Khirbat Qumbaza

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Khirbat Qumbaza
Khirbat Qumbaza is located in Mandatory Palestine
Khirbat Qumbaza
Khirbat Qumbaza
Name meaning Kumbazah, possibly from Persian for dome or cupola[1]
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°37′55″N 35°1′34″E / 32.63194°N 35.02611°E / 32.63194; 35.02611Coordinates: 32°37′55″N 35°1′34″E / 32.63194°N 35.02611°E / 32.63194; 35.02611
Palestine grid 152/226
Population 2160[2] (1931)
Date of depopulation May, 1948[3]
Current localities Kerem Maharal[4]

Khirbat Qumbaza was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict, located 21.5 km south of Haifa, 3 km away from Wadi al-Milh. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War in May, 1948.

History[edit]

One km to the southeast of the village site lay the maqam of Shaykh Quttayna, just below Khirbat Quttayna. Khirbat Quttayna has been identified by some scholars as the Canaanite place Kartah.[5]

In the 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Khirbat Qumbaza as "a small hamlet on high ground".[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Khirbat Qumbaza was counted with Ijzim, Khirbat Al-Manara, Al-Mazar, Shaykh al-Burayk and al-Washahiyya. Together they had a population of 2160; 88 Christians and the rest Muslim, in a total of 442 houses.[2]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

In July 1948, the IDF found hundreds of women, children and old people at Ijzim and nearby Khirbat Qumbaza. "More than 100" Arabs were reported killed, and about 100 militiamen were taken prisoners.[7]

According to Walid Khalidi, writing in 1992, some of the village lands was used by the Israeli army as military training ground, while the settlement of Kerem Maharal was close to the old village site.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 150
  2. ^ a b Mills, 1932, p. 91. Number includes Ijzim, Khirbat Al-Manara, Al-Mazar, Shaykh al-Burayk, al-Washahiyya
  3. ^ given in Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #165, followed by a (?)
  4. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 185
  5. ^ Abel, 1967, p. 63. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 184.
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 42. Also quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 184
  7. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 439

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]