1982 in music

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List of years in music (table)

This is a list of notable events in music from 1982, a year in which Madonna made her debut and Michael Jackson released Thriller, which holds the title for the world's best selling album.

Specific locations[edit]

Specific genres[edit]





Also in 1982[edit]

Bands formed[edit]

Bands disbanded[edit]

Albums released[edit]

In the US, the RIAA stated that 2,630 albums, 2,710 cassettes and 2,285 singles were released.


Date Album Artist Notes
9 Breaking Point Central Line
11 Wasn't Tomorrow Wonderful? The Waitresses
15 All for a Song Barbara Dickson
18 Mystical Adventures Jean-Luc Ponty
19 How Could Hell Be Any Worse? Bad Religion
27 Mesopotamia The B-52's EP
29 Friends Shalamar
Picture This Huey Lewis and the News
? Another Day/Another Dollar Gang of Four Compilation
Flex Your Head Various Artists
The David Frizzell and Shelly West Album David Frizzell and Shelly West
Kasim Kasim Sulton
Objects of Desire Michael Franks
Oriental Beat Hanoi Rocks
Repercussion The dB's
Shadows Gordon Lightfoot
The Sisters Sister Sledge
Somewhere over China Jimmy Buffett
Southern Comfort Conway Twitty
Streetheart Streetheart
Yes It's You Lady Smokey Robinson
Anyone Can See Irene Cara
12 English Settlement XTC
13 Baal David Bowie Soundtrack
16 The Concert in Central Park Simon & Garfunkel Live
23 The Blue Mask Lou Reed
24 Swing to the Right Utopia
26 Set Thompson Twins
? 2XS Nazareth
Beautiful Vision Van Morrison
Black on Black Waylon Jennings
Bobbie Sue The Oak Ridge Boys
Chase the Dragon Magnum
Crumbling the Antiseptic Beauty Felt -
Gamma 3 Gamma
Green Light Bonnie Raitt
Growing in the Dark Glass Moon
Just Another Day in Paradise Bertie Higgins
Mechanix UFO
Mountain Music Alabama
Nick the Knife Nick Lowe
One from the Heart Tom Waits and Crystal Gayle Soundtrack
Pelican West Haircut One Hundred
Seasons of the Heart John Denver
Times of Our Lives Judy Collins
Weather Report Weather Report
You Can't Hide Your Love Forever Orange Juice
4 Diamond Spandau Ballet
5 Windows Charlie Daniels Band
8 Hex Enduction Hour The Fall
12 The Gift The Jam
15 Asia Asia
Shoot Out the Lights Richard and Linda Thompson
19 Batteries Not Included After the Fire
Five Miles Out Mike Oldfield
20 Rhythm of Youth Men Without Hats
22 Alligator Woman Cameo
Reel Music The Beatles Compilation
The Number of the Beast Iron Maiden
23 Success Hasn't Spoiled Me Yet Rick Springfield
24 The Name of This Band Is Talking Heads Talking Heads Live
25 The Blurred Crusade The Church
29 Angst in My Pants Sparks
? Always on My Mind Willie Nelson
The Anvil Visage
Blackout Scorpions
Branigan Laura Branigan
Brilliance Atlantic Starr
Filth Hounds of Hades Tank
Fun Boy Three Fun Boy Three
The Golden Age of Wireless Thomas Dolby
New Britain Whitehouse
One to One Carole King
Sonic Youth Sonic Youth EP
The Early Tapes Level 42
The Tunes of Two Cities The Residents
Bill Wyman Bill Wyman
Walk Among Us The Misfits


Date Album Artist Notes
5 All Four One The Motels
8 D.E. 7th Dave Edmunds
Toto IV Toto
9 Broadsword and the Beast Jethro Tull UK
Jump Up! Elton John
12 American Fool John Cougar
14 Diver Down Van Halen
Friends in Love Dionne Warwick
16 1+9+8+2 Status Quo
17 Iron Fist Motörhead
19 Big Science Laurie Anderson
23 Complete Madness Madness Compilation
26 Are You Ready Bucks Fizz
28 Marshall Crenshaw Marshall Crenshaw
Tug of War Paul McCartney
? Abominog Uriah Heep
Atkins Atkins
Circus Animals Cold Chisel
Extraterrestrial Live Blue Öyster Cult Live
A Flock of Seagulls A Flock of Seagulls
Four Cuts EP Diamond Head EP
Heartbreak Express Dolly Parton
High Notes Hank Williams, Jr.
Ladies of the Eighties A Taste of Honey
Maybe It's Live Robert Palmer Live +4 studio tracks
The Slide Area Ry Cooder
Straight Between the Eyes Rainbow
The Other Woman Ray Parker, Jr.
Time and Tide Split Enz
White Eagle Tangerine Dream
2 Jinx Rory Gallagher
3 After the Snow Modern English
Pornography The Cure
Ship Arriving Too Late to Save a Drowning Witch Frank Zappa
4 Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium Stevie Wonder Compilation
6 The Single Factor Camel
7 Wiped Out Raven
10 Junkyard The Birthday Party
Rio Duran Duran
13 Throwin' Down Rick James
14 Combat Rock The Clash
The Eagle Has Landed Saxon Live
Church of Hawkwind Hawkwind
21 Hot Space Queen
22 Sheffield Steel Joe Cocker
24 The Hunter Blondie
26 3rd from the Sun Chrome
28 I Paralyze Cher
No Fun Aloud Glenn Frey
? Avalon Roxy Music
D. Train D. Train
Death in the Nursery Legend
12 Greatest Hits, Vol. II Neil Diamond Compilation
Get It on Credit Toronto
The Last of the Mohicans Bow Wow Wow EP
Let Me Rock You Peter Criss
Now and Forever Air Supply
The One Giveth, the Count Taketh Away William Bootsy Collins
One on One Cheap Trick
Quiet Lies Juice Newton
The Record Fear
Special Forces 38 Special
Street Opera Ashford & Simpson
Sweets From a Stranger Squeeze
Time Pieces: The Best of Eric Clapton Eric Clapton Compilation
Tuckerized Marshall Tucker Band
Tropical Gangsters Kid Creole and the Coconuts
Vinyl Confessions Kansas
World Radio Leo Sayer Studio
1 Still Life The Rolling Stones Live
Three Sides Live Genesis Live
3 Strait from the Heart George Strait
5 Private Audition Heart
7 Battle Hymns Manowar
Built for Speed Stray Cats
Chicago 16 Chicago
Screaming Blue Murder Girlschool
8 Eye of the Tiger Survivor
14 All the Best Cowboys Have Chinese Eyes Pete Townshend
Metal Massacre Various Artists
15 Abracadabra Steve Miller Band
Killers Kiss
18 Beat King Crimson
Mirage Fleetwood Mac
21 Daylight Again Crosby, Stills & Nash
22 Nothing to Fear Oingo Boingo
24 Stink The Replacements EP
25 The Lexicon of Love ABC
28 Before I Forget Jon Lord
Pictures at Eleven Robert Plant
? Animation Jon Anderson
Eye in the Sky The Alan Parsons Project
Good Trouble REO Speedwagon
Live It Up David Johansen Live
Night and Day Joe Jackson
No Control Eddie Money
Nugent Ted Nugent
Somewhere in the Stars Rosanne Cash
Sunshine Dream The Beach Boys Compilation
Unlimited Reba McEntire


Date Album Artist Notes
2 Imperial Bedroom Elvis Costello and the Attractions
15 View from the Ground America
16 The Envoy Warren Zevon
17 Screaming for Vengeance Judas Priest
19 Donna Summer Donna Summer
23 Best Little Whorehouse in Texas Soundtrack Various Artists Soundtrack
Emotions in Motion Billy Squier
26 Jump to It Aretha Franklin
Love and Dancing The Human League Remix
30 Fast Times at Ridgemont High Various Artists Soundtrack
? Billy Idol Billy Idol
Coney Hatch Coney Hatch
Highway Song Live Blackfoot Live
Juggernaut Frank Marino
Let Me Tickle Your Fancy Jermaine Jackson
Love Will Turn You Around Kenny Rogers
The Party's Over Talk Talk
Psychopathia Sexualis Whitehouse
Revelations Killing Joke
So Excited! Pointer Sisters
Under the Big Black Sun X
3 Art of Control Peter Frampton
9 I Can't Stand Still Don Henley
11 Vanity 6 Vanity 6
Vacation The Go-Go's
23 Upstairs at Eric's Yazoo
24 Chronic Town R.E.M. EP
25 What Time Is It? The Time
Zipper Catches Skin Alice Cooper
27 Heartlight Neil Diamond
30 Hughes/Thrall Hughes/Thrall
Voyeur Kim Carnes
? Bad to the Bone George Thorogood & the Destroyers
The Cage Tygers of Pan Tang
Cut Golden Earring
Fiction The Comsat Angels
The Hottest Night of the Year Anne Murray
If That's What It Takes Michael McDonald
Metal Manilla Road
Music for a New Society John Cale
Rock in a Hard Place Aerosmith
Rough Diamonds Bad Company
Shango Santana
Talking Back to the Night Steve Winwood
A Taste of Yesterday's Wine Merle Haggard and George Jones
Too-Rye-Ay Dexy's Midnight Runners
The Unexpected Guest Demon
V Deep The Boomtown Rats
1 Garlands Cocteau Twins
4 It's Hard The Who
6 Primitive Man Icehouse
Something's Going On Frida
7 As One Kool & The Gang
8 Peter Gabriel Peter Gabriel aka Security
9 Signals Rush
10 I, Assassin Gary Numan
Silk Electric Diana Ross
13 The Dreaming Kate Bush
New Gold Dream (81-82-83-84) Simple Minds
17 The Philip Lynott Album Philip Lynott
18 Under the Blade Twisted Sister
20 Love over Gold Dire Straits
21 Janet Jackson Janet Jackson
Forever, For Always, For Love Luther Vandross
23 The Nylon Curtain Billy Joel
25 Forever Now The Psychedelic Furs
In the Heat of the Night Imagination
27 A Broken Frame Depeche Mode
Room to Live The Fall
28 Heartbreaker Dionne Warwick
30 Nebraska Bruce Springsteen
? Acting Very Strange Mike Rutherford
The Adventures of Johnny Cash Johnny Cash
Death Penalty Witchfinder General
Dream Maker Conway Twitty
Get Closer Linda Ronstadt
Gowan Larry Gowan
High Adventure Kenny Loggins
Ice Cream for Crow Captain Beefheart
Madness, Money & Music Sheena Easton
Magic Gillan
Olivia's Greatest Hits Vol. 2 Olivia Newton-John Compilation +2 new tracks
Pressin' On Billy Preston
The Pursuit of Accidents Level 42
Scandal Scandal EP
UB44 UB40
Zombie Birdhouse Iggy Pop


Date Album Artist Notes
1 The Nightfly Donald Fagen
2 Restless and Wild Accept
4 H2O Hall & Oates
Winds of Change Jefferson Starship
6 Lionel Richie Lionel Richie
8 Borrowed Time Diamond Head
The Rise & Fall Madness
13 Creatures of the Night Kiss
14 Zapp II Zapp
15 Quartet Ultravox
18 In the Mood for Something Rude Foghat
19 The Sky's Gone Out Bauhaus
22 The Dollar Album Dollar
23 All Fall Down (The Sound album) The Sound (band)
27 1999 Prince
29 Choose Your Masques Hawkwind
Get Nervous Pat Benatar
? All by Myself Rikk Agnew
Assault Attack The Michael Schenker Group
Black Pearl Pat Travers
Coup d'État Plasmatics
Eagles Greatest Hits, Vol. 2 Eagles Compilation
...Famous Last Words... Supertramp
Friend or Foe Adam Ant
Heartbreaker Dionne Warwick
Keep On Doing The Roches
Kissing to Be Clever Culture Club
Last Date Emmylou Harris Live
Midnight Love Marvin Gaye
Kim Mitchell Kim Mitchell
An Officer and a Gentleman Various Artists Soundtrack
Power of the Hunter Tank
Radio Romance Eddie Rabbitt
Shabooh Shoobah INXS
Shuttered Room The Fixx
Spring Session M Missing Persons
Strawberries The Damned
Twin Barrels Burning Wishbone Ash
Wild Things Run Fast Joni Mitchell
Word of Mouth Toni Basil
WWII Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson
The Youth of Today Musical Youth
1 Hello, I Must Be Going! Phil Collins
2 Long After Dark Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
5 A Kiss in the Dreamhouse Siouxsie and The Banshees
Gone Troppo George Harrison
6 Absolutely Live Rod Stewart Live
7 Living My Life Grace Jones
8 I Could Rule the World if I Could only Get the Parts The Waitresses EP
The Singles: The First Ten Years ABBA Compilation
The John Lennon Collection John Lennon Compilation
11 So-Lo Danny Elfman
12 Difficult Shapes & Passive Rhythms, Some People Think It's Fun to Entertain China Crisis Debut
Showtime! The J. Geils Band Live
13 The Lee Aaron Project Lee Aaron
15 The Ever Popular Tortured Artist Effect Todd Rundgren
17 Chaka Khan Chaka Khan
19 Coda Led Zeppelin Recorded 1970–'79
24 8th Wonder The Sugarhill Gang
27 Speak of the Devil/Talk of the Devil (UK) Ozzy Osbourne Live
30 Three Lock Box Sammy Hagar
Thriller Michael Jackson
? Before the Storm Samson
Computer Games George Clinton
Dawn Patrol Night Ranger
Don't Play with Fire Peabo Bryson
Going Where the Lonely Go Merle Haggard
Here Comes the Night Barry Manilow
The High and the Mighty Donnie Iris
Identity Crisis Sweet
It's Alright (I See Rainbows) Yoko Ono
Killer on the Rampage Eddy Grant
New Directions Tavares
Oh, No! It's Devo Devo
Pearls II Elkie Brooks
Plastic Surgery Disasters Dead Kennedys
Rip It Up Orange Juice -
Run for the Roses Jerry Garcia
Saints & Sinners Whitesnake
10 Dig the New Breed The Jam Live
11 Slade on Stage Slade Live
29 Trans Neil Young
30 Beatitude Ric Ocasek
? The Distance Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band
Live Evil Black Sabbath Live
Virgin Steele Virgin Steele
White Heat Dusty Springfield
The Winning Hand Willie Nelson, Kris Kristofferson, Brenda Lee & Dolly Parton

Release date unknown[edit]

Biggest hit singles[edit]

The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the charts of 1982.

# Artist Title Year Country Chart Entries
1 Survivor Eye of the Tiger 1982 United States UK 1 – Jul 1982, US BB 1 – Jun 1982, US CashBox 1 of 1982, Canada 1 – Jun 1982, Norway 1 – Aug 1982, Australia 1 of 1982, Kazakhstan 1 – Jul 1982, Ireland 1 – Sep 1982, Australia 1 for 6 weeks Aug 1983, Netherlands 2 – Sep 1982, Austria 2 – Sep 1982, South Africa 2 of 1982, Sweden (alt) 5 – Aug 1982, Switzerland 6 – Aug 1982, US BB 7 of 1982, France 7 – Jan 1983, POP 7 of 1982, Germany 18 – Jan 1983, Scrobulate 20 of 80s, Italy 23 of 1982, Poland 24 – Jul 1982, Global 33 (5 M sold) – 1982, Europe 46 of the 1980s, OzNet 82
2 Men at Work Down Under 1982 Australia UK 1 – Jan 1983, US BB 1 – Nov 1982, Canada 1 – Sep 1982, Switzerland 1 – Jun 1982, Poland 1 – Jan 1983, Ireland 1 – Jan 1983, New Zealand 1 for 2 weeks Feb 1982, Australia 1 for 6 weeks Nov 1982, Netherlands 2 – Mar 1982, Norway 2 – Feb 1983, France 4 – Aug 1982, Sweden (alt) 6 – Feb 1983, US CashBox 8 of 1983, South Africa 8 of 1982, OzNet 8, Germany 10 – Mar 1983, POP 16 of 1983, US BB 21 of 1983, Australia 24 of 1982, Europe 36 of the 1980s, KROQ 70 of 1982, Scrobulate 83 of 80s, RYM 96 of 1981
3 Joan Jett & The Blackhearts I Love Rock 'n' Roll 1982 United States US BB 1 – Feb 1982, Canada 1 – Jan 1982, Netherlands 1 – Apr 1982, Sweden (alt) 1 – Jun 1982, New Zealand 1 for 4 weeks Jun 1982, Australia 1 for 5 weeks Mar 1983, Poland 2 – May 1982, Switzerland 3 – Mar 1982, UK 4 – Apr 1982, POP 4 of 1982, US CashBox 5 of 1982, Austria 5 – May 1982, Germany 6 – Apr 1982, Australia 7 of 1982, South Africa 7 of 1982, US BB 8 of 1982, France 10 – Mar 1982, KROQ 71 of 1982, Party 80 of 1999, RIAA 177, Acclaimed 295, Germany 348 of the 1980s, TheQ 463, Rolling Stone 484
4 Dexys Midnight Runners Come On Eileen 1982 United Kingdom UK 1 – Jul 1982, US BB 1 – Feb 1983, Canada 1 – Nov 1982, Switzerland 1 – Nov 1982, Ireland 1 – Aug 1982, New Zealand 1 for 4 weeks Nov 1982, Australia 1 for 5 weeks Sep 1983, POP 2 of 1983, Netherlands 4 – Aug 1982, US BB 5 of 1983, France 5 – Jan 1983, Germany 5 – Jan 1983, Austria 9 – Nov 1982, RYM 11 of 1982, US CashBox 12 of 1983, Australia 12 of 1982, Scrobulate 15 of 80s, Party 36 of 2007, Virgin 85, OzNet 117, Germany 244 of the 1980s, Acclaimed 1040
5 Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder Ebony and Ivory 1982 United States United Kingdom UK 1 – Apr 1982 (10 weeks), US Billboard 1 – Apr 1982 (19 weeks), Canada 1 – Apr 1982 (14 weeks), Norway 1 – Apr 1982 (18 weeks), Belgium 1 – Apr 1982 (10 weeks), Germany 1 – May 1982 (5 months), Republic of Ireland 1 for 3 weeks – Apr 1982, Canada RPM 1 for 5 weeks – May 1982, Germany 1 for 5 weeks – Jun 1982, Spain 1 for 1 week – Jun 1982, Sweden (alt) 2 – Apr 1982 (21 weeks), Switzerland 2 – Apr 1982 (12 weeks), Grammy in 1982 (Nominated), Netherlands 3 – Apr 1982 (9 weeks), Austria 3 – May 1982 (5 weeks), Springbok 3 – May 1982 (13 weeks), US CashBox 4 of 1982, Poland 4 – May 1982 (7 weeks)

Chronological table of US and UK number one hit singles[edit]

UK number one singles and artist
(weeks at number one)
U.S. number one singles and artist
(weeks at number one)

"Don't You Want Me" – The Human League (3 weeks in 1981 + 2 weeks in 1982)
"Land of Make Believe" – Bucks Fizz (2)
"Oh Julie" – Shakin' Stevens (1)
"The Model" – Kraftwerk (1)
"Town Called Malice" – The Jam (3)
"The Lion Sleeps Tonight" – Tight Fit (3)
"Seven Tears" – Goombay Dance Band (3)
"My Camera Never Lies" – Bucks Fizz (1)
"Ebony and Ivory" – Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder (3)
"A Little Peace" – Nicole (2) 500th UK No. 1 single
"House of Fun" – Madness (2)
"Goody Two Shoes" – Adam Ant (2)
"I've Never Been to Me" – Charlene (1)
"Happy Talk" – Captain Sensible (2)
"Come on Eileen" – Dexys Midnight Runners (4) best selling single of the year
"Eye of the Tiger" – Survivor (4)
"Pass the Dutchie" – Musical Youth (3)
"Do You Really Want to Hurt Me?" – Culture Club (3)
"I Don't Wanna Dance" – Eddy Grant (3)
"Beat Surrender" – The Jam (2)
"Save Your Love" – Renée and Renato (2 weeks in 1982 + 2 weeks in 1983)

"Physical" – Olivia Newton-John (6 weeks in 1981 + 4 weeks in 1982) best selling single of the year
"I Can't Go For That (No Can Do)" – Daryl Hall & John Oates (1)
"Centerfold" – The J. Geils Band (6)
"I Love Rock 'N Roll" – Joan Jett & The Blackhearts (7)
"Titles" – Vangelis (1)
"Ebony And Ivory" – Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder (7)
"Don't You Want Me" – The Human League (3)
"Eye Of The Tiger" – Survivor (6)
"Abracadabra" – Steve Miller Band (2)
"Hard To Say I'm Sorry" – Chicago (2)
"Jack And Diane" – John Cougar (4)
"Who Can It Be Now?" – Men at Work (1)
"Up Where We Belong" – Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes (3)
"Truly" – Lionel Richie (2)
"Mickey" – Toni Basil (1)
"Maneater" – Daryl Hall & John Oates (2 weeks in 1982 + 2 weeks in 1983)
Or see: Hot 100 No. 1 Hits of 1982

Other significant singles[edit]

Published popular music[edit]

Classical music[edit]


See List of 1982 ballet premieres



Musical theater[edit]

Musical films[edit]

Musical television[edit]




Grammy Awards[edit]

Country Music Association Awards[edit]

Eurovision Song Contest[edit]


List of No. 1 Hits[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Top 10 crazy music myths
  2. ^ Cooper, Sean. "Man Parrish - Man Parrish". AllMusic. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
  3. ^ Vuletić, Dean (2007). Raykoff, Ivan; Tobin, Robert Deam (eds.). A Song for Europe: Popular Music and Politics in the Eurovision Song Contest. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing. pp. 83–98. ISBN 978-0-7546-5879-5. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  4. ^ Michael Allen (2001). Teaching Music Through Performance in Orchestra: pt. 1. The teaching of music. A pedagogical model for beginning string class instruction : revisited. GIA Publications. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-57999-277-4.
  5. ^ Me Naiset -magazine 7.6.2012, pp. 8–9
  6. ^ "The Birth of Joanna Newsom". CaliforniaBirthIndex.org. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2017. Joanna Caroline Newsom was born on January 18, 1982 in Nevada County, California
  7. ^ VanAirsdale, S.T. "Nellie McKay: The Musician, the Myth, the ... Movie Star?". Movieline. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Lloyd Banks Biography". AskMen.com. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  9. ^ Kerry Brown (May 1, 2015). Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography Volume 4. Berkshire Publishing Group. p. 235. ISBN 978-1-61472-900-6.
  10. ^ "Erika Christensen". TV Guide. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
  11. ^ Martin Charles Strong; Brendon Griffin (2008). Lights, Camera, Sound Tracks. Canongate. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-84767-003-8.
  12. ^ "Billie Piper: Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  13. ^ Maffeo, Kerry (October 1, 2001). "Opening Acts: Get to Know Joy Williams" (PDF). CCM Magazine: 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 10, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  14. ^ Kim Ruehl. "Aoife O'Donovan (of Crooked Still)". Aoife O'Donovan - Biography and Profile. About.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  15. ^ Editors of Chase's (September 24, 2019). Chase's Calendar of Events 2020: The Ultimate Go-to Guide for Special Days, Weeks and Months. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 580. ISBN 978-1-64143-316-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "Nicki Minaj Biography: Rapper (1982–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  17. ^ Colin Larkin (2006). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music: Morricone, Ennio - Rich Kids. MUZE. p. 837. ISBN 978-0-19-531373-4.
  18. ^ Kent, Nick (April 12, 2002). "The Life and Work of Lester Bangs". The Guardian. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  19. ^ Fowler-Kline, Fylvia (May 27, 2013). "Going Where The People Are". Hope Channel. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  20. ^ Krampert, Peter (2016). The Encyclopedia of the Harmonica. Mel Bay Publications. p. 179. ISBN 9781619115774. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  21. ^ Frank N. Magill (December 1983). Magill's Cinema Annual 1983. Gale / Cengage Learning. p. 554. ISBN 978-0-89356-402-5.