Schleicher County, Texas
Schleicher County Courthouse in Eldorado
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Gustav Schleicher|
|• Total||1,311 sq mi (3,400 km2)|
|• Land||1,311 sq mi (3,400 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2) 0%%|
|• Density||2.6/sq mi (1.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,461. Its county seat is Eldorado. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1901. It is named for Gustav Schleicher, a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician.
Around 8000 BC, by estimation, the first inhabitants in the area were probably Jumano Indians. Later inhabitants were Lipan Apaches and Comanches. In 1632, Fray Juan de Salas and Father Juan de Ortega did missionary work among the Jumanos. Soldier Francisco Amangual led an expedition across the area in 1808. In 1882, Christopher Colombus Doty became the first permanent citizen of Schleicher County.
The Texas legislature established Schleicher County in April 1887 from Crockett County, and named it in honor of Gustav Schleicher. By 1890, the population was 155, of whom 134 were listed as white, four were Black, and 17 were American Indian.
In 1894, the county’s first public school opened at Verand, and later moved to Eldorado. The next year, W. B. Silliman founded the Eldorado community and named it after the mythical city. To populate it, he offered free town lots to residents of nearby Verand. In 1930, the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company resumed work on a previous railroad, making access possible to San Angelo and Sonora. On February 27, 1941, the West Texas Woolen Mills plant in Eldorado held a grand opening, with a parade and BBQ lunch. About 5000 people attended. Governor "Pappy" W. Lee O'Daniel was the guest speaker.
Oilfield discoveries on school lands in the 1950s enabled Schleicher County to build new library and gymnasium facilities for its students.
- Tom Green County (north)
- Menard County (east)
- Sutton County (south)
- Crockett County (west)
- Irion County (northwest)
- Kimble County (southeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 2,935 people, 1,115 households, and 817 families resided in the county. The population density was about two people per square mile (1/km²). The 1,371 housing units averaged about one per square mile (<1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.59% White, 1.53% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 18.98% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. About 43.54% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 1,115 households, 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were not families; 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was distributed as 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,746, and for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $28,412 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,969. About 16.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.00% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Eldorado (county seat)
- List of museums in Central Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Schleicher County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Schleicher County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Lyman Wight's Mormon Colony in Texas excerpt from "Mormon Trails" chapter in Hill Country travel guide by Richard Zelade. Accessed August 6, 2007.
- Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Schleicher County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- Kessell, John L (1995). Kiva, Cross, & Crown: The Pecos Indians and New Mexico, 1540-1840. Southwest Parks & Monuments Association. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-877856-56-3.
- Kenner, Charles L (1994). The Comanchero Frontier: A History of New Mexican-Plains Indian Relations. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8061-2670-8.
- "Christopher Columbus Doty". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
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- "West Texas Woolen Mills". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
- Schleicher County government's website
- Schleicher County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Inventory of county records, Schleicher County Courthouse, Eldorado, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- Schleicher County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties