Al-Qubayba, Ramle

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Al-Qubayba
Kubeiba upper building - Kfar Gvirol - Rehovot 2.jpg
Relic of a house built in Al-Qubayba before 1948
Al-Qubayba is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Qubayba
Al-Qubayba
Arabic القبيبة
Name meaning The little dome[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°53′41″N 34°46′17″E / 31.89472°N 34.77139°E / 31.89472; 34.77139Coordinates: 31°53′41″N 34°46′17″E / 31.89472°N 34.77139°E / 31.89472; 34.77139
Palestine grid 128/144
Population 1,720[2][3] (1945)
Area 10,737[3] dunams
Date of depopulation May 27–28, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ge'alya;[5] Kfar Gevirol;[5] Kefar Hanaggid is near settlement land,[6] but located on land belonging to Yibna

Al-Qubayba (Arabic: القبيبة‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on May 27, 1948, by the Givati Brigade as part of the Second stage of Operation Barak. It was located 10.5 km southeast of Ramla near the Rubin River (or Wadi al-Sarar) which provided the village with water and irrigation for agriculture. Al-Qubayba was mostly destroyed with the exception of a few houses, and Kfar Gevirol was built in its place, now a suburb in the west of Rehovot.

History[edit]

In the late Ottoman era, Pierre Jacotin noted it as an unnamed village on his map from 1799.[7]

In 1863, Victor Guérin found the village to contains four hundred and fifty inhabitants. The houses were grouped together on a hill, and surrounded by gardens planted with figs, olives, cucumbers, and tobacco.[8]

An Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed Kubebe with a population of 499, in 210 houses, though the population count included men, only.[9][10]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kubeibeh as "a moderately large village, principally of mud, with cactus hedges surrounding gardens, standing on high ground. There is a well in the gardens to the east, and another to the south of the village."[11]

In 1896 the population of El-kubebe was estimated to be about 144 persons. It was also noted that the 1870 population numbers had probably been too high.[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

An elementary school for boys was founded in 1929, and by 1945 it had an enrollment of 344 students.[13]

In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, El Qubeiba had 799 Muslim inhabitants in 160 houses.[14]

In 1945, the village had a population of 1,720 Muslims,[2] and the total land area was 10,737 dunams.[3] Of this, Arabs used 4,639 dunams for citrus and bananas, 1,143 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, 2,972 dunums were allocated to cereals,[15] while 43 dunams were classified as built-up urban areas.[16]

1948, aftermath[edit]

The Israeli settlements of Ge'alya and Kfar Gevirol were constructed on village land.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 272
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #251. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 408
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #85.
  7. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 171
  8. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 52
  9. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 157
  10. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 133, noted 209 houses
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 408
  12. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 126
  13. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 407
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 22
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116.
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]