Sufla

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Sufla
Sufla is located in Mandatory Palestine
Sufla
Sufla
Arabic سفلى
Name meaning the low ground[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°44′5″N 35°2′28″E / 31.73472°N 35.04111°E / 31.73472; 35.04111Coordinates: 31°44′5″N 35°2′28″E / 31.73472°N 35.04111°E / 31.73472; 35.04111
Palestine grid 153/126
Population 60[2][3] (1945)
Area 2,061 dunams
Date of depopulation October 19, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Sufla (Arabic: سفلى‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jerusalem Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on October 19, 1948 by the Sixth Battalion of the Harel Brigade under Operation Ha-Har. It was located 18.5 km west of Jerusalem.

History[edit]

Remains from the Crusader era have been found here.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1863 Victor Guérin noted a large grotto, partly filled with water. According to Guérin, Sufla was "reduced to a dozen houses."[6]

An official Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that safle had a total of 8 houses and a population of 18, though the population count included men only.[7]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Es Sifleh as "a small village on a narrow ridge, which falls rapidly from Beit 'Atab. On the south-east is a fine spring ('Ain Sitti Hasna) coming out of a cleft in the rocks."[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Sufleh had a population of 46 inhabitants, all Muslims,[9] increasing slightly in the 1931 census to a population of 49 inhabitants, in 10 houses.[10]

In 1945, the village had a population of 60 Muslims,[2] with a total of 2,061 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of the land, 400 dunams were for cereals,[11] while 3 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[12]

A shrine was located in the village dedicated to a local sage called al-Shaykh Mu'annis.[5]

1948, aftermath[edit]

The village was depopulated in October, 1948, by the Harel Brigade under Operation Ha-Har, as were the villages of Dayr Aban, Bayt 'Itab, Beit Jimal, Bayt Nattif, Az-Zakariyya, and Al-Burayj.[13]

As of 1992, there were no Israeli settlements on village lands.[5] In 1992, the village site was described as: "Stone rubble from houses is scattered throughout the site, which has become an open grazing area. Cave-like structures, formerly used as dwellings, also are present, and cactuses grow among the ruins and rubble. The village cemetery lies to the east of the site, and almond and olive groves cover the areas to the west and north."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 329
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 58
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #340. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 319
  6. ^ Guérin, 1869, pp. 321-322
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 159
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 26
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 23
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 104
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 154
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 466

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]