Bayt 'Affa

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Bayt 'Affa
Bayt 'Affa is located in Mandatory Palestine
Bayt 'Affa
Bayt 'Affa
Arabic بيت عفا
Name meaning The house of Affeh (or chaste)[1]
Subdistrict Gaza
Coordinates 31°39′41″N 34°42′24″E / 31.66139°N 34.70667°E / 31.66139; 34.70667Coordinates: 31°39′41″N 34°42′24″E / 31.66139°N 34.70667°E / 31.66139; 34.70667
Palestine grid 122/118
Population 700[2][3] (1945)
Area 5,808[3] dunams
Date of depopulation Not known[4]

Bayt 'Affa was a Palestinian village in the Gaza Subdistrict. It was depopulated and destroyed during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. It was located 29 km northeast of Gaza and Wadi al-Rana ran east of the village.

History[edit]

The village had a khirba which contained the remains of walls made of ancient columns, uncut stones and a well.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

Incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine , Bayt 'Affa appeared in the 1596 tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Gaza of the Liwa of Gazza. It had a population of 26 households,[6] that is 143 inhabitants,[7] all Muslim, who paid taxes on wheat, barley, vine yards and fruit trees.[5]

In 1863, Victor Guérin found it to be a village of 400 inhabitants, surrounded by tobacco and cucumber fields,[8] while an Ottoman village list of about 1870 indicated 37 houses and a population of 90, though the population count included men, only.[9]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's "Survey of Western Palestine", described Bayt 'Affa as resembling Iraq Suwaydan; that is, a moderate-sized adobe village situated on a plain. In addition, Bayt 'Affa was supplied with a well.[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

According to the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bayt 'Affa had a population of 422 inhabitants, all Muslims.[11] which had increased in the 1931 census to 462, still all Muslim.[12]

In 1945, there were 700 Muslims,[2] with 5,808 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 14 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 5,657 used for cereals,[13] while 26 dunams were built-up land.[14]

1948, aftermath[edit]

The population probably left their homes following the capture of the village by the Israeli army around 9 July 1948. The Egyptian army drove the Israelis out a few days later and the village was not re-taken until Operation Yoav in the second half of October. The village was destroyed.[5]

Yad Natan was established north west of Bayt 'Affa, on land belonging to Iraq Suwaydan.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 365
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 31
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 45
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #303. Morris gives both cause and date for depopulation as "Not known"
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 86
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 144
  7. ^ as estimated in Khalidi, 1992, p.
  8. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 126
  9. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 145
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 259, Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 86
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 9
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 2
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 86
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 136

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]