Ma'dhar

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Ma'dhar
Name meaning from personal name,[1]
Subdistrict Tiberias
Palestine grid 193/233
Population 480[2][3] (1945)
Area 11,666[3] dunams
Date of depopulation April 6, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Abandonment on Arab orders
Current localities Kefar Qish[5]

Ma'dhar was a Palestinian village in the Tiberias Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 12, 1948 by the Golani Brigade of Operation Gideon. It was located 12.5 km southwest of Tiberias.

History[edit]

Ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here.[6]

The Crusaders referred to Ma'dhar as Kapharmater.

Ottoman era[edit]

Ma'dhar was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and by 1596, it was a village of 94 inhabitants under the administration of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Tiberias, part of the sanjak of Safad. It paid taxes on wheat, barley, goats, beehives and orchards.[7][8] A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as Chara, but misplaced.[9]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the village as having about 250 Muslim residents, in a village made of basalt and other stone. Water was supplied from cisterns an springs.[10]

A population list from about 1887 showed Madher to have about 975 inhabitants; all Muslims.[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine, Madhar had a population of 347 Muslims,[12] increasing slightly to 359 Muslims living in 91 houses by the 1931 census.[13]

By 1945, the village population was 480 Muslims,[2] and the total land area was 11,666 dunums of land.[3] 498 dunams were irrigated or used for orchards, 10,766 used for cereals,[14] while 63 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

Ma'dhar had a school founded by the Ottomans, but closed during the British Mandate period. Ma'dhar contained a mosque and still has the ruins of a church, a burial ground, and ruined Crusader fortress called Casel de Cherio.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 130
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 12
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 72
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #105. Also gives cause of depopulation
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 529
  6. ^ Dauphin, 1998, pp. 729–730
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 190. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 528
  8. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  9. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 361. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 528
  11. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 186
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, p. 39
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p.83
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 122
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 172

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]