José M. Hernández
|José M. Hernández|
|Born||José Moreno Hernández|
August 7, 1962
French Camp, California, U.S.
|University of the Pacific (B.S. 1984)|
University of California, Santa Barbara (M.S. 1986)
Time in space
|13 days, 20 hours, and 54 minutes|
|Selection||2004, NASA Astronaut Group 19|
|Retirement||January 14, 2011|
Hernández was assigned to the crew of Space Shuttle mission STS-128. He also served as chief of the Materials and Processes branch of Johnson Space Center. Hernández previously developed equipment for full-field digital mammography at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Hernández left NASA in 2011.
In October 2011, Hernández, at the urging of President Barack Obama, ran for Congress as a Democrat in California's newly redrawn 10th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives. He won the Democratic nomination, but lost the 2012 general election to freshman incumbent Representative Jeff Denham.
Early life and education
Hernández was born in French Camp, California, but calls Stockton, California, his hometown. His family is from La Piedad, Michoacán, with indigenous Purépecha roots. In an August 25, 2009, conversation with President Felipe Calderón of Mexico, Hernández stated that as a child, he lived half the year in La Piedad and half in the United States. As a child, Hernández worked alongside his family and other farmworkers throughout the fields of California, harvesting crops and moving from one town to another. He attended many schools and didn't learn to speak English until he was 12. His first memory of space is about adjusting the television in order to watch the Apollo 17 mission in 1972.
José Hernández participated in Upward Bound during high school, a Federal TRIO program that prepares students for college. He graduated from Franklin High School in Stockton. While in college, he was involved in the Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement (MESA) program, an academic preparation program that provides support to students from educationally disadvantaged backgrounds so they can attain four-year degrees in science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) fields.
He earned a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of the Pacific in 1984. In 1986, Hernández earned an M.S. in electrical and computer engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Hernández worked from 1980 to 2004 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California. While there, Hernández, along with a commercial colleague, developed the first full-field digital mammography imaging system. This invention aids in the early detection of breast cancer.
In 2001, Hernández joined the Johnson Space Center, in Houston, Texas.
After three years and being turned down eleven times for astronaut training by NASA, Hernández was selected in May 2004. In February 2006 he completed Astronaut Candidate Training that included scientific and technical briefings, intensive instruction in Shuttle and International Space Station systems, physiological training, T-38 flight training, and water and wilderness survival training. On completing this initial training, Hernández was assigned to the Shuttle Branch to support Kennedy Space Center Operations in support of Shuttle launch and landing preparations.
Hernández worked various technical assignments until his selection on July 15, 2008, as a mission specialist on the STS-128 mission, which launched on August 28, 2009. While in orbit, Hernández became the first person to use the Spanish language in space while tweeting.
Hernández told the Stockton Record in the summer of 2009 that he would consider running against fellow Democrat Dennis Cardoza in his Stockton-based district.
Hernández announced at Pacific Union College on September 29, 2011, that at the urging of President Barack Obama he was considering a run for the U.S. House of Representatives and would announce his decision on October 11, 2011. He announced his candidacy as promised on October 11 via Twitter by linking to his campaign website. Hernández made his first public campaign appearance on January 14, 2012, at a Democratic Candidate Forum in Tracy at the Holiday Inn Express & Suites.
In March 2012, Bell, McAndrews & Hiltachk, a law firm with links to the California Republican Party, sued in Sacramento County Superior Court to block Hernández from describing himself as an "astronaut/scientist/engineer" on the June ballot. The lawsuit stated that "astronaut is not a title one carries for life"; the election code requires the description be accurate for the previous calendar year. "Allowing a candidate to use the profession of 'astronaut' when he hasn't served in that profession recently is akin to allowing someone to use a title of 'sailor' when they no longer own or operate a ship," said Jennifer Kerns, a California Republican Party spokeswoman. On March 29, a Sacramento County Superior Court judge ruled that Hernández may be described as an astronaut on the June 5 primary ballot.
The payment of taxes were an issue for both Hernández and his opponent. Denham criticized Hernández for a tax lien of $10,813 imposed by the IRS in 2010 but only paid in 2012. In turn, Hernández attacked Denham for two tax liens imposed against his business in 2003.
Hernández has received the endorsement of Democracy for America, and was selected as one of the Dean Dozen they were supporting in 2012. In November 2012, Hernández lost to the incumbent, Congressman Jeff Denham, in the General Election for California's new 10th District. Hernández finished in the polls with 46% of the vote.
As of September 2012, most of Hernández's campaign funds came from outside his district and many donations came from left-wing political action committees and public employee unions. Speaking of his fundraising Hernández said, "there aren't any special interest groups that are going to come back and say I have to vote for something. I don't believe they're going to influence me in making decisions on what's best for my district." Hernández said that he does not think organizations like teachers unions to be special interest groups.
Since his 2012 loss, Hernández has made multiple public statements regarding potential future campaigns. In March 2016, Hernández said, "I ran for Congress in 2012 but I lost in a close race. Now I'm thinking about making a comeback, maybe in 2018." In July 2017, Hernández was reportedly considering challenging Rep. Jerry McNerney in California's 9th Congressional District, though he was still considering another run against Denham and wasn't sure if he would run in 2018 or 2020.
Hernandez made headlines soon after his return to Earth as a result of comments he made on Mexican television advocating that the United States legalize undocumented immigrants. He does not favor a guest worker program or a secure ID program.
Hernández supports California's Proposition 30, a ballot measure proposed by Gov. Jerry Brown to increase income taxes on those earning more than $250,000 and raise the sales tax rate by a quarter-cent for everyone. To balance the federal budget, Hernández says there needs to be a combination of tax increases and budget cuts.
Hernández is married and has five children. For several years, his wife, Adela, ran a Mexican restaurant just outside the Johnson Space Center gates, called Tierra Luna Grill, which is Spanish for Earth Moon Grill. In 2014, Hernández joined the Board of Directors for the nonprofit humanitarian space agency, SpaceUnited.
Awards and honors
Hernández has earned or been awarded:
- Graduate Engineering Minority Fellow (GEM) (1985)
- Hispanic Engineer National Achievement Award, "Outstanding Technical Contribution" (1995)
- Society of Mexican American Engineers and Scientists (MAES) "Medalla de Oro" recipient for professional and community contributions (1999)
- U.S. Department of Energy "Outstanding Performance Commendation" (2000)
- NASA Service Awards (2002, 2003)
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory "Outstanding Engineer Award" (2001)
- Upward Bound National TRIO Achiever Award (2001)
- Eta Kappa Nu Electrical Engineering Honor Society member and awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from University of California at Santa Barbara (2006).
- José Hernández Middle School, in San Jose, California, is named after him
- University of California, Santa Barbara 2015 Distinguished Alumnus
- United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, 2016 National Hispanic Hero Award
- List of Hispanic astronauts
- United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012
- United States House of Representatives elections, 2012
- Astronauts and Cosmonauts (sorted by "Time in Space"). Spacefacts.de. Retrieved on 2012-10-09.
- "Astronaut Jose Hernandez Leaves NASA". NASA. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- Carnia, Catalina (October 11, 2011). "Ex-astronaut Hernandez to run for Congress". USA Today. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- [dead link]
- Sala de Prensa | Presidencia de la República. Presidencia.gob.mx. Retrieved on 2012-10-09.
- From farm fields to outer space » Standard-Times Archived 2009-08-26 at the Wayback Machine.. Gosanangelo.com. Retrieved on 2012-10-09.
- Perko, Marge Pamintuan (October 26, 2016). "To the Stars and Beyond". www.news.ucsb.edu. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "From farmer to astronaut: Jose Hernandez's inspiring story". The Salinas Californian. Retrieved 2017-06-25.
- Cohen, Julie (September 28, 2015). "UCSB Alumni Association Honors NASA Astronaut". www.news.ucsb.edu. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "JOSÉ M. HERNÁNDEZ NASA Astronaut". NASA. October 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
- "2004 Astronaut Candidate". NASA. May 6, 2004. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
- Fernandez, Lisa (September 30, 2014). "Jose Hernandez, Migrant-Turned-Astronaut, Has Middle School Named for Him in San Jose". www.nbcbayarea.com. KNTV. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Former NASA Astronaut Jose Hernandez Shares His Journey With Local Students". losangeles.cbslocal.com. April 30, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- NASA (May 17, 2007). "NEEMO 12". NASA. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
- Jose Hernandez (August 29, 2009). "Jose's first on-orbit Spanish language tweet". Retrieved October 3, 2009.
- [dead link]
- "In celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month - NASA Astronaut José Hernández". www.state.gov. September 24, 2010. Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Hughes, Patty (March 27, 2012). "Congressional Candidate Jose Hernandez: Astronaut -- Or Not?". www.huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "Reaching for the Stars: An Evening with José Hernández and Los Ubers". newsroom.uber.com. September 2, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Hernandez weighs political arena. Recordnet.com (2009-07-19). Retrieved on 2012-10-09.
- Pena, Larry (September 30, 2011). "Astronaut Jose Hernandez: "Don't Ever, Ever, Ever Give Up"". PUC News & Events. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- "Twitter / @Astro_Jose". October 10, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- "Jose Hernandez For Congress". October 10, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Michael Doyle, "Candidate challenged over 'astronaut' title Archived 2012-03-26 at the Wayback Machine.", Fresno Bee, March 23, 2012.
- Joe Garofoli, "Judge: Jose Hernandez can be 'astronaut' on ballot", San Francisco Chronicle, March 30, 2012.
-  Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Total Raised and Spent". Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "Congressional candidates have different views on what nation needs". Modesto Bee. September 15, 2012. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012.
- "Local restaurant owner heading to space". KTRK-TV. August 21, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
- "Astronaut And Engineer Added To Nonprofit Humanitarian Space Agency Board Of Directors". PRLog. May 30, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
- Jose Hernández on Twitter
- Campaign website
- Jose Hernandez Reaching For The Stars! Foundation
- NASA biography of Hernández
- Spacefacts biography of José Hernández