Umm ash Shauf
Umm al Shauf
|Etymology: The place with the harrow|
|Geopolitical entity||Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of depopulation||May 12–14, 1948|
|• Total||7,426 dunams (7.426 km2 or 2.867 sq mi)|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
|Current Localities||Givat Nili|
Umm al-Shawf or Umm ash Shauf (Arabic: أُم الشوف, Umm esh Shauf) was a Palestinian Arab village located 29.5 km south of Haifa, on the sloping section of Wadi al-Marah. It was depopulated as a result of a military assault between May 12–14, just before the outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Umm ash Shuf as: "a small village well supplied with water from two springs on the north, on which side is a little garden."
British Mandate era
In 1945, it had a population of 480 Muslim inhabitants, with 7,426 dunams of land. Of this, 107 dunums of land were for plantations and irrigable land, 6,175 for cereals, while 31 dunams were classified as built-up land.
1948 and aftermath
IZL troops searched some refugees from Umm ash Shauf, and found one pistol and one rifle. They took seven young men from the refugees aside, and when none of them admitted to owning the weapons, they were all executed.
In 1992 the village site was described: "Piles of stone debris from the houses are scattered about the site, which is overgrown with cactuses, thorns, and bushes. The shrine of Shaykh 'Abd Allah still stands."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 154
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii village #157. Also gives cause of depopulation.
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 199
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 43
- Schumacher, 1888, p. 181
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
- Mills, 1932, p. 97
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 92
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 142
- Morris, 2004, p. 243 notes #613 to 615, p. 297
- Morris, 2004, p. 244 note #617, p. 297
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Schumacher, G. (1888). "Population list of the Liwa of Akka". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 20: 169–191.