Al-Tira, Ramle

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Al-Tira
Al-Tira is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Tira
Al-Tira
Name meaning "The Fort"[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 32°01′01.7″N 34°56′34.9″E / 32.017139°N 34.943028°E / 32.017139; 34.943028Coordinates: 32°01′01.7″N 34°56′34.9″E / 32.017139°N 34.943028°E / 32.017139; 34.943028
Palestine grid 144/158
Population 1290 (1945)
Date of depopulation July 10, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Al-Tira was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on July 10, 1948 by the Alexandroni and Armored (Eighth) brigades under Operation Dani. It was located 12 km northeast of Ramla. al-Tira was mostly destroyed with the exception of a few houses survived destruction.

History[edit]

In 1517, Tira was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire along with the rest of Palestine, and by 1596 it was a part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Ramla, which was under the administration of the liwa ("district") of Gaza. A village of 160, it paid taxes on wheat, barley, vineyards, fruit trees, beehives, and goats.[3]

In 1870, Victor Guérin found it to be a “village of seven hundred inhabitants, with gardens planted with fig trees and pomegranates, separated from each other by hedges of cactus.”[4] Guérin also found here caves and a tomb cut in the rock; also, still standing, the door of an ancient house, its two jambs formed of great cut stones covered by a splendid block forming the lintel, and formerly decorated by mouldings, now effaced.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A mud village of moderate size, with cactus hedges, situated at the edge of the plain, the hills rising behind; on the west, by the high road, is a good well, with remains of masonry."[6]

In 1945, the village had a population of 1,290. An elementary school was founded in 1922, and by 1947-48, it had an enrollment of 110 boys and 22 girls.

al-'Umari Mosque was one of the notable landmarks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.246
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p xviii village #216. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 153, cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 417
  4. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 355
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 391; as given by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 378
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP, II, p. 298

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]