Shilta

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Shiltah
Shiltah.jpg
Members of the Yiftach Brigade in Shiltah during Operation Danny. 1948
Shiltah is located in Mandatory Palestine
Shiltah
Shiltah
Arabic شلتة
Name meaning Shilta, from personal name[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°55′04″N 35°01′14″E / 31.91778°N 35.02056°E / 31.91778; 35.02056Coordinates: 31°55′04″N 35°01′14″E / 31.91778°N 35.02056°E / 31.91778; 35.02056
Palestine grid 152/147
Population 100[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation July 15–16, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Shilat[5] Kfar Ruth[5]

Shilta was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on July 18, 1948 by the First Battalion of the Yiftach Brigade in the Operation Dani. It was located 15 km east of Ramla.

History[edit]

Shards from the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine eras have been found here, and possible shards from the Umayyad, Abbasid and the Crusader eras.[6] During the Crusader era the place was called Kefrscilta or Capharscylta.[5][6]

Shards from the Mamluk era has also been found, though Finkelstein label also this find questionable.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1870, Victor Guérin visited and noted that the village was "reduced to a few houses, it succeeded an ancient locality, as is proved by several cisterns dug in the middle of a rocky platform flattened by the man's hand, and a number of stones scattered here and there or embedded in Muslim buildings."[7]

An Ottoman village list from about the same year showed that Schi’ra had 13 houses and a population of 41, though the population count included men, only. It was noted that it was located east of Jimzu.[8][9]

British Mandate era[edit]

According to a census conducted in 1931 by the British Mandate authorities, Shilta had a population of 22 inhabitants, in 7 houses.[10]

The village had a mosque at the north end of the village, and there was a shrine of Shayk Ahmad al Shiltawi near it.[5]

In 1945, the village had a population of 100 Muslims,[2] with a total of 5,380 dunums of land.[3] Of this, 27 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,159 dunums were used for cereals,[11] while 6 dunams were classified as built-up public areas.[12]

1948, aftermath[edit]

Shilta was depopulated after a military assault July 15–16, 1948.[4]

Israel established Shilat and Kfar Ruth on village land in 1977.[5]

In 1992, the village site was described: "The site is overgrown with mountain flora, including long grasses and pomegranate, almond, and carob trees. Some of the cactus hedges survive, and several wells also are visible. Israeli have built greenhouses for growing flowers, [] Israeli settlement houses have been built on village land."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 245
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #235. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Khalidi, 1992, p. 415
  6. ^ a b c Finkelstein, et. al, 1997, p. 135
  7. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 51
  8. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 161
  9. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 138 also noted 13 houses
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 23
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 117
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 167

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]