64th United States Congress

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64th United States Congress
63rd ← → 65th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1915 – March 4, 1917

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: James Clarke (D)
Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (D)
House Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 6, 1915 – September 8, 1916
2nd: December 4, 1916 – March 3, 1917 (lame duck)

The Sixty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915 to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

President Wilson before Congress, announcing the break in the official relations with Germany. February 3, 1917.

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 64th Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
Other
End of the previous congress 53 42 (Progressive)
1
96 0
Begin 56 40 0 96 0
End 55 41
Final voting share 57.3% 42.7% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 54 41 0 95 1

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

At this time, most sitting Senators had been elected by the state legislatures, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Due to the 17th Amendment, the incoming class of senators from the 1914 election were all elected directly by the residents of their state.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 0
  • vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 4
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Indiana
(3)
Benjamin F. Shively (D) Died March 14, 1916. Successor was appointed. Thomas Taggart (D) March 20, 1916
Maine
(2)
Edwin C. Burleigh (R) Died June 16, 1916. Successor was elected. Bert M. Fernald (R) September 12, 1916
Arkansas
(3)
James P. Clarke (D) Died October 1, 1916. Successor was elected. William F. Kirby (D) November 8, 1916
Indiana
(3)
Thomas Taggart (D) Successor was elected. James E. Watson (R) November 8, 1916

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 12
  • contested elections: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 15
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
New York 31st Vacant Rep. Edwin A. Merritt died during previous congress Bertrand Snell (R) November 2, 1915
New York 36th Vacant Rep. Sereno E. Payne died during previous congress Norman J. Gould (R) November 2, 1915
Pennsylvania 24th Vacant Rep.-elect William M. Brown died during previous congress Henry W. Temple (R) November 2, 1915
South Carolina 4th Joseph T. Johnson (D) Resigned April 19, 1915 Samuel J. Nicholls (D) September 4, 1915
New York 23rd Joseph A. Goulden (D) Died May 3, 1915 William S. Bennet (R) November 2, 1915
Mississippi 5th Samuel A. Witherspoon (D) Died November 24, 1915 William W. Venable (D) January 4, 1916
West Virginia 2nd William Gay Brown Jr. (D) Died March 9, 1916 George M. Bowers (R) May 9, 1916
West Virginia 4th Hunter H. Moss Jr. (R) Died July 15, 1916 Harry C. Woodyard (R) November 7, 1916
California 10th William Stephens (Prog.) Resigned July 22, 1916 after being elected Lieutenant Governor of California Henry S. Benedict (R) November 7, 1916
Virginia 7th James Hay (D) Resigned October 1, 1916 after being appointed judge of the United States Court of Claims Thomas W. Harrison (D) November 7, 1916
Philippines Resident Commissioner Manuel L. Quezon Resigned October 15, 1916 after being elected to the Senate of the Philippines Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Puerto Rico Resident Commissioner Luis Muñoz Rivera Died November 15, 1916 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Georgia 8th Samuel J. Tribble (D) Died December 8, 1916 Tinsley W. Rucker Jr. (D) January 11, 1917
South Carolina 5th David E. Finley (D) Resigned January 26, 1917 Paul G. McCorkle (D) Febtuary 21, 1917
New York 15th Michael F. Conry (D) Died March 2, 1917 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]