|Name meaning||The forgotten|
|Also spelled||'Arab Baniha|
|Date of depopulation||12–13 April 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
|Current localities||Midrakh Oz|
Al-Mansi (Arabic: المنسي, also called 'Arab Baniha Arabic: عرب بنيها) was a Palestinian village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was occupied on 12 April 1948 by Israeli troops during the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek.
Al-Mansi is located on the western side of Marj Ibn 'Amer (Jezreel Valley), and is 30 km southeast of Haifa city. It is situated at an elevation of 125 meters above sea level. The total land area is (12,272 Dunums;12,272,000 m²)
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al-Mansi had a population 72; 68 Muslims and 4 Christians, where the Christian was Roman Catholics. This had increased in the 1931 census to 467; 461 Muslims and 6 Christians, in a total of 98 houses.
In 1944-45, al-Mansi had 292 houses, most constructed from stone. It had one elementary school, a mosque and a mill. The land used to be planted with olives, cereals and vegetable. Al-Mansi had six springs in its vicinity which supplied it with drinking water. In 1945, it had a population of 1,200 inhabitants; 1,180 Muslims and 20 Christians, and the total land area was 12,272 dunams. Of the land, Arabs used 1,391 dunams for plantations and irrigable land, 6,559 for grains, while 17 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.
1948 War and aftermath
On the 9th April, 1948, Golani troops informed their headquarter that “Our forces are fighting in …Mansi.. We are preparing to destroy the villages when we evacuate them.” The newspaper Filastin reported that Zionist forces had infiltrated al-Mansi on 9 April, resulting in an exchange of fire with the village's defenders. According to Fawzi al-Qawuqji, the Arab Liberation Army forces withdrew to al-Mansi on 11 April, after a "violent" counter-attack.
On 12 April, al-Mansi and other villages in its vicinity were attacked by Haganah troops, and their inhabitants evacuated, and its inhabitants became refugees, most of them currently living in the Palestinian refugee camps, or in Jordan, Syria, Germany and the United States. The following days, the buildings of al-Mansi were blown up by Haganah.
The Israeli settlement Midrakh Oz was built close to the village site in 1952, and is occupying part of the village's former lands. The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village in 1992: "The remains of the school and the mosque are still standing in the midst of a thick undergrowth composed of vines and thorny bushes. The exposed foundations of the village buildings, surrounded by stone rubble, can be seen throughout the site. The agricultural kibbutz of Midrakh Oz occupies part of the adjacent land. The rest is used for growing avocado trees and raising poultry and cattle."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 151
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village # 148
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 177
- The Atlas of Palestine 1948, Dr. Salman Abu Sitta
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 67
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
- Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p.49
- Mills, 1932, p. 90
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 176-177
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 91
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 141
- Morris, 2004, p. 346, 397, notes #28, 32
- al-Qawuqji, 1972, "Memoirs, 1948, Part I", Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 177
- Morris, 2004, pp. 242; notes #603, 604
- Morris, 2004, pp. 242
- المنسي (فلسطين , قضاء حيفا): إحدى القرى التي دمرتها إسرائيل عام 1948. تأليف إسماعيل محمود موسى محسن الجندي. دار النظم للنشر والتوزيع, عمان، اغسطس (آب) من سنة 2005
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- al-Qawuqji, Fauzi (1972): Memoirs of al-Qawuqji, Fauzi in Journal of Palestine Studies
- "Memoirs, 1948, Part I" in 1, no. 4 (Sum. 72): 27-58., dpf-file, downloadable
- "Memoirs, 1948, Part II" in 2, no. 1 (Aut. 72): 3-33., dpf-file, downloadable