Khirbat Umm Sabuna

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Umm Sabuna
Umm Sabuna is located in Mandatory Palestine
Umm Sabuna
Umm Sabuna
Arabic خربة أم صابونة
Name meaning the ruin of the mother of the soap-maker[1]
Also spelled Kh. Umm Sabôny
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°35′10″N 35°32′32″E / 32.58611°N 35.54222°E / 32.58611; 35.54222Coordinates: 32°35′10″N 35°32′32″E / 32.58611°N 35.54222°E / 32.58611; 35.54222
Palestine grid 201/221
Population 868 (1948)
Date of depopulation May 21, 1948

Umm Sabuna (Arabic: خربة أم صابونة‎‎), was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Baysan. It was depopulated by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on May 21, 1948 as part of Operation Gideon. It was located 10.5 km northeast of Baysan and the 'Ayn Umm-Sabuna provided the village with water.

Location[edit]

Umm Sabuna was located at the foothill south-east of Kawkab al-Hawa.[2]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Kh. Umm Sabôn "Foundations of buildings, apparently modern."[3]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, it was counted under the Arab Es Saqr, who had a total population of 444; 443 Muslims and 1 Christian, in a total of 85 houses.[4]

The village was classified as a "hamlet" by the Palestine Index Gazetteer.[2]

The population in 1948 was 868.

1948, aftermath[edit]

Khirbat Umm Sabuna presumably became depopulated as part of Operation Gideon, between 16th and 21st of May, 1948.[2]

Neve Ur, established in 1949, is located 1 km east of the village site.[2]

In 1992, the village site was described: "Only stone rubble remains on the village site. An orchard owned by the Neve Ur settlement is on village land. The hilly areas around the site are used by Israeli farmers for grazing."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 163
  2. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1991, p. 65
  3. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 125
  4. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 81

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]