Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport

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Budapest Ferenc Liszt
International Airport

Budapest Liszt Ferenc
Nemzetközi Repülőtér
Budapest Airport logo.svg
2016-05-09 Flughafen BUD.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Budapest Airport Ltd.[1]
Operator Budapest Airport Ltd.[2]
Serves Budapest, Hungary
Location 16 km (9.9 mi) south-east of centre of Budapest
Hub for Wizz Air
Focus city for Ryanair
Elevation AMSL 151 m / 495 ft
Coordinates 47°26′22″N 019°15′43″E / 47.43944°N 19.26194°E / 47.43944; 19.26194Coordinates: 47°26′22″N 019°15′43″E / 47.43944°N 19.26194°E / 47.43944; 19.26194
Website www.bud.hu/english
Map
BUD is located in Hungary
BUD
BUD
BUD is located in Budapest
BUD
BUD
Location within Hungary and Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13L/31R 3,707 12,162 Asphalt concrete
13R/31L 3,010 9,875 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 11.441.999
Passenger change 15-16 Increase11.1%
Aircraft movements 86,047
Movements change 14–15 Increase6.8%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[3]
AIP of Hungary[4]

Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport[5] (Hungarian: Budapest Liszt Ferenc Nemzetközi Repülőtér) (IATA: BUDICAO: LHBP), formerly known as Budapest Ferihegy International Airport and still commonly called just Ferihegy, is the international airport serving the Hungarian capital city of Budapest, and by far the largest of the country's four commercial airports. The airport is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) southeast of the center of Budapest (bordering Pest county) and was renamed in honor of the most famous Hungarian composer Franz Liszt (Hungarian Liszt Ferenc) on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of his birth. The airport won the Skytrax Best Eastern European airport prize three times in a line (2014-2016).

It offers international connections primarily within Europe, but also to Africa, the Middle East, the Far East. From June 2015, the transatlantic flights were restored with two carriers flying to Toronto and Montreal. In 2016, the airport handled 11.4 million passengers. In 2012 it has experienced a significant drop in aircraft movements and handled cargo, primarily due to the collapse of Malév Hungarian Airlines earlier in the year, hence losing a large portion of connecting passengers. It was the hub for Malév until the airline's bankruptcy on 3 February 2012, when at 6 am Malév ceased its operations after almost 66 years of service.[6] Before its closure, the airline had more than one third of the air traffic at the airport,[7] and about 40% of the revenues at Budapest airport originated from Malév operations.[8] The airport serves as a base for Ryanair and the hub for the Hungarian low-cost airliner, Wizz Air.[9]

Name[edit]

Originally called Budapest Ferihegy International Airport (Budapest Ferihegy Nemzetközi Repülőtér), on 25 March 2011 it was officially renamed Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport, in honor of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt (Modern Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc.) Popularly, the airport is still called Ferihegy as before.

Ferihegy is the name of the neighbourhood around the airport. The name is derived from that of Ferenc Xavér Mayerffy (1776–1845), the former owner of an estate who established vineyards and contributed to the development of viticulture in Pest-Buda. "Feri" is a diminutive form of Ferenc while "hegy" means hill. In fact the area is almost totally flat but originally there was a 147 m high sandy hillock which was levelled in the 1940s during the constructions works of the airport.

History[edit]

Designing and construction (1939–1944)[edit]

In 1938 the idea of building a new airport in Budapest was born. The area in the boundary of three settlements (Pestszentlőrinc, Rákoshegy and Vecsés) was assigned as the area of the new airport. The airport was intended as jointly for civil-military-sporting purposes. Civil facilities were to be built up in the north-western and military ones in the south-western section. Just as for each building, a public tender was invited for the designing and construction of the traffic building.

In December 1939, upon announcement of the results of the tender invited in September that year, the designs of Károly Dávid Jr. (1903–1973) were chosen. The designer, who was one of the originators of modern Hungarian architectural art, dreamt of a building which resembled an aircraft from the top-side view. The work commenced in 1942. To approach the airport from the city, a 16-kilometre (10 mi) high-speed road was constructed between 1940 and 1943, which, after improvements, remains in use today.

The military buildings were constructed parallel to the civil construction from 1940 but, due to the war situation, faster. Aviation started at the airport in 1943. In wartime, the civil construction slowed down and then stopped at the beginning of 1944. Towards the end of World War II, many of the airport buildings were damaged. By the end 1944, Budapest and its airport were under Soviet occupation.

Reconstruction (1947–1950)[edit]

In 1947 it was decided that the airport would be reconstructed for civil aviation. Under the three-year plan 40 million forints were voted for those works. The opening ceremony was held in May 1950 and the sections finished allowed Magyar-Szovjet Polgári Légiforgalmi Rt. (Hungarian-Soviet Civil Aviation Co. Ltd. – MASZOVLET), established in 1946, to operate here. At that time the airlines operated only a few foreign flights, in particular those to Prague, Bucharest, Warsaw and Sofia.

Magyar Légiforgalmi Vállalat (Hungarian Airlines – Malév) was established on 25 November 1954. The first regular flight taking off from the airport to the West was the Malév's flight into Vienna in summer 1956. The first Western airline which launched a flight to Budapest was KLM Royal Dutch Airlines in 1957. The traffic building was finished in this period and the lengthening works of the 2,500-metre (8,202 ft) runway were started. At the end of 1958 the runway was lengthened to 3,010 metres (9,875 ft) and taxiway D was finished.

Continued growth (1960–1980)[edit]

Between its opening and 1960, the number of landings at the Airport increased from 4,786 to 17,133, with passenger traffic increasing from 49,955 to 359,338 by 1960.

In 1965, a study was made on the development of the airport, which was implemented with more than a 10-year delay from the end of the 1970s. Aviation, airport, and flight control all called for more capacity and infrastructure. The Aviation and Airport Directorate (LRI) was established on 1 January 1973 and performed as an airline company, a trade company, and an authority, as well as investment, operator, and air navigation tasks.

In 1974, passenger traffic reached one million. In 1977, a new control tower was built, as well as a second runway parallel to the old one and a technical base for maintaining MALÉV aircraft. Use of the new 3,707-metre (12,162 ft) runway was started in September 1983.

New infrastructure (1980–2000)[edit]

In 1980, the number of landing aircraft and passengers served reached 32,642 and 1,780,000, respectively. The growing number of passengers called for more capacity. A new terminal was decided upon. The foundation-stone of the new passenger traffic building to be built was laid down on 16 November 1983.[citation needed] Since 1 November 1985, passengers have been received in Terminal 2, a 24,000-square-meter facility funded with Austrian loans under general contracting. It was used first by Malév aircraft and passengers, and then by those of Lufthansa, Air France, and Swissair. The old terminal continued to receive residual airline traffic under a new name, Terminal 1.[citation needed]

There was an IED bus attack against Russian Jewish emigrants on the road leading to Ferihegy in the early 1990s. The perpetrators were members of the German Communist organisation Red Army Faction.[10]

In 1993, Malév launched the airport's first Hungarian overseas flight, to New York. According to the traffic figures forecast for the millennium, the two terminals serving 4 million passengers a year promised to be insufficient.[citation needed] The construction of Terminal 2B was started in 1997. The new building, with more than 30,000 square meters of space, together with a new apron, was opened in 1998, with all foreign airlines moving there. Terminal 2B can receive 3.5 million passengers a year, with its seven gates and five remote stands.[citation needed]

Public to public-private ownership (2000–2012)[edit]

On 8 December 2005, a 75% stake in Ferihegy Airport was bought by BAA plc for 464.5 billion HUF (approx. 2.1 billion USD), including the right of operation for 75 years.[citation needed] On 20 October 2006, BAA announced intentions to sell its stake in Budapest Airport to a consortium led by the German airports group, HOCHTIEF AirPort GmbH, subject to the consent of the Hungarian State.[citation needed]

On 18 April 2007, the renovation of Terminal 1 at Ferihegy was awarded Europe's most prestigious heritage preservation prize, the Europa Nostra award.[citation needed] The designers, contractors, builders and investors (the latter being BA) received the joint award of the European Commission and of the pan-European heritage preservation organisation Europa Nostra for the renovation of the protected monument spaces, the central hall, the gallery and the furniture at T1.

On 6 June 2007, BAA and a consortium led by HOCHTIEF AirPort (HTA) formally closed and completed the transaction of the sale of BAA's shares in Budapest Airport (BA) to the HOCHTIEF AirPort Consortium. The ownership of the HOCHTIEF AirPort Consortium was as follows: HOCHTIEF AirPort (49.666%) and three financial investors: Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, Montreal (23.167%), GIC Special Investments, Singapore (23.167%) and KfW IPEX-Bank, Frankfurt (4.0%).[11]

On 26 July 2010, after completing a security oversight investigation in May,[12] the EU authorities revoked Budapest Airport's official "Schengen Clear" certification, due to serious lapses observed in personal security check procedures and unauthorised passing of banned objects. This meant passenger connecting via another airport in the Schengen Zone would have to be rescreened through security, just as foreign non-Schengen connecting passengers, causing delays and inconvieniance. The airport argued that it had not yet had time to fully implement new security measures introduced on 29 April 2010, and inspired by the Delta Air Lines' Amsterdam "underwear bomb scare" incident. The airports layout was also cited as an excuse for the failure. Budapest Airport was the first airport to be checked through a stringent undercover evaluation for compliance with the new regulation. (Hungarian state news agency MTI reports: [1]) In response additional security measures were immediately implemented at Budapest Airport causing flight delays at both terminals. Unusually long passenger waiting queues were observed at the more busy 2A-B terminal complex's departures area. These problems were solved over time, especially through the opening of the SkyCourt terminal including a central security zone.[citation needed]

On 15 November 2010, Budapest Airport regained the "Schengen Clear"-status, after implementing the necessary security actions and after that the airport underwent the strict re-inspection.[13]

On 16 March 2011, the name of Budapest Ferihegy International Airport was changed to Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport.[2]

Sky Court, the new expansion project including shops, restaurants and lounges, also connecting Terminals 2A and 2B was opened on 27 March 2011. In summer that year, the refurbishing of the old terminal parts in T2 began and was completed in 2012.[14]

Collapse of Malév and aftermath (2012–)[edit]

In the wake of the collapse of Malév, Ryanair announced that it would expand its flights to Liszt airport. Ryanair began selling the flight tickets to the public, but Budapest airport said that the company had not secured all of the necessary slots (which was later negotiated successfully).[15] By 9 February 2012, only six days after the collapse of the Hungarian national carrier, Liszt Ferenc Airport had recovered over 60% of its point to point traffic. Airlines that announced that new services would begin included Wizz Air, Aegean Airlines, Air Berlin, Lufthansa, and Ryanair.

However the airport had lost Malév's transfer passengers, which, prior to the airline's collapse, had amounted to 1.5 million passengers per year. A second effect of the Malév collapse was that the areas used to service the Malév fleet would no longer generate revenue even once point to point traffic had been restored. These factors created significant financial shortfalls in the airport's revenues.[16]

In February 2012 Hainan Airlines announced that they would cease services to Beijing from Budapest.[17] Prior to the collapse of Malév, Hainan had a partnership with Malév,[18] which included a codeshare.[19]

In May 2013 Hochtief Group announced the sale of its Airports unit HOCHTIEF AirPort which held a stake in the Budapest Airport and other airports to the Canadian Pension fund Public Sector Pension Investment Board (PSP Investments).[20] Following the sale HOCHTIEF AirPort was renamed to AviAlliance.[21]

As of July 2015, the ownership of the Budapest Airport is as follows: AviAlliance (52.666%) owned by PSP Investments, Canada, Malton Investment (22.167%) owned by GIC Special Investments, Singapore, Caisse de depôt et placemen de Québec, Canada (20.167%) and KfW IPEX-Bank, Germany (5%).[22]

Future developments[edit]

An expenditure of 261 million euros was spent in order to expanding and modernising the airports infrastructure until December 2012. Several of these future projects involve about further 300 million euros, and depends on regulatory decisions as well as third-party investors.[23] Among the finished and the further planned projects are:

Finished projects
  • Internal and external refurbishment of Terminal 2A and 2B (done as of 27 March 2011)
  • Construction of the SkyCourt (done as of summer 2012)
  • Apron development (done as of 27 March 2011)
  • Development of a business area (first building for DHL opened on 13 August 2013)[24][25]
Planned projects[26]
  • Car park extension (late 2016)
  • New cross docking facility for DHL and TNT Express (summer 2017)
  • New Airport Hotel (construction started in 2016; to be finished in 2018)
  • New pier for Terminal 2B (construction started in January, 2017; to be finished in 2018)
  • New Terminal 2C (2020)
Airport Hotel

The constructions of the new state-of-the-art ibis Styles Hotel Budapest Airport started in 2016. The will be situated directly opposite of the terminals 2A and 2B and it will have 145 rooms and conference facilities. It is scheduled to be ready by the beginning of 2018.

Terminals[edit]

Sky Court, the connection of terminal 2A and 2B
Terminal 2A
Terminal 2B check-in area
Waiting area Sky Court

The airport's passenger buildings consist of four main areas:

  • Terminal 1 is out of service since 2012
  • Terminal 2A is used for flights inside the Schengen Area
  • Terminal 2B is used for flights outside the Schengen Area
  • Sky Court, a large central waiting and shopping area, also the connection of Terminals 2A and 2B

Terminal 1 (closed)[edit]

From 1 September 2005, re-opened Terminal 1 served low-cost carriers. Terminal 1 is divided into Schengen and Non-Schengen boarding gates.[27]

Being located within the premises of Budapest, it offers faster public transport time to the city center, compared to the Terminal 2 about 7 kilometers farther. (Terminal 1 offers an about 20 minutes direct train journey to Budapest city centre, while Terminal 2 requires an 8-minute bus ride to the train station).[28]

On 14 March 2012, Budapest Airport announced that due to the traffic levels being too low in Terminal 1, extra capacity in Terminal 2, and cost saving, Terminal 1 will be closed temporarily.

On 30 May 2012 all airlines were moved to Terminal 2, the low cost airlines using now the check-in desks at hall 2B.

Sky Court between Terminal 2A and 2B[edit]

Sky Court is a state-of-the-art building between terminals 2A and 2B with 5 levels. Passenger safety checks were moved here along with new baggage classifiers and business class lounges, such as the first MasterCard lounge in Europe.[29]

New shops, restaurants and cafés were placed in the new building's transit hall. With the opening of Skycourt the Terminal 2 has become capable of receiving about 11 million passengers a year, instead of the former joint capacity of about 7 million.[citation needed]

Terminal 2A[edit]

The Schengen terminal, it was originally the "only" Terminal 2. It was inaugurated on 1 November 1985 for the exclusive use of the homeland carrier Malév Hungarian Airlines, and later renamed in 1998 to Terminal 2A. Its check in hall serves all Skyteam and Star Alliance member airlines currently. Within its boarding area (Gates A1-A19) and arrivals level, it serves all flights to and from the Schengen-zone destinations of any airline.

Terminal 2B[edit]

The non-Schengen terminal, it is referred to as a separate object, and opened in December 1998. Its check-in hall serves all flights of the OneWorld-alliance (intra- and extra-Schengen as well), as well as many other non-aligned airlines. For flights of the Hungarian low-cost airliner Wizz Air check-in desks can be foung also at this terminal. But its boarding area (Gates B1-B19) and arrivals level are serving the non-Schengen destinations of any airline.

Pier 2B[edit]

The project "Pier B" was started on 9 January 2017. The new state-of-the-art building will be connected directly to Terminal 2B. It will be 220 meters long and it will include 27 boarding gates and 10 jetbridges, which will be able to serve more wide-body aircraft at the same time. The pier was planned to offer flexibility for traditional and low-cost airlines, with the option of boarding via jetbridges, buses or walking directly to the aircraft. The project is due to be ready by the spring of 2018.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Budapest:[30]

Airlines Destinations Check-in
Aegean Airlines Athens 2A
Aer Lingus Dublin 2A
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2A
Air Algerie Algiers 2B
airBaltic Riga 2B
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2B
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson 2B
Air China1 Beijing-Capital 2B
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2A
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 2A
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2A
Belavia Belgrade, Minsk 2A
British Airways London-Heathrow 2B
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2A
Czech Airlines Prague 2A
easyJet Amsterdam,[31] Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Venice 2B
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva 2B
EgyptAir
operated by EgyptAir Express
Cairo 2A
Emirates Dubai-International 2B
Eurowings Düsseldorf 2A
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg, Stuttgart 2A
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
London-Southend (begins 10 May 2017)[32] 2B
Finnair Helsinki 2B
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid (resumes 30 March 2017) 2A
Jet2.com East Midlands, Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester 2B
KLM Amsterdam 2A
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2A
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2A
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich 2A
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, London-Gatwick, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 2A
Qatar Airways Doha 2B
Ryanair Athens, Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Billund, Bristol, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh (begins 30 October 2017), Gran Canaria, London-Stansted, Lviv (begins 2 November 2017), Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2017), Naples (begins 31 October 2017), Nuremberg, Pisa, Prague (begins 23 October 2017), Rome-Ciampino, Treviso, Valencia (begins 30 October 2017)
Seasonal: Corfu, Eilat-Ovda, Tampere
2B
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2A
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich 2A
TAP Portugal Lisbon (resumes 1 July 2017)[33] 2A
TAROM Bucharest 2A
Transavia Rotterdam 2B
Transavia France Paris-Orly 2B
Travel Service Hungary Seasonal: Antalya (begins 14 May 2017), Aqaba (begins 17 June 2017), Burgas (begins 17 June 2017), Chania (begins 18 June 2017), Corfu (begins 14 June 2017), Hurghada (begins 7 May 2017), Heraklion (begins 17 June 2017), Karpathos (begins 15 June 2017), Kefalonia (begins 23 June 2017), Palma de Mallorca (begins 22 June 2017), Rhodes (begins 14 June 2017), Zakynthos (begins 13 June 2017) [34] 2B
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2A
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil (begins 15 June 2017)[35] 2B
Up
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2B
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona 2B
Wizz Air Alicante, Baku, Barcelona, Bari, Bergen (begins 10 April 2017), Birmingham, Bologna, Bucharest, Bordeaux (begins 22 September), Catania, Charleroi, Cluj-Napoca, Dortmund, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Eindhoven, Frankfurt (begins 15 December 2017), Fuerteventura, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Hahn (ends 14 December 2017), Hannover (begins 10 April 2017), Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kiev-Zhuliany, Kutaisi, Lamezia Terme (begins 12 April 2017),[36] Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Vnukovo, Naples, Nice, Podgorica (begins 3 April 2017),[37] Porto, Pristina (begins 7 April 2017),[38] Reykjavík-Keflavík, Rome-Fiumicino, Sarajevo (begins 5 April 2017),[39] Skopje (begins 2 April 2017),[40] Sofia, Stockholm-Skavsta, Târgu Mureș, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana (begins 5 April 2017),[41] Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Alghero, Burgas, Corfu, Faro (begins 1 April 2017), Heraklion, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Zakynthos
2B

Notes: ^1 : Air China's flight from Beijing to Budapest stops in Minsk, but the flight from Budapest to Beijing is nonstop. Air China does not have local traffic rights on Minsk – Budapest sector.[42]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Amsterdam, Liège, Munich, Nuremberg, Vienna
Cargolux Almaty, Baku, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Taipei-Taoyuan
CityLine Hungary Belgrade
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Bergamo, Brussels, Bucharest, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig/Halle
Farnair Hungary Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Vienna
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Prague
Silver Air Cluj-Napoca[43]
Solinair Vienna
Swiftair Nuremberg
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Kiev-Boryspil
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Prague

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger numbers by years[edit]

Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport Passenger Totals 2005-2016 (millions)
Passengers
handled[a]
Passenger
% Change
2005 8,031,028 024.38% Increase
2006 8,266,677 02.93% Increase
2007 8,597,137 04.00% Increase
2008 8,443,053 0-1.79% Decrease
2009 8,095,367 0-4.12% Decrease
2010 8,190,089 01.17% Increase
2011 8,920,653 08.92% Increase
2012 8,504,020 0-4.67% Decrease
2013 8,520,880 00.20% Increase
2014 9,155,961 07.45% Increase
2015 10,298,963 012.48% Increase
2016 11,441,999 011.10% Increase
2017 (JAN) 818,806 016.70% Increase
Source: KSH[44]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest international routes (2016)
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2015/16
1 United Kingdom London-Luton 575,780 Increase 22
2 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 427,443 Increase 1
3 Germany Frankfurt 419,466 Decrease 1
4 Netherlands Amsterdam 397,260 Increase 21
5 United Kingdom London-Stansted 369,944 Increase 0
6 Germany Munich 330,314 Increase 2
7 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 329,018 Increase 13
8 Belgium Brussels-Charleroi 313,923 Increase 2
9 Israel Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 301,037 Increase 10
10 Italy Rome-Fiumicino 269,644 Increase 13
11 Netherlands Eindhoven 247,402 Increase 26
12 Spain Barcelona 243,872 Increase 16
13 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk 234,583 Increase 2
14 Republic of Ireland Dublin 230,664 Increase 18
15 United Kingdom London-Gatwick 227,902 Increase 23
16 Spain Madrid 227,092 Increase 12
17 Denmark Copenhagen 225,622 Increase 56
18 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 212,261 Increase 8
19 Finland Helsinki 211,635 Increase 6
20 Italy Milan-Malpensa 211,610 Increase 9
21 Germany Berlin-Tegel 192,174 Increase 33
22 Switzerland Zurich 188,276 Increase 1
23 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 182,801 Increase 18
24 Norway Oslo-Gardermoen 182,514 Increase 27
25 Belgium Brussels-National 180,742 Decrease 2
Busiest international routes (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 United Kingdom London-Luton 472,830
2 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 423,005
3 Germany Frankfurt 421,144
4 United Kingdom London-Stansted 368,605
5 Netherlands Amsterdam 329,131
6 Germany Munich 323,262
7 Belgium Brussels-Charleroi 308,233
8 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 291,955
9 Israel Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 272,474
10 Italy Rome-Fiumicino 239,016
11 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk 229,092
12 Spain Barcelona 210,114
13 Spain Madrid 202,089
14 Finland Helsinki 199,655
15 Netherlands Eindhoven 196,724
16 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 196,590
17 Republic of Ireland Dublin 195,597
18 Italy Milan-Malpensa 194,793
19 Switzerland Zurich 186,079
20 United Kingdom London-Gatwick 185,653
21 Belgium Brussels-National 183,533
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(2017)
Airlines
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport, London Heathrow Airport, London Luton Airport, London Stansted Airport, London Southend Airport
101
British Airways, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair, Wizz Air, Flybe
France Paris Beauvais-Tillé Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris Orly Airport
43
Air France, easyJet, Ryanair, Transavia France
Belgium Brussels Brussels Airport, Brussels-South Charleroi Airport
42
Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport, Frankfurt Hahn Airport
38
Lufthansa, Wizz Air
Germany Munich Munich Airport
35
Lufthansa
Poland Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport
35
LOT Polish Airlines, Wizz Air
Germany Berlin Berlin Tegel Airport, Berlin Schönefeld Airport
35
Air Berlin, easyJet, Ryanair (from October)
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk International Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport
34
Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Wizz Air
Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Airport
31
KLM, EasyJet
Italy Rome Rome Ciampino, Fiumicino Airport
27
Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling, Wizz Air
Germany Ruhr Region Cologne/Bonn Airport, Dortmund Airport, Düsseldorf Airport
24
Eurowings, Germanwings, Wizz Air
Russia Moscow Sheremetyevo Airport, Vnukovo Airport
21
Aeroflot, Wizz Air
Czech Republic Prague Prague Václav Havel Airport
21
Czech Airlines
Switzerland Zürich Zürich Airport
21
Swiss
Austria Vienna Vienna Airport
21
Austrian Airlines

Other facilities[edit]

  • Wizz Air has its head office in Building 221.[45] Wizz Air signed the lease agreement in October 2010 and moved there in June 2011 with 150 employees. The airline occupies over 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft) of space in an office building refurbished after the airline's arrival. The facility, with open plan offices, houses about 150 employees.[46] In addition, Farnair Hungary has its head office on the airport property.[47]
  • Malév Hungarian Airlines signed a lease agreement with the airport in the spring of 2011, agreeing to relocate its headquarters to the airport grounds by the summer of 2012.[46][48] Due to the collapse of the airline, in February 2012 the plans to move to Ferenc Liszt were cancelled.

Ground transportation[edit]

Taxi[edit]

The most comfortable way to get in the city center from the airport is catch a taxi. Cabs are available all day long in front of the terminal buildings.[49]

Rail[edit]

Hungarian State Railways runs suburban and long-distance services between (the now closed) Terminal 1 and Nyugati Railway Station in Budapest city centre through Kőbánya-Kispest. The trip takes approximately 25 minutes. From Terminal 2 passengers need to take bus 200E to Ferihegy vasútállomás (Ferihegy railway station).

Public transport[edit]

During daytime, there is bus service (200E) between the airport and the nearest subway station Kőbánya-Kispest. The buses work every day between 4 a.m. and midnight in every 5-10 minutes. As the airport bus and the subway are the part of the Budapest transport system they can both be used by normal tickets, which can be bought inside the terminal building (BKK-Customer Service) or at the buses.

During nighttime (23:00 to 04:00) the Nightbus connects with the 950 Nightbus stop at Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út. The 950 bus travels to Rákospalota via the City Center (Deák Ferenc tér) and Nyugati railway station.

Mini buses and shuttles[edit]

Several companies operate airport shuttles taking passengers to any destination in the city. Other shuttles and coach services exist to outlying towns in Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Serbia.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Owners of Budapest Airport Zrt.(Ltd.)". © BUDAPEST AIRPORT. 2014-12-08. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  2. ^ GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ADVERTISING SERVICES PROVIDED BY BUDAPEST AIRPORT ZRT." (Archive) Budapest Airport. Retrieved on 25 February 2012.
  3. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Hungary AIP (final, November 12, 2015)". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Cargo City construction at Budapest Airport." Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport. Retrieved on 4 February 2012.
  6. ^ Budapest Airport. "Press release of Malév Zrt.". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Hungarian airline Malev collapses." BBC. 3 February 2012. Retrieved on 3 February 2012.
  8. ^ Dunai, Marton and Gergely Szakacs. "Rivals swoop in as Hungary's Malev stops flying." Reuters. Friday 3 February 2012.
  9. ^ "PORTFOLIO.HU - Online Financial Journal". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
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External links[edit]

Media related to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport at Wikimedia Commons