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Al-Manshiyya, Tulkarm

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This article is about the village in the Tulkarm District. For other villages, see Al-Manshiyya.
Al-Manshiyya
Arabic المنشية
Also spelled Khirbet Manshiya[1]
Subdistrict Tulkarm
Palestine grid 144/200
Population 260[2] (1945)
Area 16,770 dunams
Date of depopulation April 15, 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Ein ha-Horesh,[3] Giv'at Chayirn,[3] and Ahituv[3]

Al-Manshiyya (Arabic: المنشية‎‎), also known as Khirbat Manshiyya, was a Palestinian Arab village in the Tulkarm Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 15, 1948 under Operation Coastal Clearing. It was located 12.5 km northwest of Tulkarm.

History

The villagers traced their origin to Abasan, in the Gaza district.[3]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Manshiyeh had a population of 94 Muslims,[4] while in the 1931 census the village was counted under Attil, together with Jalama and Zalafa.[5]

Ein ha-Horesh and Giv'at Chayirn were founded in 1931 and 1932 on what traditionally had been village land.[3]

In 1945, it had a population of 260 Muslims,[2] with a total of 16,770 dunums of land.[6] Of this, Arabs used 1 dunam for citrus and bananas, 12 were plantations and irrigated land, 12,485 were for cereals,[7] while total of 437 dunams were classified as “non-cultivable” areas.[8]

1948, aftermath

In December 1947, villagers from Al-Manshiyya approached Givat Haim to conclude a local non-belligerent agreement.[9][10]

In April 1948, Haganah had established policy of "cleaning out" the local Arabs from the coastal area. The villagers of Al-Manshiyya evacuated eastwards, apparently after "reaching an agreement with Haganah representatives that Jewish settlements would safeguard their property and allow them to return after the war."[11]

However, on 12 April, 1948, even before the village was evacuated, the "Committee for new settlements" had destined Al-Manshiyya to be the location of a new, Jewish settlement.[12]

In 1951 Ahituv was founded on the land of Al-Manshiyya.[3]

In 1992 the village remains were described: "A paved street bisects the site. The Israeli settlement of Giv'at Chayyim lies on both sides of this street, and there is a large cow barn at the southern end of it. Cactuses grow near the village entrance. Stones from the destroyed village houses are used as boundaries between flower beds, especially those lying along the street. Cotton, pistachios, and fruits are grown on the surrounding land."[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #184. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Khalidi, 1992, p. 557
  4. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
  5. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 53
  6. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
  9. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 92, note #140
  10. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 145, note #140: "Subject: Local Arabs approaches for Peace with the Jews"
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 245
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 371, note #168

Bibliography

External links