Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen
September 23, 1949
Long Branch, New Jersey, U.S.
|Children||3, including Jessica|
|Relatives||Pamela Springsteen (sister)|
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter, and musician. He has released twenty studio albums, many of which feature his backing band, the E Street Band. Originally from the Jersey Shore, he is one of the originators of the heartland rock style of music, combining mainstream rock musical style with narrative songs about working class American life. During a career that has spanned five decades, Springsteen has become known for his poetic, socially conscious lyrics and energetic stage performances, sometimes lasting up to four hours in length. He has been nicknamed "The Boss".
While he received critical acclaim for first two albums, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. and The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle (both 1973), Springsteen failed to find a mainstream audience with his Dylanesque folk rock style. Threatened to be dropped by his label unless sales improved, he changed up his style and reached worldwide popularity with his third album, Born to Run, released 1975. Legal battles with his management following the success of Born To Run kept Springsteen out of the studio for three years; the 1978 followup album Darkness on the Edge of Town features much darker lyrical themes, and has been assessed as one of the most critically lauded of his albums. The three year gap had given Springsteen enough time to write dozens of new songs, several of which were held over for his 1980 double album The River, which would be his first album to reach the top spot on the Billboard 200 album chart. Changing gears in 1982, he released a solo album of demo recordings, Nebraska, without the E Street Band.
Recorded over several sessions beginning in 1982 with the E Street Band, Born in the U.S.A. (1984) is Springsteen's most commercially successful album, making him one of the most successful rock figures of the 1980s. It was certified 15 × platinum in the US and has sold 30 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time. Seven of its singles reached the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100 including the title track, which was a bitter commentary on the treatment of Vietnam veterans — some of whom were Springsteen's friends. Advocating for the rights of the common working-class man, the song made a huge political impact.
Already well known for his live shows, a box set of live recordings, Live 1975–85, was released in 1986. By the late 1980s, Springsteen had put the E Street Band on hiatus, and though individual members of the band were brought in to record some parts, he released his next three albums, Tunnel of Love (1987), Human Touch (1992), and Lucky Town (1992) using mostly session musicians. He re-assembled the E Street Band to record four new tracks for his 1995 Greatest Hits compilation, and then released the folk album The Ghost of Tom Joad, for which he won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Folk Album. The rest of the 1990s were mostly quiet, as Springsteen only released a five-song EP of new material, Blood Brothers (1996), which contained unreleased recordings from the brief 1995 reunion with the E Street Band. An outakes collection was released as a boxed set in 1998, Tracks, and in 1999 in abridged form as the single album 18 Tracks.
Another reunion with the E Street Band occurred following the September 11 attacks, with the album The Rising serving as a tribute to the people who died in the attacks. It would be the first full-length album of new material by the group in 18 years. Springsteen released two more folk albums, Devils & Dust in 2005, and We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions in 2006, which won him another Grammy, this one for Best Traditional Folk Album. Two more albums with the full E Street Band followed: Magic (2007) and Working on a Dream (2009). In 2010 he released The Promise, a collection of unused tracks from the Darkness on the Edge of Town sessions. His solo album Wrecking Ball (2012) would be his biggest album in a decade, reaching the number on spot on the Billboard 200 and the same level of success in numerous countries around the world, Rolling Stone named it their album of the year for 2012, and it produced three Grammy nominations. The follow-up album, High Hopes (2014) recorded with the E Street Band and guest musician Tom Morello, also reached number 1 on the album charts. Delving into country music for the first time, he released the solo album Western Stars in 2019, and amid the COVID-19 pandemic released his most recent album in 2020, Letter to You, recorded with the E Street Band.
Springsteen has released a number of well known songs that have been mainstays on mainstream rock and classic rock stations. Among these are "Born to Run" (1975), "Thunder Road" (1975), "Badlands" (1978), "Hungry Heart" (1980), "The River" (1980), "Atlantic City" (1982), "Dancing in the Dark" (1984), "I'm on Fire" (1984), "Glory Days" (1984), "Brilliant Disguise" (1987), "Human Touch" (1992), "Streets of Philadelphia" (1994), "The Rising" (2002), and "We Take Care of Our Own" (2012).
Among the album era's prominent acts, Springsteen has sold more than 150 million records worldwide and more than 64 million albums in the United States, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists. He has earned numerous awards for his work, including 20 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award (for Springsteen on Broadway). Springsteen was inducted into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999, received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009, was named MusiCares person of the year in 2013, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2016. He is ranked 23rd on Rolling Stone's list of the Greatest Artists of All Time.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen was born at Monmouth Medical Center, in Long Branch, New Jersey, on September 23, 1949. He is of Dutch, Irish, and Italian descent. He spent his childhood in Freehold, New Jersey, where he lived on South Street. His father, Douglas Frederick "Dutch" Springsteen (1924–1998), worked as a bus driver and held other jobs. Douglas Springsteen suffered from mental health problems throughout his life which worsened in his later years. Springsteen's mother, Adele Ann (née Zerilli) (born 1925), was originally from the Bay Ridge neighborhood in Brooklyn, worked as a legal secretary, and was the main breadwinner in Springsteen's family. Springsteen has two younger sisters, Virginia and Pamela. The latter had a brief acting career, but left to pursue photography full time; she later took photos for his albums Human Touch, Lucky Town, and The Ghost of Tom Joad.
Springsteen's Italian maternal grandfather was born in Vico Equense. He emigrated through Ellis Island, and could not read or write when he arrived. He eventually became a lawyer, and impressed the young Springsteen as being larger than life. The name Springsteen is topographic and of Dutch origin, literally translated as "jump stone" but more generally a stepping stone used on unpaved streets or between two houses. The Springsteens, originally from the province of Groningen, were among the early Dutch families who settled in the colony of New Netherland in the 1600s.
Raised a Catholic, Springsteen attended the St. Rose of Lima Catholic school in Freehold, where he was at odds with the nuns and rebelled against the strictures imposed upon him, even though some of his later music reflects a Catholic ethos and includes a few rock-influenced, traditional Irish-Catholic hymns. In a 2012 interview, he explained that it was his Catholic upbringing rather than political ideology that most influenced his music. He remarked that his faith had given him a "very active spiritual life" but joked that this "made it very difficult sexually". He added, "Once a Catholic, always a Catholic." He grew up hearing fellow New Jersey singer Frank Sinatra on the radio and became interested in being a musician himself when, in 1956 and 1957, at the age of seven, he saw Elvis Presley on The Ed Sullivan Show. Soon after, his mother rented him a guitar from Mike Diehl's Music in Freehold for $6 a week, but it failed to provide him with the instant gratification he desired.
In ninth grade, Springsteen began attending the public Freehold High School, but did not fit in there either. Former teachers have said he was a "loner who wanted nothing more than to play his guitar". He graduated in 1967, but felt so alienated that he skipped the ceremony. He briefly attended Ocean County College, but dropped out. Called for the draft when he was 19, Springsteen failed the physical examination and avoided service in the Vietnam War. He had suffered a concussion in a motorcycle accident when he was 17, and this, together with his "crazy" behavior at induction, made him unacceptable for service. The Springsteen family moved to San Mateo, California, in 1969, but Bruce, 20, and his sister, Virginia, married and pregnant, stayed behind.
1964–1972: Early career
In 1964, Springsteen saw the Beatles' appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. Inspired, he bought his first guitar for $18.95 at the Western Auto Appliance Store. Thereafter, he started playing for audiences with a band called the Rogues at local venues such as the Elks Lodge in Freehold.
In late 1964, Springsteen's mother took out a loan to buy him a $60 Kent guitar. Springsteen later memorialized this act in his song "The Wish". The following year, he went to the house of Tex and Marion Vinyard, who sponsored young bands in town. They helped him become the lead guitarist and subsequently one of the lead singers of the Castiles. The Castiles recorded two original songs at a public recording studio in Brick Township and played a variety of venues, including Cafe Wha? in Greenwich Village. Marion Vinyard said that she believed the young Springsteen when he promised he would make it big.
From 1969 through early 1971, Springsteen performed with Steel Mill (originally called Child), which included Danny Federici, Vini Lopez, Vinnie Roslin, and later Steve Van Zandt and Robbin Thompson. During this time, he performed regularly at venues on the Jersey Shore, in Richmond, Virginia, Nashville, Tennessee, and a set of gigs in California, quickly gathering a cult following. San Francisco Examiner, reviewing their show at The Matrix, music critic Philip Elwood gave Springsteen credibility in his glowing assessment of Steel Mill: "I have never been so overwhelmed by a totally unknown talent,"..."the first big thing that's happened to Asbury Park since the good ship Morro Castle burned to the waterline of that Jersey beach in '34". Elwood went on to praise their "cohesive musicality" and, in particular, singled out Springsteen as "a most impressive composer". In San Mateo, Steel Mill recorded three original Springsteen songs at Pacific Recording.
Over the next two years, as Springsteen sought to shape a unique and genuine musical and lyrical style, he performed with Dr. Zoom & the Sonic Boom (early- to mid-1971), the Sundance Blues Band (mid-1971), and the Bruce Springsteen Band (mid-1971 to mid-1972).
Springsteen's prolific songwriting ability (with "more words in some individual songs than other artists had in whole albums", as his future record label would describe it in early publicity campaigns) brought his skills to the attention of several people who were about to change his life: New managers Mike Appel and Jim Cretecos, who in turn brought him to the attention of Columbia Records talent scout John Hammond. Hammond auditioned Springsteen in May 1972.
In October 1972, Springsteen formed a new band for the recording of his debut album, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. The band eventually became known as the E Street Band, although the name was not used until September 1974. Springsteen acquired the nickname "The Boss" during this period, as he took on the task of collecting his band's nightly pay and distributing it amongst his bandmates. The nickname also reportedly sprang from games of Monopoly that Springsteen would play with other Jersey Shore musicians.
1972–1974: Initial struggle for success
Springsteen was signed to Columbia Records in 1972 by Clive Davis, after having initially piqued the interest of John Hammond, who had signed Bob Dylan to the same label a decade earlier. Despite the expectations of Columbia Records' executives that Springsteen would record an acoustic album, he brought many of his New Jersey-based colleagues into the studio with him, thus forming the E Street Band (although it would not be formally named for several months). His debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J., released in January 1973, established him as a critical favorite, though sales were slow.
Because of Springsteen's lyrical poeticism and folk rock-rooted music exemplified on tracks like "Blinded by the Light"[note 1] and "For You", as well as the Columbia and Hammond connections, critics initially compared Springsteen to Bob Dylan. "He sings with a freshness and urgency I haven't heard since I was rocked by 'Like a Rolling Stone'" wrote Crawdaddy magazine editor Peter Knobler in Springsteen's first interview/profile in March 1973. Photographs for that original profile were taken by Ed Gallucci. Crawdaddy discovered Springsteen in the rock press and was his earliest champion. Knobler profiled him in Crawdaddy three times, in 1973, 1975 and 1978. (Springsteen and the E Street Band acknowledged the magazine's support by giving a private performance at the Crawdaddy 10th Anniversary Party in New York City in June 1976.) Music critic Lester Bangs wrote in Creem in 1975 that when Springsteen's first album was released "... many of us dismissed it: he wrote like Bob Dylan and Van Morrison, sang like Van Morrison and Robbie Robertson, and led a band that sounded like Van Morrison's".
In September 1973, Springsteen's second album, The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, was released, again to critical acclaim but no commercial success. Springsteen's songs became grander in form and scope, with the E Street Band providing a less folksy, more R&B vibe, and the lyrics often romanticized teenage street life. "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)" and "Incident on 57th Street" would become fan favorites, and the long, rousing "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)" continues to rank among Springsteen's most beloved concert numbers as it is the ninth most played song in his catalog. As of June, 2020 it has been played by Springsteen 809 times 
After seeing a performance at the Harvard Square Theater, music critic Jon Landau wrote the following in the May 22, 1974, issue of Boston's The Real Paper: "I saw rock and roll future, and its name is Bruce Springsteen. And on a night when I needed to feel young, he made me feel like I was hearing music for the very first time." Landau helped to finish the epic new album Born to Run and subsequently became Springsteen's manager and producer. Given an enormous budget in a last-ditch effort at a commercially viable record, Springsteen became bogged down in the recording process while striving for a "Wall of Sound" production. But when his manager, Mike Appel, orchestrated the release of an early mix of "Born to Run" to nearly a dozen radio stations, anticipation built toward the album's release.
The album took more than 14 months to record, with six months spent on the song "Born to Run". During this time, Springsteen battled with anger and frustration over the album, saying he heard "sounds in [his] head" that he could not explain to the others in the studio. It was during a recording session of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", on July 13, 1975, that Steve Van Zandt was asked by Springsteen and Jon Landau to take charge and instruct the horn players. They both knew he was playing guitar and managing Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, who had the sound they were looking for. Van Zandt "sang each horn player his part, with the lines, the timing and the inflection all perfect. The musicians played their parts, and the horns were recorded. When they'd finished, Springsteen turned to Mike Appel. "Okay," he said. "It's time to put the boy on the payroll. I've been meaning to tell you — he's the new guitar player." Van Zandt joined the E Street Band a week later on July 20, the opening night of the Born to Run tour. He also helped Springsteen perfect "Born to Run" by adding its memorable guitar line. In the 2005 documentary Wings for Wheels, Springsteen called his friend's input on the track's main riff "arguably Steve's greatest contribution to my music."
The album was completed on July 25, but at the end of the grueling recording sessions Springsteen was not satisfied, and upon first hearing the finished album, threw it into the alley; another master was so bad that Bruce flung it out of his hotel room window and into a river. He was going to scrap half of it, he told Appel, and substitute live recordings from upcoming dates at The Bottom Line in New York (a place he often played).
On August 13, 1975, Springsteen and the E Street Band began a five-night, 10-show stand at New York's The Bottom Line club. This attracted major media attention and was broadcast live on WNEW-FM. Decades later, Rolling Stone magazine would name the stand as one of the 50 Moments That Changed Rock and Roll.
Born to Run was released on August 25, 1975. It proved to be a breakthrough album that catapulted Springsteen to worldwide fame. The album peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard 200, and while reception at US top 40 radio outlets for the album's two singles was not overwhelming ("Born to Run" reached a modest No. 23 on the Billboard charts, and "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out" peaked at No. 83), almost every track on the album received album-oriented rock airplay, especially "Born to Run", "Thunder Road", "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", and "Jungleland", all of which remain perennial favorites on many classic rock stations. In October 1975, Springsteen appeared on the covers of both Newsweek and Time in the same week. So great did the wave of publicity become that he eventually rebelled against it during his first venture overseas, tearing down promotional posters before a concert appearance in London.
A legal battle with former manager Mike Appel kept Springsteen out of the studio for nearly a year, during which time he kept the E Street Band together through extensive touring across the U.S. Despite the optimistic fervor with which he often performed, Springsteen's new songs sounded more somber than much of his previous work. Reaching settlement with Appel in 1977, Springsteen returned to the studio, and the subsequent sessions produced Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978). Musically, this album was a turning point in Springsteen's career. Gone were the raw, rapid-fire lyrics, outsized characters, and long, multi-part musical compositions of the first three albums; the songs were leaner and more carefully drawn and began to reflect Springsteen's growing intellectual and political awareness. The cross-country 1978 tour to promote the album would become legendary for the intensity and length of its shows.
By the late 1970s, Springsteen had earned a reputation in the pop world as a songwriter whose material could provide hits for other bands. Manfred Mann's Earth Band had achieved a US No. 1 pop hit with a heavily rearranged version of Greetings' "Blinded by the Light" in early 1977. Patti Smith reached No. 13 with her take on Springsteen's unreleased "Because the Night" (with revised lyrics by Smith) in 1978, while the Pointer Sisters hit No. 2 in 1979 with Springsteen's also unreleased "Fire". Between 1976 and 1978, Springsteen provided four compositions to Southside Johnny & the Asbury Jukes, including "The Fever" and "Hearts of Stone", and collaborated on four more with Steven Van Zandt, producer of their first three albums.
In September 1979, Springsteen and the E Street Band joined the Musicians United for Safe Energy anti-nuclear power collective at Madison Square Garden for two nights, playing an abbreviated set while premiering two songs from his upcoming album. The subsequent No Nukes live album, as well as the following summer's No Nukes documentary film, represented the first official recordings and footage of Springsteen's fabled live act, as well as Springsteen's first tentative dip into political involvement.
Springsteen continued to focus on working-class life with the 20-song double album The River in 1980, which included an intentionally paradoxical range of material from good-time party rockers to emotionally intense ballads, and finally yielded his first hit top ten single as a performer, "Hungry Heart". The album sold well, becoming his first No. 1 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart.
The River was followed in 1982 by the stark solo acoustic Nebraska. According to the Marsh biographies, Springsteen was depressed when he wrote this material, and the result is a brutal depiction of American life. While Nebraska did not sell as well as Springsteen's three previous albums, it garnered widespread critical praise (including being named "Album of the Year" by Rolling Stone magazine's critics) and influenced later works by other major artists, including U2's album The Joshua Tree.
1984–1991: Commercial and popular phenomenon
Springsteen is probably best known for his album Born in the U.S.A. (1984), which sold 15 million copies in the U.S., 30 million worldwide, and became one of the best-selling albums of all time with seven singles hitting the Top 10. The title track was a bitter commentary on the treatment of Vietnam veterans, some of whom were Springsteen's friends. The lyrics in the verses were entirely unambiguous when listened to, but the anthemic music and the title of the song made it hard for many, from politicians to the common person, to get the lyrics—except those in the chorus, which could be read many ways. The song made a huge political impact, as he was advocating for the rights of the common working-class man.
The song was widely misinterpreted as jingoistic, and in connection with the 1984 presidential campaign became the subject of considerable folklore. In 1984, conservative columnist George Will attended a Springsteen concert and then wrote a column praising Springsteen's work ethic. Six days after the column was printed, in a campaign rally in Hammonton, New Jersey, President Ronald Reagan said, "America's future rests in a thousand dreams inside your hearts. It rests in the message of hope in the songs of a man so many young Americans admire—New Jersey's own, Bruce Springsteen." Two nights later, at a concert in Pittsburgh, Springsteen told the crowd, "Well, the president was mentioning my name in his speech the other day and I kind of got to wondering what his favorite album of mine must've been, you know? I don't think it was the Nebraska album. I don't think he's been listening to this one." He then began playing "Johnny 99", with its allusions to closing factories and criminals.
"Dancing in the Dark" was the biggest of seven hit singles from Born in the U.S.A., peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard singles chart. The video for the song showed a young Courteney Cox dancing on stage with Springsteen, which helped start the actress's career. The song "Cover Me" was written by Springsteen for Donna Summer, but his record company persuaded him to keep it for the new album. A big fan of Summer's work, Springsteen wrote another song for her, "Protection". Videos for the album were directed by Brian De Palma and John Sayles. Springsteen played on the "We Are the World" song and album in 1985. His live track "Trapped" from that album received moderate airplay on US Top 40 stations as well as reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Top Rock Tracks chart.
The Born in the U.S.A. period represented the height of Springsteen's visibility in popular culture and the broadest audience he would ever reach (aided by the release of Arthur Baker's dance mixes of three of the singles). From June 15 to August 10, 1985, all seven of his albums appeared on the UK Albums Chart: the first time an artist had charted their entire back catalogue simultaneously.
Live/1975–85, a five-record box set (also on three cassettes or three CDs), was released near the end of 1986 and became the first box set to debut at No. 1 on the U.S. album charts. It is one of the most commercially successful live albums of all time, ultimately selling 13 million units in the U.S. During the 1980s, several Springsteen fanzines were launched, including Backstreets magazine.
Springsteen released the much more sedate and contemplative Tunnel of Love album in 1987. The album is a mature reflection on the many faces of love found, lost and squandered, which only selectively used the E Street Band.
On July 19, 1988, Springsteen held a concert in East Germany that attracted 300,000 spectators. Journalist Erik Kirschbaum has called the concert "the most important rock concert ever, anywhere", in his 2013 book Rocking the Wall. Bruce Springsteen: The Berlin Concert That Changed the World. It had been conceived by the Socialist Unity Party's youth wing in an attempt to placate the youth of East Germany, who were hungry for more freedom and the popular music of the West. However, it is Kirschbaum's opinion that the success of the concert catalyzed opposition to the regime in East Germany, and helped contribute to the fall of the Berlin Wall the following year.
1992–1998: Ups, downs, and soundtracks
An electric band appearance on the acoustic MTV Unplugged television program (later released as In Concert/MTV Plugged) was poorly received and cemented fan dissatisfaction. Springsteen seemed to realize this a few years hence when he spoke humorously of his late father during his Rock and Roll Hall of Fame acceptance speech:
I've gotta thank him because—what would I conceivably have written about without him? I mean, you can imagine that if everything had gone great between us, we would have had disaster. I would have written just happy songs—and I tried it in the early '90s and it didn't work; the public didn't like it.
Springsteen won an Academy Award in 1994 for his song "Streets of Philadelphia", which appeared on the soundtrack to the film Philadelphia. The video for the song shows Springsteen's actual vocal performance, recorded using a hidden microphone, to a prerecorded instrumental track. This technique was developed on the "Brilliant Disguise" video.
In 1995, after temporarily re-organizing the E Street Band for a few new songs recorded for his first Greatest Hits album (a recording session that was chronicled in the documentary Blood Brothers), and also one show at Tramps in New York City, he released his second folk album, The Ghost of Tom Joad. The album was inspired by John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath and by Journey to Nowhere: The Saga of the New Underclass, a book by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Dale Maharidge and photographer Michael Williamson. The album was generally less well-received than the similar Nebraska due to the minimal melody, twangy vocals, and political nature of most of the songs; however, some praised it for giving voice to immigrants and others who rarely have one in American culture. The lengthy, worldwide, small-venue solo acoustic Ghost of Tom Joad Tour that followed successfully presented many of his older songs in drastically reshaped acoustic form, although Springsteen had to explicitly remind his audiences to "shut the fuck up" and not to clap during the performances.
Following the tour, Springsteen moved from California back to New Jersey with his family. In 1998, he released the sprawling, four-disc box set of outtakes, Tracks. Later, he would acknowledge that the 1990s were a "lost period" for him: "I didn't do a lot of work. Some people would say I didn't do my best work."
1999–2007: Return to success
In 1999, Springsteen and the E Street Band reunited and began their extensive Reunion Tour, which lasted over a year. Highlights included a record sold-out, 15-show run at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford, New Jersey and a ten-night, sold-out engagement at New York City's Madison Square Garden. A new song, "American Skin (41 Shots)", about the police shooting of Amadou Diallo, which was played at these shows proved controversial.
In 2002, Springsteen released his first studio effort with the full band in 18 years, The Rising, produced by Brendan O'Brien. The album, mostly a reflection on the September 11 attacks, was a critical and popular success. The title track gained airplay in several radio formats, and the record became Springsteen's best-selling album of new material in 15 years. Kicked off by an early-morning Asbury Park appearance on The Today Show, The Rising Tour commenced; the band barnstormed through a series of single-night arena stands in the U.S. and Europe. Springsteen played an unprecedented 10 nights in Giants Stadium in New Jersey. At the 45th Annual Grammy Awards, The Rising won the Grammy for Best Rock Album and was nominated for the Grammy for Album of the Year. In addition, "The Rising" won the Grammy for Best Rock Song and for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. It was also nominated for the Grammy Award for Song of the Year. Rolling Stone later named "The Rising" the 35th best song of the decade. VH1 placed it 81st on its list of the "100 Greatest Songs of the '00s".
At the Grammy Awards of 2003, Springsteen performed The Clash's "London Calling" along with Elvis Costello, Dave Grohl, and E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt and No Doubt's bassist, Tony Kanal, in tribute to Joe Strummer. In 2004, Springsteen and the E Street Band participated in the Vote for Change tour, along with John Mellencamp, John Fogerty, the Dixie Chicks, Pearl Jam, R.E.M., Bright Eyes, the Dave Matthews Band, Jackson Browne, and other musicians.
Devils & Dust was released on April 26, 2005, and was recorded without the E Street Band. It is a low-key, mostly acoustic album, in the same vein as Nebraska and The Ghost of Tom Joad. Some of the material was written almost 10 years earlier during, or shortly after, the Ghost of Tom Joad Tour, with a few having been performed then but not released. The title track concerns an ordinary soldier's feelings and fears during the Iraq War. The album entered the charts at No. 1 in 10 countries. Springsteen began the solo Devils & Dust Tour at the same time as the album's release, playing both small and large venues. Attendance was disappointing in a few regions, and everywhere (other than in Europe) tickets were easier to get than in the past.
In April 2006, Springsteen released We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions, an American roots music project focused around a big folk sound treatment of 15 songs popularized by the radical musical activism of Pete Seeger. A tour began the same month, with the 18-strong ensemble of musicians dubbed The Seeger Sessions Band (and later shortened to The Sessions Band). The tour proved very popular in Europe, selling out everywhere and receiving some excellent reviews, but newspapers reported that a number of U.S. shows suffered from sparse attendance.
Springsteen's next album, entitled Magic, was released on October 2, 2007. Recorded with the E Street Band, it had 10 new Springsteen songs plus "Long Walk Home", performed once with the Sessions band, and a hidden track (the first included on a Springsteen studio release), "Terry's Song", a tribute to Springsteen's long-time assistant Terry Magovern, who died on July 30, 2007. Magic debuted at No. 1 in Ireland and the UK.
It was announced on November 21, 2007 that Springsteen's longtime friend and founding E Street Band member, Danny Federici, would be taking a leave of absence from the Magic Tour to pursue treatment for melanoma. Charles Giordano filled in as Federici's replacement.
Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign. He gave solo acoustic performances in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008, culminating with a November 2 rally at which he debuted the song "Working on a Dream" in a duet with Scialfa. Following Obama's electoral victory on November 4, Springsteen's song "The Rising" was the first song played over the loudspeakers after Obama's victory speech in Chicago's Grant Park. Springsteen was the musical opener for the Obama Inaugural Celebration on January 18, 2009, which was attended by over 400,000 people. He performed "The Rising" with an all-female choir. Later he performed Woody Guthrie's "This Land Is Your Land" with Pete Seeger.
On January 11, 2009, Springsteen won the Golden Globe Award for Best Song for "The Wrestler", from the Darren Aronofsky film by the same name. After receiving a heartfelt letter from lead actor Mickey Rourke, Springsteen supplied the song for the film for free.
Springsteen performed at the halftime show at Super Bowl XLIII on February 1, 2009, agreeing to perform after having declined on prior occasions. A few days before the game, Springsteen gave a rare press conference at which he promised a "twelve-minute party." It has been reported that this press conference was Springsteen's first press conference in more than 25 years. His 12-minute 45-second set, with the E Street Band and the Miami Horns, included abbreviated renditions of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", "Born to Run", "Working on a Dream", and "Glory Days", the latter complete with football references in place of the original baseball-themed lyrics. The set of appearances and promotional activities led Springsteen to say, "This has probably been the busiest month of my life."
Springsteen's Working on a Dream album, dedicated to the memory of Danny Federici, was released in late January 2009. The supporting Working on a Dream Tour ran from April 2009 until November 2009. The band performed five final shows at Giants Stadium, opening with a new song highlighting the historic stadium, and Springsteen's Jersey roots, named "Wrecking Ball". A DVD from the Working on a Dream Tour entitled London Calling: Live in Hyde Park was released in 2010.
Springsteen received the Kennedy Center Honors on December 6, 2009. President Obama gave a speech in which he asserted that Springsteen had incorporated the lives of regular Americans into his expansive palette of songs. Obama added that Springsteen's concerts were not just rock-and-roll concerts, but "communions". The event included musical tributes from Melissa Etheridge, Ben Harper, John Mellencamp, Jennifer Nettles, Sting, and Eddie Vedder.
The 2000s ended with Springsteen named one of eight Artists of the Decade by Rolling Stone magazine and with Springsteen's tours ranking him fourth among artists in total concert grosses for the decade.
2012–2018: Autobiography and Broadway show
Springsteen's 17th studio album, Wrecking Ball, was released on March 6, 2012. The album consists of eleven tracks plus two bonus tracks. Three songs previously only available as live versions—"Wrecking Ball", "Land of Hope and Dreams", and "American Land"—appear on the album. Wrecking Ball became Springsteen's tenth No. 1 album in the United States, tying him with Elvis Presley for third most No. 1 albums of all-time. Only the Beatles (19) and Jay Z (12) have more No. 1 albums.
Following the release of the album, Springsteen and the E Street Band announced plans for the Wrecking Ball Tour, which began on March 18, 2012. On July 31, 2012, in Helsinki, Finland, Springsteen performed his longest concert ever at 4 hours and 6 minutes and 33 songs.
Springsteen campaigned for President Barack Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin. At the rallies, he briefly spoke to the audience and performed a short acoustic set that included a newly written song titled "Forward".
At year's end, the Wrecking Ball Tour was named Top Draw for having the top attendance out of any tour by the Billboard Touring Awards. The tour finished second to Roger Waters, who had the top-grossing tour of 2012. Springsteen finished second only to Madonna as the top money maker of 2012 with $33.44 million. The Wrecking Ball album, along with the single "We Take Care of Our Own", was nominated for three Grammy Awards, including Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song for "We Take Care of Our Own" and Best Rock Album. Rolling Stone named Wrecking Ball the number one album of 2012 on their Top 50 albums of 2012 list.
In late July 2013, the documentary Springsteen & I, directed by Baillie Walsh and produced by Ridley Scott, was released simultaneously via a worldwide cinema broadcast in over 50 countries and in over 2000 movie theaters.
Springsteen released his eighteenth studio album, High Hopes, on January 14, 2014. The first single and video were of a newly recorded version of the song "High Hopes", which Springsteen had previously recorded in 1995. The album was the first by Springsteen in which all songs are either cover songs, newly recorded outtakes from previous records, or newly recorded versions of songs previously released. The 2014 E Street Band touring lineup, along with deceased E Street Band members Clarence Clemons and Danny Federici, appear on the album. High Hopes became Springsteen's eleventh No. 1 album in the US. It was his tenth No. 1 in the UK, tying him for fifth all-time The Rolling Stones and U2. Rolling Stone named High Hopes the second best album of the year (behind only U2's Songs of Innocence) on their Top 50 Albums of 2014 list.
On August 6, 2015, Springsteen performed "Land of Hope and Dreams" and "Born to Run" on the final episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, as Stewart's final 'Moment of Zen'. On October 16, to celebrate the 35th anniversary of The River, Springsteen announced The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. Released on December 4, it contains four CDs (including many previously unreleased songs) and three DVDs (or Blu-ray) along with a 148-page coffee table book. In November 2015, "American Skin (41 Shots)" was performed with John Legend at Shining a Light: A Concert for Progress on Race in America. Springsteen made his first appearance on Saturday Night Live since 2002 on December 19, 2015, performing "Meet Me in the City", "The Ties That Bind", and "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town".
The River Tour 2016 began in January 2016 in support of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. All first-leg shows in North America included an in-sequence performance of the entire The River album along with other songs from Springsteen's catalog, and all dates were recorded and made available for purchase. In April 2016, Springsteen was one of the first artists to boycott North Carolina's anti-transgender bathroom bill. More dates were eventually announced expanding the original three-month tour into a seven-month tour with shows in Europe in May 2016 and another North American leg starting in August 2016 and ending the following month.
On September 23, 2016, Chapter and Verse, a compilation from throughout Springsteen's career dating back to 1966, was released. On September 27, 2016, Simon & Schuster published his 500-page autobiography, Born to Run. The book rose quickly to the top of the NY Times Best Sellers List.
On September 7, 2016, at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Springsteen performed for 4 hours and 4 minutes. This show, which was part of The River 2016 Tour, stands as his longest-ever show in the United States. The River 2016 Tour was the top-grossing worldwide tour of 2016; it pulled in $268.3 million globally and was the highest-grossing tour since 2014 for any artist topping Taylor Swift's 2015 tour which grossed $250.1 million.
Springsteen supported Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign by performing an acoustic set of "Thunder Road", "Long Walk Home" and "Dancing in the Dark" at a rally in Philadelphia on November 7, 2016. On November 22, 2016, Springsteen was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom award by Barack Obama. On January 12, 2017, Springsteen and Patti Scialfa performed a special 15-song acoustic set for President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama at the White House's East Room two days before the president gave his farewell address to the nation.
Springsteen on Broadway, an eight-week run at the Walter Kerr Theatre on Broadway in New York City in fall 2017, was announced in June 2017. The show included Springsteen reading excerpts from his 2016 autobiography Born to Run and performing other spoken reminiscences. Originally scheduled to run from October 12 through November 26, the show was extended three times; the last performance occurred on December 15, 2018. For Springsteen's production of Springsteen on Broadway, he was honored with a Special Tony Award at the 72nd Tony Awards in 2018.
2019–present: Western Stars, Letter to You, podcast, return to Broadway and future plans
It was announced on July 23, 2019, that Springsteen would premiere his film, Western Stars, at the Toronto Film Festival in September 2019. He co-directed the film along with longtime collaborator Thom Zimny. The film features Springsteen and his backing band performing the music from Western Stars to a live audience. The film was released in theaters on October 25, 2019 and the film's soundtrack, Western Stars – Songs from the Film, was also released that day.
Despite comments from Springsteen in late 2019 about a potential new album and tour with the E Street Band in 2020, on February 12, 2020, Steven Van Zandt cast some doubt over a 2020 tour saying "Let's just say I thought I was going to be busier than I am. So at the moment, 2020 seems to have opened up." Max Weinberg also said he planned on touring with his own band from April through December 2020.
On May 29, 2020, Springsteen appeared remotely during a livestream, no-audience concert by the Dropkick Murphys at Fenway Park in Boston. Springsteen with the band performed their song "Rose Tattoo" and his song "American Land", sharing co-vocals with Ken Casey on both songs. The event marked the first music performance without an in-person audience at a major U.S. arena, stadium or ballpark during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the livestream, viewers were encouraged to donate to three charities: the Boston Resiliency Fund, Feeding America, and the Greater Boston division of Habitat for Humanity. The livestream attracted over 9 million viewers and raised over $700,000 (with software company and show sponsor Pegasystems donating the first $151,000).
On October 23, 2020, Springsteen released an album with the E Street Band, Letter to You, which is his twentieth studio album. The title track was released as the album's first single and music video that same day. The album's second single, "Ghosts", was released on September 24, 2020. Along with the album, Springsteen released a documentary of the same name on October 23, the same day as the album. The documentary was shot exclusively in black and white and was directed by Thom Zimny. It looks at the five days Springsteen and the E Street Band spent making the album in Colts Neck, New Jersey in Springsteen's home studio. The album Letter to You features 12 songs and runs just under one hour.
In a September 20, 2020, interview with Rolling Stone, Springsteen said that he did not expect to tour again until at least 2022: "My antenna tells me, at best, 2022. And I would consider the concert industry lucky if it happens then. I'm going to consider myself lucky if I lose just a year of touring life. Once you hit 70, there's a finite amount of tours and a finite amount of years that you have. And so you lose one or two, that's not so great." Springsteen also confirmed that the long rumored follow-up to his Tracks outtakes box set was in the works, saying "There's a lot of really good music left."
On November 16, 2020, Springsteen was featured as a guest singer for Bleachers' newest single, "Chinatown", for their 3rd studio album Take the Sadness Out of Saturday Night which was released on July 30, 2021.
Springsteen and the E Street Band were the musical guests on the December 12, 2020, episode of Saturday Night Live, where they performed "Ghosts" and "I'll See You in My Dreams". This marked their first performance since 2017 and their first to promote Letter to You. Gary Tallent and Soozie Tyrell opted to remain home rather than travel due to fears of COVID-19. This was the first time Tallent had missed a performance with the band; Jack Daley of the Disciples of Soul filled in for him.
On February 22, 2021, it was announced that Springsteen was releasing an eight-part podcast on Spotify titled Renegades: Born in the USA that would feature himself in conversation with Barack Obama discussing a wide range of topics including family, race, marriage, fatherhood, and the state of the U.S.
On May 13, 2021, during a four song acoustic set following his acceptance of the Woody Guthrie Prize, Springsteen announced that a new album was coming out soon saying "California was an enormous influence on some of my most topical writing through my ‘90s, 2000s and even now. We have a record coming out soon that's set largely in the West."
On June 7, 2021, Springsteen announced that his Springsteen on Broadway shows will return for a limited run of 31 performances at Jujamcyn's St. James Theatre beginning on June 26, 2021, with additional performances through September 4, 2021.
In an interview with E Street Radio's Jim Rotolo on June 10, 2021, Springsteen said that he didn't plan on playing any shows in 2021 but was talked into the Broadway shows by a "friend" and he also confirmed the E Street Band would tour in 2022 saying "It gives me something to do this summer so I won't be lazying around on the beach. I knew we were going to tour with the band next year so I said I'll take some time off." Springsteen, who in May 2021 teased a possible new studio album, talked about future music being released saying "We have something coming out in the fall. I'm not sure if it's been announced yet. I got projects I've been working on basically that are slated for release either next year or in the fall. Not new records, but things I think the fans are going to be interested in." Springsteen also announced during the same interview an upcoming collaboration with the Killers was happening. Later that day the Killers' social media announced the title of the song "Dustland" after a series of teases by the band throughout the day.
Artistry and legacy
—Springsteen at a rally for presidential candidate Barack Obama on November 2, 2008
Widely regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Springsteen has been called a "rock 'n' roll poet" who "radiated working-class authenticity". Often described as cinematic in their scope, Springsteen's lyrics frequently explore highly personal themes such as individual commitment, dissatisfaction and dismay with life in a context of everyday situations. Springsteen's themes include social and political commentary and are rooted in the struggles faced by his own family of origin.
A shift in Springsteen's lyrical approach began with the album Darkness on the Edge of Town, in which he focused on the emotional struggles of working class life, although he still sings about general rock and roll themes as well.
Jon Pareles has named Springsteen among the "pantheon" of artists in the album era, in which the album format was the dominant form of recorded music expression and consumption. "Springsteen is the quintessential album-era rock star", writes Ann Powers, who argues that while other album-era acts like the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, and Marvin Gaye probably made better individual works, "none [had] used the long-player form itself more powerfully over the arc of a career, not only to establish a world through song, but to inhabit an enduring persona" and lyricize "America's slide from industrial-era swagger into service-economy anomie". In her mind, he needed the "track-by-track architecture of albums to flesh out characters, relate each to the other, extend metaphors and build a palpable, detail-strewn landscape through which they could travel", while progressing musically over time "both with his stalwart E Street Band (a metaphor itself for the family connections and community spirit his songs celebrate or lament) and in more minimalist projects."
While rejecting religion in his earlier years, Springsteen stated in his autobiography Born to Run, "I have a personal relationship with Jesus. I believe in his power to save, love [...] but not to damn." In terms of his lapsed Catholicism, he has stated that he "came to ruefully and bemusedly understand that once you're a Catholic you're always a Catholic". He elaborated, "I don't participate in my religion but I know somewhere... deep inside... I'm still on the team."
Springsteen has spoken openly about his struggles with depression, which he accepted and began to face in his 30s. Around this time, frustrated with being an underweight "fast food junkie" who would have to be helped off the stage after a show due to poor conditioning, he began running up to six miles on a treadmill and lifting weights three times a week; in September 2019, an article celebrating his 70th birthday revealed that he has maintained this same workout routine since he began following it. He has also reportedly followed a mostly vegetarian diet since around the same time, and has avoided hard drugs all of his life.
Springsteen dated actress Joyce Hyser for four years in the early 1980s. Previously, he had dated photographer Lynn Goldsmith and model Karen Darvin. In the early 1980s, he met Patti Scialfa at The Stone Pony bar in New Jersey, the evening she was performing alongside his friend Bobby Bandiera, with whom she had written "At Least We Got Shoes" for Southside Johnny. Springsteen liked her voice, and after the performance he introduced himself to her. They soon started spending time together and became friends.
Early in 1984 Springsteen asked Scialfa to join the E Street Band for the upcoming Born in the U.S.A. Tour. According to the book Bruce by Peter Ames Carlin, they seemed about to become a couple through the first leg of the tour; however, Springsteen was introduced to actress Julianne Phillips and married her shortly after midnight on May 13, 1985 at Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church in Lake Oswego, Oregon. Opposites in background, the two had an 11-year age difference, and Springsteen's traveling took its toll on their relationship. Many of the songs on Tunnel of Love described the unhappiness he felt in his relationship with Phillips. The Tunnel of Love Express Tour began in late February 1988 and Springsteen convinced Scialfa to rejoin the tour. She expressed reluctance at first because she wanted to start recording her first solo album, but when he told her the tour would be short, she agreed to postpone her own solo record and join the tour. Phillips and Springsteen separated in the spring of 1988, but the separation was not made public. Springsteen and Scialfa fell in love during the Tunnel of Love Express Tour and started living together soon after his separation from Phillips. Citing irreconcilable differences, Phillips filed for divorce in Los Angeles on August 30, 1988 and a settlement was reached in December and finalized on March 1, 1989. They had no children.
Springsteen received press criticism for the haste in which he and Scialfa started their relationship. In a 1995 interview with The Advocate, he told Judy Wieder about the negative publicity the couple subsequently received: "It's a strange society that assumes it has the right to tell people whom they should love and whom they shouldn't. But the truth is, I basically ignored the entire thing as much as I could. I said, 'Well, all I know is, this feels real, and maybe I have got a mess going here in some fashion, but that's life.'" Years later, he reflected, "'I didn't protect Juli... some sort of public announcement would have been fair, but I felt overly concerned about my own privacy. I handled it badly, and I still feel badly about it. It was cruel for people to find out the way they did.'"
Springsteen and Scialfa lived in New Jersey before moving to Los Angeles, where they decided to start a family. On July 25, 1990, Scialfa gave birth to the couple's first child, Evan James Springsteen. On June 8, 1991, Springsteen and Scialfa married at their Los Angeles home in a very private ceremony, only attended by family and close friends. Their second child, Jessica Rae Springsteen, was born on December 30, 1991. Their third child, Samuel Ryan Springsteen, was born on January 5, 1994. In a 1995 interview, Springsteen said, "I went through a divorce, and it was really difficult and painful and I was very frightened about getting married again. So part of me said, 'Hey, what does it matter?' But it does matter. It's very different than just living together. First of all, stepping up publicly—which is what you do: You get your license, you do all the social rituals—is a part of your place in society and in some way part of society's acceptance of you ... Patti and I both found that it did mean something."
When their children reached school age in the 1990s, Springsteen and Scialfa moved back to New Jersey to raise them away from paparazzi. The family owns and lives on a horse farm in Colts Neck Township and a home in Rumson; they also own homes in Los Angeles and Wellington, Florida. Evan graduated from Boston College; he writes and performs his own songs and won the 2012 Singer/Songwriter Competition held during the Boston College's Arts Festival. Jessica is a nationally ranked champion equestrian, and graduated from Duke University. She made her show-jumping debut with the Team USA in August 2014. Sam is a Jersey City firefighter.
Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign, announcing his endorsement in April 2008. He appeared at several rallies in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008. At an Ohio rally, Springsteen discussed the importance of "truth, transparency and integrity in government, the right of every American to have a job, a living wage, to be educated in a decent school, and a life filled with the dignity of work, the promise and the sanctity of home". The Topps company marked the support in a commemorative trading card set, where Springsteen makes an appearance on card #59, "The 'O' Street Band." Despite saying that he would sit out the 2012 presidential election, Springsteen campaigned for President Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin.
Springsteen is an activist for LGBT rights and has spoken out many times as a strong supporter of gay marriage. In an April 1996 interview with The Advocate he spoke of the importance of gay marriage: "You get your license, you do all the social rituals. It's part of your place in society, and in some way part of society's acceptance of you." In 2009, he posted the following statement on his website: "I've long believed in and have always spoken out for the rights of same sex couples and fully agree with Governor Corzine when he writes that 'The marriage-equality issue should be recognized for what it truly is—a civil rights issue that must be approved to assure that every citizen is treated equally under the law.'" In 2012, he lent his support to an ad campaign for gay marriage called "The Four 2012". Springsteen noted in the ad, "I couldn't agree more with that statement and urge those who support equal treatment for our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters to let their voices be heard now." In April 2016, Springsteen cancelled a show in Greensboro, North Carolina days before it was to take place to protest the state's newly passed Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, also referred to as the "bathroom law", which dictates which restrooms transgender people are permitted to use and prevents LGBT citizens from suing over human rights violations in the workplace. Springsteen released an official statement on his website. The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) celebrated Springsteen's statement and he has received much praise and gratitude from the LGBT community.
During a 2017 show in Perth, Springsteen made a statement celebrating the post-inauguration Women's March against the incoming Trump administration in cities worldwide: "We're a long way from home, and our hearts and spirits are with the hundreds of thousands of women and men that marched yesterday in every city in America, and in Melbourne ... [They] rallied against hate and division and in support of tolerance, inclusion, reproductive rights, civil rights, racial justice, LGBTQ rights, the environment, wage equality, gender equality, healthcare, and immigrant rights. We stand with you. We are the new American resistance."
Springsteen was a staunch critic of Trump throughout his presidency. In October 2019, he said the President "doesn't have a grasp of the deep meaning of what it means to be an American," and in June 2020 called him a "threat to our democracy." Springsteen's song "The Rising" was featured prominently in the 2020 Democratic National Convention in support of Joe Biden, accompanied with a new video and campaign slogan, #TheRising. On October 13, 2020, author Don Winslow released a video critical of Trump prior to his campaign event in Pennsylvania. The video features Springsteen's song Streets of Philadelphia. A few days prior to the 2020 United States presidential election, Springsteen provided narration for a campaign ad that spotlights Biden's upbringing in Scranton, Pennsylvania with "My Hometown" playing throughout the ad. Biden used "We Take Care of Our Own" as one of his theme songs, as Obama had before him in 2012.
- Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. (1973)
- The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle (1973)
- Born to Run (1975)
- Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978)
- The River (1980)
- Nebraska (1982)
- Born in the U.S.A. (1984)
- Tunnel of Love (1987)
- Human Touch (1992)
- Lucky Town (1992)
- The Ghost of Tom Joad (1995)
- The Rising (2002)
- Devils & Dust (2005)
- We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions (2006)
- Magic (2007)
- Working on a Dream (2009)
- The Promise (2010)
- Wrecking Ball (2012)
- High Hopes (2014)
- Western Stars (2019)
- Letter to You (2020)
- Born to Run tours (1974–1977)
- Darkness Tour (1978–1979)
- The River Tour (1980–1981)
- Born in the U.S.A. Tour (1984–1985)
- Tunnel of Love Express Tour (1988)
- Bruce Springsteen 1992–1993 World Tour (1992–1993)
- Ghost of Tom Joad Tour (1995–1997)
- Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Reunion Tour (1999–2000)
- The Rising Tour (2002–2003)
- Devils & Dust Tour (2005)
- Bruce Springsteen with The Seeger Sessions Band Tour (2006)
- Magic Tour (2007–2008)
- Working on a Dream Tour (2009)
- Wrecking Ball World Tour (2012–2013)
- High Hopes Tour (2014)
- The River Tour 2016 (2016–2017)
- Springsteen on Broadway (2017–2018, 2021)
Achievements, awards, and nominations
Springsteen has sold more than 135 million records worldwide and more than 64 million records in the United States, making him one of the world's best-selling artists. He has earned numerous awards for his work, including 20 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award (for Springsteen on Broadway). Springsteen was inducted into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999, received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009, was named MusiCares person of the year in 2013, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2016. In May 2021, Springsteen became the eighth recipient of the Woody Guthrie Prize, a prize that honors an artist who speaks out for social justice and carries on the spirit of the folk singer.
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Mainstream Rock chart
- List of highest-grossing concert tours
- Music of New Jersey
- "Blinded by the Light" would later be a hit for Manfred Mann and reach No. 1, the only time Springsteen had a No. 1 single as a songwriter.
- "Bruce Springsteen Plays Longest U.S. Concert, Over 4 Hours". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- "In a Culture War Over the Military, Bruce Springsteen Stands Alone". Time. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "How Ronald Reagan Changed Bruce Springsteen's Politics". Politico. Archived from the original on December 20, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- "Bruce Springsteen ranked 23rd greatest artist". Rolling Stone. December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Cross, Charles R. (1992). Backstreets: Springsteen – the man and his music. Harmony Books. p. 40. ISBN 0-517-58929-X.
- "Douglas Springsteen, father of rock star, Belmont, Calif". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, New Jersey: Newspapers.com. May 3, 1998. p. 36. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
Douglas F. Springsteen, father of rock star Bruce Springsteen, died April 26 at home. He was 73. Mr. Springsteen was a former bus driver at San Francisco Airport and an Army veteran of World War II. He was a former communicant of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Freehold, and graduated from its school in 1939. Born in Freehold, he lived there for most of his life before moving to California in 1969.
- Flynn, Fiona. "9 things you may not have known about Bruce Springsteen". Entertainment.ie. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Andy Green, Bruce Springsteen's Enthralling New Memoir: 10 Things We Learned Archived September 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Rolling Stone, September 27, 2016
- Alexander, John (October 31, 2019). "Bruce Springsteen's mother was 'born to run' in Brooklyn." Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Brooklyn Reporter. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
- "Italian American Contributions". National Italian American Foundation. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "Pamela Springsteen | Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
- King, Carol (June 5, 2013). "Bruce Springsteen Falls In Love With Chocolate Guitar From Sicily". ITALY Magazine. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Bruce Springsteen accepts Ellis Island award with mother and aunts Archived May 19, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Video. Published July 16, 2014. Accessed May 1, 2019.
- "Celebrity Baby Names: Paul Stanley – Family Education". Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Times, The Northern (October 4, 2020). "Doris Day and Bruce Springsteen's Groningen Roots". Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Luongo, Michael (November 21, 2019). "My Hometown: exploring Bruce Springsteen's New Jersey roots". Archived from the original on March 7, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020 – via www.theguardian.com.
- Glory Days: Bruce Springsteen in the 1980s. Dave Marsh, 1987, pg. 88–89.
- Editors, "Boss Talk," The Tablet, February 25, 2012.
- Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974 by Craig Statham. Soundcheck Books, 2013, pp8-9. ISBN 978-0957144231.
- Springsteen. Robert Hilburn, 1985, p. 28.
- Loder, Kurt (December 6, 1984). "The Rolling Stone Interview: Bruce Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- "The Backstreet Phantom of Rock". Time. October 27, 1975. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- Johnson, Gary (October 6, 2018). "Springsteen Pt. 1 - Freehold Days". Michigan Rock and Roll Legends. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- Staff; Wire Reports (May 2, 1998). "Douglas Springsteen; Father of Famed Singer". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- Jordan, Chris (October 21, 2019). "Bruce Springsteen talks personal trilogy, John Wayne and 'Western Stars': The transcript". Asbury Park Press. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- Crandall, Bill (February 6, 2014). "10 musicians who saw the Beatles standing there". CBS News. Archived from the original on February 7, 2014.
- Statham, Craig (2013). Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974. Soundcheck Books. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-0957144231.
- Carlin, Peter Ames (October 30, 2012). Bruce. Simon and Schuster. p. 26. ISBN 9781439191828 – via Internet Archive.
springsteen rogues elks club freehold.
- Statham, Craig (2013). Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974. Soundcheck Books. ISBN 978-0957144231.
- "Musicians' best friends to be honored in Freehold". News Transcript. New Jersey. April 17, 2002. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "The Boss Growing Up in Richmond". The Commonwealth Times. April 29, 1986. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Comaratta, Len (March 3, 2012). "Dusting 'Em Off: Bruce Springsteen with Steel Mill – Live at the Matrix, San Francisco 1/13/70". Archived from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949-1974 by Craig Statham. Soundcheck Books, 2013. ISBN 978-0957144231.
- Elwood, Philip (January 14, 1970). "A Memorable Wet Night with the Steel Mill". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on October 14, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- "Kingdom of Days: February 22". E Street Shuffle. February 22, 2020. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
("He's Guilty," "Goin' Back to Georgia," and "The Train Song")...This is only Bruce's second time in a recording studio.
- Santelli, R. Greetings from E Street (book)
- Lifton, Dave. "Revisiting Bruce Springsteen's Columbia Records Audition". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Fricke, David (January 21, 2009). "The Band on Bruce: Their Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 25, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
- "Bruce Springsteen Bands: from Rogues to E Street Band, passing from Castiles and Steel Mill". brucespringsteen.it. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- Brett, Oliver (January 15, 2009). "What's in a nickname?". BBC News. Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- Marchand, Francois (November 29, 2012). "Review: Bruce Springsteen rocks like a boss in Vancouver". Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on August 30, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
- Bangs, Lester (July 5, 1973). "Greetings From Asbury Park, NJ". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- "Ed Gallucci Photography". Ed Gallucci Photography. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "Glory Days: A Bruce Springsteen Symposium. Monmouth University". Usi.edu. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "History of Crawdaddy". crawdaddy.com. August 2, 2009. Archived from the original on August 5, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- Rockwell, John (May 9, 1976). "Crawdaddy Party Mirrors Magazine". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- Bangs, Lester (November 1975). "Hot Rod Rumble in the Promised Land". Creem. Archived from the original on August 4, 2002. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- Lifton, Dave (June 4, 2020). "Which Songs Has Bruce Springsteen Played The Most In Concert?". UltimateClassicRock.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Landau, Jon (May 22, 1974). "Growing Young With Rock and Roll". The Real Paper. Archived from the original on January 16, 2010. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- Masur, Louis P. (August 31, 2010). Runaway Dream: Born to Run and Bruce Springsteen's American Vision. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 48. ISBN 9781608191017. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
1975 born to run anticipation.
- Marsh, Dave (2004). Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003. United States: Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 0-203-49470-9.
- "Wings For Wheels 2005". Youtube. Sony. Archived from the original on September 8, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Perry, Kevin EG (May 23, 2019). "Steven Van Zandt Is BFFs with Springsteen But a Star in His Own Right". Vice. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Marsh, Dave (2003). Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003. Routledge. pp. 14, 203, etc. ISBN 0-415-96928-X.
- "The Moments". Rolling Stone. June 24, 2004. Archived from the original on December 4, 2007.
- "How Bruce Springsteen Made 'Born To Run' an American Masterpiece". August 25, 2015. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Kahn, Ashley (November 10, 2005). "Springsteen Looks Back On 'Born to Run'". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen looks for mercy and deliverance in new album 'Western Stars'". America Magazine. June 20, 2019. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Hiatt, Brian (November 17, 2005). "Bruce Springsteen's 'Born to Run' Turns 30". Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Greene, Andy (October 27, 2015). "See Rare Bruce Springsteen Photos From 'Born to Run' Era". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Lifton, Dave. "Revisiting Bruce Springsteen's 'Time' and 'Newsweek' Covers". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on June 17, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Gittins, Ian (June 1, 2008). "Bruce Springsteen, Emirates Stadium, London". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- Metcalf, Stephen (May 2, 2005). "Faux Americana, Why I still love Bruce Springsteen". Slate. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Carlin, Peter (2012). Bruce. New York: Simon & Schuster. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- Kreps, Daniel (December 26, 2018). "Bruce Springsteen Releases Complete 'No Nukes 1979' Concert". RollingStone.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen reveals he wrote 'Hungry Heart' for the Ramones". EW.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen Squeaks By Adele, Earns Tenth No. 1 Album". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
- Guterman, Jimmy (2005). Runaway American Dream. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. p. 153.
- Dolan, Marc (April 6, 2014). "How Ronald Reagan Changed Bruce Springsteen's Politics". Politico. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Billboard. May 11, 1985. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Roberts, David. The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums, p. 444. Guinness Publishing Ltd. 7th edition (1996). ISBN 0-85112-619-7
- "Backstreets". backstreets.com. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. pp. 264–300. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- Crossland, David (June 19, 2013). "Chimes of Freedom: How Springsteen Helped Tear Down the Wall". Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Luerssen, John D. (September 1, 2012). Bruce Springsteen FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Boss. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-61713-460-9. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
- Carlin, Peter Ames (November 8, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen biography extract: The day the Boss shut down the band". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. p. 304. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- Hyden, Steven (2018). Twilight of the Gods. Harper Collins. p. 109. ISBN 978-0062657138.
- "Bruce Springsteen's Speech After Being Inducted into the Rock 'n Roll Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. p. 288. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. p. 354. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- Masciotra, David (September 16, 2017). "Bruce Springsteen's 'The Ghost of Tom Joad', then and now". Salon. Archived from the original on January 4, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Tyrangiel, Josh; Carcaterra, Kate (August 5, 2002). "Bruce Rising". Time. pp. 2 of 6. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007. Retrieved March 23, 2008.
- Fricke, David (February 5, 2009). "Bringing It All Back Home" (PDF). Rolling Stone. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- Mar, Alex (February 25, 2005). "Springsteen to Induct U2 into Hall of Fame". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. pp. 609–610. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (September 16, 2003). "Springsteen Is Box-Office Boss With Projected $120M Gross". MTV. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010.
- "Bruce Springsteen". GRAMMY.com. June 4, 2019. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "100 Best Songs of the Decade". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- Anderson, Kyle (September 29, 2011). "U2, Rihanna, Amy Winehouse, Foo Fighters fill out VH1's '100 Greatest Songs of the '00s'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2012.
- Runtagh, Jordan; Bienstock, Richard (February 11, 2016). "15 Great Grammy Tribute Performances". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- McShane, Larry (February 16, 2005). "New Springsteen Album Due in April". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 11, 2005.
- "Springsteen Does Seeger On First Covers Album". Billboard. March 2, 2006. Archived from the original on January 12, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Manzoor, Sarfraz (May 14, 2006). "A runaway American dream". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 26, 2008. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Bruce Springsteen and the Seeger Sessions Band – PopMatters Concert Review". PopMatters. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- Tianen, Dave (June 15, 2006). "Born to strum". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on November 18, 2006.
- "Chicago Tribune". Retrieved August 27, 2010.[dead link]
- "Terry Magovern, Rest in Peace" Archived February 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Backstreets.com, August 1, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
- Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Phillipe (October 6, 2020). Bruce Springsteen: All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Great Britain: Cassell. p. 503. ISBN 978-1784726492.
- "Springsteen Bandmate on Hiatus for Health Reasons". Reuters. November 22, 2007. Archived from the original on December 17, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Piccoli, Sean (April 17, 2008). "Springsteen concert postponed over bandmate's death". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved April 17, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "Springsteen endorses Obama for president". USA Today. Associated Press. April 16, 2008. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Bruce Springsteen Adds Acoustic Obama Shows". Pitchfork. October 3, 2008. Archived from the original on April 9, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- "Springsteen plays new 'Working on a Dream' tune at Obama rally in Cleveland". The Plain Dealer. November 2, 2008. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- Hendrix, Steve; Mummolo, Jonathan (January 18, 2009). "Jamming on the Mall for Obama". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 1, 2013.
- "Springsteen, Rahman Snag Musical Golden Globes". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2010. Archived from the original on January 5, 2011.
- Bardsley, Garth (January 12, 2009). "How Mickey Rourke Got Bruce Springsteen's 'Wrestler' Song – For Free – MTV Movie News". MTV. Archived from the original on July 29, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- "Report: "The Boss" to play Super Bowl halftime show". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. August 11, 2008. Archived from the original on December 31, 2008..
- Pareles, Jon (February 1, 2009). "The Rock Laureate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2009.
- "Bruce Springsteen's 'Working on a Dream' Set For January 27 Release on Columbia Records" (Press release). Shore Fire Media. November 17, 2008. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- Lapointe, Joe (January 30, 2009). "Springsteen Promises '12-Minute Party' at Halftime". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Carpenter, Les (January 29, 2009). "No Cheering in the Press Box, Except When It Comes to the Boss". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Wallace, Lindsay (February 10, 2009). "Bruce Springsteen Exclusive: 'I Didn't Even Know I Was Up For A Grammy!'". MTV News. Archived from the original on March 17, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- Pareles, Jon (October 11, 2009). "For Springsteen and Giants Stadium, a Last Dance". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- "Obama honours Bruce Springsteen". BBC News. December 7, 2009. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "The Voices: Artists of the Decade". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- "Top Touring Artists of the Decade". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- "Clarence Clemons dies of complications from stroke". The Wall Street Journal. June 19, 2011. Archived from the original on November 21, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
- "Bruce Springsteen Announces New Album, Wrecking Ball". Pitchfork. January 18, 2012. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "Bruce Springsteen Squeaks By Adele, Earns Tenth No. 1 Album". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "From the road: Helsinki". Brucespringsteen.net. July 31, 2012. Archived from the original on October 2, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
- Knickerbocker, Brad (October 13, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen rocks out for Barack Obama". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- Orel, Matt (November 5, 2012). "Bruce joins President Obama and Jay Z in Ohio". Brucespringsteen.net. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- Sweet, Lynn (November 6, 2012). "Obama makes last pitch with Boss, Jay-Z in Ohio". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "Roger Waters and Bruce Springsteen win big at Billboard Touring Awards". Wxyz.com. November 10, 2012. Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- "Madonna Edges Out Springsteen As Music's Top Money Maker". Starpulse.com. February 23, 2013. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Bruce Springsteen Nabs Three GRAMMY Nominations; "Springsteen" Gets Two More". CBS New York. December 6, 2012. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- "Bruce Springsteen Added To GRAMMY Performance Lineup" (Press release). National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- "50 Best Albums of 2012: Bruce Springsteen, 'Wrecking Ball'". Rolling Stone. December 5, 2012. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- "Springsteen & I: fans tell their stories of The Boss". The Telegraph. December 28, 2015. Archived from the original on January 2, 2016.
- "High Hopes: Music". Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- Caulfiel, Keith. "Bruce Springsteen Aiming for 11th No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Music.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Bruce Springsteen scores 10th UK number one album" Archived January 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. BBC News. Retrieved January 26, 2014
- "Bruce Springsteen, 'High Hopes'". Rolling Stone. December 2014. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- Giles, Jeff (December 18, 2014). "Steve Van Zandt Talk Bruce Springsteen's 'Lillehammer' Appearance". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Friedlander, Whitney (October 22, 2015). "A+E's 'Shining a Light' to Feature Bruce Springsteen, Jamie Foxx". Variety.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- "Watch Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band: The Ties That Bind From Saturday Night Live". NBC.com. December 19, 2015. Archived from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- "Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band Announce 2016 The River Tour". brucespringsteen.net. December 4, 2015. Archived from the original on December 21, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- "A statement from Bruce Springsteen on North Carolina". brucespringsteen.net. April 8, 2016. Archived from the original on May 23, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- Newman, Melinda. "Bruce Springsteen Is The Boss of the New York Times Best Sellers List With 'Born To Run'". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 7, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
- "Springsteen breaks concert length record yet again in Philly; see the setlist". September 8, 2016. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- "Springsteen breaks his record for longest US show". Archived from the original on August 27, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen, Beyoncé post top-grossing tours of 2016". Los Angeles Times. December 30, 2016. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "The Presidential Medal of Freedom". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2016 – via National Archives.
- Company, Rolling Stone. "Bruce Springsteen, Robert De Niro, Lorne Michaels Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom". Archived from the original on November 17, 2016.
- "Backstreets.com: 2017 Setlists". Backstreets.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- "Bruce Springsteen plays farewell gig for Barack Obama at the White House". The Guardian. January 19, 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on January 19, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- "Bruce Springsteen heads to Broadway this fall". New York Post. June 16, 2017. Archived from the original on June 16, 2017.
- "Bruce Springsteen Is Bringing His Music and His Memories to Broadway!". The New York Times. August 9, 2017. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- @Ticketmaster (August 30, 2017). "#SpringsteenBroadway has been Extended! More information coming today. There will NOT be any additional codes released for today's onsale" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "Springsteen on Broadway Extends Through June – Playbill". Playbill. November 27, 2017. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Paulson, Michael (March 21, 2018). "Bruce Springsteen Signs Up for More Time on Broadway". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 16, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen on Broadway: What comes after the Tony Award?". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on May 3, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
- Fear, David (December 1, 2018). "Trailers of the Week: 'Springsteen on Broadway,' 'I Am the Night,' 'Artemis Fowl'". Rolling Stone. Penske Business Media, LLC. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- "Bruce Springsteen's 'Western Stars' Grows More Satisfying with Repeated Exposure". PopMatters. June 3, 2019. Archived from the original on December 31, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen to Debut 'Western Stars' Film at Toronto Film Festival". Rolling Stone. July 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen Turns Director for Inventive Concert Film 'Western Stars'". IndieWire. July 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen reveals new Western Stars film soundtrack: Stream". yahoo.com. October 25, 2019. Archived from the original on November 7, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen and E Street Band: No tour in 2020?". app.com. October 25, 2019. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- "Dropkick Murphys to Play Audience-Less Concert From Fenway Park With Bruce Springsteen". Dconsequenceofsound.net. May 18, 2020. Archived from the original on May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "Dropkick Murphys and Bruce Springsteen's Fenway Park Show Raises a Ton of Money For Boston Charities". billboard.com. May 3, 2020. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- "Bruce Springsteen Drops New Song, 'Letter to You,' Album Due Next Month (Listen)". variety.com. September 10, 2020. Archived from the original on September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- Springsteen, Bruce [@springsteen] (September 23, 2020). ""Count the band in then kick into overdrive / By the end of the set we leave no one alive / Ghosts runnin' through the night / Our spirits filled with light…" Ghosts out tomorrow! t.co/2c86E5tUlY" (Tweet). Retrieved December 31, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Hiatt, Brian (October 5, 2020). "Bruce Springsteen Announces 'Letter to You' Documentary Release Date". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 18, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen: Letter to You". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on March 1, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
- "Ghosts, Guitars, and the E Street Shuffle". rollingstone.com. September 20, 2020. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
- Martoccio, Angie (November 16, 2020). "Bleachers Return With 'Chinatown' Featuring Bruce Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 5, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
- Daly, Rhian (July 30, 2021). "Bleachers – 'Take The Sadness Out Of Saturday Night' review: riotous and reflective third album". NME. Archived from the original on August 2, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Dua Lipa, Morgan Wallen to Perform on SNL". spin.com. November 25, 2020. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
- "Inside new podcast featuring Bruce Springsteen in conversation with Barack Obama". abcnews.go.com. February 22, 2021. Archived from the original on February 23, 2021. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen Hints at New Music as He Accepts Woody Guthrie Prize". billboard.com. May 13, 2021. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
- "9 Memorable Moments From Clive Davis' Grammy Museum Benefit With Elton John, H.E.R. & More". Billboard. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Springsteen on Broadway to Return to Broadway for Limited Run Beginning June 26". Broadway World. Retrieved June 7, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen on Broadway and beyond: E Street Band tour, new music coming". msn.com. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen Talks 'Broadway' Return, New Music with Killers and John Mellencamp, and 2022 tour?". Variety. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
- "The Killers Dustland Tweet". Retrieved June 10, 2021.
- Hagen, Mark (January 18, 2009). "Meet the new boss". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time". Archived from the original on June 24, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
- Zeitz, Joshua (August 24, 2015). "How 'Born to Run' Captured the Decline of the American Dream". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Wurtzel, Elizabeth (June 22, 2008). "Bruce almighty, Elizabeth Wurtzel on Bruce Springsteen's lyrics". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Alterman, Eric (April 11, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen's Political Voice". The Nation. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019 – via www.thenation.com.
- "Bruce Springsteen's New Wave Of Social Protest". NPR.org. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Leopold, Todd. "Bruce Springsteen and the song of the working man". CNN. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen ranked 5th most celebrated artist". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on March 26, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Haltom, William; McCann, Michael W. (1996). "From Badlands to Better Days: Bruce Springsteen Observes Law and Politics". Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- Millman, Joyce (April 16, 2008). "A Map of the Future: "Darkness on the Edge of Town" at 30". brucespringsteenspecialcollection.net. Archived from the original on June 8, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Richardson, Mark (January 6, 2004). "Album Review: "Darkness on the Edge of Town"". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Pareles, Jon (January 5, 1997). "All That Music, and Nothing to Listen To". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Powers, Ann (January 26, 2009). "CD: Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
- Deigan, Tom. "Proud Irish American Bruce Springsteen says deep down he's still Catholic" Archived March 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, IrishCentral, January 13, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017
- "The Guardian". September 7, 2016. Archived from the original on December 18, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- "Bruce Springsteen works out at $9.99 a month New Jersey gym". September 24, 2019. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
- Hall, Landon (December 6, 2012). "Springsteen's fitness: Reason to believe". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
- Melas, Chloe (April 29, 2017). "Bruce Springsteen explains why he used to not pay taxes". CNN. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Springsteen Keeps Love Life in Dark". originally published in New York Daily News. September 4, 1985. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- Interview with Patti Scialfa, "Red-Headed Woman", page 42–44, Q magazine, 1993
- Carlin, Peter Ames (2012). Bruce. Simon & Schuster. p. 343. ISBN 978-1439191835.
- "Springsteen, model married this morning". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). UPI. May 13, 1985. p. A1. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Bruce, actress fool fans with early wedding". Spokane Chronicle. (Washington). May 13, 1985. p. B2. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Springsteen marries in secret ceremony". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. May 14, 1985. p. 1A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Carlin, Peter Ames (2012). Bruce. Simon & Schuster. pp. 345–346. ISBN 978-1439191835.
- Katz, Larry (September 15, 2004). "E Street detour: Patti Scialfa leaves hubby Bruce Springsteen at home during road trip". Boston Herald. Angelfire.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "How Bruce Springsteen's Wife Supported Him Through His Battle With Depression". www.msn.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- "Springsteen's wife seeks divorce". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). news services. August 31, 1988. p. 3A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Springsteen, wife divorced; 'fair settlement' kept secret". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). news services. December 16, 1988. p. 2A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Rocker Springsteen, wife reach divorce agreement". United Press International. (archives). December 15, 1988. Archived from the original on September 27, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
- Wieder, Judy (1995). "Bruce Springsteen: The Advocate Interview". The Advocate. brucespringsteen.hu. Archived from the original (doc) on March 13, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- CARLIN, PETER AMES. "Bruce Springsteen book excerpt: From a 'Tunnel of Love' with Julianne Phillips to 'Dancing in the Dark' with Patti Scialfa". nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Kirkpatrick, Rob (2007). The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 120. ISBN 978-0275989385.
- Sawyers, June Skinner. (2004). Racing in the Street: The Bruce Springsteen Reader. Penguin Books. ISBN 0142003549.
- Kirkpatrick, Rob (2007). The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 149. ISBN 978-0275989385.
- David, Mark (March 19, 2010). "The Boss Buys and Sells at a Loss in Flahreeduh". Variety. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
- "Festival Highlights". Boston College. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Jaffer, Nancy (October 9, 2009). "Jessica Springsteen finishes second at Talent Search Finals East, deciding whether to pursue equitation". The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- Anderson, Nicola. "Bruce Springsteen attends Dublin Horse Show to cheer on daughter Jess". Independent.ie. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- Hochron, Adam (January 17, 2014). "Monmouth County Fire Academy Graduates 42 New Members – Police & Fire – Marlboro-ColtsNeck, NJ Patch". Marlboro-coltsneck.patch.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Bruce Springsteen News – Recording Artists' Eleventh Hour Campaigns – Mostly for Obama". idiomag. November 3, 2008. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
- "Backstreets.com: Springsteen News Archive Jan 2009". www.backstreets.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
- "Rocker Bruce Springsteen endorses N.J. gay marriage bill". The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- Wong, Curtis (October 2, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen Stars in Gay Marriage Social Media Campaign". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
- McCormick, Joseph Patrick (April 8, 2016). "Bruce Springsteen dumps North Carolina over bigoted anti-LGBT law". PinkNews. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
- Kreps, Daniel (January 22, 2017). "Bruce Springsteen on Women's March: 'The New American Resistance'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- Bruce Springsteen (January 22, 2017), Bruce Springsteen in Perth – January 22, 2017, archived from the original on April 13, 2018, retrieved September 20, 2018
- euronews (in English) (January 23, 2017), Bruce Springsteen joins 'new resistance' against 'demagogue' Trump, archived from the original on February 2, 2019, retrieved September 20, 2018
- Henderson, Cydney. "Bruce Springsteen: President Trump doesn't understand 'what it means to be American'". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on August 27, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
- "Bruce Springsteen Calls President Trump a 'Threat to Our Democracy'". Billboard. June 24, 2020. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
- "Bruce Springsteen debuts new 'The Rising' video during Democratic National Convention". NME. August 18, 2020. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
- "Bruce Springsteen & Don Winslow Team On Video Just In Time For President Trump's Pennsylvania Rally: WATCH". Deadline. October 13, 2020. Archived from the original on October 13, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- Kreps, Daniel (October 31, 2020). "Bruce Springsteen Narrates Joe Biden's 'Hometown' Scranton Ad". Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved November 5, 2020.
- Scinto, Maria (November 7, 2020). "Joe Biden's Victory Speech Walkout Song Explained". TheList.com. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
- "Bruce Springsteen delivers historic marathon at the Key". The Seattle Times. March 24, 2016. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Bruce Springsteen: Can his shows be too long?". The Star. August 24, 2012. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Top Selling Artists – December 04, 2013". RIAA. Archived from the original on December 9, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- Glatter, Hayley (May 10, 2018). "Throwback Thursday: Bruce Springsteen Plays in Cambridge". Boston. Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
- "Bruce Springsteen wins 2021 Woody Guthrie Prize". Billboard. May 4, 2021. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
- Alterman, Eric. It Ain't No Sin To Be Glad You're Alive: The Promise of Bruce Springsteen. Little Brown, 1999. ISBN 0-316-03885-7.
- Coles, Robert. Bruce Springsteen's America: The People Listening, a Poet Singing. Random House, 2005. ISBN 0-375-50559-8.
- Cullen, Jim. Born in the U.S.A.: Bruce Springsteen and the American Tradition. 1997; Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 2005. New edition of 1997 study book places Springsteen's work in the broader context of American history and culture. ISBN 0-8195-6761-2
- Eliot, Marc with Appel, Mike. Down Thunder Road. Simon & Schuster, 1992. ISBN 0-671-86898-5.
- Graff, Gary. The Ties That Bind: Bruce Springsteen A to E to Z. Visible Ink, 2005. ISBN 1-57859-151-1.
- Guterman, Jimmy. Runaway American Dream: Listening to Bruce Springsteen. Da Capo, 2005. ISBN 0-306-81397-1.
- Hilburn, Robert. Springsteen. Rolling Stone Press, 1985. ISBN 0-684-18456-7.
- Knobler, Peter with special assistance from Greg Mitchell. "Who Is Bruce Springsteen and Why Are We Saying All These Wonderful Things About Him?", Crawdaddy, March 1973.
- Marsh, Dave. Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003 Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-96928-X. (Consolidation of two previous Marsh biographies, Born to Run (1981) and Glory Days (1987).)
- Wolff, Daniel. July 4, Asbury Park: A History of the Promised Land. Bloomsbury, 2005. ISBN 1-58234-509-0
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bruce Springsteen.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bruce Springsteen|