Bayt Naqquba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bayt Naqquba
Bayt Naqquba is located in Mandatory Palestine
Bayt Naqquba
Bayt Naqquba
Arabic بيت نقّوبة
Name meaning The house of the mountain pass[1]
Also spelled Beit Nakuba
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°48′15.96″N 35°07′24.66″E / 31.8044333°N 35.1235167°E / 31.8044333; 35.1235167Coordinates: 31°48′15.96″N 35°07′24.66″E / 31.8044333°N 35.1235167°E / 31.8044333; 35.1235167
Palestine grid 161/134
Population 278 (1948[2])
Area 2,979 dunams
2.9 km²
Date of depopulation early April 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Beit Nekofa[4]

Bayt Naqquba (Arabic: بيت نقّوبة‎‎, Hebrew: בית נקובא‎‎, also known as Bait Naqquba) was a Palestinian village in British Mandate Palestine, located 9.5 kilometers west of Jerusalem, near Abu Ghosh. Before Palmach and Haganah troops occupied the village during Operation Nachshon on April 11, 1948 approximately 300 Palestinian Arabs lived there.[5] After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, a moshav named Beit Nekofa was founded close to the site by Jewish immigrants from Yugoslavia. In 1962, residents of Bayt Naqubba built a new village named Ein Naqquba, south of Beit Nekofa.[5]

History[edit]

In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village located on cultivated slopes, with 200 inhabitants,[6] while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found 23 houses and a population of 88, though that population count included men only.[7]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Bayt Naqquba as a village built on a slope with a spring to the south.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, during the early British Mandate of Palestine period, there were 120 villagers, all Muslims,[9] increasing in the 1931 census to 177 Muslims, in 41 houses.[10]

The villagers planted olive trees and vineyards, which grew mainly west of the village and on the valley floors, and irrigated their crops with water drawn from the village springs. Olive trees covered 194 dunum of land.[11] In 1944/5, the village had a population of 240 Muslims, and the total land area was 2,797 dunams.[12][13] 303 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, 515 dunams were for cereals,[14] while 9 dunams were built-up (urban) Arab land.[15]

1948, and after[edit]

Like the people of Abu Ghosh, the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba were known for their friendly relations with their Jewish neighbors in Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim.[16] Benny Morris writes: "It is possible that the inhabitants of Beit Naqquba had received both an order to evacuate from Arab military commanders in Ein Karim and "strong advice" to the same effect from Lisser and Navon. But it is likely that the "advice" given in the name of the Harel Brigade, which physically controlled the area, was more potent of the two factors in precipitating the evacuation."[16] The village was taken around the 11 April 1948 during Operation Nachshon.[17]

Between 1948 and 1964 the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba lived at Sataf, "under trees, because the Arabs had not allowed them to come over their lines, out of distrust and revenge".[18] Afterwards they were allowed to stay temporarily in Abu Ghosh. In 1962, they established a new village, Ein Naqquba on some of their land south of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway.

The village today[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 286
  2. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #357. Also gives the cause for depopulation
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #80. 1949
  5. ^ a b Welcome to Bayt Naqquba, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-04 
  6. ^ Guérin, 1868, pp. 71, 279
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 146
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, III:16. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.277
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, p. 14
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 38
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, pp. 277-8
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 24
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 56
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 101
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 151
  16. ^ a b Morris, 1994, pp. 257-289
  17. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 278.
  18. ^ Morris, 1994, p. 264

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]