7
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 44
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii village #113. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ Welcome to Yubla, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-06 
  6. ^ Khalidi, 1992, pp. 65-66
  7. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.66
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 125
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 81
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, pp. 261 -262; note #808
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, pp. 308 #808
  15. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 357
  16. ^ Fischbach, 2012, p. 13

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]