|Etymology: El Jelil, meaning "illustrious/grand" (Ar), or "a district/circuit"(He)|
|Geopolitical entity||Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of depopulation||End of March- April 3, 1948|
|• Total||2,450 dunams (2.45 km2 or 610 acres)|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Fear of being caught up in the fighting|
|Current Localities||Glil Yam|
Ijlil al-Shamaliyya (Arabic: إجليل الشمالية Ijlīl aš-Šamāliyya) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jaffa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 3, 1948.
During the late Ottoman period, in June 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited both villages. He described them as one unit called Edjlil, situated on a hill and divided into two districts. Together, they had 380 inhabitants. The houses were built of rammed earth or with different small aggregates mixed in with kneaded and dried silt. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the two villages, named El Jelil, as "a mud village, with a well l to the south and a second to the north. [..] A small olive-grove exists to the south-east."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the twin villages of Ijlil (spelled Jelil) had a population of 154, all Muslims, increasing by the 1931 census to 305, still all Muslim. In 1943 Glil Yam was founded on what was traditionally village land, to the east of the village site,
In the 1945 statistics the population of Ijlil al-Shamaliyya consisted of 190 Muslims and the land area was 2,450 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this land, 183 dunams were designated for citrus and bananas, 13 for plantations and irrigable land, 1,574 for cereals, while seven dunams were built-up areas. Also in 1945, a school was founded in the village and shared with Ijlil al-Qibliyya. It had 64 students in its first year. The village also had a mosque and several small shops.
1948 war, and aftermath
In December 1947 and January 1948 the leaders of al-Shaykh Muwannis, al-Mas'udiyya, al-Jammasin al-Sharqi, al-Jammasin al-Gharbi, and the mukhtars of 'Arab Abu Kishk and the two Ijlil-villages met with Haganah representatives in Petah Tikva. These villages wanted peace, and promised not to harbor any Arab Liberation Army soldiers or local Arab militia. They further promised that, in the case they were not able to keep them out alone, they were to call on Haganah for help.
By mid-March 1948, the Alexandroni Brigade had imposed isolation, dubbed "quarantine", of al-Shaykh Muwannis, 'Arab Abu Kishk and the two Ijlil-villages. However, on 12 March, the LHI kidnapped five village notables from al-Shaykh Muwannis. This undermined the villagers' trust in former agreements, and many left. The people of the two Ijlil-villages also left, after asking Jewish neighbours to look after their property.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 214
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 27
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 52
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #196. Also gives cause of depopulation
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 243
- Guérin, 1875, p. 374
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 251
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
- Mills, 1932, p. 13
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 95
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 145
- Morris, 2004, p. 91
- Morris, 2004, p. 127
- Morris, 2004, p. 128
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, V. (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 2 Samarie, pt. 2.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome To Ijlil al-Shamaliyya
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 13: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Ijlil al Shamaliyya from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
- Ijlil al-Shamaliyya, Zochrot
- Ijlil tour, 20.3.04, from Zochrot
- Ibrahim Abu-Sneineh, Ijlil, Testimony collected in preparation for Zochrot's tour and booklet of Ijlil, March 30, 2004
- Mahmoud Abu-Sneineh, Ijlil, Testimony collected in preparation for Zochrot's tour and booklet of Ijlil, March 20, 2004.
- Remembering Ijlil, Ijlil Booklet, 03/2004