Mason County, Texas

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Mason County
The Mason County Courthouse in Mason
Map of Texas highlighting Mason County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°43′N 99°13′W / 30.72°N 99.22°W / 30.72; -99.22
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1858
Named forFort Mason
SeatMason
Largest cityMason
Area
 • Total932 sq mi (2,410 km2)
 • Land929 sq mi (2,410 km2)
 • Water3.4 sq mi (9 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,953
 • Density4.2/sq mi (1.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district11th
Websitewww.co.mason.tx.us

Mason County is a rural county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. At the 2020 census, its population was 3,953.[1] Its county seat is Mason.[2] The county is named for Fort Mason, which was located in the county.

History[edit]

February – County, spurred in part by anti-slavery sentiments of German residents, overwhelmingly votes against secession from the Union.
March – Fort Mason surrendered to the Confederacy, who leave it mostly vacant and thereby cause an uptick in Indian attacks on the area.[7][8]
May 20 – Voters select town of Mason as County Seat.[9]
  • 1866–1868 Federal troops occupy Fort Mason, only to eventually abandon it.[10]
  • 1869 Courthouse and jail are erected.[11]
  • 1870 May 16 – Herman Lehmann and brother Willie are captured by Apaches, but Willie escapes within days.[12][13]
  • 1870–1898 The county had four women homesteaders: Louisa J. Hendryx, Mahala Hunnicutt, Sarah E. Morris and Priscilla Sparks[14]
  • 1875–1877
County’s first newspaper begins publication.[15]
Hoo Doo War over cattle rustling.[16]
Most famous participant in the war is Johnny Ringo, who on September 25, 1875, kills James Cheyney.[17][18][19]
Courthouse fire destroys all records.[11]
  • 1878, May 12 – Herman Lehmann, escorted by soldiers, finally returns to his family.[12]
  • 1880s Manganese is discovered. Wakefield Company opens Spiller mines. Iron ore is discovered. Prospecting begins for gold, silver and coal.[20]
  • 1882–83 Hereford cattle are introduced into the county.[21] Provisions made for county wide road work.
  • 1887 The county petitions for state aid for needy residents.
  • 1890s County places a bounty on wolves, wildcats and mountain lions.[citation needed]
  • 1902 Mason installs its first telephone in the county judge's office.
  • 1918 October 3 – Eighteen months after United States Congress declares war on Germany, the Mason County Council of Defense draws up resolution to abandon the use of the German language in the county. The majority of County residents are of German heritage.[3]
  • 1919 First oil and gas lease in the county. Construction begins on the Mason County section of the Puget Sound-to-the-Gulf Highway.
  • 1920s Radios come to Mason County.
  • 1938 Pedernales Electric Cooperative is formed to provide rural electrification. Mason County joins in June.[22]
  • 1946 Local soil-conservation board organized. County schools consolidated.
  • 2021 Mason County Courthouse (Texas), constructed in 1909, burns down as a result of arson.

Geography[edit]

Ranchland in the Edwards Plateau, Mason County, Texas, USA (17 April 2015).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles (2,410 km2), of which 929 square miles (2,410 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.[23]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860630
18706787.6%
18802,655291.6%
18905,18095.1%
19005,5737.6%
19105,6832.0%
19204,824−15.1%
19305,51114.2%
19405,378−2.4%
19504,945−8.1%
19603,780−23.6%
19703,356−11.2%
19803,6839.7%
19903,423−7.1%
20003,7389.2%
20104,0127.3%
20203,953−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]
1850–2010[25] 2010[26] 2020[27]

2020 census[edit]

Mason County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[26] Pop 2020[27] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 3,092 2,948 77.07% 74.58%
Black or African American alone (NH) 14 4 0.35% 0.10%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 11 0 0.27% 0.00%
Asian alone (NH) 7 2 0.17% 0.05%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 4 16 0.10% 0.40%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 20 100 0.50% 2.53%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 864 883 21.54% 22.34%
Total 4,012 3,953 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[28] there were 3,738 people, 1,607 households and 1,110 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 per square mile (2/km2). There were 2,372 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.60% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.75% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 20.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,607 households, of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

22.40% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 20.70% from 25 to 44, 28.80% from 45 to 64, and 23.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males.

The median household income was $30,921 and the median family income was $39,360. Males had a median income of $28,125 compared with $20,000 for females. The per capita income was $20,931. About 10.10% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Mason County, Texas[29]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,991 80.48% 457 18.47% 26 1.05%
2016 1,656 80.51% 354 17.21% 47 2.28%
2012 1,565 79.52% 380 19.31% 23 1.17%
2008 1,544 72.80% 546 25.74% 31 1.46%
2004 1,600 77.03% 459 22.10% 18 0.87%
2000 1,352 75.07% 417 23.15% 32 1.78%
1996 949 54.70% 618 35.62% 168 9.68%
1992 776 45.06% 570 33.10% 376 21.84%
1988 975 58.91% 671 40.54% 9 0.54%
1984 1,168 67.01% 570 32.70% 5 0.29%
1980 966 59.59% 630 38.86% 25 1.54%
1976 805 49.09% 814 49.63% 21 1.28%
1972 1,096 73.71% 369 24.82% 22 1.48%
1968 789 51.98% 560 36.89% 169 11.13%
1964 590 38.44% 941 61.30% 4 0.26%
1960 833 58.79% 575 40.58% 9 0.64%
1956 885 63.67% 504 36.26% 1 0.07%
1952 1,069 63.71% 606 36.11% 3 0.18%
1948 498 36.73% 836 61.65% 22 1.62%
1944 420 28.07% 822 54.95% 254 16.98%
1940 634 37.25% 1,065 62.57% 3 0.18%
1936 359 31.30% 787 68.61% 1 0.09%
1932 309 27.08% 828 72.57% 4 0.35%
1928 807 76.64% 244 23.17% 2 0.19%
1924 171 23.82% 384 53.48% 163 22.70%
1920 269 39.97% 304 45.17% 100 14.86%
1916 157 27.30% 386 67.13% 32 5.57%
1912 152 17.21% 472 53.45% 259 29.33%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mason County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Rhoades, Alice J. "Mason County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  4. ^ "Comanche Indian Treaty". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  5. ^ DeVos, Julius E. "Fort Mason, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  6. ^ "Mason County – Mason vicinity". Texas State Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  7. ^ "Texas Forts Trails". Texas Monthly: 72. June 1991.
  8. ^ "Texas Escapes-Fort Mason, Texas". Texas Escapes – Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  9. ^ Rhoades, Alice J. "Mason, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  10. ^ "History Fort Mason (1851–1871)". Texas Forts of the Old West. Legends of America. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  11. ^ a b "Mason County Courthouse". Texas Escapes – Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  12. ^ a b Lehmann, Herman; Hunter, J Marvin; Giese, Dale F (1993). Nine Years Among the Indians, 1870–1879: The Story of the Captivity and Life of a Texan Among the Indians. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-1417-8.
  13. ^ Hudspeth, Brewster. "The Savage Life Of Herman Lehmann". Texas Escapes – Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. Texas Escapes – Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  14. ^ Gould, Florence C; Pando, Patricia N. "Mason Co Tx Women Homesteaders". Tx Gen Web. Archived from the original on October 20, 2010. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  15. ^ "Gem of the Hill Country-Mason, Tex". Hill Country Portal. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  16. ^ Johnson, David; Miller, Rick (2009). The Mason County ""Hoo Doo"" War, 1874–1902 (A.C. Greene Series). University of North Texas Press. ISBN 978-1-57441-262-8.
  17. ^ Johnson, David; Parsons, Chuck (2008). John Ringo, King of the Cowboys: His Life and Times from the Hoo Doo War to Tombstone, Second Edition (A. C. Greene). University of North Texas Press. ISBN 978-1-57441-243-7.
  18. ^ Hadeler, Glenn. "The Mason County Hoo Doo Wars". TexFiles. Archived from the original on May 12, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2010. TexFiles
  19. ^ "Johnny Ringo and the Hoo Doo War". Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  20. ^ Garner, L Edwin. "Mineral Resources and Mining". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  21. ^ Leatherwood, Art. "Hereford Cattle". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  22. ^ Wentsch, George M. "Pedernales Electric Coop". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  23. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  24. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  25. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  26. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mason County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  27. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mason County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  28. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  29. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°43′N 99°13′W / 30.72°N 99.22°W / 30.72; -99.22