Southern Oceanic languages
|Vanuatu, New Caledonia|
The Southern Oceanic languages are a linkage of Oceanic spoken in Vanuatu and New Caledonia. It was proposed by Lynch, Ross, and Crowley in 2002 and supported by later analysis. They consider it to be a linkage rather than a language group with a clearly defined internal nested structure.
Lynch (1995) tentatively grouped the languages as follows:
- Banks–Torres family
- Northwest Santo family
- Southwest Santo family
- East Santo family
- Ambae–Maewo family
- Nuclear Southern Oceanic linkage
This organization is rather impressionistic. The non-nuclear branches are subsumed under the name Northern Vanuatu, but this is a residual group of languages with no defining features.
Clark (2009) has a slightly different structure for the northern and central languages:
- East Santo
- Malekula Interior
- Northeast Vanuatu – Banks Islands
The Southern Vanuatu and New Caledonian languages were not addressed.
- Lynch, Ross, & Crowley (2002:112)
- Lynch, John, Malcolm Ross & Terry Crowley. 2002. The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press.
- Clark, Ross. 2009. *Leo Tuai: A comparative lexical study of North and Central Vanuatu languages. Canberra ACT.: Pacific Linguistics (Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University).
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