Borden County, Texas

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Borden County, Texas
Borden County Texas Courthouse 2010.jpg
Borden County Courthouse in Gail
Map of Texas highlighting Borden County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1891
Named for Gail Borden, Jr.
Seat Gail
Largest community Gail
 • Total 906 sq mi (2,347 km2)
 • Land 897 sq mi (2,323 km2)
 • Water 8.6 sq mi (22 km2), 1.0%
 • (2010) 641
 • Density 0.7/sq mi (0/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Borden County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 641,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Gail.[2] The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891.[3] Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden, Jr., businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of thirty prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.[4]


Native Americans[edit]

Shoshone and the Penateka band of Comanches were early tribes in the area.[5]

County established[edit]

Borden County was created in 1876 from Bosque County and named for Gail Borden, Jr., the inventor of condensed milk. Borden was publisher and editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, as well as a political leader in the Republic of Texas. The county was organized in 1891, and Gail was made the county seat.[6]

Farmers and ranchers settled the county, but the population remained relatively small. In 1902, Texas placed lands in the public domain and spurred a land rush in Borden County. Many of the newcomers grew cotton.[5]

Borden County has had two courthouses, one built in 1890. The current courthouse is of brick and cement construction and was erected in 1939. The architect was David S. Castle Co.[7]

Oil was discovered in the county in 1949. By 1991, more than 340,003,000 barrels (54,056,200 m3) of petroleum had been taken out of Borden County since discovery in 1949.[8]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 897 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (1.0%) is water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 35
1890 222 534.3%
1900 776 249.5%
1910 1,386 78.6%
1920 965 −30.4%
1930 1,505 56.0%
1940 1,396 −7.2%
1950 1,106 −20.8%
1960 1,076 −2.7%
1970 888 −17.5%
1980 859 −3.3%
1990 799 −7.0%
2000 729 −8.8%
2010 641 −12.1%
Est. 2014 652 [10] 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1850–2010[12] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 729 people, 292 households, and 216 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.80 people per square mile (0.31/km²). There were 435 housing units at an average density of 0.48 per square mile (0.19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.53% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 6.31% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. 11.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 292 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,205, and the median income for a family was $36,458. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,364. 14.00% of the population and 11.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.30% are under the age of 18 and 11.60% are 65 or older.

The county is served by nearby radio stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations.


The county is served mostly by Borden County Independent School District. The district offers pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Borden County School is among the few public schools in Texas to receive a distinguished GreatSchools Rating of 9 out of 10.[14] Many of the teachers reside in board-owned housing in Gail. The school offers six-man football,[15] basketball,[16] baseball, tennis, and track.


The weekly newspaper, the Borden Star, covers events for the school and county.



See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Wet/Dry Status of Texas Counties as of November 2010". Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Leffler, John; Hunt, William R. "Borden County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  6. ^ Hunt, William R. "Gail, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Borden County Courthouse". Texas Escapes. Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  8. ^ Olien, Roger M; Hinton, Diana Davids (2007). Wildcatters: Texas Independent Oilmen. TAMU Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-58544-606-3. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ "Borden County School". Retrieved April 5, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Texas Bowl". Retrieved April 5, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Borden High School Basketball". Retrieved April 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°44′N 101°26′W / 32.74°N 101.43°W / 32.74; -101.43