Al-Mansi

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Al-Mansi
Al-Mansi is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Mansi
Al-Mansi
Arabic المنسي
Name meaning The forgotten[1]
Also spelled 'Arab Baniha
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°35′41.6″N 35°10′21.65″E / 32.594889°N 35.1726806°E / 32.594889; 35.1726806Coordinates: 32°35′41.6″N 35°10′21.65″E / 32.594889°N 35.1726806°E / 32.594889; 35.1726806
Palestine grid 166/222
Population 1,200[2] (1944/45)
Area 12,272[2] dunams
12.3 km²
Date of depopulation 12–13 April 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Midrakh Oz

Al-Mansi (Arabic: المنسي‎, also called 'Arab Baniha Arabic: عرب بنيها‎) was a Palestinian village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was occupied on 12 April 1948 by Israeli troops during the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek.

Geography[edit]

Al-Mansi is located on the western side of Marj Ibn 'Amer (Jezreel Valley), and is 30 km southeast of Haifa city. It is situated at an elevation of 125 meters above sea level. The total land area is (12,272 Dunums;12,272,000 m²)[2][4]

History[edit]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as "a small ruined village, with springs."[5]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al-Mansi had a population 72; 68 Muslims and 4 Christians,[6] where the Christian was Roman Catholics.[7] This had increasing in the 1931 census to 467; 461 Muslims and 6 Christians, in a total of 98 houses.[8]

In 1944-45, al-Mansi had 292 houses, most constructed from stone. It had one elementary school, a mosque and a mill. The land used to be planted with olives, cereals and vegetable. Al-Mansi had six springs in its vicinity which supplied it with drinking water.[9] In 1945, it had a population of 1,200 Arab inhabitants, and the total land area was 12,272 dunams.[2] Of the land, Arabs used 1,391 dunams for plantations and irrigable land, 6,559 for grains,[10] while 17 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.[11]

1948 War and aftermath[edit]

The newspaper Filastin reported that Zionist forces had infiltrated al-Mansi on 9 April, resulting in an exchange of fire with the village's defenders.[12] According to Fawzi al-Qawuqji, the Arab Liberation Army forces withdrew to al-Mansi on 11 April, after a "violent" counter-attack.[13]

On 12 April, al-Mansi and other villages in its vicinity were ethnically cleansed and destroyed by Israeli troops[14] and its inhabitants became refugees, most of them currently living in the Palestinian refugee camps, or in Jordan, Syria, Germany and the United States.

The Israeli settlement Midrakh Oz was built close to the village site in 1952, and is occupying part of the village's former lands. The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village in 1992: "The remains of the school and the mosque are still standing in the midst of a thick undergrowth composed of vines and thorny bushes. The exposed foundations of the village buildings, surrounded by stone rubble, can be seen throughout the site. The agricultural kibbutz of Midrakh Oz occupies part of the adjacent land. The rest is used for growing avocado trees and raising poultry and cattle."[12]

Some of the people of al-Mansi in Jordan formed a social club in Amman called Diwan al-Mansi (Arabic: ديوان آلالمنسي‎), and in 2005 a book on al-Mansi was published.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 151
  2. ^ a b c d Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village # 148
  4. ^ The Atlas of Palestine 1948, Dr. Salman Abu Sitta
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 67
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 49
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 90
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 176-177
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 91
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 141
  12. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 177
  13. ^ al-Qawuqji, 1972, "Memoirs, 1948, Part I", Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 177
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p.
  15. ^ المنسي (فلسطين , قضاء حيفا): إحدى القرى التي دمرتها إسرائيل عام 1948. تأليف إسماعيل محمود موسى محسن الجندي. دار النظم للنشر والتوزيع, عمان، اغسطس (آب) من سنة 2005

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]