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Makabayang Katipunan ng mga Pilipino
Country Second Philippine Republic
FoundationNovember 1944
Preceded byGanap Party
MotivesSupport for Japanese occupiers in the Philippines

The Makabayang Katipunan ng mga Pilipino (Patriotic Association of Filipinos), better known as the Makapili, was a militant group formed in the Philippines in 1944 during World War II to give military aid to the Imperial Japanese Army.[1] Organized by Benigno Ramos and Artemio Ricarte, they were born out of José P. Laurel's refusal to conscript Filipinos for Japan.[2]

The Japanese decreed that the group be founded in November 1944 when they brought together many of the supporters of the defunct Ganap Party.[3] Like Ganap its main area of support was Metro Manila, although Makapili established chapters across the islands, attracting some support.[4] In all it attracted 4 to 6,000 members, many of them poor or landless farmers who came to the group due to vague promises of land reform after the war.[5] Their main purpose was to counter the recognized guerrilla and the Philippine Commonwealth military activity by anti-Japanese forces in rural areas and to this end members of Makapili were given rudimentary military training.[5]

After the war ended in 1945, the group was disbanded and vilified for its involvement in some Japanese atrocities in the islands and individual members faced trials for treason as a result.[6]

A 1951 film of the same name was made starring Justina David.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "G.R. No. L-943". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  2. ^ Jovito Salonga, 'A tribute to Dr. Jose P. Laurel'
  3. ^ William J. Pomeroy, The Philippines: Colonialism, Collaboration, and Resistance, p. 114
  4. ^ "ASIAN JOURNAL a San Diego original. The 1st Asian Journal in Ca,USA. A Filipino American weekly. Online - Digital - Print Editions". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  5. ^ a b Stein Ugelvik Larsen, Fascism Outside Europe, Columbia University Press, 2001, p. 785
  6. ^ "G.R. No. L-885". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Makapili (1951)". IMDb. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.