|Na+/H+ antiporter 1|
They are found in the membranes of many cells, and especially in those of the nephron of the kidney, specifically in the intercalary cells of the collecting duct and in the epithelial cells of the proximal convoluted tubule. The membrane pump is primarily responsible for maintaining homeostasis of pH and sodium. Defects in Na+/H+ antiporters may result in heart or kidney failure. Angiotensin II upregulates this antiporter in the proximal convoluted tubule in order to promote Na+ reabsorption and H+ secretion. Na+/H+ exchangers are thought to be implicated in other disorders such as hypertension. In one study, transgenic mice over expressing this membrane protein were shown to have increased reabsorption and retention of sodium after increased salt intake.
There are several isoforms of the antiporter:
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 1
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 2
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 3
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 4
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 5
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 6
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 7
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 8
- Sodium–hydrogen antiporter 9
There are several families of sodium/proton antiporters that facilitate the exchange of sodium ions with protons across the lipid membrane. Some of them include:
- TC# 2.A.33 - Na+:H+ Antiporter (NhaA) Family
- TC# 2.A.34 - Na+:H+ Antiporter (NhaB) Family
- TC# 2.A.35 - Na+:H+ Antiporter (NhaC) Family
- TC# 2.A.36 - Monovalent Cation:Proton Antiporter-1 (CPA1) Family
- TC# 2.A.37 - Monovalent Cation:Proton Antiporter-2 (CPA2) Family
- TC# 2.A.62 - Na+:H+ Antiporter (NhaD) Family
- TC# 2.A.63 - Monovalent Cation (K+ or Na+):Proton Antiporter-3 (CPA3) Family
- TC# 2.A.111 - Na+:H+ Antiporter (NhaE) Family
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- "TCDB » HOME". Transporter Classification Database. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
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