Burayka

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Burayka
Burayka is located in Mandatory Palestine
Burayka
Burayka
Arabic بريكة
Name meaning The little pool[1]
Also spelled Bureika,[2] Ibraikeh[3]
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°33′29″N 34°58′40″E / 32.55806°N 34.97778°E / 32.55806; 34.97778Coordinates: 32°33′29″N 34°58′40″E / 32.55806°N 34.97778°E / 32.55806; 34.97778
Palestine grid 148/213
Population 290[4][5] (1945)
Area 11,434[5] dunams
Date of depopulation May 5, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall

Burayka was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 5, 1948. It was located 29 km south of Haifa.

History[edit]

The Crusaders called the place for Broiquet.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a small village on a hill-top, with a well to the north, and wooded country round."[7] A population list from about 1887 showed that Bureikeh had about 115 inhabitants, all Muslim.[8] A school, founded in 1889 during the Ottoman period, was located in the village, but was closed during the British Mandate period.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Ibraikeh had a population of 249, all Muslims,[3] increasing in the 1931 census to 237, still all Muslims, in 45 houses.[9]

In 1945 the village had a population of 290 Muslims,[4] and Arabs had a total of 1,864 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[5] Of this, 78 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,538 for cereals,[6][10] while 15 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[11]

1948, aftermath[edit]

Initially, the villagers did not want to take part in the war, and they opposed garrisoning ALA militiamen in their village.[12]

According to Yishuv sources, the AHC had in early March, 1948, ordered the villagers to evacuate, so that it could serve as a base for Arab irregular forces, However, most of the villagers seems to have stayed in the village at this stage.[13] The village was finally depopulated in early May, in the aftermath of the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek, when IZL attacked the remaining villages in the area with mortar fire.[14]

Today, a civilian explosives factory is located on the site.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 146
  2. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #161. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ a b Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
  4. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 13
  5. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  6. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 155
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 41
  8. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 180
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 89
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 89
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 97
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 130
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 243
  15. ^ "תעשיות חרושת חומרי נפץ - היסטוריה" [Explosives industries - History]. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]