Calamba, Laguna

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Calamba
Component City
Lungsod ng Calamba
(from top, left to right): St. John the Baptist Church, Second Tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World and the legendary claypot where the city's name is derived.
(from top, left to right): St. John the Baptist Church, Second Tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World and the legendary claypot where the city's name is derived.
Official seal of Calamba
Seal
Nickname(s): Resort Capital of the Philippines
The Town of Heroe Capital of the Philippines
Lakeside City of Southern Luzon
Claypot City of the Philippines
Map of Laguna showing the location of Calamba City
Map of Laguna showing the location of Calamba City
Calamba is located in Philippines
Calamba
Calamba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°13′N 121°10′E / 14.22°N 121.17°E / 14.22; 121.17Coordinates: 14°13′N 121°10′E / 14.22°N 121.17°E / 14.22; 121.17
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
Congr. district 2nd District of Laguna
Incorporated August 28, 1742
Cityhood April 21, 2001
Barangays 54
Government[1]
 • Mayor Justin Marc S.B. Chipeco (NP)
 • Vice-Mayor Roseller H. Rizal (NP)
Area[2]
 • Total 149.50 km2 (57.72 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 454,486
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Calambeño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4027
4028 - Canlubang
4029 - Camp Vicente Lim (Mayapa)
Dialing code +63 (0)49
Income class 1st Class
Website www.calambacity.gov.ph

Calamba (PSGC: 043405000), officially known as the City of Calamba (Filipino: Lungsod ng Calamba) and often referred to as Calamba City, is a component city of Laguna, Philippines. It is the regional center of the Calabarzon region. It is situated 54 kilometres (34 mi) south of Manila, the city is known as the Resort Capital of the Philippines[4] because of its numerous hot spring resorts, which are mostly located in Barangay Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.

According to the 2015 census, the city has a population of 454,486 people, making it the most populous local government unit in Laguna.[3] It is the 5th densest city in the province with more than 2,600 people per square kilometer after San Pedro, Biñan, Cabuyao and Santa Rosa. Based on the overall rankings of the 2014 Cities and Municipalities Index, the city ranked 18th in the overall competitiveness (cities ranking) and 1st among cities in the Calabarzon region.[5][6]

The City of Calamba is the hometown of the Philippine national hero, Jose Rizal.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the city comes from a legend that during the early time of the Spanish period in the country, two "guardias civil" or soldiers were lost and passing through what is now Calamba. The soldiers met a young lady who came from a river carrying a jar of water and a clay stove. The soldiers unwittingly in Spanish language and in authoritative tone, to conceal the fact that they were lost, asked the local maiden the name of the place they were in. The lady, who speaks only her native language, naturally thought she was being interrogated about what she was carrying and nervously uttered "kalan-banga", meaning "clay stove" (kalan) and "water jar" (banga).[7] Because the Spaniards could not pronounce it properly, the town has been called Calamba supposedly since then. This legend is immortalized with a large concrete water jar erected in the city plaza with the names of the city's barangays written on its surface. It is now known as Calambanga and is considered the "World's Biggest Claypot".[8] This same jar is also found in the city's seal. The plaza was proposed by Dr. Agapito Alzona, then the town councilor to utilize the waste area where the old town market relocated from. The resolution was approved by the then town mayor Roman Lazaro and added additional P5,000 for the fence to the original P15,000 construction cost. It was completed in 1939.

History[edit]

The oldest part of Calamba is believed to be Barangay Sucol where its first settlers remained. With the arrival of Spaniards, the whole area was converted into a hacienda, then a part of Tabuco (now known as Cabuyao City). Calamba became an independent pueblo on August 28, 1742, and formed into the town of Calamba in 1770. In 1813, Calamba was placed in the hands of "encargados" by the Dominican Brothers, who divided into portions and sold the haciendas to the natives during the American regime.[7][9]

During the Japanese occupation in World War II, the city was the theater of a massacre during which the Imperial Japanese Army killed at least 2,000 civilians.[10] The St. John the Baptist Church, established in 1859, was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.

Cityhood[edit]

After a process of more than seven years, Calamba became the second component city of the Laguna by virtue of Republic Act No. 9024, "An Act Converting the Municipality of Calamba, Province of Laguna into a Component City to be known as the City of Calamba." R.A. 9024 was signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on March 5, 2001, at the Malacañan Palace. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) then set the plebiscite for Calamba’s cityhood on April 21, 2001 where 15,056 residents participated. 3,413 or 22.67% voted "No" while the remaining 77.33% voted "Yes" to Calamba’s conversion into a component city.[11]

Events leading to Cityhood[edit]

As early as 1994, the town’s Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No. 60, Series of 1994 requesting the Senate of the Philippines thru its president and the House of Representatives thru its speaker to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba’s conversion into a city. It was only after two years that another resolution, Resolution No. 115 was passed requesting then Honorable Congressman Joaquin M. Chipeco Jr, to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba’s cityhood and requesting the Sangguniang Panlalawigan for their comments and recommendations regarding the matter. Another two years passed before House Bill No. 986 and Senate bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 were filed in the House of Representatives by Congressman Chipeco and Senate of the Philippines by Senators Franklin M. Drilon and Sergio Osmeña III, respectively.

It was only in the year 2000 that the motion for Calamba’s cityhood was fast tracked. Then Mayor Severino J. Lajara requested favorable endorsement of House Bill No. 986 from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on January 3, 2000. The Sangguniang Bayan also endorsed House Bill No. 986 and Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and also requested favorable endorsement from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on the same month. A month passed and Mayor Lajara sent a follow-up letter to then Vice-Governor Teresita "Ningning" Lazaro on updates regarding the matter.

On March 8, the House Committee on Local Government approved House Bill No. 986 on 2nd reading at a hearing held at Hotel Rembrandt, Quezon City. The same House Committee conducted a public hearing on House Bill No. 986 at the Calamba Elementary School (Central II) gymnasium on March 23, approving the House Bill in principle. House Bill 986 was deliberated in April by the House of Representatives in plenary session and approved as House Bill No. 10661, which was then filed with the Senate of the Philippines in June.

The year 2001 came and brought about approval on 2nd reading of Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 in a hearing held on February 5 at the Ambrocio Padilla Hall, Senate of the Philippines. Three days later, February 8, Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 was deliberated in Plenary Session and was approved as Republic Act No. 9024.[11]

Calabarzon Regional Government Center[edit]

Calamba City was declared the regional center of the Calabarzon region by former President Gloria Arroyo by virtue of Executive Order No. 246, dated October 28, 2003.[12]

Geography[edit]

Calamba lies on the northern slopes of Mount Makiling, a dormant volcano. The southern terminus of the South Luzon Expressway is in Calamba and this geographic position makes the city a gateway to the southern provinces of Luzon. The highway at the end of the South Luzon Expressway leads east to the other towns of Laguna and south towards the provinces of Batangas and Quezon.

Calamba City is bordered by Cabuyao City to the north, Los Baños to the east, by the province of Batangas to the south, specifically the municipalities of Santo Tomas, Tanauan City and Talisay, and by the province of Cavite to the west, with Tagaytay City and Silang. Laguna de Bay the country's largest lake, forms the city's northwest border. The provincial capital, Santa Cruz, is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) by road to the east.

Calamba covers a total land area of 14,950 hectares (36,900 acres),[2] making it is the 2nd largest city in Laguna province in terms of land area after San Pablo City.

Land Uses[edit]

Classification[13] Land Area (hectares)
Urban Redevelopment Zone 2,080
Growth Management Zone 1 4,199
Growth Management Zone 2 2,460
Upland Conservation Zone 3,401.22
Forest Buffer Zone 333
Makiling Forest Reservation Zone 579.78
Agricultural Development Zone 1,427
Shoreland Area -
Total Land Area 14,480
Urban Expansion Area 8,562.7 has

Barangays[edit]

Calamba City is politically subdivided into 54 barangays, the smallest administrative unit in the city.[14]

Calamba City latest colored map.jpg

City government[edit]

City Mayor of Calamba City, Laguna
Alkalde ng Lungsod ng Calamba (Tagalog)
Incumbent
Justin Marc SB. Chipeco

since June 30, 2010
Style (Mr.) Mayor, Honorable Mayor
Residence New Calamba City Hall Building, Brgy. Real, Calamba City, Laguna
Appointer Elected via popular vote
Term length 3 years (maximum of three consecutive terms)
Inaugural holder Mateo Elojorde
Formation 1901

Like other cities in the Philippines, Calamba City is governed by a city mayor and city vice-mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The city mayor is the executive head who leads the city's departments in the execution of city ordinances and in the delivery of public services. The city vice-mayor heads a legislative council that is composed of 12 members: 10 councilors and two ex-officio offices: one for the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President, representing the youth sector, and one for the Association of Barangay Chairmen President as the barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions.

Calamba City is also part of the 2nd District of Laguna together with Cabuyao, Los Baños and Bay.

Government officials[edit]

The 2013 local elections in Calamba City, held on May 13, 2013, replaced some members of the city government, including the mayor, vice mayor and other members of the city council.

Elected officials for the 2013–2016 term are:[1]

Members of the Calamba City Council (2013–2016)
Position Name Party
Mayor Justin Marc SB. Chipeco Nacionalista
Vice-Mayor Roseller H. Rizal Nacionalista
Councilors Edgardo H. Catindig Nacionalista
Ruth Mariano-Hernandez Nacionalista
Moises E. Morales Nacionalista
Peewee P. Perez PDP-Laban
Lian Pecho Aldabe Nacionalista
Christian Niño S. Lajara PDP-Laban
Luis Vergel G. Baroro Nacionalista
Maria Virgina G. Alcasid PDP-Laban
Jose Morel DC Manaig Nacionalista
Santiago O. Atienza Nacionalista
Ex Officio City Council Members
ABC President Edison Natividad (Bunggo) Nonpartisan
SK President Vacant Nonpartisan

List of mayors of Calamba[edit]

The former mayors and political leaders of Calamba are:[9]

  • Mateo Elejorde (1901–1904)
  • Isidoro Cailles (1904–1907)
  • Ramon Santos (1907–1910)
  • Rafael Pabalan (1910–1917)
  • Roman D. Lazaro (1919–1922/1931-1934) (1937-1941/1945-1946)
  • Felipe Belarmino (1922–1931)
  • Eduardo A. Barretto (1934–1937)
  • Enrique G. Shinyo (1942)
  • Artemio M. Elepano (1943-1944)
  • Exequiel Geneciran (1944–1945)
  • Severino Q. Arambulo (1946-1947/1956-1959) (1968–1971)
  • Sisenando V. Rizal Sr. (1948-1951/1952-1954)
  • Pantaleon Alihan (1954–1955)
  • Taciano V. Rizal (1960-1963/1964-1967) (1972–1975)
  • Eduardo T. Yu Jr. (1975–1980)
  • Salvador E. Delmo (1980–1986)
  • Apolonio A. Elazegui (1986–1987)
  • Victoriano Chipeco (1987-1988)
  • Jesus Miguel Yulo (1987–1994)
  • Severino J. Lajara (1994–2004)
  • Joaquin Chipeco, Jr. (2004-2013)
  • Justin Marc SB. Chipeco (2013 - present)

Official Seal of Calamba City[edit]

Official Calamba City seal

The seal of the City of Calamba has evolved and has been modified throughout the years. From being a municipality to a component city, a new seal was necessary to symbolize the new thrust of Calamba. In a city-wide seal-making contest, Reyjon de Guzman emerged as winner, for his work best symbolized the ideals, pride and achievements of the city. Each color, shape, number and object has its own meaning relative to what is Calamba in the past, present and future.[15]

  • Shield Shape – The shield shape in the center, with a slight circular bottom, flat top and curved edges at the top corners project solidity and congruence.
  • Banga shaped twined with Dr. Jose Rizal’s image – The historical ambience is depicted in this twin image. The abstract represents the influence of Dr. Jose Rizal and the Banga in the history of the City of Calamba.
  • Numbers – the engraved "1742" mentions the year when Calamba was founded and seceded from the town of Cabuyao, while "2001" was identified as the year of Calamba's cityhood.
  • Objects – the mountain in the background and the water current at the bottom part relate to land and water resources of the city pertain to the vast natural resources of Mount Makiling and the aquatic benefits of Laguna de Bay. The water beneath Mt. Makiling shows that Calamba City touches a body of water notably Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country, and that's why Calamba City is also known as the "City by the Lake". The silhouette image of rice field on the left and the industrial buildings on the right symbolizing Calamba City's rapid modernization, urbanization, and industrialization. With both signs located beside each other, it shows everyone that nature and progress can efficiently coexist in Calamba City.
  • Colors - Except for silver grey and metallic gold, all others are similar with the national seal. However, additional meanings are attached to each.
  • Metallic Gold – This represents the radiating image of Dr. Jose Rizal and Banga that reflects in the minds and deeds of Calambeños.
  • Red – This symbolizes the burning patriotism of residents as exemplified by Rizal.
  • Blue – As land and water represent wealth and prosperity, the color blue signifies productivity and tranquility of the constituents.
  • Silver Grey – This represents the transformation of development from an agricultural pueblo in the 1700s to an agro-industrial town in the 1900s and finally to an industrial city.
  • White – This projects purity, transparency, efficiency and prudence pertaining to governance.
  • Calamba City has a golden edge etched at the upper half with the words Lungsod ng Calamba depicting Calamba City as a Philippine component city. Laguna at the bottom part means that Calamba City is still part of Laguna province.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calamba City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 173,453 —    
1995 218,951 +4.46%
2000 281,146 +5.51%
2007 360,281 +3.48%
2010 389,377 +2.87%
2015 454,486 +2.99%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][16]

According to the 2015 census, Calamba has a population of 454,486 inhabitants, making it the most populated town in Laguna province, followed by Santa Rosa, Biñan City, San Pedro City, Cabuyao City, and San Pablo. Calamba City is the 24th most populated city in the Philippines.[3]

Religions[edit]

Calamba is predominantly Roman Catholic (84.22%), followed by Members Church of God International (MCGI or ADD)(4.5%), Protestants (3.43%), Iglesia Ni Cristo (3.14%), and Islam (0.26%).[7]

Economy[edit]

Calamba City is known today as the "Richest City in Calabarzon", (according to the 2014 Commission on Audit Annual Audit Report), as it registered a total income of ₱2,501,048,126.00.[17] Calamba is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms.[18]

The major income sources comes from manufacturing and economic plants, tourism, agriculture and services. There are many manufacturing and economic plants located in upland barangays like Canlubang, Real, La Mesa, Milagrosa, Makiling, Punta, Barandal, Batino and Prinza.

Income[edit]

Year Total Income (COA)[19] Growth % Total Income (BLGF)[20] Growth %
2002 ₱810,569,652.58 ₱809,806,000.00
2003 ₱847,402,297.32 Increase 4.54% ₱1,046,621,000.00 Increase 29.24%
2004 ₱872,473,683.19 Increase 2.96% ₱921,272,904.23 Decrease −11.98%
2005 ₱1,035,488,459.60 Increase 18.68% ₱1,094,639,552.79 Increase 18.82%
2006 ₱1,110,330,981.73 Increase 7.23% ₱1,110,330,981.73 Increase 1.43%
2007 ₱1,161,438,445.76 Increase 4.60% ₱1,162,050,643.28 Increase 4.66%
2008 ₱1,338,299,724.69 Increase 15.23% ₱1,338,769,422.02 Increase 15.21%
2009 ₱1,580,699,818.00 Increase 18.11% ₱1,586,541,340.26 Increase 18.51%
2010 ₱1,634,025,898.00 Increase 3.37% ₱1,699,391,678.99 Increase 7.11%
2011 ₱1,952,122,303.00 Increase 19.47% ₱1,887,800,323.68 Increase 11.09%
2012 ₱2,023,350,771.00 Increase 3.65% ₱2,023,350,600.11 Increase 7.18%
2013 ₱2,191,286,734.00 Increase 8.30%
2014 ₱2,501,048,126.00 Increase14.14%

Banking[edit]

As of December 31, 2013, there are 83 banking offices operating in the city that offers banking services to businesses and residents according to Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation. Calamba is the top city in Calabarzon with total deposits amounting to 29,632,884 in thousand pesos from 374,122 accounts.[21]

Industries and manufacturing[edit]

The city is a haven for industries. Considered as the heart of Calabarzon due to the number of companies housed in its area, Calamba City is one of the premiere industrial hubs outside of Metro Manila. Some of the industrial parks located in the city are:[22]

Food processing plants in Calamba like Zenith Foods Corp. (central commissary of Jollibee Foods Corporation), where its sauces and food products (i.e. burger, pies, fries, etc.) are first made before distributing to Jollibee outlets is currently the most advanced food processing plant in the Philippines and one of the best in Asia. Other food and beverage processing plants in Calamba are Rebisco, RC Cola, Monde-M.Y. San Corporation and Zest-O Corporation.

Some of the semiconductor companies are also located in Calamba. To name a few, they are Samsung Electronics Philippines, Continental Temic Electronics Philippines, Toshiba Storage Device Philippines Inc., ST Microelectronics (formerly Philips Electronics), Fuji Electric Philippines, NEC Tokin Electronics, NEC Toppan Circuit Solutions and Austriamicrosystems Phils.

Automobile manufacturer that have plants located in Calamba City are Asian Transmission Corporation and Suzuki Philippines Inc.

Avon, the leading global beauty company has a manufacturing plant (Avon Products Manufacturing) located at Calamba Premiere International Park.

Information technology[edit]

Calamba City is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms and call centers, among them are Accenture and SPi Technologies.

Commerce and trade[edit]

Aside from the Crossing area in Barangay Uno, Barangays Real and Parian are also bustling with business structures, including SM City Calamba, Walter Mart Calamba and Liana's Discount Center Calamba.

Notable shopping centers in Calamba also include Walter Mart Makiling, SM Savemore Parian, Puregold Halang, Puregold Calamba Crossing, Checkpoint Mall, and iMall Canlubang among others.

Tourism and places of interest[edit]

Here are some of Calamba City's tourist destinations:

Rizal Shrine
Rizal Shrine
This is located at Calamba City Proper. Beside the St. John the Baptist Church, it is where José Rizal, the Philippines' national hero, lived before he was executed in Rizal Park.
Calamba Rizal Park/The Plaza
The former tallest Rizal Statue located at Calamba.
This public park in Barangay Real commemorates Jose Rizal. Erected on a 7 hectares (17 acres) land at Calamba City Hall Complex, the monument is 22 feet (6.7 m) tall, with the number symbolizing the 22 languages and dialects used by Rizal. It sits on top of a 15-step podium, symbolizing one decade since Rizal was born. The monument was once cited as the tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World,[23] until a monument of Rizal was built in Santa Cruz, Laguna for the Palarong Pambansa 2014. The monument was inaugurated by President Benigno Aquino III in preparation for the National Hero's sesquicentennial birth anniversary on June 19, 2011.
Banga/Pot of Calamba
Banga (also Calambanga) is a large pot that symbolizes the name of Calamba City. The name of Calamba City derived from the two words, "kalan" and "banga". The barangays in Calamba was inscripted around the pot. This pot is also known as Calambanga.
St. John the Baptish Parish Church
St. John the Baptish Parish Church
Established in 1859, the Calamba Church, also St. John the Baptish Parish Church was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.
Republ1c Wakepark
Republ1c Wakepark

The newest and most innovative wakepark in the world. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.

Is a tourist attraction located at barangay Canlubang and one of the falls here in Calamba City, it is situated at the western edge of the city.

Wonder Island Resort
Wonder Island Resort
Situated on a two-hectare island in the middle of Laguna de Bay, Wonder Island Resort is surrounded by the wide expanse of the largest freshwater lake in the country. About 50 kilometers south of Manila, the island can be reached via Calamba in Laguna, with a seven-minute ride aboard the sleek, safe and ultra-comfortable air-conditioned ferryboat.
Hot Spring Resorts
Most resorts in Calamba are located in Barangays Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Tricycles, buses, jeepneys, and boats are popular modes of transportation in Calamba. There is also a PNR station in the city, namely as the Calamba railway station that will serve as a terminal for commuters going to Manila.

Road Systems[edit]

The only expressway on Calamba is the South Luzon Expressway(SLEX), which passes through the city with 3 exits. SLEX is part of the Pan-Philippine Highway up to Calamba Exit.

Main national highways includes the Maharlika Highway (Daang Maharlika) or National Highway, which passes through the city and curves toward Santo Tomas in Batangas, Calamba-Sta. Cruz Road (also called "National Highway") links Calamba with Los Baños and Santa Cruz.

Other arterial roads includes Chipeco Avenue and Extension, which passes near the city hall, Calamba-Tagaytay Road, a road leading to Tagaytay via the Tagaytay Highlands, and Mayapa-Canlubang Cadre Road, a spur of Maharlika Highway serving Canlubang and Canlubang/Mayapa Exit (Exit 47) [24]

Proposed expressways includes Calamba-Los Baños Expressway, which spurs from SLEX Extension (Calamba Exit), traverses along Laguna de Bay and ends on a national highway at Bay, and Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike, an expressway and dike that will run on the coast of Laguna de Bay. The projects will cost an estimated 5.9 billion ($131.11 million) and 18.59 billion ($413 million)..[25]

Health care[edit]

Calamba Medical Center Tower, skyscraper viewed at Barangay Lawa

There are 9 private and 1 government-run hospitals in Calamba.[citation needed] Some of the health centers in the city are the Calamba Medical Center, Calamba Doctors' Hospital, Pamana Golden Care Hospital, St. John the Baptist Hospital, San Jose Hospital and Trauma Center, St. Marks Hospital Medical Center, Holy Angel General Hospital, CH Garcia Medical and Diagnostic Center, Dr. Jose Rizal Memorial Hospital, and Jose Yulo Foundation Canlubang Industrial Hospital...

Utilities and communication[edit]

Communication concerns are managed by different agencies found in the city: postal affairs rests on the Philippine Postal Corp. with three operating offices located in Barangays. Canlubang, Mayapa and the main office located at the back of City Hall. Telecommunications as well as internet connections are under the three major telecom companies such as PLDT, Globe Telecom, Smart Communications and Sun Cellular for Digitel. Aside from these, print and radio services are also present, with Calambalita and DZJV– a local radio station catering to the whole Calabarzon area.

A major part of the city is currently served by MERALCO, with two substations of the company located in Brgys Mayapa and Brgy 1 facilitate the flow of power throughout the entire city. All the 54 barangays are equipped with electricity, with only a few barangays such as part of Canlubang, Pansol, Bucal and Lecheria under NAPOCOR.

A big part of the City is served by the Calamba Water District, providing water to 23,655 households, 1,238 commercial establishments and 53 public buildings. Most of the city’s water supply comes from the faucet community water system.

Education[edit]

Calamba has a literacy rate of 98.9%. As of 2007, there are 120 elementary schools, 51 of which are public and 69 private. There are 50 secondary schools, 16 public and 34 private. Post-secondary education include 17 universities and colleges, and 9 technical and vocational schools.[7]

The city has four NCAA affiliate schools/branches, namely as the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Lyceum of the Philippines University, San Sebastian College – Recoletos and University of Perpetual Help System DALTA.

Some private schools that are also located in Calamba are City College of Calamba, Don Bosco College, Canlubang, Calamba Institute, Laguna College of Business and Arts, Saint Benilde International School, Asian Computer College, Inc., Active Community Contributors Institute, Inc. and Saint John Colleges. In Nuvali Calamba, there are two other schools located which are the Miriam College and Xavier School.

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region IV-A (CALABARZON)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ http://laguna.com.ph/content/province-profile
  5. ^ "Overall Rankings (2014) - Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "2014 Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index" (PDF). National Econonmic Research and Business Assistance Center - CALABARZON. 
  7. ^ a b c d "City profile". About the City. Official Website of the City of Calamba. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "Calamba City's Giant Claypot". Going Around Asia. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Political History". City Government. Official Website of the City of Calamba. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Jintaro Ishida, The Remains of War, 2001, p.238, citing the Barangay Real Memorial.
  11. ^ a b Cityhood of Calamba http://www.calambacity.gov.ph/About-the-City/Cityhood-of-Calamba/
  12. ^ "Executive Order No. 246, s. 2003". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  13. ^ "City Profile". 
  14. ^ "Barangay Names". 
  15. ^ The Official Seal http://www.calambacity.gov.ph/About-the-City/The-Official-Seal/
  16. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. May 1, 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "Commission on Audit - Cities". www.coa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-05-19. 
  18. ^ "List of Next Wave Cities for Outsourcing Firms"
  19. ^ COA AAR
  20. ^ Local Government Unit (LGUs) Financial Data
  21. ^ http://www.pdic.gov.ph/files/BSDStats/DDD_PBS_ProvinceMunicipality.htm
  22. ^ "Operating Economic Zones". 
  23. ^ Jose Rizal's Tallest Monument
  24. ^ "DPWH Road Data | Laguna 2nd". Department of Public Works and Highways Website. DPWH. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  25. ^ Rogelio L. Singson (18 November 2010). "PPP Road Projects" (PDF). Public Private Partnership Center. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 

External links[edit]