Coleman County, Texas
|Named for||Robert M. Coleman|
|• Total||1,281 sq mi (3,320 km2)|
|• Land||1,262 sq mi (3,270 km2)|
|• Water||19 sq mi (50 km2) 1.5%%|
|• Density||7.0/sq mi (2.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Coleman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,895. The county seat is Coleman. The county was founded in 1858 and organized in 1864. It is named for Robert M. Coleman, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto.
In 1632, Father Salas led an expedition to the upper Colorado River. In 1650, Captains Hernán Martín and Diego del Castillo explored the western portion of the county to the Concho River, and returned with pearls. Diego de Guadalajara followed the same path as Martín and Castillo in 1654. From 1683 to 1684, Juan Domínguez de Mendoza established a short-lived Quicuchabe mission.
In 1855, the county's oldest community, Trickham, was founded as a trading post for the ranching activities of John Chisum. Coleman County was formed from Brown and Travis Counties in 1858. The county is named for Robert M. Coleman, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence.
In 1908, the first oil well came in near Trickham.
In 1914, the Santa Fe completed the Coleman Cutoff between Coleman, Lubbock, and Clovis. This linked its California lines with the Texas Gulf Coast and put Coleman on the road's main line. Coleman's distinctive brick-and-stucco Santa Fe depot was completed in 1915.
Oil was discovered north of Coleman on the J. P. Morris ranch in 1917.
The Coleman County Medical Center opened in 1923.
In 1930, the Coleman County population peaked at 23,669.
The Coleman County oilfields produced over a million barrels in 1948.
In 2000, Wind Clean Corporation, harnessing energy from wind power, was founded.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,281 square miles (3,320 km2), of which 1,262 square miles (3,270 km2) are land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (1.5%) are covered by water.
- Callahan County (north)
- Brown County (east)
- McCulloch County (south)
- Concho County (southwest)
- Runnels County (west)
- Taylor County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 9,235 people, 3,889 households, and 2,609 families resided in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km2). The 5,248 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.53% White, 2.19% African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.53% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. About 14% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 3,889 households, 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were not families; 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33, and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was distributed as 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 23.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,658, and for a family was $31,168. Males had a median income of $25,993 versus $17,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,911. About 15.50% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.
These school districts serve Coleman County:
- Bangs ISD (mostly in Brown County)
- Coleman ISD
- Cross Plains ISD (mostly in Callahan County; small portions in Eastland and Brown Counties)
- Panther Creek Consolidated ISD (small portion in Runnels County)
- Santa Anna ISD
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Tate, Rusty. "Coleman County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Hundell, Ken and Sharon (2005). Spirits of the Border V: The History and Mystery of the Lone Star State. Omega Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-9626087-9-7.
- "Trickham, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Lucko, Paul M. "Richard Coffey". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Coleman, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Santa Anna, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Coleman Junction". texassantafehistory.com.
- Hunt, William R. "Coleman, Texas". tshaonline.org.
- Warner, C A; Thompson, Ernest O (2007). Texas Oil & Gas Since 1543. Copano Bay Press. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-9767799-5-7.
- Blaszak, Michael W. "ATSF Internet Research Center - Santa Fe: A Chronology". atsfirc.qstation.org.
- "Santa Fe Surviving Depots, Osage City, KS and Coleman, TX". atsfrailfan.net.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
- Coleman County government's website
- Coleman County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Historic Coleman County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.