Al-Tira, Ramle

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Al-Tira
Al-Tira is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Tira
Al-Tira
Arabic
Name meaning "The Fort"[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 32°01′01.7″N 34°56′34.9″E / 32.017139°N 34.943028°E / 32.017139; 34.943028Coordinates: 32°01′01.7″N 34°56′34.9″E / 32.017139°N 34.943028°E / 32.017139; 34.943028
Population 1290 (1945)
Area
Date of depopulation July 10, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Al-Tira was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on July 10, 1948 by the Alexandroni and Armored (Eighth) brigades under Operation Dani. It was located 12 km northeast of Ramla. al-Tira was mostly destroyed with the exception of a few houses survived destruction.

History[edit]

In 1517, Tira was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire along with the rest of Palestine, and by 1596 it was a part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Ramla, which was under the administration of the liwa ("district") of Gaza. A village of 160, it paid taxes on wheat, barley, vineyards, fruit trees, beehives, and goats.[3]

French scholar Victor Guérin visited Tira in 1870, and he described the village as being made of adobe, with 700 inhabitants.[4] A decade later, The Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A mud village of moderate size, with cactus hedges, situated at the edge of the plain, the hills rising behind; on the west, by the high road, is a good well, with remains of masonry."[5]

In 1945, the village had a population of 1,290. An elementary school was founded in 1922, and by 1947-48, it had an enrollment of 110 boys and 22 girls.

al-'Umari Mosque was one of the notable landmarks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.246
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p xviii village #216. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah, 1977, Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, p.153, cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 417
  4. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 355, cited in Petersen, 2002, p. 307
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP, II, p.298

Bibliography[edit]