List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization, in which a country's rank is determined by its total rate deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year, last updated in 2011. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, and therefore, no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country.

Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported due to both religious and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since the data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations is statistically unsound. For example, attempted suicide is illegal in Nepal and people who attempt suicide when caught are subject to imprisonment, fines or both; therefore, any suicide figures for Nepal will underestimate the incidence.[1] Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). The total rate of suicides is based on the total number of suicides divided by the total population, rather than merely the average of the male and female suicide rates, because the gender ratio in most countries is not 1:1. According to the table below you will see that in most if not all, countries listed below, that males have a higher suicide rate than females.

List by the World Health Organization (2012)[edit]

Source:WHO[2]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year (age standardized)
Both sexes
rank
Country Both sexes Male
rank
Male Female
rank
Female
1  Guyana (more info) 44.2 1 70.8 1 22.1
2  South Korea (more info) 28.9 5 41.7 5 18.0
3  Sri Lanka (more info) 28.8 3 46.4 7 12.8
4  Lithuania (more info) 28.2 2 51.0 29 8.4
5  Suriname 27.8 4 44.5 11 11.9
6  Mozambique (more info) 27.4 8 34.2 2 21.1
7  Tanzania 24.9 13 31.6 4 18.3
   Nepal (more info) 24.9 17 30.1 3 20.0
9  Kazakhstan (more info) 23.8 6 40.6 21 9.3
10  Burundi 23.1 9 34.1 9 12.5
11  India (more info) 21.1 22 25.8 6 16.4
12  South Sudan 19.8 19 27.1 7 12.8
13  Turkmenistan 19.6 11 32.5 32 7.5
14  Russia (more info) 19.5 7 35.1 46 6.2
 Uganda 19.5 20 26.9 10 12.3
16  Hungary 19.1 12 32.4 34 7.4
17  Japan (more info) 18.5 20 26.9 17 10.1
18  Belarus 18.3 10 32.7 44 6.4
19  Zimbabwe 18.1 18 27.2 18 9.7
20  Bhutan (more info) 17.8 32 23.1 13 11.2
21  Sudan 17.2 33 23.0 12 11.5
22  Comoros 16.9 29 24.0 15 10.3
23  Ukraine (more info) 16.8 16 30.3 55 5.3
24  Poland 16.6 15 30.5 98 3.8
 Equatorial Guinea 16.6 27 24.1 27 8.6
26  Eritrea 16.3 22 25.8 24 8.7
27  Latvia 16.2 14 30.7 86 4.3
 Kenya 16.2 26 24.4 29 8.4
29  Malawi 16.0 30 23.9 23 8.9
30  Zambia 15.7 39 20.8 14 10.8
31  Montenegro 15.3 25 24.7 44 6.4
32  Djibouti 15.1 38 20.9 20 9.5
33  Finland 14.8 34 22.2 32 7.5
34  Belgium 14.2 36 21.0 31 7.7
35  Iceland 14.0 36 21.0 40 6.7
36  Angola 13.8 41 20.7 35 7.3
37  Moldova 13.7 27 24.1 73 4.8
38  Estonia 13.6 24 24.9 98 3.8
 El Salvador 13.6 31 23.5 53 5.7
40  Myanmar 13.1 60 16.5 15 10.3
41  Trinidad and Tobago 13.0 42 20.4 46 6.2
42  Czech Republic 12.5 35 21.5 97 3.9
43  Slovenia 12.4 39 20.8 84 4.4
 Serbia 12.4 44 19.9 50 5.8
 Somalia 12.4 54 18.1 39 6.8
 Papua New Guinea 12.4 66 15.9 22 9.1
47  France (more info) 12.3 47 19.3 49 6.0
48  Chile 12.2 49 19.0 50 5.8
 Bolivia 12.2 63 16.2 28 8.5
50  Uruguay 12.1 43 20.0 61 5.2
 United States (more info) 12.1 46 19.4 61 5.2
52  Rwanda 11.9 57 17.1 36 7.2
53  Croatia 11.6 45 19.8 78 4.5
54  Austria 11.5 53 18.2 54 5.4
 Ethiopia 11.5 60 16.5 40 6.7
56  Thailand 11.4 48 19.1 78 4.5
 Cuba 11.4 50 18.5 78 4.5
58  Sweden 11.1 63 16.2 48 6.1
59  Ireland 11.0 58 16.9 61 5.2
 Madagascar 11.0 69 15.2 38 6.9
61  Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.8 55 18.0 89 4.1
 Bulgaria 10.8 59 16.6 55 5.3
63  Australia 10.6 65 16.1 61 5.2
 Solomon Islands 10.6 76 13.9 36 7.2
65  Romania 10.5 52 18.4 109 2.9
66  Argentina 10.3 56 17.2 89 4.1
67  Slovakia 10.1 50 18.5 121 2.5
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 10.1 67 15.8 73 4.8
69  Nicaragua 10.0 68 15.4 70 4.9
70  Mongolia 9.8 62 16.3 100 3.7
 Canada (more info) 9.8 70 14.9 73 4.8
72  Congo 9.6 71 14.7 77 4.6
 New Zealand 9.6 73 14.4 69 5.0
74  Central African Republic 9.5 75 14.1 55 5.3
75  Cambodia 9.4 86 12.6 43 6.5
76  Pakistan 9.3 106 9.1 19 9.6
77  Germany 9.2 72 14.5 89 4.1
 Kyrgyzstan 9.2 74 14.2 78 4.5
  Switzerland 9.2 78 13.6 68 5.1
 Ecuador 9.2 81 13.2 55 5.3
81  Norway 9.1 84 13.0 61 5.2
82  Denmark 8.8 78 13.6 89 4.1
 Laos 8.8 91 11.2 42 6.6
84  Guatemala 8.7 77 13.7 86 4.3
 Luxembourg 8.7 84 13.0 84 4.4
86  Uzbekistan 8.5 81 13.2 89 4.1
87  Portugal 8.2 78 13.6 102 3.5
 Gabon 8.2 87 12.1 78 4.5
 Netherlands 8.2 89 11.7 73 4.8
90  Bahrain 8.1 90 11.6 109 2.9
91  Mauritius 8.0 81 13.2 109 2.9
 Timor-Leste 8.0 99 10.2 50 5.8
93  Turkey 7.9 88 11.8 88 4.2
94  China (more info) 7.8 128 7.1 24 8.7
 Bangladesh 7.8 131 6.8 24 8.7
96  Sierra Leone 7.7 94 11.0 78 4.5
97  Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 96 10.6 89 4.1
 Singapore 7.4 101 9.8 55 5.3
99  Fiji 7.3 96 10.6 89 4.1
100  Cameroon 7.0 95 10.9 103 3.4
101  Costa Rica 6.7 91 11.2 129 2.2
102  Nigeria 6.5 98 10.3 109 2.9
103  Maldives 6.4 118 7.8 70 4.9
 Brunei 6.4 119 7.7 61 5.2
105  United Kingdom (more info) 6.2 101 9.8 119 2.6
 Swaziland 6.2 111 8.6 89 4.1
107  Lesotho 6.1 105 9.2 103 3.4
 Paraguay 6.1 106 9.1 105 3.2
109  Malta 6.0 93 11.1 164 0.7
110  Israel 5.9 101 9.8 127 2.3
 Albania 5.9 134 6.6 61 5.2
112  Brazil 5.8 104 9.4 121 2.5
113  Benin 5.7 110 8.8 107 3.1
 Afghanistan 5.7 136 6.2 55 5.3
115  Togo 5.5 113 8.5 113 2.8
 Honduras 5.5 114 8.3 113 2.8
117  Colombia 5.4 106 9.1 137 1.9
 Senegal 5.4 111 8.6 113 2.8
119  Morocco 5.3 100 9.9 154 1.2
120  Republic of Macedonia 5.2 124 7.3 105 3.2
 Iran 5.2 133 6.7 101 3.6
122  Spain 5.1 115 8.2 129 2.2
123  Vietnam 5.0 117 8.0 123 2.4
 Gambia 5.0 121 7.6 119 2.6
125  Cabo Verde 4.8 106 9.1 143 1.6
 Burkina Faso 4.8 124 7.3 113 2.8
 Mali 4.8 126 7.2 118 2.7
128  Panama 4.7 116 8.1 151 1.3
 Cyprus 4.7 119 7.7 144 1.5
 Italy 4.7 121 7.6 137 1.9
 Chad 4.7 123 7.4 127 2.3
 Guinea-Bissau 4.7 126 7.2 123 2.4
 Guinea 4.7 128 7.1 123 2.4
134  Qatar 4.6 138 5.7 154 1.2
135  Liberia 4.3 131 6.8 135 2.0
 Indonesia 4.3 156 3.7 70 4.9
137  Mexico 4.2 128 7.1 141 1.7
 Tajikistan 4.2 138 5.7 113 2.8
139  Dominican Republic 4.1 137 6.1 132 2.1
140  Greece 3.8 135 6.3 151 1.3
 Botswana 3.8 138 5.7 135 2.0
142  Yemen 3.7 151 4.3 108 3.0
143  Niger 3.5 143 5.3 137 1.9
144  Georgia 3.2 138 5.7 159 1.0
 Peru 3.2 149 4.4 132 2.1
 United Arab Emirates 3.2 155 3.9 141 1.7
147  Ghana 3.1 153 4.2 129 2.2
148  South Africa 3.0 142 5.5 158 1.1
148  Malaysia 3.0 147 4.7 144 1.5
150  Armenia 2.9 144 5.0 162 0.9
 Philippines 2.9 146 4.8 154 1.2
 Mauritania 2.9 148 4.5 144 1.5
153  Haiti 2.8 159 3.3 123 2.4
154  Namibia 2.7 149 4.4 148 1.4
155  Belize 2.6 145 4.9 169 0.5
 Venezuela 2.6 151 4.3 159 1.0
157  Tunisia 2.4 158 3.4 148 1.4
158  Barbados 2.3 154 4.1 166 0.6
 Bahamas 2.3 157 3.6 151 1.3
160  Jordan 2.0 163 2.2 137 1.9
161  Algeria 1.9 162 2.3 144 1.5
162  Libya 1.8 163 2.2 148 1.4
163  Egypt 1.7 160 2.4 154 1.2
 Azerbaijan 1.7 160 2.4 159 1.0
 Iraq 1.7 166 1.2 132 2.1
166  Jamaica 1.2 165 1.8 164 0.7
167  Oman 1.0 166 1.2 166 0.6
168  Lebanon 0.9 166 1.2 166 0.6
 Kuwait 0.9 169 1.0 163 0.8
170  Syria 0.4 170 0.7 170 0.2
 Saudi Arabia 0.4 171 0.6 170 0.2

List by other sources (1985–2015)[edit]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year[3]
Rank Country Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[4][5][6] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[7] (more info) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  South Korea[8] (more info) 38.4 16.1 27.3 (0.0273%) 2014
4  Guyana[9] (more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
5  Kazakhstan[9] (more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[10] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Sri Lanka[11] (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
8  Hungary[12] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
9  Japan[13] (more info) 28.2 12.3 20.1 (0.0201%) 2014
10  Ukraine[14] (more info) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
11  Latvia[15] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
12  Belarus[16][17] 18.4 (0.0184%) 2014
13  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
14  Serbia[18] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
15  Russia[19] (more info) 17.1 (0.0171%) 2015
16  Poland 17.0 (0.0170%) 2015
 Belgium[20][note 1][21][note 2] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2009
18  Uruguay[22] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
19  Croatia[23] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
20  Bhutan[24] (more info) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
21  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
22  South Africa[25] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
23  Taiwan[26] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
24  Estonia[27] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
25  France[27] (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
26  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
 Finland[28] 22.3 6.9 14.4 (0.0144%) 2014
28  Bosnia and Herzegovina[29] 13.3 (0.0133%) 2011
29  Czech Republic 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
30  United States[30] 20.2 5.5 12.6 (0.0126%) 2013
31  Germany[31] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
32  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 New Zealand[32][33] 18.7 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2015
 Hong Kong[34] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011 36  Denmark[35] 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012 style="text-align:left;" |  Portugal[21][36] 20 4.0 12.0 (0.012o%) 2015


37  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
 Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
39  United Kingdom[37] (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
40  Canada[38] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
41  Iceland[39] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
43  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
44   Switzerland[40] 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
45  Netherlands[21] 16.0 6.0 11 (0.0011%) 2014
46  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
47  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
48  Ireland[41] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapore[42] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
50  Australia[43] 15.3 4.8 10.0 (0.01%) 2011
51  Slovakia[21] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
52 China China[44] (more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
54  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
55  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
56  Spain[45] 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
57  Republic of Macedonia[21] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
59  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
60  Luxembourg[21] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
61  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
62  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
63  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
64  Italy 10.0 2.8 6.3 (0.0063%) 2007
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[46] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[47] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[48][49] 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turkey[50] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[51] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[52] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Cyprus[21] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Philippines[53] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[54] 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Jordan[55] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003

Countries Not Listed[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie". 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

References[edit]

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  41. ^ Central Statistics Office. "Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary - 2013" (PDF). 
  42. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. "Suicide Statistics in Singapore" (PDF). 
  43. ^ Overview of suicide in Australia. Mindframe. 2013.
  44. ^ "Back from the edge". June 28, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain". June 27, 2015. 
  46. ^ "Suicide Rates: Thailand". 
  47. ^ "Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  48. ^ "Iranian Legal Medicine Organization". 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  49. ^ "Tehran has the highest rate of suicide in Iran.". 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
  50. ^ "TÜİK İntihar İstatistikleri". http://www.tuik.gov.tr.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  51. ^ "WHO | Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". Who.int. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  52. ^ "Mortalidad y otros (Mortality and others)" (PDF). IUDPAS. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  53. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/philippines/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-philippines-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  54. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.
  55. ^ http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/jord.pdf

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