Arab al-Bawati

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Arab al-Bawati
Arab al-Bawati is located in Mandatory Palestine
Arab al-Bawati
Arab al-Bawati
Arabic عرب البواطي/خربة الحكمة
Name meaning Kh. el Hakeimîyeh, the ruin of el Hakeimîyeh[1]
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°31′41″N 35°32′21″E / 32.52806°N 35.53917°E / 32.52806; 35.53917Coordinates: 32°31′41″N 35°32′21″E / 32.52806°N 35.53917°E / 32.52806; 35.53917
Palestine grid 200/214
Population 520[2][3] (1945)
Area 10,641 dunams
Date of depopulation 16 or 20 May 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall

Arab al-Bawati (Arabic: عرب البواطي/خربة الحكمة‎‎), was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Baysan. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

It was located 4 kilometres north east of Baysan in the Baysan valley.

History[edit]

Khirbat al Bawati contained ruins of walls, pillars, the foundations of buildings, and Roman milestones.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kh. el Hakeimiyeh as having "ruined walls and a few modern deserted houses - a small deserted village."[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Bawati had a population of 348 Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 461, (under the name of 'Arab Hakamiya) still all Muslims, in 86 houses.[8]

In 1945 it had a population of 520 Muslims[2] with a total of 10,641 dunums of land.[3] That year Arabs used 2,225 dunams of village lands for plantations and irrigated land, 3,335 for cereals,[9] while 52 dunams were classed as uncultivable.[10]

1948, aftermath[edit]

Many of the villagers left early in the war, apparently after a Haganah attack.[11][12] The village was destroyed on May 16, or May 20, 1948.[4]

The are no Israeli settlements on village lands, the nearest is Hamadia. In 1992, it was described: "All of the village houses have been demolished. The remains of basalt stone walls and the square and circular foundations of buildings can be seen among the weeds."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 162
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 6
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #135. Also gives cause of depopulation, with a "?"
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 42
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 122
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 79
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 84
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 134
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 132, note #543
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 160, note #543

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]